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Domingos Jorge Velho

Domingos Jorge Velho was one of the fiercest and most effective Portuguese bandeirantes. He was born in Santana de Parnaíba, captaincy of São Paulo, to Francisco Jorge Velho and Francisca Gonçalves de Camargo, he was responsible for the repression of several indigenous nations in Bahia and Piauí, which he is reputed to have been the first colonist to explore. His greater fame, however, is due to his conquest of the Quilombo dos Palmares, in the hinterland of Alagoas, on behalf of João da Cunha Souto Maior, governor of Pernambuco. Velho accepted the assignment and, in 1694, with an army of Indians and mamelucos, European Native American offspring, overran the fortified city of Macacos, on the Serra da Barriga mountain. According to the bishop of Olinda at the time, he did not speak Portuguese fluently but rather the língua geral, a Lingua franca based on Tupian languages spoken in Brazil at that time. John Manuel Monteiro, a specialist on the subject, in Os Negros da Terra, explains that Velho not only spoke Portuguese but was indeed literate: "Actually Domingos not only spoke but he wrote in Portuguese, what would be unusual for a Tapuia Domingos wrote a letter to the Portuguese King, his recognizable signature can be identified in the civil registries of Santana de Parnaíba".

Velho is reputed to only married in old age. He died in Piancó, captaincy of Paraíba, his uncle of the same name was married to Izabel Pires de Monteiro: the Captain Salvador Jorge Velho and Simão Jorge Velho were born out of this union. Franco, Francisco de Assis Carvalho, "Dicionário de Bandeirantes e Sertanistas do Brasil", Ed. São Paulo University, São Paulo, Ed Itatiaia, Belo Horizonte

Children of War (2009 film)

Children of War is a feature-length documentary film directed by Bryan Single and released in 2009. Filmed in northern Uganda over a period of three years, the story follows the journey of a group of former child soldiers as they undergo a process of trauma therapy and emotional healing while in a rehabilitation center. Having been abducted from their homes and schools by the Lord’s Resistance Army—a quasi-religious militia led by international war criminal and self-proclaimed prophet Joseph Kony—the children struggle to confront years of brutal abuse, forced combat and religious indoctrination with the help of a heroic team of trauma counselors; as these fearless allies guide the children forward into new lives, Children Of War illuminates a powerful and cathartic story of forgiveness and hope in the aftermath of war. The war in northern Uganda lasted for over two decades; the rebels of the Lord's Resistance Army, led by Joseph Kony, fought to overthrow the secular government and rule the country by the Biblical Ten Commandments.

However, what made the LRA so unique and tragic is that the majority of those who fought in its ranks were children. During the 20 years of war, an estimated 35,000 boys and girls were dragged from their homes and villages, tied up, marched to rebel hideouts deep in the indigenous bush. There, they were initiated into the Army's cult-like culture through a combination of religious indoctrination, traumatizing abuse, forced participation in brutal violence; these child soldiers were forced to kill fellow abducted children and loot villages, maim civilians—in some instances their own families. Fear and total dependency upon their captors led many of the abducted children to yield and adopt the violent culture of the rebels. Additionally, many of the female children were given to the rebel commanders as "wives" and forced to produce more children. To establish power and widespread fear among those who refused to show explicit support for them and his rebels targeted civilians, employing massacres of the most horrifying nature.

Fathers and infants were killed, dismembered by machetes, or burned to "rid the land of evil spirits." "In some cases,children were deliberately targeted: their iconic value as representatives of both innocence and society's future renders them potent in pressuring populations." This campaign of terror resulted in over 100,000 deaths, thousands of maimed and wounded, one and a half million people being forced to live in squalid displaced-persons camps. To make matters worse, the southern-ruled government was accused of amplifying the crisis through years of complacency and indifference. In 2006, Jan Egeland, former United Nations Special Advisor to the Secretary General, expressed that the situation in northern Uganda had evolved into "the world's greatest neglected humanitarian crisis." Since 2006, the war however has settled into a precarious impasse. As a result of an increased military campaign by the Ugandan government and abductions by the rebels have waned. Kony and his army have moved their base of operations across the border into eastern Congo.

In the heart of this uncertainty between peace and war and death, hope and hopelessness, many child soldiers have re-emerged from the war, either through miraculous escapes or by being captured during battles. Transferred directly from the battlefields to rehabilitation centers, these boys and girls undergo the formidable process of healing into a life beyond war. Most carry with them the emotional and psychological burdens of a stained youth, reflected in symptoms of distrust, severe guilt, self-contempt, despair, but as survivors, many exhibit a haunting yet impassioned honesty far beyond their years. In May 2006, filmmaker Bryan Single was invited to visit the Rachele Rehabilitation Center in war-torn northern Uganda. Established in 2003 by the Belgian government and award-winning author-journalist Els de Temmerman, the mission of the Rachele Center is to rehabilitate and reintegrate many of the former abductees and child soldiers; the goal of Mr. Single’s visit to the Center was to listen, to witness and to document the stories and sojourns of these children as they recover from their lives as child soldiers.

Children of War previewed in November 2009 at the United States Institute of Peace in Washington D. C; the International Reporting Project co-hosted the screening. In December 2009, it had a special presentation at the historic Hollywood Egyptian Theater as part of the 6th Annual International Artivist Film Festival, where it won the Best Feature Award for Child Advocacy. In February 2010, it was awarded a Cinema For Peace Justice Award in Berlin by Luis Moreno-Ocampo, the chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court. In March, it was awarded the Foundation Barbara Hendricks Prize in honor of Sergio Vieira de Mello at the International Festival of Human Rights in Geneva, Switzerland. In April 2010, Children Of War, hosted by Cinema for Peace and Amnesty International, was selected to be the first film to screen at the headquarters of the International Criminal Court in the Hague. In May 2010, a preview of Children of War was screened at the historic, International Criminal Court Review Conference Opening Dinner in Kampala, followed by a powerful speech by Children of War child trauma counselor Jane Ekayu.

UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon, former Nuremberg trial prosecutor Benjamin Ferencz, Bianca Jagger were among those present. In October 2010, Children of War had its World Premiere before an international audience at the United Nations General Assembly Hall in New York City. Delegates from over forty countries attended the event, introduced by UN Deputy Secretary-General Asha-Rose Migiro, hosted by the UN Office

The Worst Kept Secret Tour

The Worst Kept Secret Tour was the second official tour from American girl-group Fifth Harmony and the third overall. It began in Ventura, California on February 2, 2014 and ended on March 24, 2014 in Buffalo, New York; the group performed in this tour around the same time when they were opening acts for Demi Lovato's'Neon Lights Tour'. The official poster for this tour was chosen by Fifth Harmony among many nominations submitted by fans, it was planned as an early tour for fans who were going to see the group in Demi Lovato's'Neon Light's Tour'. This set list is representative of every show in this tour. "Me & My Girls" "Better Together" "One Wish" "Tellin' Me" "Who Are You" "Honeymoon Avenue" "Leave My Heart Out of This" "Independent Women" "Don't Wanna Dance Alone" "Miss Movin' On" "Anything Could Happen"