Metro Donostialdea is a rapid transit system serving the city of San Sebastián and the Donostialdea area, within Gipuzkoa and reaching the city of Hendaye. The line was renamed Metro Donostialdea and converted into an urban rapid transit system in August 2012, it was known as the Topo line and part of the Euskotren Trena commuter rail network. In August 2012 its livery was changed to reflect the new brand, metro donostialdea, new stations were opened, creating the called "Line 1" and seven new stations are expected to be constructed and opened within the city of San Sebastián to complete the aforementioned first line It is operated by the Basque Railways and it uses meter gauge. Once finished, it will become the second metro system in the Basque Country, after Metro Bilbao, opened in 1995; the metro network expects to give rapid transit services to 65% of the population of Gipuzkoa and will serve important towns and cities as Lasarte-Oria, San Sebastián, Errenteria and Hendaye. The network of Metro Donostialdea is connected with the rest of the Euskotren Trena network and with SNCF.
The current metro line was opened on December 5, 1912 as a regional train connecting the city of San Sebastián with Irun. The network was subsequently owned by Feve, the Spanish narrow-gauge railway company until its transference to the Basque Government in the 1970s when it was transformed into EuskoTren, along with other narrow-gauge lines in the Basque Country; the line connected the cities of Lasarte-Oria, San Sebastián, Pasaia and Hendaye as EuskoTren's "Line 2" known as "el topo". To what happened in Bilbao for the creation of Metro Bilbao, it was announced that the line would be renamed, its livery changed, to Metro Donostialdea, improving its frequencies and projecting the construction of at least seven new stations to serve the Donostialdea area, the San Sebastián city and its metropolitan area, plus the city of Hendaye; as of October 2012, the livery has been changed and renamed, from Euskotren Trena to Metro Donostialdea and the construction of the new stations has begun. Despite the rename, unlike Metro Bilbao, the network is still operated by Euskotren Trena, with the same rolling stock.
The service is operated by the Basque Railways, a public railway company owned by the Basque Government on a railway network owned by Euskal Trenbide Sarea. The network of Metro Donostialdea has only one line, connecting the city of Lasarte-Oria with San Sebastián, Pasaia and Hendaye, with seven new stations projected and the possibility of expanding the network in the future. Line 1 - Lasarte-Oria to Hendaye As of October 2012, with the line still uncompleted, the frequencies are every 7.5 minutes at peak hours between the stations of Amara and Herrera, up to 15 minutes in the rest of the line, 30 minutes in the ends of the line. Line 1Lasarte Errekalde Añorga Lugaritz Amara Anoeta Loiola Intxaurrondo Herrera Altza Pasaia Galtzaraborda Errenteria Fanderia Oiartzun Gaintxurizketa Bentak Belaskoenea Irun Colón Irun Ficoba Hendaia Metro Donostialdea uses the same electric multiple units as Euskotren Trena, the series UT 900 produced by the Basque company CAF; the rolling stock uses the Euskotren Trena livery.
They are of blue and orange circles in the doors. Older rolling stock maintains the blue and white colours, usual in Euskotren since 2002. Euskotren Trena Metro Bilbao
Hernani is a town and municipality located in the province of Gipuzkoa, Basque Autonomous Community, Spain. The town sits on the left bank of the Urumea river, it is located at a distance of 9.2 km from San Sebastian. The municipality of Hernani occupies an area of 40 square kilometres and is bordered by San Sebastián, Arano, Errenteria, Lasarte-Oria and Urnieta. From the town centre, at the foot of Mount Santa Barbara, it is possible to see a large area of the valley of Urumea, its festivities, held between 23 and 27 June in honour of John the Baptist. The title character of Victor Hugo's play Hernani is named after the town. During the Middle Ages, the territory that would form the province of Gipuzkoa was divided in valleys and Hernani was one of them; the valley of Hernani extended through all the space surrounding the lower courses of the rivers Urumea and Oria. The valley of Hernani is first attested in a document whereby the Castilian count Fernán González of Castile grants vows in favour of the Monasteries of San Millan de la Cogolla, dating from the year 938 but believed to be a fake document from the thirteenth century.
Dated from the late twelfth century, the donation document of the Monastery of San Sebastián to the Monastery of Leyre in Navarre by the king Sancho VI of Navarre states that the monastery of San Sebastián was in the borders of Hernani. When this Navarrese king founded the town of San Sebastián around 1180, the territory of the valley of Hernani was included within the jurisdiction of the new coastal town, it is not known when Hernani turned into a town, with its charter being lost in a fire along with other files. Some assume that the foundation of the town occurred during the reign of the king Alfonso X of Castile in the second half of the 13th century, when this king established a network of strategic towns dotting the route reaching the coast of Gipuzkoa, with Hernani as one of its strategic localities. Others delay the foundation of the town until the late 14th century in 1379, as a document of the 15th century cites an agreement between the councils of Hernani and San Sebastián for the use of the mountains of the valley of Urumea that took place in 1379, which attests to the existence by that time of the town Hernani.
The town of Hernani extended its jurisdiction only to part of the old valley. It lost all the coastal and lower valley of Urumea now included in the San Sebastián strip, the western area in the valley of the Oria, which became the town of Usurbil in 1371, its western limit continued to be the Oria river, while on the east the mountains separated it from Oiartzun. The old town of Hernani sits on a 42 metres high rise towering over the left bank of the river Urumea and in turn located at the foot of Mount Santa Barbara; the old town was oval in shape, surrounded by walls with several entrances, of which only one is surviving to date. It was made up of two streets, the High Street, Kale Nagusia, Kardaberaz Street, intersected at the same time by a perpendicular lane; the first municipal ordinances go back to 1542, since copies of the 1512 ordinances disappeared during an invasion of the French army. The town has been subject to invasions and destruction numerous times throughout its history: the medieval factional wars, French invasions in the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries.
