South Korea the Republic of Korea, is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korean Peninsula and lying to the east of the Asian mainland. The name Korea is derived from Goguryeo, one of the great powers in East Asia during its time, ruling most of the Korean Peninsula, parts of the Russian Far East and Inner Mongolia, under Gwanggaeto the Great. South Korea has a predominantly mountainous terrain, it comprises an estimated 51.4 million residents distributed over 100,363 km2. Its capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of around 10 million. Archaeology indicates that the Korean Peninsula was inhabited by early humans starting from the Lower Paleolithic period; the history of Korea begins with the foundation of Gojoseon in 2333 BCE by the mythic king Dangun, but no archaeological evidence and writing was found from this period. The Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in 11th century BCE, its existence and role has been controversial in the modern era; the written historical record on Gojoseon was first mentioned in Chinese records in the early 7th century BCE.
Following the unification of the Three Kingdoms of Korea under Unified Silla in CE 668, Korea was subsequently ruled by the Goryeo dynasty and the Joseon dynasty. It was annexed by the Empire of Japan in 1910. At the end of World War II, Korea was divided into Soviet and U. S. zones of occupations. A separate election was held in the U. S. zone in 1948 which led to the creation of the Republic of Korea, while the Democratic People's Republic of Korea was established in the Soviet zone. The United Nations at the time passed a resolution declaring the ROK to be the only lawful government in Korea; the Korean War began in June 1950. The war lasted three years and involved the U. S. China, the Soviet Union and several other nations; the border between the two nations remains the most fortified in the world. Under long-time military leader Park Chung-hee, the South Korean economy grew and the country was transformed into a G-20 major economy. Military rule ended in 1987, the country is now a presidential republic consisting of 17 administrative divisions.
South Korea is a developed country and a high-income economy, with a "very high" Human Development Index, ranking 22nd in the world. The country is considered a regional power and is the world's 11th largest economy by nominal GDP and the 12th largest by PPP as of 2010. South Korea is a global leader in the industrial and technological sectors, being the world's 5th largest exporter and 8th largest importer, its export-driven economy focuses production on electronics, ships, machinery and robotics. South Korea is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, the United Nations, Uniting for Consensus, G20, the WTO and OECD and is a founding member of APEC and the East Asia Summit; the name Korea derives from the name Goryeo. The name Goryeo itself was first used by the ancient kingdom of Goguryeo in the 5th century as a shortened form of its name; the 10th-century kingdom of Goryeo succeeded Goguryeo, thus inherited its name, pronounced by the visiting Persian merchants as "Korea". The modern spelling of Korea first appeared in the late 17th century in the travel writings of the Dutch East India Company's Hendrick Hamel.
Despite the coexistence of the spellings Corea and Korea in 19th century publications, some Koreans believe that Imperial Japan, around the time of the Japanese occupation, intentionally standardised the spelling on Korea, making Japan appear first alphabetically. After Goryeo was replaced by Joseon in 1392, Joseon became the official name for the entire territory, though it was not universally accepted; the new official name has its origin in the ancient country of Gojoseon. In 1897, the Joseon dynasty changed the official name of the country from Joseon to Daehan Jeguk; the name Daehan, which means "Great Han" derives from Samhan, referring to the Three Kingdoms of Korea, not the ancient confederacies in the southern Korean Peninsula. However, the name Joseon was still used by Koreans to refer to their country, though it was no longer the official name. Under Japanese rule, the two names Han and Joseon coexisted. There were several groups who fought for independence, the most notable being the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
Following the surrender of Japan, in 1945, the Republic of Korea was adopted as the legal English name for the new country. Since the government only controlled the southern part of the Korean Peninsula, the informal term South Korea was coined, becoming common in the Western world. While South Koreans use Han to refer to the entire country, North Koreans and ethnic Koreans living in China and Japan use the term Joseon as the name of the country; the Korean name "Daehan Minguk" is sometimes used by South Koreans as a metonym to refer to the Korean ethnicity as a whole, rather than just the South Korean state. The history of Korea begins with the founding of Joseon in 2333 BCE by Dangun, according to Korea's foundation mythology. Gojoseon expanded until it controlled parts of Manchuria. Gija Joseon was purportedly founded in the 12th century BC, but its existence and role have been controversial in the modern era. In 108 BCE, the Han dynasty defeated Wiman Joseon and installed four commanderies in the n
Incheon the Incheon Metropolitan City, is a city located in northwestern South Korea, bordering Seoul and Gyeonggi to the east. Inhabited since the Neolithic, Incheon was home to just 4,700 people when it became an international port in 1883. Today, about 3 million people live in the city, making it South Korea's third most-populous city after Seoul and Busan; the city's growth has been assured in modern times with the development of its port due to its natural advantages as a coastal city and its proximity to the South Korean capital. It is part of the Seoul Capital Area, along with Seoul itself and Gyeonggi Province, forming the world's fifth largest metropolitan area by population. Incheon has since led the economic development of Korea by opening its port to the outside world, ushering in the modernization of Korea as a center of industrialization. In 2003, the city was designated as Korea's first free economic zone. Since large local companies and global enterprises have invested in the Incheon Free Economic Zone, including Samsung which chose Songdo International City as its new investment destination for its bio industry.
