Donato di Niccolò di Betto Bardi, better known as Donatello, was an Italian sculptor of the Renaissance. Born in Florence, he studied classical sculpture and used this to develop a complete Renaissance style in sculpture, whose periods in Rome and Siena introduced to other parts of Italy a long and productive career, he worked with stone, wood, clay and wax, had several assistants, with four being a typical number. Though his best-known works were statues in the round, he developed a new shallow, type of bas-relief for small works, a good deal of his output was larger architectural reliefs. Donatello was the son of Niccolò di Betto Bardi, a member of the Florentine Arte della Lana, was born in Florence in the year 1386. Donatello was educated in the house of the Martelli family, he received his early artistic training in a goldsmith's workshop, worked in the studio of Lorenzo Ghiberti. While undertaking study and excavations with Filippo Brunelleschi in Rome, work that gained the two men the reputation of treasure seekers, Donatello made a living by working at goldsmiths' shops.
Their Roman sojourn was decisive for the entire development of Italian art in the 15th century, for it was during this period that Brunelleschi undertook his measurements of the Pantheon dome and of other Roman buildings. Brunelleschi's buildings and Donatello's sculptures are both considered supreme expressions of the spirit of this era in architecture and sculpture, they exercised a potent influence upon the artists of the age. In Florence, Donatello assisted Lorenzo Ghiberti with the statues of prophets for the north door of the Baptistery of Florence Cathedral, for which he received payment in November 1406 and early 1408. In 1409–1411 he executed the colossal seated figure of Saint John the Evangelist, which until 1588 occupied a niche of the old cathedral façade, is now placed in the Museo dell'Opera del Duomo; this work marks a decisive step forward from late Gothic Mannerism in the search for naturalism and the rendering of human feelings. The face, the shoulders and the bust are still idealized, while the hands and the fold of cloth over the legs are more realistic.
In 1411–1413, Donatello worked on a statue of St. Mark for the guild church of Orsanmichele. In 1417 he completed the Saint George for the Confraternity of the Cuirass-makers; the elegant St. George and the Dragon relief on the statue's base, executed in schiacciato is one of the first examples of one-point perspective in sculpture. From 1423 is the Saint Louis of Toulouse for the Orsanmichele, now in the Museum of the Basilica di Santa Croce. Donatello had sculpted the classical frame for this work, which remains, while the statue was moved in 1460 and replaced by the Incredulity of Saint Thomas by Verrocchio. Between 1415 and 1426, Donatello created five statues for the campanile of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence known as the Duomo; these works are the Beardless Prophet. From the late teens is the Pazzi Madonna relief in Berlin. In 1425, he executed the notable Crucifix for Santa Croce. From 1425 to 1427, Donatello collaborated with Michelozzo on the funerary monument of the Antipope John XXIII for the Battistero in Florence.
Donatello made the recumbent bronze figure of the deceased, under a shell. In 1427, he completed in Pisa a marble relief for the funerary monument of Cardinal Rainaldo Brancacci at the church of Sant'Angelo a Nilo in Naples. In the same period, he executed the relief of the Feast of Herod and the statues of Faith and Hope for the Baptistery of San Giovanni in Siena; the relief is in stiacciato, with the foreground figures are done in bas-relief. The dating of the statue is not settled, though recent scholarship has indicated it was made around 1460, it is certain that Cosimo de' Medici, the foremost art patron of his era, commissioned from Donatello the bronze David for the court of his Palazzo Medici. This is now Donatello's most famous work, the first known free-standing nude statue produced since antiquity. Conceived in the round, independent of any architectural surroundings, representing an allegory of the civic virtues triumphing over brutality and irrationality, it is arguably the first major work of Renaissance sculpture.
