Dominoes is a family of tile-based games played with rectangular "domino" tiles. Each domino is a rectangular tile with a line dividing its face into two square ends; each end is blank. The backs of the dominoes in a set are either blank or having some common design; the domino gaming pieces make up a domino set, sometimes called a pack. The traditional Sino-European domino set consists of 28 dominoes, featuring all combinations of spot counts between zero and six. A domino set is a generic gaming device, similar to playing cards or dice, in that a variety of games can be played with a set; the earliest mention of dominoes is from Song dynasty China found in the text Former Events in Wulin by Zhou Mi. Modern dominoes first appeared in Italy during the 18th century, but how Chinese dominoes developed into the modern game is unknown. Italian missionaries in China may have brought the game to Europe; the name "domino" is most from the resemblance to a kind of carnival costume worn during the Venetian Carnival consisting of a black-hooded robe and a white mask.
Despite the coinage of the word polyomino as a generalization, there is no connection between the word "domino" and the number 2 in any language. European-style dominoes are traditionally made of bone or ivory, or a dark hardwood such as ebony, with contrasting black or white pips. Alternatively, domino sets have been made from many different natural materials: stone; these sets have a more novel look, the heavier weight makes them feel more substantial. Modern commercial domino sets are made of synthetic materials, such as ABS or polystyrene plastics, or Bakelite and other phenolic resins. Modern sets commonly use a different color for the dots of each different end value to facilitate finding matching ends. One may find a domino set made of card stock like that for playing cards; such sets are lightweight and inexpensive, like cards are more susceptible to minor disturbances such as a sudden breeze. Sometimes, dominoes have a metal pin in the middle; the traditional set of dominoes contains one unique piece for each possible combination of two ends with zero to six spots, is known as a double-six set because the highest-value piece has six pips on each end.
The spots from one to six are arranged as they are on six-sided dice, but because blank ends having no spots are used, seven faces are possible, allowing 28 unique pieces in a double-six set. However, this is a small number when playing with more than four people, so many domino sets are "extended" by introducing ends with greater numbers of spots, which increases the number of unique combinations of ends and thus of pieces; each progressively larger set increases the maximum number of pips on an end by three, so the common extended sets are double-nine, double-12, double-15, double-18. Larger sets such as double-21 can theoretically exist, but are seen in retail stores, as identifying the number of pips on each domino becomes difficult, a double-21 set would have 253 pieces, far more than is necessary for most domino games with eight players; the oldest confirmed written mention of dominoes in China comes from the Former Events in Wulin written by the Yuan Dynasty author Zhou Mi, who listed pupai, as well as dice as items sold by peddlers during the reign of Emperor Xiaozong of Song.
Andrew Lo asserts that Zhou Mi meant dominoes when referring to pupai, since the Ming author Lu Rong explicitly defined pupai as dominoes. The earliest known manual written about dominoes is the 《宣和牌譜》 written by Qu You, but some Chinese scholars believe this manual is a forgery from a time. In the Encyclopedia of a Myriad of Treasures, Zhang Pu described the game of laying out dominoes as pupai, although the character for pu had changed, yet retained the same pronunciation. Traditional Chinese domino games include Tien Gow, Pai Gow, Che Deng, others; the 32-piece Chinese domino set, made to represent each possible face of two thrown dice and thus have no blank faces, differs from the 28-piece domino set found in the West during the mid 18th century. Chinese dominoes with blank faces were known during the 17th century. Many different domino sets have been used for centuries in various parts of the world to play a variety of domino games; each domino represented one of the 21 results of throwing two six-sided dice.
One half of each domino is set with the pips from one die and the other half contains the pips from the second die. Chinese sets introduce duplicates of some throws and divide the dominoes into two suits: military and civil. Chinese dominoes are longer than typical European dominoes; the early 18th century had dominoes making their way to Europe, making their first appearance in Italy. The game changed somewhat in the translation from Chinese to the European culture. European domino sets contain neither sui
The Home for the Aged Men and Women sometimes known as the Home for the Aged and Infants was a charitable organization located on H Street NE between 2nd Street NE and 3rd Street NE next to the train line running down I Street NE. This was a working class neighborhood next to Swampoodle, it was organized and managed by the Little Sisters of the Poor and provided housing and care for elderly men and women who had no relatives to take care of them, regardless of religion or race. The Sisters would beg for their needs as well as for those of their residents as prescribed by their order, it opened on expending for the rest of the 19th Century. It became a place of life for many older destitute individuals with the yearly distraction of the high society of Diplomats and Socialites of Washington, DC visiting the Home on Saint Joseph's Day. I was a victim of the 1970s urban movement focused on freeways and cars. Today, it is its many restaurants and bars. After the Civil War, the Northeast quadrant of Washington, DC was still rural.
