click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Doddridge County, West Virginia

Doddridge County is a county in the U. S. state of West Virginia. Its county seat is West Union. Doddridge County is part of WV Micropolitan Statistical Area; the area that became Doddridge County, Virginia — now West Virginia — was first settled in the late 1780s by James Caldwell, who owned 20,000 acres of land that included present West Union. Caldwell sold this land to Nathan Davis, Jr and his brothers about 1807, they in turn sold 16,000 acres to Lewis Maxwell, a Virginia Assembly delegate in the 1820s who became a U. S. Congressman. In 1828 Ephraim Bee, Sr and his wife Catherine established a log home on Meathouse Fork of Middle Island Creek, now part of West Union, they built an Inn across the "Creek" at what was called Lewisport, below a blockhouse on the Northwestern Turnpike. The "Beehive Inn" became a popular place for travelers and locals to meet, refresh themselves and re-provision. Bee operated the first local blacksmith shop. According to Ephraim's father, A. A. Bee: "The first bridge across Middle Island Creek was of hewed logs with a center abutment of stones.

In the great flood of 1835 it was washed away". In 1842, a contract was awarded to the well-known civil engineer Claudius Crozet to build a covered bridge at West Union, as part of a series of public works along the Turnpike. Ephraim Bee was by this time a district officer, state legislator and postmaster; as blacksmith, he made all the bolts and bands for the West Union Covered Bridge, completed in 1843. Doddridge County was created in 1845 from parts of Harrison, Tyler and Lewis Counties of what was still Virginia, it was named for Philip Doddridge, the late statesman of western Virginia, the leading voice for westerners during the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1829–1830. When it was announced the new county would be formed, Ephraim Bee rallied to locate the county seat at Lewisport, but Nathan Davis, Jr, William Fitz Randolph, others, won out in favor of West Union, across the river on the south side. There Ethelbert Bond laid out the town lots in regular fashion on land owned by Davis.

Progress of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, on its way from Clarksburg to Parkersburg and bisected the county in 1856. On the night of March 27, 1858, a fire devastated the town of West Union. West Virginia became a state following the Wheeling Conventions of 1861, after the American Civil War had begun. In 1863, West Virginia's counties were divided into civil townships, with the intention of encouraging local government; this proved impractical in the rural state, in 1872 the townships were converted into magisterial districts. Doddridge County was divided into six districts: Central, Grant, McClellan, New Milton and West Union. A seventh district, was created from part of New Milton in 1885; the historic magisterial districts were consolidated into four new districts between 1980 and 1990: Beech, Maple and Pine. Maxwell Ridge — named for the Congressman's family — is said to have a cave, used by the Underground Railroad in the years leading up to the Civil War. Another nearby grotto, Jaco Cave, is said to have been used for the same purpose and is featured in a movie from the 1950’s called “Little Drummer Boy” which features some locals.

The county seat of West Union was incorporated on 20 July 1881. Doddridge County's oil and gas industry was an enormous boon to residents; the county's first oil pool, at Center Point, was discovered and drilled in 1892. This was an extension of the technology and boom of the western Pennsylvania oil and gas fields into Tyler and Doddridge Counties. Many farm owners, sons of farm owners, split their time between their farmwork and the petroleum operations; every local farm benefited from this as free gas was piped to the farmhouses of many landowners. Gas was soon used for heating and cooking, which replaced the wood stoves and kerosene and candles of previous generations. By 1906, the Ideal Glass Factory opened to take advantage of the abundant natural gas, it was followed by the Doddridge County Window Glass Company. The two plants employed about 300 people. In years a garment factory opened, but closed in the mid 1990s. A long-remembered flood devastated West Union in June 1950, destroying homes and businesses and killing more than 20 people throughout the county.