As an international city, Incheon has held numerous large scale international conferences, such as the Incheon Global Fair & Festival in 2009. The 17th Asian Games Incheon 2014 was held in Incheon on 19 September 2014. Incheon has established itself as a major transportation hub in northeast Asia with the Incheon International Airport and Incheon Port; the city is home to the Green Climate Fund, an international organization addressing environmental issues. The first historical record of the Incheon area dates back to 475 CE, during the reign of King Jangsu of Goguryeo, by the name of Michuhol, supposed to be located on today's Munhak Hill; the area underwent several name changes with successive dynasties. In Goryeo era, Incheon was called Inju; the current name was turned to Incheon in 1413. Incheon County became Incheon Metropolitan Prefecture. Old Incheon consisted of today's southern Incheon and northern part of Siheung City; the city centre was Gwangyo-dong, where the local academy were located.
The "original" two remaining buildings of the Incheon prefecture office are located in Munhak Elementary School, while the newly built prefecture office buildings are right across from Munhak Baseball Stadium. Another historical name of the city, was not used until the opening of the port in 1883. After the opening of the Incheon port, the city centre moved from Gwangyo to Jemulpo. Today, either Jemulpo or Gwangyo-dong is considered "Original Incheon", it was renamed as Jinsen during Japanese rule in Korean peninsula. In 1914, the Japanese colonial government merged outer parts of old Incheon with Bupyeong County, forming Bucheon County. Through 1936 and 1940, some part of Bucheon County was recombined into Incheon City, by which some part of "old" Bupyeong was annexed into Incheon. Incheon was part of Gyeonggi Province, but was granted Directly Governed City status on July 1, 1981. In 1989, neighbouring islands and Gyeyang township of Gimpo County were ceded to Incheon and in 1995 Geomdan township of Gimpo Country and two counties of Ganghwa and Onjin were annexed to Incheon Metropolitan City.
Incheon was known as Inchon prior to South Korea's adoption of a new Romanization system in 2000. The city was the site of the Battle of Chemulpo Bay, where the first shots of the Russo-Japanese War were fired. During the Korean War, Incheon was occupied by North Korean troops on 4 September 1950. Eleven days Incheon was the site of the Battle of Inchon, when United States troops landed to relieve pressure on the Pusan Perimeter and to launch a United Nations offensive northward; the result was a decisive UN victory and it was recaptured on 19 September 1950. The USS Inchon was named after the tide-turning battle. Incheon has hosted a series of major international events; the Global Fair & Festival 2009 Incheon was held in the Songdo District in August 2009. It was open from 7 August to 25 October for a period of 80 days, it was a comprehensive international event with global institutions and corporations as participants. Various musicians and artists performed during the event; the city hosted a meeting of the G20 Finance Ministers in February 2010.
