Blondie (comic strip)
Blondie is an American comic strip created by cartoonist Chic Young. The comic strip is distributed by King Features Syndicate, has been published in newspapers since September 8, 1930; the success of the strip, which features the eponymous blonde and her sandwich-loving husband, led to the long-running Blondie film series and the popular Blondie radio program. Chic Young drew Blondie until his death in 1973, when creative control passed to his son Dean Young, who continues to write the strip. Young has collaborated with a number of artists on Blondie, including Jim Raymond, Mike Gersher, Stan Drake, Denis Lebrun, John Marshall. Despite these changes, Blondie has remained popular, appearing in more than 2,000 newspapers in 47 countries and translated into 35 languages. From 2006 to 2013, Blondie had been available via email through King Features' DailyINK service. Designed to follow in the footsteps of Young's earlier "pretty girl" creations Beautiful Bab and Dumb Dora, Blondie focused on the adventures of Blondie Boopadoop—a carefree flapper girl who spent her days in dance halls along with her boyfriend Dagwood Bumstead, heir to a railroad fortune.
The name "Boopadoop" derives from the scat singing lyric, popularized by Helen Kane's 1928 song "I Wanna Be Loved by You." On February 17, 1933, after much fanfare and build-up, Blondie and Dagwood were married. After a month-and-a-half-long hunger strike by Dagwood to get his parents' blessing, as they disapproved of his marrying beneath his class, they disinherited him. Left only with a check to pay for their honeymoon, the Bumsteads were forced to become a middle-class suburban family; the marriage was a significant media event, given the comic strip's popularity. The catalog for the University of Florida's 2005 exhibition, "75 Years of Blondie, 1930–2005," notes: Blondie's marriage marked the beginning of a change in her personality. From that point forward, she assumed her position as the sensible head of the Bumstead household, and Dagwood, cast in the role of straight man to Blondie's comic antics, took over as the comic strip's clown. "Dagwood Bumstead and family, including Daisy and the pups, live in the suburbs of Joplin, Missouri," according to the August 1946 issue of The Joplin Globe, citing Chic Young.
Blondie Bumstead: The eponymous leading lady of the comic strip. Blondie is a smart and responsible woman, she can be stressed at times due to her young family and Dagwood's antics, despite being laid-back and patient, Blondie does get upset sometimes. She is extremely beautiful, with gold hair, gentle curls, a shapely figure. A friend once told Dagwood that Blondie looked like a'million bucks'. In 1991, she began a catering business with Tootsie. Dagwood Bumstead: Blondie's husband. A kind and loving yet clumsy, naïve and lazy man whose cartoonish antics are the basis for the strip, he has a large, insatiable appetite for food. Dagwood is fond of making and eating the mile-high Dagwood sandwich, he celebrates the most insignificant holidays, approaches Thanksgiving with the same reverence most people reserve for Christmas. His continuous antagonistic and comical confrontations with his boss Mr. Dithers, for numerous reasons including Dagwood's laziness and silly mistakes, is a subplot that gets considerable attention in the strip.
His klutziness is a fundamental part of his encounters with Mr. Beasley the mailman. Another subplot deals with his neighbor Herb. Dagwood can often be seen napping on his own couch. Alexander Bumstead: the elder child of Blondie and Dagwood, in his late teens referred to by his pet name "Baby Dumpling." As a child, he was mischievous and precocious. As a teenager, he is athletic and intelligent. Despite resembling his father, he is more down-to-earth like his mother, his full name, revealed in the November 7, 1934 strip, is Alexander Hamilton Bumstead. Cookie Bumstead: the younger child of Blondie and Dagwood, in her early teens. Cookie is portrayed as a sweet, bubbly teenage girl whose interests include dating, hanging out with friends, clothes, her appearance has changed the most compared to the other characters. As a child she had long curly hair with a black bow holding a long curl on the top of her head; as a young teen she wore her hair in a ponytail with curly bangs. As an older teen she wore her hair long with a black headband.