Today farming, timbering and gas, the business of county government and public education support the area, many people commute to jobs in Salem and Parkersburg, or to the North Central Regional Jail in Greenwood. The Lathrop Russell Charter House, Doddridge County Courthouse, Silas P. Smith Opera House, W. Scott Stuart House are individually listed on the National Register of Historic Places. West Union is home to two nationally recognized historic districts: West Union Downtown Historic District and West Union Residential Historic District. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 320 square miles, of which 320 square miles is land and 0.8 square miles is water. U. S. Route 50 West Virginia Route 18 West Virginia Route 23 Wetzel County Harrison County Lewis County Gilmer County Ritchie County Tyler County As o

HMS Queen Mary

HMS Queen Mary was the last battlecruiser built by the Royal Navy before the First World War. The sole member of her class, Queen Mary shared many features with the Lion-class battlecruisers, including her eight 13.5-inch guns. She was completed in 1913 and participated in the Battle of Heligoland Bight as part of the Grand Fleet in 1914. Like most of the modern British battlecruisers, the ship never left the North Sea during the war; as part of the 1st Battlecruiser Squadron, Queen Mary attempted to intercept a German force that bombarded the North Sea coast of England in December 1914, but was unsuccessful. The ship was refitting in early 1915 and missed the Battle of Dogger Bank in January, but participated in the largest fleet action of the war, the Battle of Jutland in mid-1916, she was hit twice by the German battlecruiser Derfflinger during the early part of the battle and her magazines exploded shortly afterwards, sinking the ship. Her wreck was discovered in 1991 and rests in pieces, some of which are upside down, on the floor of the North Sea.

Queen Mary is designated as a protected place under the Protection of Military Remains Act 1986 as it is the grave of 1,266 officers and ratings. Queen Mary was ordered, together with the four battleships of the King George V class, under the 1910–11 Naval Programme; as was the usual pattern of the time, only one battlecruiser was ordered per naval programme. She differed from her predecessors of the Lion class in the distribution of her secondary armament and armour and in the location of the officers' quarters; every capital ship since the design of the battleship Dreadnought in 1905 had placed the officers' quarters closer to their action stations amidships. In addition, she was the first battlecruiser to mount a sternwalk. Queen Mary, the only ship of her name to serve in the Royal Navy, was named for Mary of Teck, the wife of King George V; the Queen's representative at the ship's christening on 20 March 1912 was the wife of Viscount Allendale. Larger than the preceding Lion-class ships, Queen Mary had an overall length of 700 feet 0.6 inches, a beam of 89 feet 0.5 inches, a draught of 32 feet 4 inches at deep load.

The ship displaced 26,770 long tons and 31,650 long tons at deep load, over 1,000 long tons more than the earlier ships. She had a metacentric height of 5.92 feet at deep load. In peacetime, the crew numbered 997 officers and ratings, but this increased to 1,275 during wartime; the ship had two paired sets of Parsons direct-drive steam turbines housed in separate engine rooms. Each set consisted of a high-pressure turbine driving an outboard propeller shaft and a low-pressure turbine driving an inner shaft. A cruising stage was built into the casing of each high-pressure turbine for economical steaming at low speeds; the turbines had a designed output of 75,000 shaft horsepower, 5,000 shp more than her predecessors. On sea trials in May and June 1913, Queen Mary achieved more than 83,000 shp, although she exceeded her designed speed of 28 knots; the steam plant consisted of 42 Yarrow boilers arranged in seven boiler rooms. Maximum bunkerage was 3,600 long tons of coal and 1,170 long tons of fuel oil to be sprayed on the coal to increase its burn rate.

Her range was 5,610 nautical miles at a speed of 10 knots. Queen Mary mounted eight BL 13.5-inch Mk V guns in four twin hydraulically powered turrets, designated'A','B','Q' and'X' from bow to stern. The guns could be depressed to −3° and elevated to 20°, although the director controlling the turrets was limited to 15° 21' until prisms were installed before the Battle of Jutland in May 1916 to allow full elevation, they fired 1,250-pound projectiles at a muzzle velocity of 2,550 ft/s. The rate of fire of these guns was 1.5–2 rounds per minute. Queen Mary carried a total of 880 rounds during wartime for 110 shells per gun, her secondary armament consisted of sixteen BL 4-inch Mk VII guns, most of which were mounted in casemates on the forecastle deck, unlike the arrangement in the Lion class. The guns could depress to −7° and had a maximum elevation of 15°, they fired 31-pound projectiles at a muzzle velocity of 2,821 ft/s at a maximum range of 11,400 yd. The ship was built without any anti-aircraft guns, but two guns were fitted in October 1914.