Incheon was the site of the third Global Model United Nations Conference, held from 10th to the 14th of August 2011. It first hosted the Incheon Women Artists' Biennale in 2004 which expanded into welcoming international artists in its subsequent 2007, 2009 and 2011. Incheon hosted the Asian Games in 2014. On 27 February 2007, Incheon declared itself an "English City," and inaugurated the "Incheon Free English Zone" program; the goal of the program is to make the city as proficient in English as Hong Singapore. This is for the ultimate purpose of establishing Incheon as a commercial and business hub of northeast Asia; the official slogan of the program is "Smile with English." Incheon is home to a number of colleges and universities: George Mason University Korea Campus Ghent University Global Campus Gyeongin National University of Education Incheon campus Inha University Gachon University Medical·Ganghwa campus Gyeongin Women's College Inha Technical College Incheon Catholic University Incheon City College I
Fortress Wall of Seoul
The Hanyangdoseong, or the Seoul City Wall is a series of walls made of stone and other materials, built to protect the city of Seoul against invaders. The wall was first built in 1396 to defend and show the boundaries of the city, surrounding Hanyang in the Joseon Dynasty. At that time, it was called Hansung; the wall stretches 18.6 km along the ridge of Seoul's four inner mountains, Naksan and Inwangsan. At present, a 12-km section of the wall is designated as Historic Site No. 10 and is protected accordingly, along with the gates, water gates, signal fire mounds. The northern and southern sections of Mt. Nam walls have undergone extensive restoration work, having sustained damage or been destroyed during Japanese imperial rule. Seoul city is operating Hanyang Doseong stamp trail tour. Course1:4.9 km Northern section of Bukaksan. Hyehwa Moon to Changwui Moon. Course2:2.3+0.9KMKM Eastern section of Hyehwa Moon-Naksan park-Heunginji Moon-Gwanghee Moon Course3:5.2 km Namsan Gwanghee Moon to Sungrye Moon of Namdae Moon.
Course4: Inwang san 7.3 km Changwui Moon via SeoDae Moon to Namdae Moon. In 1395, just five years after King Taejo founded the Joseon Dynasty, King Taejo established a government office to build a castle to defend Seoul, he ordered Jeong Do-jeon to measure a site. On January 1, 1396, Taejo of Joseon held the groundbreaking ceremony. 197,400 young men were placed under civil conscription over two years and completed building the castle 98 days after the war along the mountains Bugaksan, Naksan and Inwangsan. The wall contained eight gates, all of which were constructed between 1396 and 1398; the original walls, built in the late 14th century were constructed of medium-sized round stones held together by mud. During King Sejong the Great's reign in the mid 15th century, a large-scale refurbishment work was carried out on the wall, including the replacement of earthen wall sections with rectangular stone sections. A major restoration in 1704 by King Sukjong rebuilt sections of the wall using large, uniform stone slabs which mark the final and last unique characteristic of Hanyangdoseong.
The eastern section of Seoul was on lower ground than the other sections and was more susceptible to external attack. Thus, a lookout was added to the outside of the gate to reinforce its defense. A part of the walls in the section between Heunginjimun and Gwanghuimun was extended outside in a rectangular shape for such a purpose. Signal fire mounds, another component of the defense system, were first established in 1394 and remained in operation until 1894. Signals sent across the country from one mound to another, using smoke by day and fire at night, were received by the beacon at the top of Namsan and conveyed to the Royal Palace. Four main gates and four auxiliary gates were built around Seoul in the late 14th century; the four main gates were Heunginjimun, Donuimun and Sukjeongmun. The four auxiliary gates were placed in areas between the four main gates, with Souimun, Changuimun and Gwanghuimun. At present, the following gates are either preserved in their original form or have undergone restoration work: Sungnyemun and Heunginjimun are designated as National Treasure No. 1 and Treasure No.
