Dolgellau is a town and community in Gwynedd, north-west Wales, lying on the River Wnion, a tributary of the River Mawddach. It is traditionally the county town of the historic county of Merionethshire, which lost its administrative status when Gwynedd was created in 1974. Dolgellau is the main base for climbers of Cadair Idris. Although small, it is the second largest settlement in Southern Gwynedd after Tywyn; the community includes Penmaenpool. The site of Dolgellau was, in the pre-Roman Celtic period, part of the tribal lands of the Ordovices, who were conquered by the Romans in AD 77–78. Although a few Roman coins from the reigns of Emperors Hadrian and Trajan have been found near Dolgellau, the area is marshy and there is no evidence that it was settled during the Roman period. There are, three hill forts in the vicinity of Dolgellau, of uncertain origin. After the Romans left, the area came under the control of a series of Welsh chieftains, although Dolgellau was not inhabited until the late 11th or 12th century, when it was established as a "serf village" by Cadwgan ap Bleddyn.
It remained a serf village until the reign of Henry VII. A church was built in the 12th century, although Cymer Abbey, founded in 1198 in nearby Llanelltyd, remained the most important religious centre locally. Dolgellau gained in importance from this period onwards, was mentioned in the Survey of Merioneth ordered by Edward I. In 1404 it was the location of a council of chiefs under Owain Glyndŵr. After a visit by George Fox in 1657, many inhabitants of Dolgellau converted to Quakerism. Persecution led a large number of them to emigrate to Pennsylvania in 1686, under the leadership of Rowland Ellis, a local gentleman-farmer; the Pennsylvanian town of Bryn Mawr, home to a prestigious women's liberal arts college, is named after Ellis's farm near Dolgellau. The woollen industry was long of the greatest importance to the town's economy; the industry declined in the first half of the 19th century, owing to the introduction of mechanical looms. Another important contributor to the local economy was tanning, which continued into the 1980s in Dolgellau, though on a much reduced scale.
The town was the centre of a minor gold rush in the 19th century. At one time the local gold mines employed over 500 workers. Clogau St. David's mine in Bontddu and Gwynfynydd mine in Ganllwyd have supplied gold for many royal weddings. Dolgellau was the county town of Merionethshire until 1974 when, following the Local Government Act of 1972, it became the administrative centre of Meirionnydd, a district of the county of Gwynedd; this was abolished in 1996 by the Local Government Act 1994. Today, the economy of Dolgellau relies chiefly on tourism, it is believed that Dolgellau Cricket Club, founded in 1869 by Frederick Temple, is one of the oldest cricket clubs in Wales. For nearly a century Dolgellau was the home of Dr Williams School, a pioneering girls' secondary school; this was funded from the legacy of Daniel Williams the Welsh nonconformist of the 17th/18th century. The name of the town is of uncertain origin, although dôl is Welsh for "meadow" or "dale", gelli means "grove" or "spinney", is common locally in names for farms in sheltered nooks.
This would seem to be the most derivation, giving the translation "Grove Meadow". It has been suggested that the name could derive from the word cell, meaning "cell", translating therefore as "Meadow of cells", but this seems less considering the history of the name; the earliest recorded spelling is "Dolkelew", although a spelling "Dolgethley" dates from 1285. From until the 19th century, most spellings were along the lines of "Dôlgelly" "Dolgelley", "Dolgelly" or "Dolgelli". Thomas Pennant used the form "Dolgelleu" in his Tours of Wales, this was the form used in the Church Registers in 1723, although it never had much currency. In 1825 the Registers had "Dolgellau", which form Robert Vaughan of Hengwrt adopted in 1836. While this form may derive from a false etymology, it became standard in Welsh and is now the standard form in both Welsh and English, it was adopted as the official name by the local rural district council in 1958. Shortly before the closure of the town's railway station it displayed signs reading variously Dolgelly and Dolgellau.