One was a QF 6-pounder Hotchkiss gun and the other was a QF 3-inch 20 cwt, both on high-angle mountings. The Hotchkiss fired a 6-pound shell at a muzzle velocity of 1,773 ft/s; the three-inch gun fired a 12.5-pound shell at a muzzle velocity of 2,604 ft/s with a maximum effective ceiling of 23,000 ft. Two 21-inch submerged torpedo tubes were fitted, one on each broadside. Fourteen Mk II*** torpedoes were carried, each of which had a warhead of 400 pounds of TNT, their range was 10,000 yards at 29 knots. In February 1913, the Admiralty bought five sets of fire-control equipment from Arthur Pollen for comparative trials with the equipment designed by Commander Frederic Dreyer. One set was mounted in Queen Mary and consisted of a 9-foot Argo rangefinder located on top of the conning tower that fed range data into an Argo Clock Mk IV located in the transmitting station below the conning tower; the clock conv

Legend: Legacy of the Dragons

Legend: Legacy of the Dragons is a fantasy role-playing video game, more a MMORPG, created by the Russian developer IT Territory in 2006 and published by My.com. The English version of the game was released on November 6, 2007. In 2008 the game was localized for the German market by Mail.ru Games GmbH, followed by Turkish, Spanish and Italian. In 2014 the game ceased to be published by Mail.ru Games GmbH in these languages and was transferred to My.com. Today the audience exceeds 8 Million players worldwide. In Russia the game has won the prize for the best internet presence several times and has a cult status with the Russian gaming community; the most notable difference in Legend: Legacy of the Dragons to most other games of this genre is the fight system, animated and allows for great tactical depth. The online browser game Legend: Legacy of the Dragons is playable free of charge and without any further software; the game does not require monthly fees. The revenue generated with this so-called "free-to-play" business model result from shops within the game.

These offer a vast variety of items and equipment to the player such as armour and weaponry, scrolls and so on. The player can pay for these items with gold, the in-game currency, awarded to each player in small amounts for fights with n stersrs or the successful completion of quests. Additionally the players can use real money in order to by the diamond game currency which in turn may be exchanged in banks within the game for gold; the success of this business model is apparent in the "exceptionally high ARPU, which exceeds market's average by far". The online role-playing game Legend: Legacy of the Dragons is set in the fantasy realm of Faeo in which Humans and Magmars are locked in an eternal battle for supremacy; the races live on two different continents and Khair, in which most of the game play takes place. Apart from these continents there are the island of Fay-Go and an Underwater World in the Balluar Ocean which separates the continents from one another. In the world of Legend: Legacy of the Dragons there are diverse landscapes such as moors, forests and mountains, as well as small towns and cities.

In addition there are several instances and battle fields in caves and castles. The game's graphics are like paintings, grim at times and have been created "with an eye for detail"; the chronicles cover the whole history of the fantasy realm of Faeo from its mystic creation up to the "epoch of the dragons", in which we live today. They tell of an everlasting battle for the necessary equilibrium of good and evil on the one hand and that of order and uncontrollable chaos on the other. Even-handed ruler over the whole of Faeo is the goddess Sheara, mistress of the dragons and the two most powerful of these lizards - Striagorn and Erifarius - serve her a patrons of either race, the Humans and the Magmars; the dragons are locked in their struggle for supremacy, overshadowed by the threat of chaos in the form of the Chaos Army. The only chance to save the world of Faeo is for the races to unite, put there quarrels aside and face the formidable foe side by side. In the browser game Legend: Legacy of the Dragons the player can take on quests and fight monsters in order to raise experience points which in turn will increase his level and thereby awarding virtual currency or items.

