Dome of Soltaniyeh

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Soltaniyeh Dome
UNESCO World Heritage site
Gonbad Soltaniye.jpg
Location Soltaniyeh, Zanjan Province, Iran
Part of Soltaniyeh
Criteria Cultural: (ii), (iii), (iv)
Reference 1188-001
Inscription 2005 (29th Session)
Area 14.8 ha (37 acres)
Coordinates 36°26′2.3″N 48°47′45.7″E / 36.433972°N 48.796028°E / 36.433972; 48.796028Coordinates: 36°26′2.3″N 48°47′45.7″E / 36.433972°N 48.796028°E / 36.433972; 48.796028
Dome of Soltaniyeh is located in Iran
Dome of Soltaniyeh
Location of Dome of Soltaniyeh in Iran
Olcaytu Xudabəndə türbəsinin kəsiyi-001.jpg

The central magnet of Soltaniyeh's several ruins is the Mausoleum of Il-khan Öljeitü also known as Muhammad Khodabandeh, traditionally known as the Dome of Soltaniyeh in Soltaniyeh city, Zanjan Province. The structure, erected from 1302 to 1312 AD, has the oldest double-shell dome in Iran.[1] This view of the construction was made by Dieulafoy but is disputed by André Godard.[2] In Godard's view it is a normal, if spectacularly large dome, with a thin skin on top for the faience and is in no way a double dome. Its importance in the Muslim world may be compared to that of Brunelleschi's cupola for Christian architecture. It is one of the largest brick domes in the world, just at the theoretical engineering limit for a brick dome and the third largest dome in the world after the domes of Florence Cathedral and Hagia Sophia.[1] The Dome of Soltaniyeh paved the way for more daring Iranian-style cupola constructions in the Muslim world, such as the Mausoleum of Khoja Ahmed Yasavi and the Taj Mahal. Much of its exterior decoration has been lost, but the interior retains superb mosaics, faience, and murals. People have described the architecture of the building as “anticipating the Taj Mahal.”

The estimated 200 ton dome stands 49 meters (161 ft) tall from its base, and is currently undergoing extensive renovation.

Photo gallery[edit]

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  1. ^ a b [1][dead link]
  2. ^ A Survey of Persian Art Vol III page 1115