A domestic worker is a person who works within an employer's household. The term "domestic service" applies to the equivalent occupational category. In traditional English contexts, such a person was said to be "in service". Domestic helpers perform a variety of household services for an individual or a family, from providing care for children and elderly dependents to housekeeping, including cleaning and household maintenance. Other responsibilities may include cooking and ironing, shopping for food and other household errands; such work has always needed to be done but before the Industrial Revolution and the advent of labour saving devices, it was physically much harder. Some domestic helpers live within their employer's household. In some cases, the contribution and skill of servants whose work encompassed complex management tasks in large households have been valued. However, for the most part, domestic work, while necessary, is undervalued. Although legislation protecting domestic workers is in place in many countries, it is not extensively enforced.
In many jurisdictions, domestic work is poorly regulated and domestic workers are subject to serious abuses, including slavery. Servant is an older English word for "domestic worker", though not all servants worked inside the home. Domestic service, or the employment of people for wages in their employer's residence, was sometimes called "service" and has been part of a hierarchical system. In Britain a developed system of domestic service peaked towards the close of the Victorian era reaching its most complicated and rigidly structured state during the Edwardian period, which reflected the limited social mobility before World War I. Other terms include domestic servant, manservant or menial. ILO estimates in 2015, based on national surveys and/or censuses of 232 countries and territories, place the number of domestic workers at around 67.1 million. But the ILO itself states that "experts say that due to the fact that this kind of work is hidden and unregistered, the total number of domestic workers could be as high as 100 million".
The ILO states that 83% of domestic workers are women and many are migrant workers. In Guatemala, it is estimated, they hardly have any legal protection. According to Guatemalan labor law, domestic work is "subject neither to a working time statute nor to regulations on the maximum number of working hours in a day". Domestic helpers are only entitled to ten hours of free time in 24 hours, one day off per week, but often, these minimal employment laws are disregarded, so are basic civil liberties. In Brazil, domestic workers must be hired under a registered contract and have many of the rights of any other workers, which includes a minimum wage, remunerated vacations and a remunerated weekly day off, it is not uncommon, for employers to hire servants illegally and fail to offer a work contract. Since domestic staff predominantly come from disadvantaged groups with less access to education, they are vulnerable and uninformed of their rights in rural areas. Domestics employed without a proper contract can sue their employers and be compensated for abuse committed.
It is common in Brazil for domestic staff, including childcare staff, to be required to wear uniforms, while this requirement has fallen out of use in other countries. In the United States, domestic workers are excluded from many of the legal protections afforded to other classes of worker, including the provisions of the National Labor Relations Act. However, in recent years, advocacy groups like the National Domestic Workers' Alliance have succeeded in passing a Domestic Workers' Bill of Rights into state law in New York and California. Traditionally domestic workers have been women and are to be immigrants. There are 1.8 million domestic workers, tens of thousands of people are believed to be in forced labor in the United States. America's domestic home help workers, most of them female members of minority groups, earn low wages and receive no retirement or health benefits because the lack of basic labor protections. Domestic workers are excluded from vacation time, sick time, overtime, only thirteen percent of domestic workers get health insurance provided by their employers.
A report from the National Domestic Workers Alliance and affiliated groups found that nearly a quarter of nannies and home health workers make less than the minimum wage in the states in which they work, nearly half – 48 percent – are paid less than needed to adequately support a family. Many of these workers are subjected to abuse, sexual harassment, social inequality. However, because domestic workers work in the home, their struggles are hidden in the home and out of the public spotlight. Nowadays with an increase of power, the domestic workers' community has formed many organizations, such as the National Domestic Workers Alliance, Domestic Workers United, The South African Domestic Service and Allied Workers Union; the domestic work industry is dominated throughout the world by women. While the domestic work industry is advantageous for women in that it provides them a sector that they have substantial access to, it can prove to be disadvantageous by reinforcing gender inequality through the idea that domestic work is an industry that should be dominated by women.