She dropped the hair band and wore her hair with bangs and flipped to the sides. Her current hairstyle flipped at sides. Daisy: The Bumsteads' family dog whose best friend is Dagwood and who changes her expression in response to Dagwood's comments or other activities, she gave birth to puppies in the years of the comic. Mr. Beasley the Postman: The Bumsteads' mailman with whom Dagwood seems to always collide with and knock down as Dagwood hurriedly leaves the house. Mr. Julius Caesar Dithers: Founder of the J. C. Dithers Dagwood's boss, he believes the best thing in life is money. Although it does not seem like it at the workplace, Mr. Dithers is a good-hearted man. Mrs. Cora Dithers: Mr. Dithers' wife, she gets into fights with him as she exerts control over her husband. She is great friends with Blondie. Herb Woodley: Dagwood's best friend and next-door neighbor. Herb, can be selfish and mean at times when he doesn't return the expensive power tools and favors that he borrows fr
Amazing Heroes was a magazine about the comic book medium published by American company Fantagraphics Books from 1981 to 1992. Unlike its companion title, The Comics Journal, Amazing Heroes was a hobbyist magazine rather than an analytical journal. Amazing Heroes' first editor was Fantagraphics' head of promotion and circulation. Upon his departure after issue #6, Comics Journal editor Kim Thompson took over the reins; the magazine was published under the Fantagraphics imprint Zam, Inc. through issue #6. Beginning with # 7, the publishing imprint became Inc.. It remained under Redbeard through at least issue #61, but by issue #68 was being published by Fantagraphics Books, Inc; the magazine began as a monthly appeared twice a month for many years, went monthly again beginning in 1989. The magazine ran for folding with its July 1992 issue; the final issue was released as a double number Issue 203/204. In February 1993, Fantagraphics announced that the publisher Personality Comics had bought the rights to Amazing Heroes, planned to revive the magazine.
Nothing came of it, however, as Personality itself folded that year. Amazing Heroes' first thirteen issues were magazine-sized; the regular content included industry news, comics creator interviews, histories of comic book characters and reviews. Features included Hero Histories of various characters/features, previews of upcoming series, letters page. Other regular features were a column called "Doc's Bookshelf" by Dwight Decker, a question-and-answer feature called "Information Center," which ran from 1986–1989. There were regular special editions for previews of upcoming comics, "swimsuit editions" in which various comics artists drew pin-ups of characters in bikinis and similar beach apparel; the Amazing Heroes Preview Special appeared twice a year, presenting previews of all comics slated to appear over the next six months. These were extra-sized issues, were square-bound. Many issues of the AHPS contained joke entries; the editors fluctuated between publishing these as separately numbered specials and special issues of the regular series itself.
The Amazing Heroes Swimsuit Special debuted with a June 1990 edition. Amazing Heroes #200 contained an extended preview of Scott McCloud's Understanding Comics. From 1985 to 1987, the magazine presented The Jack Kirby Award for achievement in comic books, voted on by comic-book professionals and managed by Dave Olbrich, a Fantagraphics employee and publisher of Malibu Comics. Starting in 1988, the Kirby Award was discontinued and two new awards were created: the Eisner Award, managed by Olbrich, the Fantagraphics-managed Harvey Award. 1986: Eagle Award — Favourite Specialist Comics Publication 1987: Eagle Award — Favourite Specialist Comics Publication 1988: Eagle Award — Favourite Specialist Comics Publication 1992: Compuserve Comics and Animation Forum Award — Best Non-Fiction Work Bethke, Marilyn. "The New Kids on the Block," The Comics Journal #70, January 1982, pp. 110–111
The Times-Picayune is an American newspaper published in New Orleans, since January 25, 1837. The current publication is the result of the 1914 merger of The Picayune with the Times-Democrat. However, under competitive pressure from a new New Orleans edition of The Advocate, the Times-Picayune resumed daily publication in 2014; the paper and the NOLA.com website form the NOLA Media Group division of Advance Publications. The paper was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service in 2006 for its coverage of Hurricane Katrina. Four of The Times-Picayune’s staff reporters received Pulitzers for breaking-news reporting for their coverage of the storm; the paper funds the Edgar A. Poe Award for journalistic excellence, presented annually by the White House Correspondents' Association. Established as The Picayune in 1837 by Francis Lumsden and George Wilkins Kendall, the paper's initial price was one picayune, a Spanish coin equivalent to 6¼¢. Under Eliza Jane Nicholson, who inherited the struggling paper when her husband died in 1876, the Picayune introduced innovations such as society reporting, children's pages, the first women's advice column, written by Dorothy Dix.