1, respectively. Hanyangdoseong, completed in 30 years, was torn down in many parts due to city planning initiatives and the introduction of trams lines. However, significant sections of the wall remain; the best-preserved and well-known course is the Wall of Mt. Bukaksan, the 2.3-kilometer trail which cuts through Sukjeongmun to Changuimun. Off-limits to the public after having been designated as a Military Reserve area due to its close proximity to Cheongwadae, it opened to the public in 2006. With few alterations or artificial structures surrounding the area over the years, the natural environment remains intact; the Eight Gates of Seoul https://web.archive.org/web/20170616015349/http://www.exploringkorea.com/seoul-fortress-wall-%ec%84%9c%ec%9a%b8%ec%84%b1%ea%b3%bd/ Fortress Wall of Seoul Korean Britannica Online
The Parc 1 Tower is a supertall skyscraper under construction in Seoul, South Korea. It will contain 72 floors. Construction stopped in 2011 but resumed in early 2017. Parc1 will be a US$1.5-billion shopping/hotel/office complex to be realized by Skylan Properties Korea Ltd. a foreign-invested property development and management services group with offices in Seoul and Kuala Lumpur. Completion is slated for 2012. Morgan Stanley, a global investment bank, has been engaged as the financial advisor to arrange financing for the project. Parc1 is now being built on the current Tongil Parking Lot site, a 46,465 square metre plot set between financial and residential districts and bordering Yeouido Park. Designed by architect Lord Richard Rogers, chief architectural advisor to the mayor of London, the central structure will be a six-story glass mall, offering space for 400 stores
Transportation in Seoul
Seoul's transportation boom dates back to the area of the Korean Empire, when the first streetcar lines were laid and a railroad linking Seoul and Incheon was completed. Today, as a result of the diversification of Seoul's transportation network, it has become a great transportation hub for Asia. Main Articles: Incheon International Airport and Gimpo Airport There are two airports that serve Seoul. Gimpo International Airport in Gimpo but annexed to Seoul in 1963, was the only airport for Seoul from its original construction during the Korean War. Multiple airports were built in and around Seoul before and after the war; the most famous was on Yeouido. Upon opening in March 2001, Incheon International Airport on Yeongjong island in Incheon changed the role of Gimpo Airport significantly. Incheon is now responsible for all international flights, while Gimpo serves only domestic flights with the exception of flights to Haneda Airport in Tokyo; this has led to a significant drop in flights from Gimpo Airport.
Meanwhile, Incheon International Airport has become, along with Hong Kong and Singapore, a major transportation centre for East Asia. The 2005 AETRA passenger survey, jointly administered by the IATA and Airports Council International, voted it the best airport in the world, it was named by Skytrax as the world's 5th best airport for 2006. Incheon and Gimpo are linked to Seoul by highways, Gimpo is linked by subway; the Incheon International Airport Railroad airport express station is located in the Transport Centre adjacent to the main terminal building and provides high-speed services to Gimpo Airport and Seoul station. There are four types of buses:Seoul has many big intercity/express bus terminals; these buses connect Seoul to cities all around Korea. Major bus terminals include Seoul Express Bus Terminal in Seocho-gu Central City in Seocho-gu Seoul Nambu Terminal in Seocho-gu Dongseoul Bus Terminal in Gwangjin-gu Sangbong Terminal in Jungnang-gu Seoul has 21 subway lines that interlink every district of the city with one another and with the surrounding area.
The majority of the population now uses the public transportation system due to its convenience and low cost. With more than 8 million passengers a day, Seoul has one of the busiest subway systems in the world. In addition, in order to cope with all of these transportation modes, Seoul's metropolitan government employs several mathematicians to coordinate the subway and traffic schedules into one timetable. There are two tiers of taxis - Regular, Deluxe. Regular taxis start at 3000 won for the first two kilometers and are metered at 100 won every 159 meters, which equates to about 695 won per kilometer. If the taxi is going less than 15 km per hour, an additional charge of 100 KRW per 37–39 seconds is added to the fare. A 20 % surcharge is added between 4 am; these are white or silver in color but can be seen in yellow Deluxe taxis start at 4500 won for the first three kilometers and are metered at 200 won every 164 meters. Their name could be translated as "Model Taxi" as their service should be an example of what a proper taxi is.
Deluxe taxis do not have nightly surcharges. Seoul city council announced, they selected. They are going to complete the painting until 2016. Seoul is connected to every major city in South Korea by railroad. Seoul is linked to most major Korean cities by the KTX bullet train which features a normal operation speed of more than 300 km/h, making commuting between cities convenient for commuters and tourists. Major railroad stations include: Seoul Station, Jung-gu - Gyeongbu line, Gyeongui line Yongsan Station, Yongsan-gu - Honam line, Jeolla/Janghang lines Yeongdeungpo Station, Yeongdeungpo-gu - Gyeongbu/Honam/Janghang lines Cheongnyangni Station, Dongdaemun-gu - Gyeongchun/Jungang/Yeongdong/Taebaek lines In addition, Suseo Station,in Gangnam District, is scheduled to open in late 2016, offer KTX service on the newly built Suseo High Speed Railway.
