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Dodecanese

The Dodecanese are a group of 15 larger plus 150 smaller Greek islands in the southeastern Aegean Sea, off the coast of Asia Minor, of which 26 are inhabited. Τhis island group defines the eastern limit of the Sea of Crete. They belong to the wider Southern Sporades island group. Rhodes has been the area's dominant island since antiquity. Of the others and Patmos are the more important. Other islands in the chain include Alimia, Chalki, Gyali, Levitha, Nimos, Saria, Strongyli and Telendos; the name "Dodecanese", meaning "The Twelve Islands", denotes today an island group in the southeastern Aegean Sea, comprising fifteen major islands and 93 smaller islets. Since Antiquity, these islands formed part of the group known as the "Southern Sporades"; the name Dōdekanēsos first appears in Byzantine sources in the 8th century, as a naval command under a droungarios, encompassing the southern Aegean Sea, which evolved into the Theme of Samos. However it was not applied to the current island group, but to the twelve Cyclades islands clustered around Delos.

The name may indeed be of far earlier date, modern historians suggest that the 12 islands mentioned by Strabo was the origin of the term. The term remained in use throughout the medieval period and was still used for the Cyclades in both colloquial usage and scholarly Greek-language literature until the 18th century; the transfer of the name to the present-day Dodecanese has its roots in the Ottoman period. Following the Ottoman conquest in 1522, the two larger islands and Kos, came under direct Ottoman rule, while the others, of which the twelve main islands were named, enjoyed extensive privileges pertaining to taxation and self-government. Concerted attempts to abolish these privileges were made after 1869, as the Ottoman Empire attempted to modernize and centralize its administrative structure, the last vestiges of the old privileges were abolished after the Young Turks took power in 1908, it was at that time that the press in the independent Kingdom of Greece began referring to the twelve privileged islands, in the context of their attempts to preserve their privileges, collectively as the "Dodecanese".

Shortly after, in 1912, most of the Southern Sporades were captured by the Italians in the Italo-Turkish War, except for Ikaria, which joined Greece in 1912 during the First Balkan War, Kastellorizo, which came under Italian rule only in 1921. The place of the latter two was taken by Kos and Rhodes, bringing the number of the major islands under Italian rule back to twelve. Thus, when the Greek press began agitating for the cession of the islands to Greece in 1913, the term used was still the "Dodecanese"; the Italian occupation authorities helped to establish the term when they named the islands under their control "Rhodes and the Dodecanese", adding Leipsoi to the list of the major islands to make up for considering Rhodes separately. By 1920, the name had become established for the entire island group, a fact acknowledged by the Italian government when it appointed the islands' first civilian governor, Count Carlo Senni, as "Viceroy of the Dodecanese"; as the name was associated with Greek irredentism, from 1924 Mussolini's Fascist regime tried to abolish its use by referring to them as the "Italian Islands of the Aegean", but this name never acquired any wider currency outside Italian administrative usage.

The islands joined Greece in 1947 following as the "Governorate-General of the Dodecanese", since 1955 the "Dodecanese Prefecture". The Dodecanese have been inhabited since prehistoric times. In the Neopalatial period on Crete, the islands were Minoanized. Following the downfall of the Minoans, the islands were ruled by the Mycenaean Greeks from circa 1400 BC, until the arrival of the Dorians circa 1100 BC, it is in the Dorian period that they began to prosper as an independent entity, developing a thriving economy and culture through the following centuries. By the early Archaic period Rhodes and Kos emerged as the major islands in the group, in the 6th century BC the Dorians founded three major cities on Rhodes. Together with the island of Kos and the cities of Knidos and Halicarnassos on the mainland of Asia Minor, these made up the Dorian Hexapolis; this development was interrupted around 499 BC by the Persian Wars, during which the islands were captured by the Persians for a brief period.

