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Donington Park

Donington Park is a motorsport circuit located near Castle Donington in Leicestershire, England. The circuit business is now owned by Jonathan Palmer's MotorSport Vision organisation, the surrounding Donington Park Estate, still owned by the Wheatcroft family, is under lease by MotorSport Vision until 2038. Part of the Donington Hall estate, it was created as a racing circuit during the period between the First and Second World Wars when the German Silver Arrows were battling for the European Championship. Used as a military vehicle storage depot during the Second World War, it fell into disrepair until bought by local construction entrepreneur Tom Wheatcroft. Revived under his ownership in the 1970s, it hosted a single Formula One race, but became the favoured home of the British round of the MotoGP motorcycling championship. Leased by Donington Ventures Leisure Ltd in 2007 the hope that Formula One racing could return to the track, the incomplete venture failed to raise sufficient financial backing during the aftermath of the 2008 global financial crisis.

DVLL lost the rights to the British rounds of both Formula 1 and MotoGP, in its bankruptcy returned the track to the Wheatcroft family in December 2009. Under Wheatcroft's ownership, the venue underwent significant work, with the track restored to use in 2010, before major upgrades in the following five years. At the end of 2010, it was announced that Donington would become home to an annual historic motorsport event, the Donington Historic Festival, with new events being added. Since 2010, significant investment across the venue has seen major improvements made to its infrastructure, while the circuit has become a regular fixture for top class motorcycling in the form of the Superbike World Championship. In January 2017, the circuit business and a long term lease on the estate was purchased by MotorSport Vision, with the purchase cleared by authorities in August of the same year. Significant investment has seen facilities at the venue brought up to modern standards, with a new restaurant, toilet blocks, large new grandstand and new circuit offices, as well as other detail changes.

As well as improving the infrastructure, MSV has made additions to the race calendar, with additional major events planned for 2019 including extra rounds of the British Superbike Championship and British GT. Donington Park motor racing circuit was the first permanent park circuit in England, which ended the race circuit monopoly that Brooklands had held since 1907. Fred Craner was a former motorcycle rider who had taken part in seven Isle of Man TT races, was by 1931 a Derby garage owner and secretary of the Derby & District Motor Club. Craner approached the owner of the Donington Hall estate, Alderman John Gillies Shields JP, to use the extensive roads on his land for racing; the original track was 2 mile 327 yd in length, based on normal width unsealed estate roads. The first motor cycle race took place on Whit Monday, 1931. For 1933 Craner obtained permission to build a permanent track, with the original layout widened and sealed at a cost of £12,000; the first car race was followed by three car meetings further that year.

The first Donington Park Trophy race was held on 7 October 1933, the 20-lap invitation event was won by the Earl Howe in a Bugatti Type 51. In 1935 the first 300-mile Donington Grand Prix was won by Richard "Mad Jack" Shuttleworth in an Alfa Romeo P3. In the 1937 Donington Grand Prix and 1938 Donington Grand Prix, the race winners were Bernd Rosemeyer and Tazio Nuvolari, both in Auto Union'Silver Arrows.' The circuit at Donington Park was closed in 1939 due to World War II, when it was requisitioned by the Ministry of Defence and was converted into a military vehicle depot. In 1971 the circuit was bought by business man and car collector Tom Wheatcroft, who funded the rebuilding of the track. Wheatcroft moved his collection to the circuit, in a museum now known as the Donington Grand Prix Exhibition which opened in 1973, has the largest collection of Grand Prix cars in the world; the motor racing circuit re-opened for cars on 28 May 1977, as per the original pre-war opening, the first post-war meeting was for motorcycles.

The first postwar car race meeting was organised by the Nottingham Sports Car Club, sponsored by local Lotus dealers, J A Else of Codnor. That first car meeting nearly didn't happen, as the local ramblers tried to assert their rights to retain access to footpaths at the eleventh hour; the meeting went ahead as a "Motor Trial", a legal loophole that curtailed the use of single seater racing cars for that opening meeting. The NSCC continued to run race meetings at Donington until the Donington Racing Club was formed and a licence to run race meetings obtained; the Melbourne Loop was built in 1985 to increase the lap distance to 2.5 miles and allow the track to host Grand Prix motorcycle races – at 1.957 miles without the loop, the circuit was deemed too short. This shorter layout remains as the National circuit, used for most non-Grand Prix events. In recent times Donington has held meetings of MotoGP, the British Touring Car Championship and British Superbike Championship, as well as the 1993 European Grand Prix.

