Bunjevci are a South Slavic ethnic group living in the Bačka region of Serbia and southern Hungary. They originate from western Herzegovina, whence they migrated to Dalmatia, from there to Lika and Bačka in the 17th century. Bunjevci who remained in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as those in modern Croatia today maintain that designation chiefly as a regional identity, declare as ethnic Croats; those who emigrated to Hungary were assimilated, assumed Hungarian or Croatian designation. Bunjevci are Roman Catholic, speak the Bunjevac dialect of Serbo-Croatian with Ikavian pronunciation and with certain archaic characteristics. During the 18th and 19th century, they formed a sizable part of the population of northern Bačka, but many of them were assimilated into larger ethnic groups in the region; the Bunjevci are a South Slavic ethnic group, Catholic by religion, Western Shtokavian-Ikavian by dialect, of which majority who still declares as Bunjevci live in the Bačka region in Serbia and Bács-Kiskun county in Hungary.
Their endonym, used in Serbo-Croatian, is Bunjevci. In Hungarian their name is bunyevácok. According to Petar Skok they called themselves in Bačka as oò*kac, while Hungarians in Szeged called them as Dalmát, which they used for themselves in Hungary. In addition, the term meant Catholic population from Livanjsko field up to Montenegro, considered by the neighbor Serbian Orthodox population, while at Peroj in Istria it was a pejorative name for Croats as well pobunjevčit pejorativelly meant "become Catholic". In the 20th century hinterland of Novi Vinodolski, called as Krmpote, the Primorje Bunjevci were economically less powerful rural population and hence it had an attribution of "otherness" with negative connotation by urban citizens. Compared to Sveti Juraj they were more powerful and refused to call themselves Bunjevci because of such broad connotation and rather used "Planinari", the citizens name "Seljari" had negative and mockery connotation by Bunjevci. In the territory from Krmpote to Sv.
Marija Magdalena in North Dalmatia there existed multilayered regional identities Primorci and Podgorci, local Krmpoćani, while the subethnic term Bunjevci loses identity on the boundary with Velebit Podgorje. The earliest mention of the ethnonym is argued to be in 1550 and 1561 when in a charter is recorded certain Martin Bunavacz in Baranja; the earliest mention in Bačka is from 1622 when was recorded parochia detta Bunieuzi nell' arcivescovato Colociense. One of the first mentions of the ethnonym is by Bishop of Senj, Martin Brajković, in 1702 whose recorded folk tradition knew for the existence of five ethnic identities which constitute the population of Lika and Krbava, one of them being Catholic Vlachs known as Bunjevci. In 1712/1714 census of Lika and Krbava was recorded only one Bunieuacz, however the military government used alternative term Valachi Catolici, while Luigi Ferdinando Marsili called them Meerkroaten. Alberto Fortis in Viaggio in Dalmazia describing the Velebit recorded that the population was different from the earlier and called themselves as Bunjevci because they came from area of Buna in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
1828 writing by Colonel Ivan Murgić had the last original testimony of Lika-Primorje Bunjevci about their traditional identity, in which they said to be "We are hardworking brothers Bunjevci", while regarding confession always as "I am true Bunjevac". A more recent 1980 testimony from Baja, Hungary considered; the etymological derivation of their ethnonym is unknown. There are several theories about the origin of their name; the most common is that the name derives from the river Buna in central Herzegovina, their hypothesized ancestral homeland before their migrations. However, although preserved in Littoral and in Podunavlje branch folk oral tradition, linguists dismissed such derivation. Another theory is that the name comes from the term Bunja, a traditional stone house in Dalmatia similar to Kažun in Istria, meaning people who live in such type of houses, from personal name Bunj deriving from Bunislav or Bonifacije, Romanian personal name Bun from Bonus from which derives toponym Bunić near Gospić, pejorative nickname Obonjavci, recorded since 1199 in Zadar meaning soldiers without order and discipline.