Between 1880 and 1890, the paper more than tripled its circulation. The paper became The Times-Picayune after merging in 1914 with its rival, the New Orleans Times-Democrat. In 1962, Samuel Irving Newhouse, Sr. bought the morning daily The Times-Picayune and the other remaining New Orleans daily, the afternoon States-Item. The papers were merged on June 2, 1980 and were known as The Times-Picayune/States-Item until September 30, 1986. In addition to the flagship paper, specific community editions of the newspaper are circulated and retain the Picayune name, such as the Gretna Picayune for nearby Gretna, Louisiana; the paper is a part of Advance Publications, owned by the Newhouse family, is operated through Advance's NOLA Media Group unit along with its sister website, NOLA.com. In the vernacular of its circulation area, the newspaper is called the T-P. Hurricane Katrina became a significant part of the newspaper's history, not only during the storm and its immediate aftermath, but for years afterward in repercussions and editorials.
As Hurricane Katrina approached on Sunday, August 28, 2005, dozens of the newspaper's staffers who opted not to evacuate rode out the storm in their office building, sleeping in sleeping bags and on air mattresses. Holed up in a small, sweltering interior office space—the photography department—outfitted as a "hurricane bunker," the newspaper staffers and staffers from the paper's affiliated website, NOLA.com, posted continual updates on the internet until the building was evacuated on August 30. With electrical outages leaving the presses out of commission after the storm and web staffers produced a "newspaper" in electronic PDF format. On NOLA.com, tens of thousands of evacuated New Orleans and Gulf Coast residents began using the site's forums and blogs, posting pleas for help, offering aid, directing rescuers. NOLA's nurturing of so-called citizen journalism on a massive scale was hailed by many journalism experts as a watershed, while a number of agencies credited the site with leading to life-saving rescues and reunions of scattered victims after the storm.
After deciding to evacuate on Tuesday, August 30, because of rising floodwaters and possible security threats, the newspaper and web staff set up operations at The Houma Courier and in Baton Rouge, on the Louisiana State University campus. A small team of reporters and photographers volunteered to stay behind in New Orleans to report from the inside on the city's struggle and desperation, they worked out of a private residence. The August 30, August 31, September 1 editions were not printed, but were available online, as was the paper's breaking news blog: Hurricane Katrina struck metropolitan New Orleans on Monday with a staggering blow, far surpassing Hurricane Betsy, the landmark disaster of an earlier generation; the storm flooded huge swaths of the city, as well as Slidell on the north shore of Lake Pontchartrain, in a process that appeared to be spreading as night fell. After three days of online-only publication, the paper began printing again, first in Houma, La. and beginning September 15, 2005, in Mobile, Ala..