From this period is the disquietingly small Love-Atys, housed in the Bargello. Some have perceived the David as having homo-erotic qualities, have argued that this reflected the artist's own orientation; the historian Paul Strathern makes the claim that Donatello made no secret of his homosexuality, that his behaviour was tolerated by his friends. The main evidence comes from anecdotes by Angelo Poliziano in his "Detti piacevoli", where he writes about Donatello surrounding himself with "handsome assistants" and chasing in search of one that had fled his workshop; this may not be surprising in the context of attitudes prevailing in the 15th- and 16th-century Florentine republic. However, little detail is known with certainty about his private life, no mention of his sexuality has been found in the Florentine archives albeit which during this period are incomplete; when Cosimo was exiled from Florence, Donatello went to Rome, remaining until 1433. The two works that testify to his presence in this city, the Tomb of Giovanni Crivelli at Santa Mar
Termitaradus mitnicki is an extinct species of true bug in the family Termitaphididae known only from early Miocene Burdigalian stage Dominican amber deposits on the island of Hispaniola. The species is known from the holotype, number "KU-DR-023", a single female specimen deposited in the University of Kansas Natural History Museum collections in Lawrence, where it was studied and described by Michael S. Engel. Engel published his 2009 type description for T. mitnicki in journal ZooKeys volume number 25. The species name mitnicki honors nephew of the specimen donor. T. Mitnicki is the third species of Termitaradus to be identified from the fossil record and the one of three species identified from Dominican amber, the other two being T. avitinquilinus, described earlier in 2009 and T. dominicanus described in 2011. The eight living species are found worldwide in the tropical regions of Central and South America, Africa and Australia, it is probable that T. mitnicki, like modern species of Termitaradus, was inquiline, living in the nests of host species of termites, though the host species is unknown.
Modern species of Termitaradus, where the host termite is known, live with members of the family Rhinotermitidae, however a possible host of T. avitinquilinus is the extinct termite Mastotermes electrodominicus, the type specimens being preserved associated with a worker M. electrodominicana. While modern Termitaradus species are small, being an average of 2 to 4 millimetres, T. mitnicki is the third largest species known at 5.8 mm long. The second largest is T. dominicanus at 6.4 millimetres and the largest species is the Miocene Mexican amber species T. protera with a length of 7.1 millimetres. Typical of Termitaradus, T. mitnicki is flattened with laminae extending out from each body segment, giving a round, scale-like appearance confirming the genus placement. The other genus in Termataphididae, has an egg-shaped body rather than the flattened body of Termitaradus species. T. mitnicki can be identified from other species through several characteristics, notably the distinctive network of ridges on the top of the insect, which do not extend to the edges of the laminae.
The general coloration is reddish-brown, lightening as towards the edges of the laminae with pale yellow setae
Stanley "Smokey" Otis Reddick is a former Canadian ice hockey goaltender. Nicknamed "Smokey" by his fans and teammates, Reddick spent his twelve-year career in the ECHL and in Europe. While in Europe, Reddick played in the Alpine League; as a member of the Johnstown Chiefs in 1991-92, Reddick set a franchise record for single season wins. This record would stand unmatched for ten years when Frederic Deschênes matched Reddick's record in 2001-02, his record would be broken by Chiefs goaltender Ryan Nie, who finished the 2007-08 ECHL season with 29 wins. After retiring from professional hockey in 2002, Reddick played with the Ile des Chenes North Stars of the Hanover Tache Hockey League, located in Manitoba; as a member of the North Stars, Reddick led the North Stars to several early victories in the Allan Cup tournament. Reddick played for the Slovenian national team on three separate occasions: 1997, 2001, 2002 IIHF World Championships. Stan Reddick is the younger brother of former NHL goaltender Eldon "Pokey" Reddick.
His nephew, Bryce Reddick, is a forward at Michigan Tech. 1995-96: Slovenian Champion 1996-97: Slovenian Champion 1997-98: Slovenian Champion 1998-99: Slovenian Champion 1999-00: Slovenian Champion 2000-01: World Championship Gold Medal 2002-03: Allan Cup Biographical information and career statistics from Eurohockey.com, or The Internet Hockey Database