The most common view is that the community fled western Herzegovina and Dalmatia to Vojvodina during the 17th-century Ottoman invasion, led by Franciscan friars, was accepted in the Military Frontier. The Catholic Church in Subotica celebrates 1686 as the anniversary of the Bunjevci migration, when the largest single migration did take place. According to modern historiographical studies based on archival research, there is still no consensus on their homeland, only ethnological elements indicate specific regions, it is considered to be Southwestern Bosnia and Dalmatia, from where in the 17th century migrated to Bačka and Northern Dalmatia, as well as Lika and Gorski Kotar. This with a political situation divided the community into four groups, Western Herzegovinian, Lika-Primorje, Podunavlje, although the ethnologists consider the first two as one group from which other diverged. However, it is considered that some groups existed since 1520 on the Tripl
Mala Bosna is a village located in the Subotica municipality, in the North Bačka District of Serbia. It is situated in the autonomous province of Vojvodina; the village is ethnically mixed and its population numbering 1,245 people. In Serbian the village is known as Мала Босна or Mala Bosna, in Croatian as Mala Bosna, in Bunjevac as Mala Bosna, in Hungarian as Kisbosznia, its name means "Little Bosnia" because of the local South Slavic inhabitants who migrated from Bosnia. Croats = 621 Bunjevci = 283 Hungarians = 92 Serbs = 69 Yugoslavs 69 Muslims = 24 1961: 2,883 1971: 2,318 1981: 1,835 1991: 1,488 List of places in Serbia List of cities and villages in Vojvodina Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996. HV partner Mala Bosna
Bezdan is a village located in Bačka, Serbia. It is situated in West Bačka District; the village has its population numbers at 5,263 people. It was first mentioned in 1305 under the name of Battyan; the village was destroyed during an Ottoman invasion in the 16th century. With the establishment of Habsburg rule, the village was settled by Hungarians, Poles and Germans; the first church in the village was built in 1755, the current one was constructed in 1846. Hungarians = 2,983 Serbs = 1,256 Croats = 424 Yugoslavs = 141 others. 1961: 6,813 1971: 6,427 1981: 6,085 1991: 5,472 2002: 5,263 2008: 4,318 List of places in Serbia List of cities and villages in Vojvodina Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996. Homepage of Bezdan History of Bezdan www.soinfo.org
Sombor is a city and the administrative center of the West Bačka District in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The city has a total population of 47,623. In Serbian, the city is known as Sombor, in Hungarian and German as Zombor, in Croatian and Bunjevac as Sombor, in Rusyn as Zombor, in Turkish as Sonbor; the older Hungarian name for the city was Czoborszentmihály. The name originates from the Czobor family; the Serbian name for the city came from the family name Czobor, was first recorded in 1543, although the city was mentioned in historical documents under several more names, such as Samobor, Sambir, Sanbur and Zombar. An unofficial Serbian name used for the city is Ravangrad; the first historical record relating to the city is from 1340. The city was administered by the Kingdom of Hungary until the 16th century, when it became part of the Ottoman Empire. During the establishment of Ottoman authority, the local Hungarian population left the region; as a result, the city became populated by ethnic Serbs.
It was called "Sonbor" during Ottoman administration and was a kaza centre in the Sanjak of Segedin at first in Budin Province until 1596, in Eğri Province between 1596 and 1687. In 1665, a well-known traveller, Evliya Celebi, visited Sombor and wrote: "All the folk are not Hungarian, but Wallachian-Christian; these places are something special. Most of the inhabitants are traders, all of them wear frontiersmen clothes. According to Celebi, the city had 14 mosques and about 2,000 houses. Since 12 September 1687, the city was under Habsburg administration, was included into the Habsburg Military Frontier. Ottomans attempted to recapture it during Battle of Zenta in 11 September 1697; however their attack was repulsed. In 1717, the first Orthodox elementary school was opened. Five years a Roman Catholic elementary school was opened as well. In 1745 Sombor was included into Bacsensis County. In 1749 Sombor gained royal free city status. In 1786, the city became the seat of Bacsensis-Bodrogiensis County.
According to 1786 data, the population of the city numbered 11,420 people Serbs. According to the 1843 data, Sombor had 21,086 inhabitants, of whom 11,897 were Orthodox Christians, 9,082 Roman Catholics, 56 Jewish, 51 Protestants; the main language spoken in the city at this time was Serbian, the second largest language was German. In 1848/1849, Sombor was part of the Serbian Vojvodina, a Serb autonomous region within Austrian Empire, while between 1849 and 1860, it was part of the Voivodeship of Serbia and Temes Banat, a separate Austrian crown land. Sombor was a seat of the district within voivodship. After the abolishment of this crown land, Sombor again became the seat of the Bacsensis-Bodrogiensis County. According to the 1910 census, the population of Sombor was 30,593 people, of whom 11,881 spoke the Serbian language, 10,078 spoke the Hungarian language, 6,289 spoke the Bunjevac language, 2,181 spoke the German language. In 1918, Sombor became part of the Kingdom of Serbs and Slovenes.