In the course of the game several more option will become available to the player, for example choosing a profession, acquiring a reputation with different organizations, getting a mount or a pet and learning the use of magic. The player navigates his or her character from one location to the next in order to move through Faeo; these static locations are linked to one each act as a small instance on their own. By choosing the hunting-mode the player can switch to table-top-view of the location and look for resources to collect or monsters to fight; the fighting system itself is a dynamic 2D flash animation in a 3rd person view. Here the player can see his character facing the enemy and use different attack moves as well as potions and other items. In the course of the game, several different kinds of interaction are possible for the player. For example, several players may join together in a clan; the player can enter into an instance or a battlefield or take part in an event. Additionally the in-game chat and forum enable the community to communicate with each other.

It is recommended to the players to join in groups as some of the monsters would be far to powerful for a single player. There are three different fighting styles within the online game Legend: Legacy of the Dragons. Dodger and Heavyweight, they depend on the different properties of armour- and weapon sets. The player can select his own fighting style by choosing armour and weapons of one of these styles; the dodger style raises the players agility while fighting, thereby enabling him to dodge attacks. The Bonecrusher items will increase the characters ability to utilise double-handed weaponry thereby dealing more damage to the opponent; the Heavyweight is a defensive form of fighting style, allowing the player to endure a barrage of hits so that he will last longer in a battle. The player decides on registering with the game which of the two races he will join: The Humans governed by reason or the hot-blooded aggressive Magmars. Both races differ in their features, they live on two different continents.

The player's choice in race will determine his home continent. It is possible to travel to the enemy territory and fight the opposing race there; the feature theoret

W. H. Stevenson

William Henry Stevenson, who wrote as W. H. Stevenson, was an English historian and philologist who specialized in Anglo-Saxon England. Stevenson went to school in Hull; as a young man he was a researcher for the Nottingham Borough Council and became a contributor to the English Historical Review. Having worked for many years on early charters, in May 1898 Stephenson delivered the Sandars Lectures at Cambridge on the subject of'The Anglo-Saxon Chancery'. A pioneer of Anglo-Saxon studies, Stevenson's magnum opus was his edition of Asser's Life of King Alfred, published in 1904, in the sixteen years between 1892 and 1908 he edited for the Public Record Office eleven volumes of calendars of Close Rolls. A Fellow and librarian of St John's College, Oxford from 1904 until his death, he was the mentor of Frank Stenton. One of Stevenson's greatest strengths was a faultless knowledge of the important languages of his period. In 1905, while working on records kept at Belvoir Castle, Stevenson discovered evidence that in March 1613, William Shakespeare and Richard Burbage, who had some skill as a portrait painter, were each paid forty-four shillings in gold for creating and painting the Earl of Rutland’s emblem.

This decorative emblem was to be used at a festive tournament that month at Whitehall in London to mark the accession of King James I ten years earlier. Calendar of the Records of the Corporation of Gloucester Calendar of the Close Rolls Preserved in the Public Record Office: Edward II, 1313-1327, 3 volumes.

Pacific Grand Prix

The Pacific Grand Prix was a round of the Formula One World Championship twice in the mid-1990s. Both races were held at the Tanaka International Aida circuit, a slow, twisty 3.7-kilometre track deep in the countryside in Aida, Japan. Following the 1995 Kobe earthquake, the Pacific Grand Prix was moved from early in the calendar to the end; the Pacific Grand Prix has been held at Laguna Seca from 1960 through 1963, but these events were non-Championship. The inaugural Championship race in 1994 saw Michael Schumacher take an easy victory after Ayrton Senna was involved in a first corner accident with Mika Häkkinen and Nicola Larini. Schumacher overtook Senna into the first corner and was never threatened for the lead from that point onward. Schumacher could have lapped second placed Gerhard Berger in the last third of the race, but chose not to; the fastest lap was set on lap 3. The race was notable for the Jordan team and Rubens Barrichello's first podium finishes in F1 with third place; the more recent Pacific Grand Prix in 1995 was a more eventful affair, with some close racing throughout the field.