Dolgellau is home to Coleg Meirion-Dwyfor. The site it occupies was home to Dr Williams' School, a direct grant grammar school for girls aged 7–18 established in 1875, it was named after its benefactor Dr Daniel Williams, a Nonconformist minister from Wrexham, who gave his name to Dr Williams's Library in Euston, London. The school closed in 1975. Dolgellau Grammar School, a boys' school, had been established in 1665 by the Rector of Dolgellau, Dr John Ellis, at Pen Bryn, before moving to its present site on the Welshpool road. In 1962, it became a comprehensive school under the name Ysgol y Gader, it has 310 pupils and, according to the latest inspection report by Estyn, it ha
Purian Khurd is a village in Batala in Gurdaspur district of Punjab State, India. It is located 12 kilometres from sub district headquarter, 47 kilometres from district headquarter and 12 kilometres from Sri Hargobindpur; the village is administrated by Sarpanch an elected representative of the village. As of 2011, The village has a total number of 144 houses and the population of 736 of which 388 are males while 348 are females. According to the report published by Census India in 2011, out of the total population of the village 98 people are from Schedule Caste and the village does not have any Schedule Tribe population so far. List of villages in India Tourism of Punjab Census of Punjab
Dexter High School is a public high school located in Dexter, Michigan. It serves grades 9-12. William Moran is the principal of DHS. Dexter High School is one of only two schools in the country with a dreadnaught as a mascot; the other school is Lakeland Senior High School. Dexter High School was located in the building, now Creekside Intermediate School; when the population of students became too large for this building, the new Dexter High School was built in 2002 in its current location. The demographic breakdown of the 1,115 students enrolled in the 2016-2017 school year was: Male - 50.5% Female - 49.5% Native American/Alaskan - 0.2% Asian/Pacific islanders - 3.2% Black - 0.6% Hispanic - 1.5% White - 93.3% Multiracial - 1.1%6.9% of the students were eligible for free or reduced lunch. Dexter High School offers 19 IB courses. Dexter High School houses more than 30 clubs for students to participate in. DHS has musical departments including Band and most choir; the Dexter High School National Ocean Science Bowl team took 2nd place nationally in 2015.
The Dexter Dreadnaughts compete in the SEC. The school colors are maroon and gold. Dexter offers the following MHSAA sanctioned varsity sports: Official website School district website
Six-on-six basketball or basquette is a archaic variant of basketball played by women and girls. It is played with the same rules as regular basketball, with the following exceptions: Teams have six players each instead of five. Only forwards are allowed to shoot the ball. Forwards must stay in their teams' frontcourt and guards must stay in their team's backcourt. For example, Team A's forwards would be on the left side of the court with Team B's guards on defense. Team B's forwards are on the right side of the court with Team A's guards. Thus, forwards guards play only defense. In some forms, unlimited dribbling is not allowed. Once in possession of the ball, players may dribble the ball up to two times. Both forwards and guards may handle the ball. There is no three-point line. Today, nearly all women's basketball leagues play by the same basic five-on-five rules as men, with only minor differences such as size of the ball and the distance of the three-point line. In the United States, the last major sanctioning bodies to abandon the six-on-six variant were the high school state athletic organizations of Iowa and Oklahoma.
The sport is still seen at the recreational level, such as during physical education classes. Beginning in 1958 the Office of Civil Rights started looking at banning six-on-six high school girls basketball, it would take 37 years to phase it out. 1978: Texas 1993: Iowa 1995: OklahomaApril Coleman took the last shot for 6 on 6 basketball in the United States for the Pocola Indians in the 2A state title game. The second-ranked Lady Indians avenged their only loss of the season with a 64-58 overtime victory over No. 1 and unbeaten Indianola Warriorettes before 6,500 fans of the longtime girls sport at State Fair Arena. Coaches: Bertha Teague, Byng High School, Oklahoma. Won three straight state tournament championships in the 1930s, a record, not equaled in Oklahoma girls' basketball until 1987, she retired in 1969 after winning her seventh state championship that season. Teague had a winning percentage of.907 over her 43-year coaching career. Vernon "Bud" McLearn, Mediapolis High School, Iowa. A 333-8 home court record.
McLearn finished coaching with a 706-80 overall record. Rose Marie Battaglia Players: Kelli Litsch, Thomas High School, Oklahoma. Back-to-back state championships in 1980 and 1981, set a new state tournament scoring record of 338 points in nine games over three years, for a 37.6 point-per-game average. She led the Thomas Lady Terriers to 77 wins and only 9 losses over her three seasons, scoring a then-record 3,364 total points. Lynne Lorenzen, Ventura High School, Iowa. Set the national high school girls' career scoring record with 6,736 points. For the 1986-87 season, she led her team to a 31-0 state championship. Trish Head, of Henrietta, Tennessee. Head, like all Tennessee high school girls' basketball players, played the six-on-six game in high school before switching to the five-on-five code in college. Head would become an illustrious women's basketball coach at the University of Tennessee better known under her married name, Pat Summitt; the 1968 Iowa girl's state high school championship game.
Union-Whitten beat Everly 113-107 in overtime. Everly's Jeanette Olson scored 76 points and Denise Long of Union-Whitten 64; until 1975, New Jersey played 6-on-6 for girls High School basketball, however the rules were different. In New Jersey, two players were offense only, two defense only and two were able to move on both offensive and defensive ends. Defense or offense only players could not move beyond their respective midcourts. In general, the best athletes were those playing both ends of the courts, while offense would have both an inside player and an outside shooter type. Defense only players were taller players and used for rebounding purposes only. At the time New Jersey played 6-on-6 basketball, the game was played in parochial schools. Among the powerhouse teams of the 1960s and early'70s were Mother Seton, Paramus Catholic, St. Vincent's Academy, St. Aloysius, Benedictine Academy and East Orange Catholic High Schools Six-on-six basketball has been chronicled in such media as the 2004 book The Only Dance in Iowa: A History of Six-Player Girls' Basketball by Max McElwain, in the 2008 Iowa Public Television special More Than a Game: Six-on-Six Basketball in Iowa.