An Irish Catholic neighborhood known as Swampoodle had developed in the vicinity of the railroad tracks running from the New Jersey Avenue Station, located next to the Capitol and heading North to Baltimore. It was in this new developing area across the tracks that the Little Sisters of the Poor had acquired a tract of land; the land was said to have once been owned by Thomas Law who had married the eldest granddaughter of Martha Washington and step-granddaughter of George Washington. The cornerstone of the building was laid on Sunday, July 23, 1872 on square 751 on H Street NE between 2nd and 3rd Street NE following a procession. In attendance were the Knights of Saint Patrick and the Hibernian Benevolent Society. During construction, the Sisters were temporarily staying in a house next to Saint Patrick's Church thanks to the hospitality of Father Walter; that house became the meeting place of the Carroll Library Association's meeting place. The sisters move in their new home on March 19th 1873.
That date was symbolic as it was their patron saint. Archbishop Bayley visited the Home soon after its opening on May 20, 1973; the Home was funded by private donations as well as fund-raising events held by various organizations. One such event took place on May 6, 1873 called the Grand Promenade Concert at the Masonic Temple and was organized by the Diplomatic Corps; the Marine Band played. All proceeds went to the Home. On July 17, 1873 It received $750 from the Legislative Assembly of the District of Columbia under an appropriation for charitable organizations. On July 24, 1873, a new well and pump were inaugurated on the premises of the Home; the Society of Saint Vincent paid for it was blessed by Father Walter. By April 1874, the Home housed about sixty residents; the building had reached its capacity and it was obvious it needed to be enlarged with an additional wing. The organization was several thousands of dollars in debt. Events were being organized to help with this funding but many other elderly men and women could not be accepted.
The additional wing would be planned. The Sisters were given $25,000 by the Commissioners of the District of Columbia on June 23, 1874; that same year, the construction of the new chapel started. Archbishop Bayley came to lay the cornerstone with the local Catholic clergy on October 18, 1874 at 4 PM; the Chapel was to be 24 feet by 60 feet and sit on the rear of the center building to which it will be connected. The cornerstone was made of Brownstone and inscribed with J. M. J. - Jesus, Joseph, 1874 and contained several papers setting forth the date of the laying of the cornerstone, by whom it was laid, the name of the President of the United States and copies of the daily papers of the city. The Center Building will house 100 poor elderly residents; the cost was estimated at $26,000 and the $25,000 obtained from Congress in June would cover this cost. The architect was E. F. Baldwin and the contractor T. C. Wilson. Completion of the project was expected by June 1, 1875.1874 was the year when the Sisters received lots 9, 10, 11, 12, 1 and 2 on their square.
The lots were acquired on July 29, 1874. That same year, the Home received an useful long term donation. On June 8, 1874, Great Falls Ice Company's board decided to donate to the Home as well as to several other Christian charities free ice; the Chapel was dedicated on Sunday, November 14, 1875 at 3pm by Archbishop Bayley in the presence of several representatives of the local clergy and worshipers. Part of the main building was opened as well as the broad veranda; the interior of the chapel was plain with the walls and columns covered in pure white. A small gallery for singers and worshipers was located above the entrance. Over the altar, standing in a small niche was a life-size statue of the Virgin Mary and over the side altars were figures of Christ. For the occasion, a profusion of flowers had been brought in and the various figures were wreathed with them, it was said. One side altar had red flowers, the other was covered in white flowers and the main altar was covered in rare flowers. While the Home was well sized, it was unable to provide for all those in need of many of the poor in the area.
It had expanded in only a few years but the cost was high. A report is published in December 1875; the lot cost $12,000, the wing and stable cost $20,00
During the 1979–80 English football season, Brentford competed in the Football League Third Division. Despite challenging for promotion in the first half of the season, a barren run between December 1979 and March 1980 meant that the Bees' Third Division status was only preserved on the final day of the season. Brentford manager Bill Dodgin Jr. oversaw one of the quietest off-seasons in recent years, with the only change being in the striking department – Andrew McCulloch departed for a club record £60,000 fee and in came Lee Holmes and Billy Holmes, the latter for a £10,000 fee. In direct contrast to the previous two seasons, Brentford started winning six and drawing three of the first 11 league matches of the season to rise to 3rd position in the Third Division on 10 October 1979. Continued good results and a boost from the loan signing of winger Keith Fear put the Bees in 2nd place behind leaders Sheffield United one month but after a 7–2 victory over Hull City on 8 December, the Bees' biggest win of the season, the team's form collapsed.