Between 1918 and 1922 it was part of Bačka County, between 1922 and 1929 part of Bačka Oblast, between 1929 and 1941 part of Danube Banovina. In 1941, city annexed by Hungary. Many prominent citizen from Serbian community were interned and executed. In 1944, Yugoslav partisans and Soviet Red Army expelled Axis forces from the city. Since 1944, Sombor was part of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina of the new Socialist Yugoslavia and socialist Serbia. Today, Sombor is the seat of the West Bačka District. Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, there is adequate rainfall year-round; the Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfb". The city administrative area of Sombor includes following villages: Aleksa Šantić Bački Breg Bački Monoštor Bezdan Gakovo Doroslovo Kljajićevo Kolut Rastina Riđica Svetozar Miletić Stanišić Stapar Telečka ČonopljaSmaller and suburban settlements, "Salaši" include Bukovački Salaši Rančevo Kruševlje Bilić Lugomerci Žarkovac Šaponje Obzir Milčići Gradina Lenija Nenadić Radojevići According to the last official census done in 2011, the city of Sombor has 85,903 inhabitants.
Settlements with Serb ethnic majority are: Sombor, Aleksa Šantić, Kljajićevo, Rastina, Riđica, Stanišić, Čonoplja. Settlements with Croat/Šokac ethnic majority are: Bački Monoštor. Settlements with Hungarian ethnic majority are: Bezdan and Telečka. Ethnically mixed settlement with relative Hungarian majority is Svetozar Miletić; the ethnic composition of the city: Sombor is famous for its greenery, cultural life and beautiful 18th and 19th century center. The most important cultural institutions are the National Theater, the Regional Museum, the Modern Art Gallery, the Milan Konjović Art Gallery, the Teacher's College, the Serbian Reading House, the Grammar School. Teacher's College, founded in 1778, is the oldest college in the region. Sombor's rich history includes the oldest institution for higher education in the Serbian language. The
Čantavir is the largest village with Hungarian ethnic majority in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. It is situated in the municipality of North Bačka District; the population of the village is 7,178. The main occupation of the villagers is stock breeding. 1921: 8,969 1931: 11,287 1948: 9,397 1953: 9,262 1961: 9,341 1971: 9,085 1981: 8,596 1991: 7,940 There is an elementary school in Čantavir. This school have had a famous children's choir conducted by Éva Gubena music teacher. In 1995, previous members of famous children's choir, started a ladies choir "Primavera" under conductor Éva Gubena. From 1996 "Primavera" became a mixed voice chamber choir "Musica Viva", they have tried to bring live music to the hearts of their audience at concerts and other events. On their programme there are numerous compositions from all areas of musical history. József Törley, Hungarian business magnate, philanthropist Szilveszter Matuska, serial killer Heni Dér, Hungarian singer List of places in Serbia List of cities and villages in Vojvodina Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
Ordinary school website History of Čantavir
North Bačka District
The North Bačka District is one of seven administrative districts of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. It lies in the Bačka geographical region. According to the 2011 census results, it has a population of 186,906 inhabitants; the administrative center of the district is the city of Subotica. In the 9th century, the area was ruled by the Bulgarian-Slavic duke Salan. From 11th to 16th century, during the administration of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary, the area was divided between the Bodrogiensis County, Bacsensis County, Csongradiensis County, Cumania region. In 1526-1527, the area was ruled by the independent Serb ruler, emperor Jovan Nenad, while during Ottoman administration, it was part of the Sanjak of Segedin. During Habsburg administration, the area was divided between the Military Frontier and the Batsch County; the Batsch County was joined with Bodrog County into single Batsch-Bodrog County in the 18th century. Since the abolishment of the Theiß-Marosch section of the Military Frontier in 1751, part of that territory was included into Batsch-Bodrog County.
In the 1850s, the area was part of the Sombor District, after 1860, it was again included into Batsch-Bodrog County. During the royal Serb-Croat-Slovene administration, the area was part of the Novi Sad County, Bačka Oblast, Danube Banovina. During the Hungarian-German Axis occupation, the area was included into Bács-Bodrog County. Since 1944, the area was part of autonomous Yugoslav Vojvodina; the present-day districts of Serbia were defined by the Government of Serbia's Enactment of 29 January 1992. The North Bačka District comprises 45 local communities; the municipalities are: Subotica Bačka Topola Mali Iđoš According to the last official census done in 2011, the North Bačka District has 186,906 inhabitants. The population of the district is ethnically mixed. Languages spoken in the district: Hungarian = 88,464 Serbian = 88,323 Croatian = 9,106 Other. Total number of speakers of South Slavic languages that live in the district is 97,429. Religion: Roman Catholic = 117,456 Orthodox = 55,028 Protestant = 9,844 Other.
As of 2002, two municipalities have a Hungarian ethnic majority: Bačka Topola and Mali Iđoš, while one municipality is ethnically mixed. The population of Subotica is composed of: Hungarians, Croats, Yugoslavs and others; as for local communities, 20 have a Hungarian majority, 15 have a Serb majority, seven have Croatian/Bunjevci majority, one has a Montenegrin majority and two are ethnically mixed, with a Hungarian relative majority. Subotica is a multi-religious center; the most remarkable religious buildings are the Cathedral of St Teresa of Avila from 1797, the Franciscan Monastery from 1723, the Orthodox Church from the 18th century, the Synagogue and Orthodox Church in Aleksandrovo, both from the 17th century. In keeping with its rich resources, the region's food processing industry is well developed; the best examples are "29 novembar" meat industry, "Pionir" Sweets Factory and "Fidelinka" bread and flour products factory. Subotica ranks among the leading communities in Serbia. Administrative divisions of Serbia Districts of Serbia Note: All official material made by Government of Serbia is public by law.