Incheon International Airport
Incheon International Airport is the largest airport in South Korea, the primary airport serving the Seoul Capital Area, one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. Since 2005, it has been rated the best airport worldwide by Airports Council International every year, it is rated as the world's cleanest airport and the world's best international transit airport by Skytrax. The airport has a golf course, private sleeping rooms, an ice skating rink, a casino, indoor gardens, a Museum of Korean Culture. Airport authorities claim that average departure and arrival takes 19 minutes and 12 minutes as compared to worldwide average of 60 minutes and 45 minutes ranking it among the fastest airports in the world for customs processing, its duty-free shopping mall has been rated the world's best for three years in a row in 2013 by Business Traveller. Incheon International Airport claims that it has only a 0.0001% baggage mishandling rate. The airport opened for business on March 29, 2001 to replace the older Gimpo International Airport, which now serves domestic destinations and shuttle flights to several East Asian metropolitan areas including Tokyo, Beijing and Taipei.
Incheon International Airport is located west of Incheon's city center, on an artificially created piece of land between Yeongjong and Yongyu Islands. The two islands were separated by shallow sea; that area between the two islands was reclaimed for the construction project connecting the once separate Yeongjong and Yongyu islands. The reclaimed area as well as the two islands are all part of Jung-gu, an administrative district of Incheon; the airport holds a record of being ranked the Best Airport Worldwide for 11 consecutive years by the Airports Council International's Airport Service Quality Award from 2005 to 2016, has been rated the world's best among airports of its size and region since 2012 due to the institution's decision to discontinue the Best Airport Worldwide category. Incheon International Airport's terminal has 111 boarding gates altogether, with 44 in Terminal 1, 30 in Concourse A, 37 in Terminal 2; the airport was constructed to share the demand for air transport in the 21st century and to serve as a hub airport in Northeast Asia.
After the Seoul Olympics of 1988, international air traffic to Korea increased. In the 1990s, it became apparent that Gimpo International Airport could not cope with the increase in air traffic. To reduce the load on Gimpo International Airport, the government decided to build a new airport; the new airport was planned to be located in Cheongju, 124 km from Seoul, but due to its distance, it was opposed by Seoul and Gyeonggi citizens. Hwaseong was the other choice, but it was rejected due to similar reasons; the area chosen was Incheon. In November 1992, the construction of the Incheon airport began on reclaimed land between Yeongjong Island and Youngyu Island, took eight years to finish, with an additional six months for testing. Completion was scheduled for 1997 but delayed due to the economic crisis; the airport was opened on March 29, 2001. On 15 November 2006, the Airbus A380 landed at the airport as part of the first leg of its certification trip. Tests on the runways and ramps showed that the airport could handle the aircraft.
To further upgrade service and major Korean logistics firm Hanjin Corporation agreed on January 10, 2008 to build Yeongjong Medical Centre, completed in 2012. This hospital serves nearby residents and some of the 30,000 medical tourists who come to Korea annually. Located 48 km west of Seoul, the capital and the largest city of South Korea, Incheon International Airport is the main hub for Korean Air, Asiana Airlines, Jeju Air, Polar Air Cargo; the airport serves as a hub for international civilian air transportation and cargo traffic in East Asia. In 2016, the Incheon International Airport was the fifth busiest airport in the world and third in Asia by cargo traffic, 19th in the world and eighth in Asia by passenger traffic. In 2016, the airport served a total of 57,849,814 passengers; the airport opened for business in early 2001 to replace the older Gimpo International Airport, which now serves domestic destinations plus shuttle flights to alternate airports in China and Taiwan. The airport was planned to be built in three phases, incrementally increasing airport capacity as the demand grew.
This was changed, however, to four phases. In Phase 1, the airport had a capacity of 30 million passengers annually, a cargo capacity of 1.7 million metric tonnes annually. In this phase, a passenger terminal with a floor space of 496,000 square metres, two parallel runways, a control tower, an administrative building, a transportation centre, integrated operations centre, three cargo terminals, international business centre, a government office building were constructed. Phase 2 construction began in 2002, was expected to be completed in December 2008. However, in an attempt to have the airport ready for the 2008 Beijing Olympics, which took place in August 2008, the schedule was modified, Phase 2 construction was completed on 20 June 2008. During this construction phase, a third parallel 4,000-metre-long runway and a 13-hectare cargo terminal area were added. A 16.5-hectare concourse connected to the main passenger building via two par
Dame Zaha Mohammad Hadid was an Iraqi-British architect. She was the first woman to receive the Pritzker Architecture Prize, in 2004, she received the UK's most prestigious architectural award, the Stirling Prize, in 2010 and 2011. In 2012, she was made a Dame by Elizabeth II for services to architecture, in 2015 she became the first and only woman to be awarded the Royal Gold Medal from the Royal Institute of British Architects, she was described by The Guardian of London as the "Queen of the curve", who "liberated architectural geometry, giving it a whole new expressive identity". Her major works include the aquatic centre for the London 2012 Olympics, Michigan State University's Broad Art Museum in the US, the MAXXI Museum in Rome, the Guangzhou Opera House in China, the Beijing Daxing International Airport in China; some of her awards have been presented posthumously, including the statuette for the 2017 Brit Awards. Several of her buildings were still under construction at the time of her death, including the Daxing airport and the Al Wakrah Stadium in Qatar, a venue for the 2022 FIFA World Cup.
