Donald O'Connor

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Donald O'Connor
Donald O'Connor 1952.JPG
Publicity photo (1952)
Born Donald David Dixon Ronald O’Connor
(1925-08-28)August 28, 1925
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
Died September 27, 2003(2003-09-27) (aged 78)
Woodland Hills, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Cause of death Heart failure
Resting place Forest Lawn, Hollywood Hills Cemetery
Occupation Dancer, singer, actor
Years active 1937–1999
Spouse(s) Gwen Carter
(m. 1944; div. 1954)

Gloria Noble
(m. 1956; his death 2003)
Children 4

Donald David Dixon Ronald O’Connor (August 28, 1925 – September 27, 2003) was an American dancer, singer, and actor who came to fame in a series of movies in which he co-starred alternately with Gloria Jean, Peggy Ryan, and Francis the Talking Mule.

He is best known today for his role as Don Lockwood's friend and colleague Cosmo Brown in Singin' in the Rain (1952).

Early years[edit]

Though he considered Danville, Illinois to be his hometown, O’Connor was born in St. Elizabeth Hospital in Chicago, his parents, Effie Irene (née Crane) and John Edward "Chuck" O'Connor, were vaudeville entertainers.[1][2] His father's family was from County Cork, Ireland.[3] When O'Connor was only a few years old, he and his sister Arlene were in a car crash outside a theater in Hartford, Connecticut; O'Connor survived, but his sister was killed. Several weeks later, his father died of a heart attack while dancing on stage in Brockton, Massachusetts.[4] O'Connor at the time was being held in the arms of the theater manager, Mr. Morris Sims.

Career[edit]

O'Connor began performing in movies in 1937 making his debut aged 11 in Columbia's It Can't Last Forever (1937).

Paramount[edit]

O'Connor signed a contract at Paramount, he appeared in Men with Wings (1938) as a Fred MacMurray's character as a boy, and Sing You Sinners (1938) as Bing Crosby's younger brother.

He was in Sons of the Legion (1938) then had the lead in a B, Tom Sawyer, Detective (1938) playing Huckleberry Finn. O'Connor was in Boy Trouble (1939) and played John Hartley as a young boy in Unmarried (1939).

O'Connor was billed fourth in Million Dollar Legs (1939) with Betty Grable and played Gary Cooper as a young boy in Beau Geste (1939). Night Work (1939) was a sequel to Boy Trouble and he was in Death of a Champion (1939).[4]

In 1940, when he had outgrown child roles, he returned to vaudeville.

Universal[edit]

In 1941, O’Connor signed with Universal Pictures, where he began by appearing in seven B-picture musicals in a row, starting with What's Cookin'? (1942) with The Andrews Sisters, Gloria Jean and Peggy Ryan.[5] He and Ryan were in Private Buckaroo (1942) and Give Out, Sisters (1942), both with the Andrews Sisters.

He, Ryan and Jean were in Get Hep to Love (1942) and When Johnny Comes Marching Home (1942). He made It Comes Up Love (1942) with Jean but without Ryan.

"A" Films[edit]

O'Connor, Jean and Ryan were in Mister Big (1943), before this film was released, O’Connor’s popularity soared. Universal added $50,000 in musical numbers to the film and promoted the "B" movie to "A" status.

The handprints of Donald O'Connor in front of The Great Movie Ride at Walt Disney World's Disney's Hollywood Studios theme park.

O'Connor and Ryan were in Top Man (1943) and Chip Off the Old Block (1944), they both had cameos in Universal's all-star Follow the Boys (1944).

On his 18th birthday in August 1943, during World War II O'Connor was drafted into the United States Army, before he reported for induction on Feb. 6, 1944, Universal already had four O’Connor films completed. They rushed production to complete four more by that date, all with Ryan: This Is the Life (1944), The Merry Monahans (1944), Bowery to Broadway (1945) and Patrick the Great (1945).

With a backlog of seven features, deferred openings kept O’Connor’s screen presence uninterrupted during the two years he was overseas.

Return from War Service[edit]

Upon his return, a merger in 1946 had reorganized the studio as Universal-International, the studio paired O'Connor opposite their biggest female star, Deanna Durbin in Something in the Wind (1947). He starred in Are You with It? (1948), Feudin', Fussin' and A-Fightin' (1949), and Yes Sir, That's My Baby (1949).

Francis[edit]

In 1949, he played the lead role in Francis, the story of a soldier befriended by a talking mule, the film was a huge success. As a consequence, his musical career was constantly interrupted by production of one Francis film per year until 1955. O'Connor later said the films "were fun to make. Actually, they were quite challenging. I had to play straight in order to convince the audience that the mule could talk."[6]

O'Connor followed the first Francis with comedies: Curtain Call at Cactus Creek (1950), The Milkman (1950), Double Crossbones (1951). He did Francis Goes to the Races (1951), another big hit.

Singin' in the Rain[edit]

O'Connor then received an offer to play Cosmo the piano player in Singin' in the Rain (1952) at MGM, this earned him a Golden Globe Award for Best Performance by an Actor in a Comedy or Musical. The film featured his memorable rendition of "Make 'Em Laugh". O'Connor said he smoked 4 packs of cigarettes a day during filming.[7]

In 1952 O'Connor signed a three-picture deal with Paramount.[8]

He went back to Universal for Francis Goes to West Point (1952) then returned to MGM for I Love Melvin (1953) a musical with Debbie Reynolds.

He supported Ethel Merman in Call Me Madam (1953) at 20th Century Fox, later saying the film contained his best dancing.[9]

After Francis Covers the Big Town (1953), Universal put O'Connor in a musical in colour, Walking My Baby Back Home (1953), he did Francis Joins the WACS (1954) then played Tim Donahue in the 20th Century Fox musical There's No Business Like Show Business (1954), which featured Irving Berlin's music and also starred with Ethel Merman, Marilyn Monroe, Dan Dailey, Mitzi Gaynor and Johnnie Ray.