The race culminated in a tactical victory for Michael Schumacher, securing his second World Championship, making him the youngest double World Champion at the time. Fernando Alonso surpassed Schumacher's record by winning his second World Championship in 2006. Alonso's record was in turn surpassed by Sebastian Vettel in 2011; this race made Japan one of only seven countries to host more than one Formula One event in the same year. It was discontinued due to the TI Circuit's location in a remote area of Japan. With the announcement that the Japanese Grand Prix would switch from the Suzuka Circuit to the Fuji Speedway from 2007, there had been media speculation that Suzuka may retain a race under a resurrection of the Pacific Grand Prix title. However, it was announced that the Japanese Grand Prix would alternate between Fuji and Suzuka from 2009 onward although the alternation was cancelled as Toyota, the current Fuji Speedway owner discontinued further F1 races at Fuji, having pulled out of F1 at the end of 2009.

1994: Foster's Pacific Grand Prix 1995: Pacific Grand Prix A pink background indicates an event, not part of the Formula One World Championship. A pink background indicates an event, not part of the Formula One World Championship. A pink background indicates an event, not part of the Formula One World Championship. * Built by Cosworth A pink background indicates an event, not part of the Formula One World Championship

Olive Kelso King

Olive May Kelso King was an adventurer and mountain climber. During World War I she drove ambulances for the Scottish Women's Hospitals and the Serbian Army. After the war she raised money for the Serbian people and in life she was a public speaker. Olive King was the daughter of the Sydney company director Sir Kelso King and his wife Irene Isabella. Educated at home, at Sydney Church of England Girls Grammar School and in Germany, she led an adventurous life that included climbing Mexico's Mount Popocatepetl with three male companions. On a visit to England, war broke out. Olive served as an ambulance driver in Belgium, supplying her own vehicle, a lorry which she had converted into a 16-seater ambulance and christened'Ella the elephant'. In 1915 Olive joined the Scottish Women's Hospitals and was sent to the Sainte-Savine field hospital, near Troyes, in France. Conditions at the field hospital were tough. Wounded men were housed in canvas tents connected by long lines of duckboards in muddy fields adjacent to the Château de Chanteloup.

In November 1915, the unit was sent to the Macedonian front, landing at Salonika and moving up to Gevgelija on the Greco-Serbian border. Six weeks the Bulgarian forces were advancing and the hospital had to be evacuated in 24 hours, a impossible task for 30 women, but luckily they were helped by 40 Royal Engineers. By midnight the whole staff had got away except the three female chauffeurs, it was Kelso King's decision to head for the nearest railway station. They managed to their ambulances on the last train before the station was bombed. Thirteen French ambulance drivers, who tried to make their way to Salonika via a rough track by Doiran, were ambushed by the Bulgarians, their cars taken, all killed or taken prisoner. By the end of July 1916, Olive had left the Scottish Women's Hospital and joined the Serbian army as a driver attached to the Headquarters of the Medical Service at Salonika. By this time the Serbs had lost most of their transport and'Ella' was one of only three cars attached to the Medical Headquarters.

On 18 August 1917, the day of the Great Thessaloniki Fire of 1917, Olive May Kelso King transported people and records to safety, driving for twenty four hours at a stretch. For this effort, Olive was awarded the Serbian silver medal for bravery. After the war, Olive set up seventeen canteens in Serbia to provide necessities at cost price or below; the last canteen closed in 1920. She was awarded the Order of St Sava for her post-war efforts. Back in Australia, Olive was active in the Girl Guides Australia and gave talks about her wartime experiences. During World War II she was an examiner at de Havilland Aircraft Pty Ltd, she moved to Melbourne in 1956 and died there in November 1958. Milunka Savić Antonija Javornik Flora Sandes Leslie Joy Whitehead Women in the military Australian Dictionary of Biography King, Hazel. One Woman at War: Letters of Olive King, 1915-1920. Melbourne University Press Gilchrist, Hugh. Australians and Greeks, Volume 2. Halstead Press Heroic Australian Women in War, Susanna De Vries Time to salute our unsung heroines, Sydney Morning Herald Engraved sterling silver cigarette case, Australian War Memorial Olive and Ella "Australian Army" Brave driver of Serbian wounded