The paper was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service in 2006 for its coverage of the storm, four of its staff reporters received the award for breaking news reporting for their coverage of Hurricane Katrina, marking the first time a Pulitzer had been awarded for online journalism. In a January 14, 2006 address to the American Bar Association Communications Lawyers Forum, Times-Picayune editor Jim Amoss commented on the greatest challenge that the staff faced and continued to face as the future of New Orleans is contemplated: For us, Katrina is and will be a defining moment of our lives, a story we'll be telling till the day we die. Being a part of the plot is both riveting and unsettling. We don't yet know the end of this story... It's the story of our lives, we must both live and chronicle it. On May 24, 2012, the paper's owner, Advance Publications, announced that the print edition of the Times-Picayune would be published three days a week beginning at the end of September. News of the change was first revealed the night before in a blog post by New York Times media writer Dav
Comic Book Resources
CBR, known as Comic Book Resources until August 2016, is a website dedicated to the coverage of comic book-related news and discussion. Comic Book Resources was founded by Jonah Weiland in 1995 as a development of the Kingdom Come Message Board, a message forum that Weiland created to discuss DC Comics's then-new mini-series of the same name. Comic Book Resources features weekly columns written by industry professionals that have included Warren Ellis, Erik Larsen, Steven Grant, Robert Kirkman, Gail Simone, Rich Johnston, Scott Shaw, Rob Worley, Rik Offenberger, Keith Giffen and Mark Millar. Other columns are published by comic book historians and critics such as George Khoury and Timothy Callahan. On April 4, 2016, Jonah Weiland announced that Comic Book Resources had been sold to Valnet Inc. a company, known for its acquisition and ownership of other media properties such as Screen Rant. The site was relaunched as CBR.com on August 2016 with the blogs integrated into the site. The company has hosted a YouTube channel since 2008, with 1.3 million subscribers as of September 12, 2018.
Comic Book Idol known as CBI, is an amateur comic book art competition created and hosted by comics writer J. Torres, sponsored by Comic Book Resources and its participating advertisers. Inspired by the singing contest American Idol, CBI is a five-week and five-round competition in which each contestant is given one week to draw a script provided by guest judges; these invited comic book professionals comment on the artists' work in each round. The contestants to move on to subsequent rounds are selected by fans. Patrick Scherberger won CBI1 and has since worked on a number of Marvel Comics titles like Marvel Adventures: Spider-Man, Marvel Adventures: Hulk and GeNext. Jonathan Hickman was the runner-up in CBI1 and went on to work for Virgin Comics, Image Comics and Marvel Comics. Carlos Rodríguez won CBI2 and went on to work on Shadowhawk for Image and Batman and the Outsiders for DC Comics. Billy Penn competed in CBI2 and went on to work on Savage Dragon. Joe Infurnari, another CBI2 contestant, went on a couple of titles from Oni Press, including Wasteland and Borrowed Time, as well as on the back-up feature of Jersey Gods with Mark Waid.
Dan McDaid and artist on various Doctor Who comics for Panini and IDW and Jersey Gods for Image Comics, as well as strips for DC Comics, competed in CBI3. Nick Pitarra competed in CBI3 and went on to do work for Marvel Comics on books such as Astonishing Tales. Charles Paul Wilson III, artist on The Stuff of Legend, competed in CBI3; the University at Buffalo's research library described Comic Book Resources as "the premiere comics-related site on the Web."In April 2013, comics writer Mark Millar said he read the site every morning after reading the Financial Times. 1999: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2000: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2001: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2004: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2005: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2006: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2007: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics Related Website" Eagle Award.
2008: Nominated for the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2009: Won the "Best Comics-Related Periodical/Journalism" Eisner Award. 2010: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2011: Won the "Favourite Comics-Related Website" Eagle Award. 2011: Won the "Best Comics-Related Periodical/Journalism" Eisner Award. 2013: Won the "Best Biographical, Historical or Journalistic Presentation" Harvey Award for its Robot 6 blog. 2014: Won the "Best Comics-Related Periodical/Journalism" Eisner Award. In 2014, the site found itself at the center of a debate around the harassment of women trying to participate in the online comics community; the debate was sparked by the community's reactions to an article by guest author Janelle Asselin, which criticized the cover of DC Comics's Teen Titans. Following harassment and personal threats against the guest author, the site's main editor issued a statement condemning the way that some community members had reacted and rebooted the community forums in order to establish new ground rules.