It was because of the Francis series that O'Connor missed playing Bing Crosby's partner in White Christmas (1954). O'Connor was unavailable because he contracted an illness transmitted by the mule, and was replaced in the film by Danny Kaye.

He starred in The Donald O'Connor Show (1954–55) for one season. O'Connor was a regular host of NBC's Colgate Comedy Hour.[4]

O'Connor was reluctant to keep making Francis films but agreed to Francis in the Navy (1955).[10]

He and Crosby united on Anything Goes (1956) at Paramount, that studio also released The Buster Keaton Story (1957) where O'Connor had the title role.

He hosted a color television special on NBC in 1957, one of the earliest color programs to be preserved on a color kinescope; an excerpt of the telecast was included in NBC's 50th anniversary special in 1976.

1960s Films[edit]

O'Connor teamed with Glenn Ford in Cry for Happy (1961) and played the title role in The Wonders of Aladdin (1961).

He focused on theatre work then returned to films in the Sandra Dee comedy That Funny Feeling (1965).

In 1968, O'Connor hosted a syndicated talk show also called The Donald O'Connor Show,[11] he suffered a heart attack in 1971.[12]

1970s[edit]

O'Connor overcame alcoholism after being hospitalized for three months after collapsing in 1978,[4] his career had a boost when he hosted the Academy Awards, which earned him two Primetime Emmy nominations. He appeared as a gaslight-era entertainer in the 1981 film Ragtime, notable for similar encore performances by James Cagney and Pat O'Brien, it was his first feature film role in 16 years.

O'Connor appeared in the short-lived Bring Back Birdie on Broadway in 1981 and continued to make film and television appearances into the 1990s, including the Robin Williams film Toys as the president of a toy-making company. He had guest roles in 1996 in a pair of popular TV comedy series, The Nanny and Frasier.

In 1998, he received a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars.[13]

O'Connor's last feature film was the Jack Lemmon-Walter Matthau comedy Out to Sea, in which he played a dance host on a cruise ship. O’Connor was still making public appearances well into 2003.

The most distinctive characteristic of O'Connor's dancing style was its athleticism, for which he had few rivals. Yet it was his boyish charm that audiences found most engaging, and which remained an appealing aspect of his personality throughout his career; in his early Universal films, O'Connor closely mimicked the smart alec, fast-talking personality of Mickey Rooney of rival MGM Studio. For Singin' in the Rain, however, MGM cultivated a much more sympathetic sidekick persona, and that remained O'Connor's signature image.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

O'Connor was married twice and had four children, his first marriage was in 1944 to Gwendolyn Carter, with whom he had a daughter, Donna. The couple divorced in 1954, he married for a second time, to Gloria Noble, in 1956. Together they had three children: Alicia, Donald Frederick, and Kevin. O'Connor and Noble remained married until his death in 2003.[4]

Death[edit]

O'Connor had undergone quadruple heart bypass surgery in 1990,[14] and he nearly died from double pneumonia in January 1998, he died from complications of heart failure on September 27, 2003, at age 78 at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital, in Woodland Hills, California.[15] His remains were cremated and buried at the Forest Lawn–Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles.

O'Connor was survived by his wife, Gloria, and four children.[4] Gloria O'Connor died from natural causes on June 4, 2013, aged 84.[16]

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

Television[edit]

Stage[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "O'Connor, Donald David Dixon Ronald". Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives. Encyclopedia.com. 2007. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  2. ^ Frank Cullen; Florence Hackman; Donald McNeilly (8 October 2006). Vaudeville, Old and New: An Encyclopedia of Variety Performers in America. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-93853-8. 
  3. ^ Current Biography Yearbook, Vol. 16. H.W. Wilson Co. 1955. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Richard Severo (29 September 2003). "Donald O'Connor, 78, Who Danced His Way Through Many Hollywood Musicals, Is Dead". The New York Times. NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  5. ^ Zylstra, Freida. (July 25, 1950) "Chicago Born Donald O'Connor Is a Veteran of Stage and Films at 25" Chicago Daily Tribune
  6. ^ Donald O'Connor's musical Journey keeps him on road Dale, Steve. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) [Chicago, Ill] 20 Dec 1985: n_a50.
  7. ^ T, Teresa and Tracy Ann Murray, T 'n'. "Donald O'Connor Web Site". 
  8. ^ PARAMOUNT SIGNS DONALD O'CONNOR: Actor Will Make 3 Pictures for Studio -- Betty Hutton's Film May Be One of Them By THOMAS M. PRYOR Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES.. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 24 Jan 1952: 23.
  9. ^ "Donald O'Connor interview - Mindy Aloff". Retrieved March 30, 2016. 
  10. ^ Donald O'Connor Scheduled for Another 'Francis' Film Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune (1923-1963) [Chicago, Ill] 18 Oct 1954: b16.
  11. ^ Alex McNeil, Total Television, p. 231
  12. ^ "Donald O'Connor by Susan M. Kelly". 
  13. ^ "Palm Spring Walk of Stars". PalmSprings.com. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 
  14. ^ "Archives - Philly.com". 
  15. ^ Welkos, Robert W. (2003-09-28). "Donald O'Connor, 78; Entertainer Immortalized by 'Singin' in the Rain'". latimes.com. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  16. ^ Gloria O'Connor, Widow of Actor Donald O'Connor, Dies at 84, The Hollywood Reporter, June 6, 2013.
  17. ^ "The Littlest Hobo: The Clown". IMDb. Retrieved 2012-08-24. 

External links[edit]