Other events taking place at the track include a 1000 km endurance race for the Le Mans Series in 2006, the World Series by Renault and the Great and British Motorsport Festival. On 26 August 2007, the circuit hosted the British Motocross Grand Prix, with a purpose-built motocross circuit constructed on the infield of the road circuit. In 2007, Wheatcroft via the holding company Wheatcroft & Son Ltd, sold a 150-year lease on the land on which the track and museum are located to Donington Ventures Leisure Ltd. In July 2008, it was announced that DV

Maeda Tsunanori

Maeda Tsunanori was an Edo period Japanese samurai, the 4th daimyō of Kaga Domain in the Hokuriku region of Japan. He was the 5th hereditary chieftain of the Kanazawa Maeda clan, his childhood name was "Inuchiyo". Tsunanori was born at the Maeda clan residence in Edo as the eldest son of Maeda Mitsutaka, his mother was the daughter of Tokugawa Yorifusa of Mito Domain. Mitsutaka died in 1645 at the age of 29, leaving the domain in the hands of his 3-year-old son, by order of the Tokugawa shogunate, Tsunanori's uncle, Maeda Toshitsune was named regent. Tsunanori was called Matsudaira Inuchiyo-maru in his youth, He underwent the genpuku ceremony in 1654, with Shōgun Tokugawa Ietsuna presiding and was awarded Senior 4th Rank, lower grade and the courtesy title of Sakonoe-shosho and Kaga-no-kami at that time. In 1658, he was wed to the daughter of Hoshina Masayuki of Aizu Domain. However, this was a political marriage. Tsunanori never formally remarried. In 1658, Toshitsune died, Tsunanori was able to take full control of the domain.

One of his first steps was to initiate a land reform program grouping villages into groups of ten in order to facilitate tax collection and opening of new rice lands. He established a more systematic approach to famine relief and to medical care within the domain, he revised the domain laws, severe since the time of Maeda Toshiie’s suppression of the Ikkō-ikki. Tsunanori settled a long-simmering border dispute with Fukui Domain over who “owned” the holy mountain of Hakusan on the border of the two provinces. Tsunanori was a noted patron of the arts favoring the performance of Noh plays in the domain, he amassed major collection of Japanese and Chinese literary works. However, he is best known for his development of the famous Kenroku-en gardens in Kanazawa. In 1689, under Shōgun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, the domain was accorded the same courtesy in audiences in Edo Castle as was extended to the Gosanke, the kokudaka of the domain was reassessed at 1 million koku. Tsunanori retired from public life in 1723 and died in 1724 at the age of 82.

Father: Maeda Mitsutaka Mother: Tokugawa Ōhime, daughter of Tokugawa Yorinobu of Wakayama Domain Wife: Sumahime Concubines: Omiyo no Kata Juen’in Chosho-in Hojuin Omachi no Kata Horin’in Okoshi no Kata Children: Maeda Toshikiyo by Omiyo no Kata Senhime by Juen’in Ushihime married Asano Yoshinaga by Juen’in Reishoin by Chosho-in Toyohime married Maeda Takasuke by Hojuin Keihime married Ikeda Yoshiyasu by Hojuin Maeda Toshiakira by Hojuin Naohime married Nijō Yoshitada by Hojuin Yoshihime by Omachi no Kata Maeda Yoshinori by Omachi no Kata Kumaru by Horin’in Masajuro by Okoshi no Kata Adopted Daughters: Kyohime married Cho Hisatsura Seihime married Sanjonishi Ginfuku Utsuhime married Sakai tadayori 1654: Senior 4th Grade, lower rank and Sakonoe-shosho 1658: Sakonoe-chusho 1693: Sangi 1707: Senior Third Grade 1723: Hizen-no-kami 1909: Second Grade Papinot, Edmond.. Historical and Geographical Dictionary of Japan. New York: Overbeck Co. 『江戸三百藩藩主列伝』 新人物往来社〈別冊歴史読本〉、2012年 Kaga Domain on "Edo 300 HTML"

NA-118 (Nankana Sahib-II)

NA-118 is a constituency for the National Assembly of Pakistan. During the delimitation of 2018, NA-118 acquired areas from three former constituencies namely NA-132, NA-136, NA-137, the areas of Nankana Sahib District which are part of this constituency are listed below alongside the former constituency name from which they were acquired: Areas acquired from NA-132 Following areas of Nankana Sahib Tehsil Jawahar Pur Mirza PurAreas acquired from NA-136 Following areas of Nankana Sahib Tehsil Mangtanwala Rehanwala Asalapar Jalal Nau Chak No. 589/GB Bulaqi Murtaza Areas acquired from NA-137 Nankana Sahib Municipal Corporation Rest of Nankana Sahib Tehsil General elections were held on 10 Oct 2002. Rai Mansab Ali Khan of PML-Q won by 61,506 votes. General elections were held on 18 Feb 2008. Saeed Ahmed Zafar an Independent candidate won by 54,732 votes. General elections were held on 11 May 2013. Rai Mansab Ali Khan of PML-N became the member of National Assembly. General elections were held on 25 July 2018.