World Wide Web
The World Wide Web known as the Web, is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators, which may be interlinked by hypertext, are accessible over the Internet. The resources of the WWW may be accessed by users by a software application called a web browser. English scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989, he wrote the first web browser in 1990 while employed at CERN near Switzerland. The browser was released outside CERN in 1991, first to other research institutions starting in January 1991 and to the general public in August 1991; the World Wide Web has been central to the development of the Information Age and is the primary tool billions of people use to interact on the Internet. Web resources may be any type of downloaded media, but web pages are hypertext media that have been formatted in Hypertext Markup Language; such formatting allows for embedded hyperlinks that contain URLs and permit users to navigate to other web resources.
In addition to text, web pages may contain images, video and software components that are rendered in the user's web browser as coherent pages of multimedia content. Multiple web resources with a common theme, a common domain name, or both, make up a website. Websites are stored in computers that are running a program called a web server that responds to requests made over the Internet from web browsers running on a user's computer. Website content can be provided by a publisher, or interactively where users contribute content or the content depends upon the users or their actions. Websites may be provided for a myriad of informative, commercial, governmental, or non-governmental reasons. Tim Berners-Lee's vision of a global hyperlinked information system became a possibility by the second half of the 1980s. By 1985, the global Internet began to proliferate in Europe and the Domain Name System came into being. In 1988 the first direct IP connection between Europe and North America was made and Berners-Lee began to discuss the possibility of a web-like system at CERN.
While working at CERN, Berners-Lee became frustrated with the inefficiencies and difficulties posed by finding information stored on different computers. On March 12, 1989, he submitted a memorandum, titled "Information Management: A Proposal", to the management at CERN for a system called "Mesh" that referenced ENQUIRE, a database and software project he had built in 1980, which used the term "web" and described a more elaborate information management system based on links embedded as text: "Imagine the references in this document all being associated with the network address of the thing to which they referred, so that while reading this document, you could skip to them with a click of the mouse." Such a system, he explained, could be referred to using one of the existing meanings of the word hypertext, a term that he says was coined in the 1950s. There is no reason, the proposal continues, why such hypertext links could not encompass multimedia documents including graphics and video, so that Berners-Lee goes on to use the term hypermedia.
With help from his colleague and fellow hypertext enthusiast Robert Cailliau he published a more formal proposal on 12 November 1990 to build a "Hypertext project" called "WorldWideWeb" as a "web" of "hypertext documents" to be viewed by "browsers" using a client–server architecture. At this point HTML and HTTP had been in development for about two months and the first Web server was about a month from completing its first successful test; this proposal estimated that a read-only web would be developed within three months and that it would take six months to achieve "the creation of new links and new material by readers, authorship becomes universal" as well as "the automatic notification of a reader when new material of interest to him/her has become available". While the read-only goal was met, accessible authorship of web content took longer to mature, with the wiki concept, WebDAV, Web 2.0 and RSS/Atom. The proposal was modelled after the SGML reader Dynatext by Electronic Book Technology, a spin-off from the Institute for Research in Information and Scholarship at Brown University.
The Dynatext system, licensed by CERN, was a key player in the extension of SGML ISO 8879:1986 to Hypermedia within HyTime, but it was considered too expensive and had an inappropriate licensing policy for use in the general high energy physics community, namely a fee for each document and each document alteration. A NeXT Computer was used by Berners-Lee as the world's first web server and to write the first web browser, WorldWideWeb, in 1990. By Christmas 1990, Berners-Lee had built all the tools necessary for a working Web: the first web browser and the first web server; the first web site, which described the project itself, was published on 20 December 1990. The first web page may be lost, but Paul Jones of UNC-Chapel Hill in North Carolina announced in May 2013 that Berners-Lee gave him what he says is the oldest known web page during a 1991 visit to UNC. Jones stored it on his NeXT computer. On 6 August 1991, Berners-Lee published a short summary of the World Wide Web project on the newsgroup alt.hypertext.