Between 15 December 1979 and 29 March 1980, Brentford won just 7 of a possible 36 points and dropped down from 3rd to 18th place. A 1–0 home defeat to Rotherham United at Griffin Park on 29 March left the Bees just two points above the relegation zone and the result spelt the end for manager Bill Dodgin Jr, given a paid leave of absence until the end of the season by the club's board. Former Woking manager Fred Callaghan was appointed to the position and oversaw something of a revival, though Brentford went into the final match of the season versus Millwall needing at least a point to guarantee safety. A goal from Tony Funnell was enough to preserve Brentford's Third Division status. One club record was equalled during the season: Most consecutive away Football League clean sheets: 4 Brentford's goal tally listed first. Sources: 100 Years of Brentford, The Big Brentford Book of the Seventies, Statto Players' ages are as of the opening day of the 1979–80 season. Sources: The Big Brentford Book of the Seventies, Timeless Bees, Barry Hugman's Footballers Substitute appearances in brackets.
Players listed in italics left the club mid-season. Source: 100 Years of Brentford Players listed in italics left the club mid-season. Source: 100 Years of Brentford Supporters' Player of the Year: Pat Kruse Players' Player of the Year: Pat Kruse
Oru Vadakkan Veeragatha is a 1989 Indian Malayalam-language epic historical drama film directed by Hariharan, written by M. T. Vasudevan Nair, starring Mammootty, Balan K. Nair, Suresh Gopi, Madhavi and Captain Raju; the film won four National Film Awards including Best Actor, Best Screenplay, Best Production Design and Best Costume Design and six Kerala State Film Awards. The film is set in 16th-century northern Kerala; the plot unfolds at the house of great Kannappan Chekavar. Kannappan Chekavar adopts the son of his estranged sister when the boy loses both his parents and brings him to Puthooram to live and learn with his cousins; the orphan boy, Chandu, a quick learner, earns the love and admiration of his uncle, while he is loathed by his cousin Aromal. As they grow up Chandu is betrothed to Unniyarcha. Several events unfold, he flees to the kalari under the guidance of Aringodar. Chandu has to recount only losses in his life, as Aromal ensures his sister is not married to Chandu, he deceives Chandu by usurping and marrying Kunjinooli, in love with Chandu.
The heartbroken Chandu continues to master the art of Kalari Payattu from Aringodar. On wedding day of Aromal, Unniyarcha invites Chandu to her room; however Unniyarcha’s husband, the eunuch Kunjiraman sees them. Unniyarcha, the clever vixen that she is, convinces her husband that Chandu broke into her room as she was awaiting the arrival of Kunjiraman. Chandu gets a sobriquet:'Womanizer Chandu.' A dejected Chandu finds solace in Aringodar's daughter. Feudal lord Unnichandror arrives at the footsteps of Aringodar and invites him to represent his cause in an angam against mooppu feud with his brother Unnikonar. Unnikonar, in turn, invites Aromal to represent him. Chandu is now caught in a dilemma, when his uncle requests him to play second hand to Aromal in the angam against his teacher Aringodar. Unniyarcha appears and offers to live with Chandu if he assists Aromal to win against Aringodar. A tempted Chandu, decides to second Aromal. Chandu takes on the task of revitalizing Aromal's swords by providing them for treatment to the blacksmith.
However, Aringodar’s daughter, bribes the blacksmith and makes them brittle. On the day of the duel, though skilled, is no match for the master Aringodar. To add to the misery, Aromal's sword breaks in two; as Chandu placates an attacking Aringodar, seeking time to replace the weapon, Aringodar obliges. Wily Aromal throws his broken sword and kills an unguarded Aringodar. Aromal is declared winner; as he retires to his resting place, Chandu follows him to tend to his injuries. Aromal blames Chandu of cheating, by treating the swords to make them brittle, attacks him. Aromal kills himself in an accident by falling over a lamp; as people gather, Aromal breathes out his last words: "Chandu betrayed us!". The ill-fated Chandu escapes the mob and finds the blacksmith, who informs that he was bribed by Kunji. Fighting his way through the entire contingent of guards, Chandu storms into Aringodar's household seeking Kunji. To add to his list of regrets, he finds. Chandu returns to Puthooram Veedu and is greeted by a raging Unniyarcha, who vows her sons will avenge her brother’s death.
Years Aromal Unni and Kannapan Unni come to the kalari of Arangodar seeking revenge. Chandu explains to them the situation, hoping to avoid a duel. However, after being challenge Chandu beats both, once again showing his mastery. Thinking they will leave before bloodshed is inevitable he attempts to retire his weapons; the two young warriors are in no mood to insist on a duel to the death. Chandu plainly tells them about their mistakes in the duel and skillfully explains the possible strategies they have up their sleeve. Aromal Unni announces himself, "I, son of Unniyarcha, will die or go back with your head." Chandu realises the madness in the youngsters and appears to relent to their provocations, turns his back to them as if to pray in preparation for the duel. But knowing that no one will be able to win against him, reminded that Aromal is Kannappan Chekavar's grandson, he commits one final act of valour: Chandu stabs himself with his sword. "You would have been my son," he tells Aromal Unni reminiscing bitterly on.