"Six-On-Six: The Musical", a show by Robert John Ford celebrating the sport's popularity in Iowa, debuted in 2009 at Hoyt Sherman Place in Des Moines. The format is in use by the Granny Basketball League. Formed in Iowa in 2005, the league consists of women aged 50 and older who play by 1920s rules and wear 1920s-style uniforms. Tricia Pettitt is the current scoring champion
Acleisanthes nevadensis is a species of flowering plant in the four o'clock family known by the common names desert moonpod and desert wing-fruit. It is native to a section of the southwestern United States encompassing southern Nevada and adjacent corners of Utah and Arizona. One occurrence has been observed in eastern California; the plant grows in desert habitat such as rocky washes. This herb produces several spreading stems up to about 30 centimeters in maximum length, sometimes from a woody base; the stems are covered in many leaves with fleshy oval or rounded blades up to 3 centimeters long which are borne on petioles. The herbage of the plant is coated in thick, white, furry hairs, interspersed with shorter, flat hairs; some hairs are glandular. Flowers occur in leaf axils; each is a trumpet-shaped bloom with a narrow, tubular green throat up to 4 centimeters long and a round white corolla face about a centimeter wide, sometimes tinged yellow or greenish. There are a long style tipped with a spherical stigma.
"Filipino Monkey" is a taunt used by radio pranksters in maritime radio transmissions since at least the 1980s in the Persian Gulf. This taunt is used as a name for pranksters who make odd, confusing, or threatening calls on VHF marine channel 16, the VHF calling and distress channel. Before the advent of GMDSS, ships at sea were required to monitor the channel, meant to be used only to make contact before changing to a working channel. In the late 1980s in the Persian Gulf, there was much Filipino imported labor, in particular maritime labor. Late at night and Persian natives would taunt Filipinos from the anonymity of the radio. An account of U. S. operations during Operation Earnest Will in the Persian Gulf in 1988 contains this description of a typical nighttime broadcasts: From time to time, the radio squawked, breaking the quiet with a burst of static. Most of the messages were routine, the expected traffic in a crowded sea, but every so a high manic voice would break from the speaker: "Hee hee hee!
Filipino Monkey!" No one knew who the caller was, or what he meant by his strange message." Some report that the phrase originated as an insult to Filipino seaman watchkeepers monitoring the VHF distress channel. On January 7, 2008, the government of the United States of America reported that the day before a number of Iranian IRGC Navy speedboats had harassed and threatened U. S. warships traveling through the Strait of Hormuz, a narrow passageway between the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman. In a video clip released by the administration, a crew member on a warship issues this radio message: This is coalition warship. I am engaged in transit passage in accordance with international law. I maintain no harm. Over! This is followed by footage of smaller speedboats traveling at high speed around U. S. warships. The crew member is heard on the radio warning five unidentified craft that they are approaching coalition warships and asking them to identify themselves and report their intentions; the crew member is heard warning the crafts to stay away.
A accented voice is heard replying: I am coming to you... You will explode after few minutes; the incident occurred three days before President Bush was due to travel to Israel and Arab states of the Persian Gulf for talks on the Israeli-Palestinian relations, U. S. arms sales to the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, the American claim that Iran was a dangerous nation with intentions of producing nuclear weapons. The White House said the incident was an example of irresponsible and aggressive behavior by the Iranian government, with President Bush warning that "all options are on the table to secure" U. S. military assetsIranian government played down the incident as nothing but a routine encounter occurring between naval vessels for the purpose of identifying each other and released its own video clip of the incident, recorded on one of the Iranian speedboats. This clip begins with moving images of a number of warships and an Iranian voice is heard, in Persian, attempting to read the side number of one of the warships.
An Iranian IRGC naval personnel is shown speaking into a radio transmitter, at some distance from a number of warships. Navy warship 73. Come in! Over! An American voice is heard replying: This is coalition warship 73. Roger! Over! After a repeat of the conversation the Iranian personnel is heard asking the coalition warship to switch to channel 11 with the American voice replying that they were shifting to channel 11; the Iranians are heard shifting to channel 11 and continuing their conversation with the warship personnel. The clip ends, threatening language used by either side. Having compared the two clips and the voices heard on the radio, a number of news correspondents reported that the threatening voice heard in the American clip is much unlike that of the Iranian naval personnel shown in the Iranian clip and that it was that the threatening voice heard on the U. S. Navy clip may, in fact, be that of a prankster given the nickname'Filipino Monkey'