This date is sometimes confused with the public availability of the first web servers, which had occurred months earlier. As another example of such confusion, several news media reported that the first photo on the Web was published by Berners-Lee in 1992, an image of the CERN house band Les Horribles Cernettes taken by Silvano de Gennaro.
Donald Duck is a cartoon character created in 1934 at Walt Disney Productions. Donald is an anthropomorphic white duck with a yellow-orange bill and feet, he wears a sailor shirt and cap with a bow tie. Donald is most famous for his semi-intelligible speech and his mischievous and temperamental personality. Along with his friend Mickey Mouse, Donald is one of the most popular Disney characters and was included in TV Guide's list of the 50 greatest cartoon characters of all time in 2002, he has appeared in more films than any other Disney character, is the most published comic book character in the world outside of the superhero genre. Donald Duck rose to fame with his comedic roles in animated cartoons. Donald's first appearance was in 1934 in The Wise Little Hen, but it was his second appearance in Orphan's Benefit which introduced him as a temperamental comic foil to Mickey Mouse. Throughout the next two decades, Donald appeared in over 150 theatrical films, several of which were recognized at the Academy Awards.
In the 1930s, he appeared as part of a comic trio with Mickey and Goofy and was given his own film series in 1937 starting with Don Donald. These films introduced Donald's love interest Daisy Duck and included his three nephews Huey and Louie. After the 1956 film Chips Ahoy, Donald appeared in educational films before returning to theatrical animation in Mickey's Christmas Carol, his most recent appearance in a theatrical film was 1999's Fantasia 2000. Donald has appeared in direct-to-video features such as Mickey, Goofy: The Three Musketeers, television series such as Mickey Mouse Clubhouse, video games such as QuackShot. Beyond animation, Donald is known for his appearances in comics. Donald was most famously drawn by Al Taliaferro, Carl Barks, Don Rosa. Barks, in particular, is credited for expanding the "Donald Duck universe", the world in which Donald lives, creating many additional characters such as Donald's rich uncle Scrooge McDuck. Donald has been a popular character in Europe in Nordic countries where his weekly magazine Donald Duck & Co was the most popular comics publication from the 1950s to 2009.
Donald is very popular in Italy, where he is major character in many comics in which his juvenile version Paperino Paperotto and his superhero alter-ego Paperinik were created. The origins of Donald Duck's name may have been inspired by Australian cricket legend Donald Bradman. In 1932 Bradman and the Australian team were touring North America and he made the news after being dismissed for a duck against New York West Indians. Walt Disney was in the process of creating a friend for Mickey Mouse when he read about Bradman's dismissal in the papers and decided to name the new character "Donald Duck". Voice performer Clarence Nash auditioned for Walt Disney Studios when he learned that Disney was looking for people to create animal sounds for his cartoons. Disney was impressed with Nash's duck imitation and chose him to voice the new character. Besides, during that period Mickey Mouse had lost some of his edge since becoming a role model towards children, so Disney wanted to create a character to portray some of the more negative character traits that could no longer be bestowed on Mickey.
Disney came up with Donald's iconic attributes including his sailor suit. While Dick Huemer and Art Babbit were first to animate Donald, Dick Lundy is credited for developing him as a character; the character is noted for his distinctive, only intelligible voice, developed by Donald's original performer, Clarence Nash. The voice actor produces sounds by forcing air through the mouth using the muscles of the cheek, rather than from the lungs as in typical speech. Nash reputedly developed the voice as that of a "nervous baby goat" before Walt Disney interpreted it as sounding like a duck. Donald's two dominant personality traits are his fiery-temper and his upbeat attitude to life. Many Donald shorts start with Donald in a happy mood, without a care in the world until something comes along and spoils his day, his rage is a great cause of suffering in his life. On multiple occasions, it has caused him to lose competitions. There are times when he fights to keep his temper in check, he sometimes succeeds in doing so temporarily, but he always returns to his normal angry self in the end.