Information was taken from official website. Www.severnobacki.okrug.gov.rs
Serbia the Republic of Serbia, is a country situated at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe in the southern Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans. The sovereign state borders Hungary to the north, Romania to the northeast, Bulgaria to the southeast, North Macedonia to the south and Bosnia and Herzegovina to the west, Montenegro to the southwest; the country claims a border with Albania through the disputed territory of Kosovo. Serbia's population is about seven million, its capital, ranks among the oldest and largest citiеs in southeastern Europe. Inhabited since the Paleolithic Age, the territory of modern-day Serbia faced Slavic migrations to the Balkans in the 6th century, establishing several sovereign states in the early Middle Ages at times recognized as tributaries to the Byzantine and Hungarian kingdoms; the Serbian Kingdom obtained recognition by the Vatican and Constantinople in 1217, reaching its territorial apex in 1346 as the short-lived Serbian Empire. By the mid-16th century, the entirety of modern-day Serbia was annexed by the Ottomans, their rule was at times interrupted by the Habsburg Empire, which started expanding towards Central Serbia from the end of the 17th century while maintaining a foothold in the north of the country.
In the early 19th century, the Serbian Revolution established the nation-state as the region's first constitutional monarchy, which subsequently expanded its territory. Following disastrous casualties in World War I, the subsequent unification of the former Habsburg crownland of Vojvodina with Serbia, the country co-founded Yugoslavia with other South Slavic peoples, which would exist in various political formations until the Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s. During the breakup of Yugoslavia, Serbia formed a union with Montenegro, peacefully dissolved in 2006. In 2008, the parliament of the province of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence, with mixed responses from the international community. Serbia is a member of the UN, CoE, CERN, OSCE, PfP, BSEC, CEFTA, is acceding to the WTO. Since 2014 the country has been negotiating its EU accession with perspective of joining the European Union by 2025. Serbia dropped in ranking from Free to Partly Free in the 2019 Freedom House report. Since 2007, Serbia formally adheres to the policy of military neutrality.
An upper-middle income economy with a dominant service sector followed by the industrial sector and agriculture, the country ranks high on the Human Development Index, Social Progress Index as well as the Global Peace Index. The origin of the name, "Serbia" is unclear. Various authors mentioned names of Serbs and Sorbs in different variants: Surbii, Serbloi, Sorabi, Sarbi, Serboi, Surbi, etc; these authors used these names to refer to Serbs and Sorbs in areas where their historical presence was/is not disputed, but there are sources that mention same or similar names in other parts of the World. Theoretically, the root *sъrbъ has been variously connected with Russian paserb, Ukrainian pryserbytysia, Old Indic sarbh-, Latin sero, Greek siro. However, Polish linguist Stanisław Rospond derived the denomination of Srb from srbati. Sorbian scholar H. Schuster-Šewc suggested a connection with the Proto-Slavic verb for "to slurp" *sьrb-, with cognates such as сёрбать, сьорбати, сёрбаць, srbati, сърбам and серебати.
From 1945 to 1963, the official name for Serbia was the People's Republic of Serbia, which became the Socialist Republic of Serbia from 1963 to 1990. Since 1990, the official name of the country is the "Republic of Serbia". However, between the period from 1992 to 2006, the official names of the country were the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro. Archeological evidence of Paleolithic settlements on the territory of present-day Serbia are scarce. A fragment of a human jaw was believed to be up to 525,000 -- 397,000 years old. Around 6,500 years BC, during the Neolithic, the Starčevo and Vinča cultures existed in or near modern-day Belgrade and dominated much of Southeastern Europe. Two important local archeological sites from this era, Lepenski Vir and Vinča-Belo Brdo, still exist near the banks of the Danube. During the Iron Age, Thracians and Illyrians were encountered by the Ancient Greeks during their expansion into the south of modern Serbia in the 4th century BC.
The Celtic tribe of Scordisci settled throughout the area in the 3rd century BC and formed a tribal state, building several fortifications, including their capital at Singidunum and Naissos. The Romans conquered much of the territory in the 2nd century BC. In 167 BC the Roman province of Illyricum was established; as a result of this, contemporary Serbia extends or over several former Roman provinces, including Moesia, Praevalitana, Dalmatia and Macedoni