Within the domestic work industry, the much smaller proportion of jobs, occupied by men are not the same jobs that are occupied by women. Within the childcare industry, men make up only abo
"I Wish You Well" is the first single released from Canadian singer Tom Cochrane's 1995 album Ragged Ass Road. Inspired by Cochrane's experiences during the years following the success of his album Mad Mad World, the song was released in August 1995 as his first single since 1992, it became only the second song—and the first by a Canadian artist—to debut atop the Canadian RPM Top Singles chart, giving Cochrane his second number-one single in his home country, it reached number three on the RPM Adult Contemporary chart. Outside Canada, "I Wish You Well" managed to chart in the United Kingdom and the United States, peaking at numbers 93 and 101 respectively. "I Wish You Well" was written by Tom Cochrane, inspired by the turmoil he experienced after the success of Mad Mad World and the touring to support the album. Described by Cochrane as "a blur", this period left his home life in a state of disorder, including a year in which he separated with his wife, Kathleen. According to Cochrane, "I Wish You Well" and Ragged Ass Road addresses these issues and what he learned from the period.
Released as a single in August 1995, "I Wish You Well" debuted at number one on the Canadian RPM Top Singles chart on September 4, 1995, becoming the second song in the chart's history to accomplish this feat, after Band Aid's "Do They Know It's Christmas?" in 1985. It was the first song by a Canadian artist to debut at number one; the single stayed at the summit for another week dropped to number seven on September 18. It stayed in the top 100 for 26 weeks, last appearing at number 98 on February 26, 1996, it was the fourth most successful single of 1995 in Canada, it peaked at number three on the RPM Adult Contemporary chart on October 9, 1995. The song did not make a substantial commercial impact outside Canada, charting only in the United Kingdom and the United States. In the latter country, it peaked at number one on the Billboard Bubbling Under Hot 100, which corresponds to number 101 on the main Hot 100 chart, on November 18, 1995. In the United Kingdom, the song debuted and peaked at number 93 on October 15, 1995 left the top 100 the next week.
Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics
Holly Kinser is a Pennsylvania lobbyist, where she is the President of The Kinser Group. As a lobbyist for the City of Philadelphia, she is credited with driving legislation in the Pennsylvania General Assembly, including a rental-car and hotel tax, to help fund the construction of sports stadiums and to expand the Philadelphia International Airport. Details of her marriage and subsequent divorce to former Speaker of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives Bill DeWeese garnered significant coverage in the media. A native of Orinda, Kinser's father ran an executive search company; when Kinser was 17, her father became a personnel director for the Reagan White House and she moved with her family to Washington, DC. She took a summer job with the Republican National Committee, an organization where she worked until she graduated from Scripps College, where she majored in history and was the swim team captain, she took a position with International Paper, who sent her to Harrisburg in 1990 to open their lobbying office.
A year she began seeing Bill DeWeese and they married in December 1992. In 1992, DeWeese supplanted Robert W. O'Donnell as Speaker of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives and in 1994 Kinser's allies Tom Ridge and Rick Santorum were elected, she took a position with Greenlee Associates and began lobbying on behalf of Philadelphia and was able to help pass rental-car tax that helped fund the stadiums, the airport expansion funding, the one percent hotel tax that fuels the Greater Philadelphia Tourism Marketing Corporation. It was during this time that rumors of a relationship between her and then-Mayor of Philadelphia Ed Rendell began. Both Rendell and Kinser deny any impropriety in their relationship. Kinser and DeWeese separated in 1999, she began seeing a manager at Philadelphia Four Seasons Hotel. DeWeese, served the divorce papers on the House floor blamed Rendell for the dissolution of his marriage. In 2001, Kinser moved to Chicago and took a job with the small public-relations firm Kemper Lesnick when Linsley was assigned to the Chicago Four Seasons.
In June 2002 Kinser sought to return to the Harrisburg lobbying community and DeWeese asked lobbyist Steve Wojdak not to hire Kinser. That year, Wojdak hired Kinser. DeWeese penned a letter calling Wojdak an "abject, mendacious knave." In relatiation, DeWeese sought to keep Wojdak off of the board of the Philadelphia Convention Center Authority. During the 2002 Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, rumors spread that Republican Mike Fisher's campaign was preparing to air a negative television advertisement discussing her relationship with the Democratic nominee for Governor Ed Rendell. In two incidents in one evening, Kinser loudly and publicly confronted Fisher's television man, John Brabender, campaign manager, Kent Gates regarding these rumors telling Gates "I hate your guts". In a March 2003 article in the Philadelphia Magazine, Sabrina Rubin Erdely suggested that Kinser had confronted the Fisher staffers in a deliberate attempt to increase her public profile. In 2003, she was named to the PoliticsPA "Power 50" list of politically influential personalities, where it was noted that her "lobbying talent speaks for itself."