Donald's vicious nature has its advantages, however. While at times it is a hindrance, a handicap, it has helped him in times of need; when faced with a threat of some kind, for example, Pete's attempts to intimidate him, he is scared, but his fear is replaced by anger. As a result, instead of running away, he fights—with ghosts, mountain goats, giant kites, the forces of nature. More than not, when he fights, he comes out on top. Donald is something of a prankster, as a result, he can sometimes come across as a bit of a bully in the way he sometimes treats Chip n' Dale and Huey and Louie, his nephews; as the animator Fred Spencer has put it: The Duck gets a big kick out of imposing on other people or annoying them, but he loses his temper when the tables are turned. In other words, he can dish it out. However, with a few exceptions, there is any harm in Donald's pranks, he never intends to hurt anyone, whenever his pranks go too far, he is always apologetic. In Truant Officer Donald, for example, when he is tricked into believing he has accidentally killed Huey and Louie, he shows great regret, blaming himself.
A Sunday magazine is a publication inserted into a Sunday newspaper. It has been known as a Sunday supplement, Sunday newspaper magazine or Sunday magazine section. Traditionally, the articles in these magazines cover a wide range of subjects, the content is not as current and timely as the rest of the newspaper. With the rise of rotogravure printing in the 19th century, Sunday magazines offered better reproduction of photographs, their varied contents could include columns, serialized novels, short fiction, cartoons and assorted entertainment features. Janice Hume, instructor in journalism history at Kansas State University, noted, "The early Sunday magazines were latter 19th-century inventions and linked to the rise of the department store and wanting to get those ads to women readers."In 1869, the San Francisco Chronicle published what is regarded as the first Sunday magazine, the Chicago Inter Ocean added color to its supplement. The New York Times Magazine was published on September 6, 1896, it contained the first photographs printed in that newspaper.
During the 1890s, publications were inserted into Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal. Hearst had the eight-page Women's Home Journal and the 16-page Sunday American Magazine, which became The American Weekly. In November 1896, Morrill Goddard, editor of the New York Journal from 1896 to 1937, launched Hearst's Sunday magazine commenting, "Nothing is so stale as yesterday's newspaper, but The American Weekly may be around the house for days or weeks and lose none of its interest." Joseph P. Knapp published the Associated Sunday Magazine from 1903 to 1905, his Every Week, published between 1915 and 1918, reached a circulation of more than 550,000. This was, not a Sunday magazine—because it appeared separately on newsstands on Monday mornings; the National Sunday Magazine was published on a semimonthly basis during the early part of the 20th century by the Abbott & Briggs Company. The New York Herald Tribune Sunday Magazine began in 1927; this Week magazine was launched February 24, 1935.
At its peak in 1963, This Week was distributed with 42 Sunday newspapers having a total circulation of 14.6 million. Prior to 1942, it was similar to the Sunday Grit Story Section; this Week dropped serials in 1940, in 1942, it shifted the balance to 52% articles and 48% fiction. The magazine was discontinued in 1969. Founded in 1941, Parade became the most read magazine in the United States with a circulation of 32.4 million and a readership of nearly 72 million. Family Weekly was circulated in smaller cities and towns beginning in 1953, it was incorporated into USA Weekend, which began in 1985. By the 1990s, more than half of American newspapers carried USA Parade. USA Weekend, which reported a 22 million circulation in the 1990s, could be inserted into Friday, Saturday or Sunday newspapers, while Parade restricted distribution only to Sunday papers. In 1977, The Washington Post's Sunday supplement, Potomac Magazine, became The Washington Post Magazine. In 1994, Parade began React magazine, aimed at middle-schoolers.
It was offered only to Parade-subscribing newspapers. After five years, React was in 225 newspapers with over four million circulation. Newspapers used React in their Newspapers in Education programs. Most of the UK Saturday and Sunday broadsheet and tabloid papers include one or more supplements; these include the Guardian "Weekend" magazine and "Guide" arts listings and the Sunday Telegraph "Stella" and "Seven" magazines. Sunday Magazine Editors Association Knapp's Week