He dies. There ends life of the greatest warrior of his age. Mammootty as Chandu Chekavar: A warrior belonging to a mercenary clan; the orphan boy, Chandu, a quick learner, earns the love and admiration of his uncle, while he is loathed by his cousin. Veteran actor Prem Nazir was considered for this role but since MT felt Mammootty's physique would better suit the character. Balan K. Nair as Kannappan Chekavar: Chandu's uncle and a master of the southern style of Kalari martial arts, he adopts Chandu when the boy loses both his parents and brings him to Puthooram to live and learn with his cousins. Suresh Gopi as Aromal Chekavar: son of Kannappan Chekavar. Madhavi as Unniarcha: A succubus and vixen warrior, sister of Aromal Chekavar and fiancée of Chandu Chekavar. Captain Raju as Aringodar Chekavar: A master of northern Kalari known as "Thulunadan" and Chandu's second teacher in his lifelong learning discipline. Geetha as Kunji Rajalakshmi as Kuttimani Jomol as young Unniarcha Vineeth Kumar as young Chandu Vishal menon as young Kunhiraman Biyon as Child Artist Ramu
The red-fronted serin or fire-fronted serin is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. It is 11 -- 12 cm long; this bird breeds in the Caucasus and the higher mountains of Turkey and Iran, with vagrants reaching the Greek Eastern Aegean Islands in winter. This bird is found in Ladakh and other parts of the Indian Himalayas. Outside the breeding season, it occurs in small flocks seen searching through thistle patches, it is a popular cagebird, escapees from captivity are found throughout Europe. The bird is variable in plumage, with adults resembling dark redpolls; the foreparts are sooty and the forehead is red. The call is a shrill "titihihihihihi", resembling that of a Linnet; the bird will breed in captivity and thrives on a diet of canary grass seed and other small seeds. They bathe daily; this species is phylogeneticagy included within the group of Serinus syriacus now thriving around Mt. Lebanon and other Asian and African patches in winter, together with Serinus canicollis and Serinus alario Arnaiz-Villena et al. 1999 Red-fronted serin From Turkey
Yuriy Alexeyevich Vashchuk, better known by his stage name Teo, is a Belarusian singer and television presenter. Teo showed passion for music early in his childhood, he won his first music competition as the winner of the international contest "Scilla", won his first major competition as the winner of the television program "Zornaya Rostan". Teo won the Belarusian national song contest and represented his country at the 2014 Eurovision Song Contest with the song "Cheesecake", he finished 16th, receiving a total of 43 points. Teo was born as Yuriy Vashchuk in Khidry, Brest, in 1983, as the son of school teacher, Alexey Vashchuk, culture worker, Tania Vashchuk. In his childhood he developed a interest for music, he received professional music education at the Grodno College of Art and at the Belarusian State University of Culture and Arts. In 2000, he was invited to work at the National Concert Orchestra of Belarus. Teo won his first music competition as the winner of the international contest "Scilla", won his first major competition as the winner of the television program "Zornaya Rostan".
He works with many foreign and Belarusian musicians as arranger and composer, together with L. Shirin, wrote music for Russian movies, he created the Belarusian television show "Forward to the Past" and was involved in its musical theme and design. In 2011, Teo performing as Yuriy Vashchuk, decided to get a stage name, which he selected via Google search. "I saw it immediately. I like it and, it.", he explains. In between 2011–2013, he received a series of Belarusian awards, including "Song of Belarus", "Best Arranger" and "Discovery of the Year". In 2009, Teo did not win. Before trying as a solo artist, he served as co-writer of the songs, "Far Away", "All My Love" and "Solayoh", by Alyona Lanskaya, who represented Belarus in 2013. In 2014, Teo represented Belarus in Eurovision. Friend and co-writer, Dmitry Novik, recalled at a press conference in Copenhagen, that the song "Cheesecake", was written just five hours before the deadline, from Saturday to Sunday; the song, caused some discussion: In the chorus of the song, the words, "Google Maps" appeared, the rules of Eurovision states that song lyrics must not promote any registered trademarks.
Sietse Bakker, Eurovision Event Coordinator, reported that the issue will be investigated, the line was changed to "all the maps". The incident was similar to San Marino's case in 2012, when Valentina Monetta was not allowed to use the word "Facebook". At the end of the grand final, Teo finished 16th place, scoring a total of 43 points