In 2010, Politics Magazine named her one of the most influential Democrats in Pennsylvania
Paul Anthony Rogers is an English retired footballer who played as a midfielder. He started his career at non-league club Sutton United, was part of the team that defeated Coventry City in the third round of the 1988–89 FA Cup. In January 1992, he joined Sheffield United, who were in the First Division at the time, for a fee of £35,000. At the time he was a London-based Commodities Broker, his debut was for Sheffield United Reserves against Liverpool Reserves in a Ponting League match at Bramall Lane on 21 January 1992. He went on to make over 120 league appearances for the club before moving to Notts County in 1995. However, he soon moved again to Wigan Athletic in 1997 following a successful loan spell, he made 100 league appearances for the club, scored the winning goal for Wigan in the final of the Associate Members' Cup in 1999. Rogers went on play at Brighton for four years before announcing his retirement from professional football in 2003, he joined Isthmian League side Worthing as a player-coach, where he stayed until bringing an end to his playing career in 2008.
Marisa Christine Coughlan is an American actress and writer. Her first prominent role was a lead in Kevin Williamson's Teaching Mrs. Tingle, followed by a role as Officer Ursula Hanson in the comedy Super Troopers, she had a recurring role as Melissa Hughes on the series Boston Legal. Coughlan was born in Minnesota, she graduated from a small private school in Golden Valley, Minnesota. When she moved to Los Angeles with her father Daniel Merritt Coughlan, she enrolled at the University of Southern California, she studied abroad in Paris in 1995, graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in French in 1996. Coughlan's first film appearance to gain mainstream attention was in Kevin Williamson's directorial debut Teaching Mrs. Tingle, in which she co-starred alongside Katie Holmes and Helen Mirren, she was cast in the role after having been rejected for a role on Williamson's series Dawson's Creek. She followed this with a recurring role on the series Wasteland in 1999. Other films she appeared in included a drama about sorority girls.
She had a recurring role on the television series Boston Legal as secretary Melissa Hughes in seasons two and three. In 2007, she starred as Jenny McIntyre in Lifetime Television's original series Side Order of Life. In 2008–2009, she appeared on three episodes of the TV show Bones. Coughlan began taking time off from acting, she wrote and produced her first pilot, Lost & Found for ABC in 2011. In 2014, she completed writing a comedy based on Peter and Wendy for NBC. In 2016, it was reported by Variety that Fox was developing a comedy series titled Pushing, written by Coughlan and produced by Greg Berlanti. Coughlan married Stephen Wallack, whom she had known since they were teenagers in Minneapolis, at a private estate in Pasadena, California on November 1, 2008, they have four children together. Today, she lives in Minnesota. Coughlan resided in Studio City, California until 2015. Marisa Coughlan on IMDb
Whispers of Dead Zone is a 2012 drama in Turkish-French co-production, directed by Fırat Çağrı Beyaz. The film premiered at the Istanbul International Film Festival. Mete is a successful young television director from Northern Cyprus that has settled down in Istanbul, yet doesn't quite feel like he belongs there, he returns to his homeland of Cyprus with the intent to make a documentary. While on the island, Mete feels the division between the Greek and Turkish cultures that exist within him while visiting the graves of his ex-girlfriend and old friends, he slowly begins to build a relationship with Rüyam, a beautiful woman that he meets on the island while taking photographs. Their meeting forces him to choose between leaving the island and his homeland or looking beyond his problems with where he belongs and the disintegration of his being. Mete Pere as Mete Leman Özdogan as Rüyam Sevcan Çerkez as Nurdan Toprak Altay Cenk Gürcağ Haluk Ramon Serhun Sahir Cacci Başak Ekenoğlu Kıvanç Giritli Şerife Akman Emre Yazgın Beyaz stated that he chose the film's name because he symbolically viewed Cyprus as "a dead country, a dead piece of land".
The development of the screenplay took him a year, while partial sponsorship for shooting came from the city of Girne and Karpaz district. After completion the film was backed by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, helping its promotion in international festivals. Filming began in March 2011 in the Kyrenia and Karpaz districts, was Beyaz's directing debut; the film has been sold for television broadcast and online streaming. Ölü Bölgeden Fısıltılar has been picked as an official selection at the following film festivals: 2012 International Istanbul Film Festival 2012 Izmir International Film Festival 2012 Sinemardin Mardin International Film Festival 2012 Amed International Film Festival Ölü Bölgeden Fısıltılar on IMDb Official film website Paradoks Film English-French Paradoks Film ParadoksDergi - Turkish