NA-117 NA-119 Election result's official website

Nikolai Teleshov

Nikolai Dmitryevich Teleshov was a Russian/Soviet writer. Teleshov was born in Moscow, his poems were first published in 1884. In the 1880s and 1890s he wrote short stories and novellas, including the story he's best known for, The Duel, the stoty The Christmas Tree of Mitrich, he wrote sketches and stories portraying the disastrous fate of resettled peasants in Siberia. In 1899 Teleshov organized a literary circle in Moscow known as the Sreda literary gathering. Among its members were many of Russia's most popular writers, such as Maxim Gorky and the future Nobel Laureate Ivan Bunin. Teleshov participated in publishing the collections of the Znanie association, managed by Gorky. After 1917 he worked for the People's Commissariat for other Soviet institutions. During the Soviet years his most significant works included The Beginning of the End, a novella of the Russian Revolution of 1905–07, the biographical story Maxim Gorky and his creative memoirs A Writer Remembers, he was buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery.

The Duel, Short Story Classics Vol 1, Collier, NY, 1907. From Archive.org A Writer Remembers, Hutchinson, NY, 1943

Malayan Peoples' Anti-Japanese Army

The Malayan People's Anti-Japanese Army was a paramilitary group, active during the Japanese occupation of Malaya from 1942 to 1945. Composed of ethnic Chinese guerrilla fighters, the MPAJA was the biggest anti-Japanese resistance group in Malaya. Founded on 18 December 1941 during the Japanese invasion of Malaya, the MPAJA was conceived as a part of a combined effort by the Malayan Communist Party, British colonial government, various anti-Japanese groups to resist the Japanese occupation of Malayan territory. Although the MPAJA and the MCP were different organisations, many saw the MPAJA as a de facto armed wing of the MCP due to its leadership being staffed by ethnic Chinese communists. Many of the ex-guerrillas of the MPAJA would join the MCP in its open conflict with the BMA during the Malayan Emergency. Anti-Japanese feelings among the Chinese community in Malaya first began in 1931, with the Japanese invasion and annexation of Manchuria. Anti-Japanese sentiments reached new heights again when a formal full-scale war was declared between Japan and China in 1937.

Due to its leading role in promoting strong anti-Japanese and anti-Imperialist sentiments, the MCP enjoyed huge support from the Chinese community in Malaya. More many young Chinese were attracted to the communists because they believed the MCP represented a system that would oppose Japan and her imperialist expansionism; the anti-Japanese movement attracted more support from the Malayan Chinese than the other races, hence resulting in Chinese dominance of the MCP leadership. While being anti-Japanese, the MCP was involved in its local struggle against British Imperialism in Malaya. However, political developments in 1941 prompted the MCP to withhold its hostilities against the British and seek co-operation instead. First of all, war between the Soviet Union and Germany had made the Soviets join the Allies against the Axis powers which included Japan. Additionally, the Kuomintang and the Chinese Communist Party had formed a united front against the Japanese invasion in mainland China; as a communist organisation associated with the CCP and the Soviet Union, the MCP had to alter its stance towards the British as the Soviets and CCP became wartime allies with them.

Secondly, the MCP viewed the imminent Japanese invasion of Malaya as a greater threat than the British. Therefore, an offer of mutual co-operation against a potential Japanese aggression was first made in July 1941 to the British. However, the offer was rejected as British officials felt that recognising the MCP would give them an unnecessary boost in legitimising its nationalist agendaNevertheless, the eventual Japanese invasion of Malaya on 8 December 1941 presented the MCP another opportunity to seek co-operation with the British. After the Japanese forces made rapid gains against the British defences in Malaya, the MCP came out publicly to support the British war effort, encouraging Malayan Chinese to pledge their assistance to the British; as the British faced further military setbacks with the sinking of its battleships Prince of Wales and Repulse, the British accepted the MCP's offer of assistance on 18 December 1941. A secret meeting was held in Singapore between British officers and two MCP representatives, one of whom was Lai Teck, the MCP's secretary general.

The agreement between the MCP and the British was that the MCP would recruit, the British would provide training to resistance groups. The trained resistance fighters would be used as the British Military Command saw fit; the recruits were to undergo training in sabotage and guerrilla warfare at the 101 Special Training School in Singapore, operated by the Malayan wing of the London-based Special Operations Executive. On 19 December 1941, the MCP brought together various anti-Japanese groups, organisations such as the KMT and the Chinese Chamber of Commerce, under a broad front called the "Overseas Chinese Anti-Japanese Mobilisation Federation" with Tan Kah Kee as the leader of its "Mobilisation Council"; the OCAJMF became a platform to recruit Chinese volunteer soldiers to form an independent force, which would be known as Dalforce. The MCP contributed the most soldiers to Dalforce, although it had received volunteers from the KMT and other independent organisations. Dalforce was disbanded upon Singapore's surrender to the Japanese on 14 February 1942.