Following the defeat of the Persians by the Athenians in 478 BC, the cities joined the Athenian-dominated Delian League. When the Peloponnesian War broke out in 431 BC, they remained neutral although they were still members of the League. By the time the Peloponnesian War ended in 404 BC, the Dodecanese were removed from the larger Aegean conflicts, had begun a period of relative quiet and prosperity. In 408 BC, the three cities of Rhodes had united to form one state, which built a new capital on the northern end of the island named Rhodes. Other islands in the Dodecan

2012–13 W-League

The 2012–13 W-League season was the fifth season of the W-League, the Australian national women's football competition. The season consisted of twelve matchdays followed by a finals series; this season saw the addition of a new team, the Western Sydney Wanderers, to the W-League bringing the competition back up to eight teams. This means each matchday involved all eight teams, resulting in the regular season increasing from ten games to twelve for each team. Season announcement W-League teams for the 2012-13 season: Goal scored from penalty kick Two goals scored from penalty kick The winners of the 2011–12 season Canberra United participated in the 2012 International Women's Club Championship, known as the Mobcast Cup for sponsorship reasons, the first edition of this tournament hosted by the JFA. Canberra United finished in fourth place, suffering two losses

The Second Time Around (Only Fools and Horses)

"The Second Time Around" is an episode of the BBC sitcom, Only Fools and Horses. It was the fourth episode of series 1, was first broadcast on 29 September 1981. In the episode, an old fiancee of Del's returns and they rekindle their relationship, to Rodney and Grandad's horror. Del Boy and Rodney are at work as usual, flogging handkerchiefs to the market crowd, they pop into The Nag's Head for a drink, until Del is surprised to see one of his old girlfriends, Pauline Harris, back in London after twelve years. Pauline tells Del that she got work as an air hostess in San Francisco after her husband Bobby Finch died. Del decides to arrange a date with Pauline so they can be together again, but Rodney does not agree with it, since he remembers Pauline's personality and now suspects that she may be a cold-blooded killer; that night, at Nelson Mandela House, as Rodney and Grandad talk about how much trouble Pauline is, Del comes in and announces that he and Pauline are getting married, that Pauline will be staying with the Trotters.

The next night, Pauline annoys Grandad by refusing to cook for both of them. Del decides; the next morning, as Rodney and Grandad decide to leave for Auntie Rose's cottage in Clacton, Pauline goes shopping for her wedding ring, Del gets a phone call from Trigger, who tells him that Bobby Finch died of food poisoning. Del does not believe it at first, but follows Rodney and Grandad behind before Pauline kills him; the Trotters decide to stay for five days. That night, while having shepherd's pie for dinner in the living room, Del tells Rodney what he put in his eviction notice to Pauline: "My dearest darling Pauline; the engagement's off, the wedding's off, as you can gather from this letter, I'm off. I'll give you five clear days to get out of the flat and do not come back, you money-grabbing old murderess! All my love, Del Boy." As Rodney wonders what Pauline will do to their flat, Auntie Rose enters the room and asks Del one question: "Who are you?" Del tries to help her remember that she was at Joan and Reg Trotter's wedding in 1947, but it is revealed that the real Auntie Rose had moved many years ago.

The Trotters still stay at the cottage under the pretence of being the adopted children of Joanie Hollins and her Jamaican husband though they have no idea who these people are. A week the Trotters return home to their flat to see that Pauline cleaned it and left a letter for Del before she left informing him she had dialed the speaking clock in America. Rodney comes clean when he says that it was he and Grandad who put Trigger up to phoning Del, who forgives his younger brother and grandfather. Grandad goes to answer the phone, Del and Rodney order him to hang it up, risking a huge telephone bill. Ronnie Hazlehurst: Original Theme Tune Note: In the Original Series 1 Broadcasts of Only Fools and Horses, there was a major difference to the theme tune. Ronnie Hazlehurst's theme tune was a jazzy type of instrumental tune that played over the start and end credits; this theme tune was replaced in Series 2 with the more familiar John Sullivan sung theme tune. And after Series 1 completed its first run, all future re-runs of Series 1 dropped Hazlehurst's theme tune and replaced it with the standard John Sullivan version to match all the other series theme tunes.

The VHS/DVD versions all contain John Sullivan's version of the theme tune which means Hazlehurst's theme is of an extreme rarity. "The Second Time Around" at BBC Online "The Second Time Around" on IMDb