Zaha Hadid was born on 31 October 1950 in Iraq, to an upper class Iraqi family. Her father, Muhammad al-Hajj Husayn Hadid, was a wealthy industrialist from Mosul, he co-founded the left-liberal al-Ahali group in 1932. The group was a significant political organisation in the 1940s, he was the co-founder of the National Democratic Party in Iraq and served as minister of finance after the overthrow of the monarch after the 1958 Iraqi coup d'état for the government of General Abd al-Karim Qasim. Her mother, Wajiha al-Sabunji, was an artist from Mosul while her brother Foulath Hadid was a writer and expert on Arab affairs. Hadid once mentioned in an interview how her early childhood trips to the ancient Sumerian cities in southern Iraq sparked her interest in architecture. In the 1960s Hadid attended boarding schools in Switzerland. Hadid studied mathematics at the American University of Beirut before moving, in 1972, to London to study at the Architectural Association School of Architecture. There she studied with Elia Zenghelis and Bernard Tschumi.
Her former professor, described her at graduation as "a planet in her own orbit." Zenghelis described her as the most outstanding pupil he taught.'We called her the inventor of the 89 degrees. Nothing was at 90 degrees, she had spectacular vision. All the buildings were exploding into tiny little pieces." He recalled. "The way she drew a staircase you would smash your head against the ceiling, the space was reducing and reducing, you would end up in the upper corner of the ceiling. She couldn't care about tiny details, her mind was on the broader pictures—when it came to the joinery she knew we could fix that later. She was right.' Her fourth-year student project was a painting of a hotel in the form of a bridge, inspired by the works of the Russian suprematist artist Kazimir Malevich. After graduation in 1977, she went to work for her former professors and Zenghelis, at the Office for Metropolitan Architecture, in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Through her association with Koolhaas, she met the architectural engineer Peter Rice, who gave her support and encouragement during the early stages of her career.
Hadid became a naturalised citizen of the United Kingdom. She opened her own architectural firm, Zaha Hadid Architects, in London in 1980. During the early 1980's Hadid's style introduced audiences to a new modern architecture style through her detailed and professional sketches. At the time people were focused on postmodernism designs, so her designs were a different approach to architecture that set her apart from other designers, she began her career teaching architecture, first at the Architectural Association over the years at Harvard Graduate School of Design, Cambridge University, the University of Chicago, the Hochschule für bildende Künste in Hamburg, the University of Illinois at Chicago, Columbia University. She earned her early reputation with her lecturing and colourful and radical early designs and projects, which were published in architectural journals but remained unbuilt, her ambitious but unbuilt projects included a plan for Peak in Hong Kong, a plan for an opera house in Cardiff, Wales.
The Cardiff experience was discouraging. Her reputation in this period rested upon her teaching and the imaginative and colourful paintings she made of her proposed buildings, her international reputation was enhanced in 1988 when she was chosen to show her drawings and paintings as one of seven architects chosen to participate in the exhibition "Deconstructivism in Architecture" curated by Philip Johnson and Mark Wigley at New York's Museum of Modern Art. This, a conference at the Tate in London and some articles written about her began to not only get her name out into the Architecture world, but allowed people to associate a particular style of architecture with Hadid. One of her first clients was Rolf Fehlbaum the president-director general of the Swiss furniture firm Vitra, from 2004 to 2010, a member of the jury for the prestigious Pritzker Architecture Prize. In 1989 Fehlbaum had invited Frank Gehry little-known, to build a design museum at the Vitra factory in Weil-am-Rhein. In 1993, he invited Hadid to design a small fire station for the factory.
Her radical design, made of raw concrete and glass, was a sculptural work composed o