The 101 Special Training School may be regarded as the birthplace of the MPAJA. A total of 165 party members were selected by the MCP to participate in the training, which began on 21 December 1941; the training was rushed through, with individual courses lasting only ten days and a total of 7 classes. Receiving only basic training and poorly-equipped, these graduated recruits would be sent across the peninsula to operate as independent squads; the first batch of 15 recruits was sent near Kuala Lumpur, where they had some success in disrupting Japanese communication lines in northern Selangor. However, many were killed within the first few months of fighting, but the surviving ones went on to form the core leadership of the MPAJA and train new recruits. In March 1942, after liaising with the Central Committee of the MCP, these graduates of the 101 STS would form the First Independent Force of the MPAJA; the MCP decided to go underground as British defences collapsed in the face of the Japanese army's onslaught.

A policy of armed resistance throughout the occupation was declared by all top-ranking MCP members at a final meeting in Singapore in February 1942. This decision proved beneficial to the MCP's political and military advancement, as they were the only political organisation prepared to commit itself to a policy of active anti-Japanese

Lynne Meadow

Lynne Meadow is an American theatre producer, director and a teacher. She has been the artistic director of the Manhattan Theatre Club since 1972. A cum laude graduate of Bryn Mawr, Meadow attended the Yale School of Drama. In 1972 she joined the Manhattan Theatre Club as Artistic Director, in that position she has directed and produced more than 450 New York City and world premieres of plays by American and international playwrights, including Terrence McNally, Beth Henley, John Guare, Athol Fugard, Brian Friel, Harold Pinter, Alan Ayckbourn, John Patrick Shanley. Under Meadow's leadership, MTC has been honored with every prestigious theatre award, including nineteen Tony Awards, six Pulitzer Prizes for Drama, 48 Obie Awards, 32 Drama Desk Awards, as well as New York Drama Critics' Circle Awards, Outer Critics Circle Awards, Theatre World Awards. In 2013, she was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame. Meadow's directing credits include Sally and Marsha,The Tale of the Allergist's Wife, Absent Friends and The Commons of Pensacola.

Meadow has taught at Yale University, Fordham University, NYU,Circle in the Square Theatre School, Stony Brook University. She is married to attorney Ronald Shechtman. Bryn Mawr Board of Trustees Herbert Brodkin Fellow at Yale Lucille Lortel Award for Lifetime Achievement Lilly Award for Lifetime Achievement Museum of the City of New York’s Auchincloss Prize Lee Reynolds Award from the League of Professional Theatre Women Manhattan Award from Manhattan magazine Person of the Year from the National Theatre Conference Margo Jones Award Mr. Abbot award for Lifetime Achievement from the Stage Directors Foundation She has twice been nominated for Best Director at the Drama Desk Awards: in 1996 for Leslie Ayvazian’s Nine Armenians and in 1988 for Alan Ayckbourn’s Woman in Mind with Stockard Channing. Sources: Internet Off-Broadway Database. N. Behrman's Biography 1980: Steve Metcalf's Vikings 1982: Anton Chekhov's Three Sisters 1984: Israel Horovitz's Park Your Car in Harvard Yard 1986: Richard Nelson's Principia Scriptoriae 1988: Alan Ayckbourn's Woman in Mind 1989: Lee Blessing's Eleemosynar 1992: Alan Ayckbourn's A Small Family Business 1996: Leslie Ayvazian's Nine Armenians 1999: Patrick Cook's Captain Courageous 2001: Melanie Marnich's Blur 2003: Neil Simon's Rose's Dilemma 2003: Marsha Norman's Last Dance 2005: Ron Hutchinson's Moonlight and Magnolias 2006: David Greig's The American Pilot 2007: Charles Busch's Our Leading Lady 2010: Donald Margulies’ Collected Stories 2011: Margaret Edson's Wit Sources: Internet Off-Broadway Database.

R. Gurney’s Sylvia 2004: Donald Margulies’ Sight Unseen 2006: Conor McPherson’s Shining City 2007: Alfred Uhry’s LoveMusik suggested by the letters of Kurt Weill and Lotte Lenya 2007: David Harrower’s Blackbird 2009: George S. Kaufman’s and Edna Ferber’s The Royal Family 2009: Lynn Nottage’s Ruined 2009: Donald Margulies’ Time Stands Still 2010: Lee Hall’s The Pitmen Painters 2011: David Lindsay-Abaire’s Good People 2012: David Auburn’s The Columnist Lynne Meadow at the Internet Broadway Database Lynne Meadow at Internet Off-Broadway Database