In 1986, Lasarte, a historical district of Hernani located in the valley of Oria, detached from the town following its rapid urban and demographic development. The town lies on a traditionally Basque-speaking area, with the municipality showing a Basque-Spanish bilingual landscape. Hernani is the biggest and most important of the towns with strong tradition in the artisan production of Basque cider. Together with Astigarraga and Usúrbil it is one of the areas where most of the Guipuzcoan cider houses are concentrated. There are many of these establishments in the city. During cider season the locality welcomes numerous visitors who come from Gipuzkoa and neighbouring provinces to the cider houses; the bars of the old town of Hernani have a special animation during the weekends this time thanks to these visitors. The town festivities are held at the end of June, it is traditional that on the days 24, 25 and 26 June, coinciding with the celebrations, the mentioned Maskuri-danza or Azeri-danza is held, a traditional dance, now known by the latter name because in the 1980s, a character with a mask made of a fox who accompanied him was added.
The neighbourhoods of Hernani celebrate their own festivals: Elizatxo Santa Cruz, Ereñozu San Antonio, Santa Barbara San Ignacio, El Puerto, the martyrdom of John the Baptist and Zikuñaga the Virgin of Zikuñaga. The town of Hernani walled, is cataloged as Monumental Ensemble. Inside the medieval layout of the streets and some buildings of interest it is preserved. Religious monuments Parochial Church of San Juan Bautista. Convent of San Agustin. Igoin-Akola Dolmen. Cromlechs. Civil monuments Town Hall. Fort of Santa Barbara. Tower-house of the Gentiles. Laundry and public source of Leoka. Gateway to the village in the canton of Zapa. In the town of Hernani is the Chillida-Leku museum devoted to the work of sculptor Eduardo Chillida, natural of San Sebastian. From the 1960s, there was a g
Tolosaldea is one of the eight comarcas in Gipuzkoa, formed by 28 municipalities. Tolosa is the main town. About 45,000 people live in the area. Official Website
Urnieta is a town located in the province of Gipuzkoa, in the Autonomous Community of Basque Country, northern Spain. Academy Award nominee actor Timothée Chalamet visited this town during the 66th edition of the San Sebastian International Film Festival. Official Website Information Basque. URNIETA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Information available in Spanish
The Oria is a river in the Basque Country at the north of the Iberian Peninsula. It's one of a series of Basque rivers flowing into the Bay of Biscay and the main river of the province Gipuzkoa in volume and basin, the main feature of these rivers aligned south to north being their shortness; the maximum elevation at the source is 1,260 m, while at its lowest height the tidal influence extends inland up to Usurbil. On this final stretch, many marsh and wetland strips dotted the banks of the Oria, although some of them have been drained for agricultural and building purposes; the river rises at the south of the municipality of Zegama near the hamlet of Otzaurte and the San Adrian tunnel, harvesting the waters of the north-eastern side of the mountain range Aizkorri, so the river results from the merging of several streams. The first town it crosses is the nucleus of Zegama, with other major towns of Gipuzkoa being located on the river, e.g. Beasain, Tolosa, Lasarte-Oria and Orio at the mouth.
From Lasarte-Oria to Orio, the sinuous and traffic laden coastal road N-634 winds along. The Oria is an important axis for the province of Gipuzkoa; the major road A-1 runs along the Oria most of the time, as well as the Spanish Northern Railway, right from its rise on the slopes of Aizkorri. Its watershed holds a population of 128,000 inhabitants, most of the lowland being inhabited, while the area of its southernmost stretch is sparsely populated; the banks of the river were intensely industrialized starting in the middle of the 19th century and later. At that point, its environmental situation began to revert, the river showing a healthy condition. There exists an unstable trout population downstream of Andoain, while other fish prevail and remain steady, i.e. Cyprinidae such as barbel and ray-finned fish. A stretch of the estuary by the village Aginaga is known for its baby eels and harvested for human consumption before they grow up, providing for a much appreciated and dearly paid delicacy, while they were neglected just some decades ago.
There are several streams and small rivers flowing into the Oria. The main tributaries are Leitzaran in Andoain and Araxes in Tolosa
Lasarte-Oria is a town located in the province of Gipuzkoa, in the Autonomous Community of Basque Country, northern Spain. It was founded in 1986. Official Website Information Basque. LASARTE-ORIA in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia Information available in Spanish
San Sebastián or Donostia is a coastal city and municipality located in the Basque Autonomous Community, Spain. It lies on the coast of the Bay of 20 km from the French border; the capital city of Gipuzkoa, the municipality's population is 186,095 as of 2015, with its metropolitan area reaching 436,500 in 2010. Locals call themselves donostiarra, both in Basque; the main economic activities are commerce and tourism, it is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Spain. Despite the city’s small size, events such as the San Sebastián International Film Festival have given it an international dimension. San Sebastián, along with Wrocław, was the European Capital of Culture in 2016. In spite of appearances, both the Basque form Donostia and the Spanish form San Sebastián have the same meaning of Saint Sebastian; the dona/done/doni element in Basque place-names is derived from Latin domine. There are two hypotheses regarding the evolution of the Basque name: one says it was *Done Sebastiáne > Donasaastiai > Donasastia > Donastia > Donostia, the other one says it was *Done Sebastiane > *Done Sebastiae > *Done Sebastie > *Donesebastia > *Donasastia > *Donastia > Donostia.
The city is located in the north of the Basque Autonomous Community, on the southern coast of the Bay of Biscay. San Sebastián's three picturesque beaches, Concha and Zurriola, make it a popular resort; the town is surrounded by accessible hilly areas: Urgull, Mount Ulia, Mount Adarra and Igeldo. The city sits at the mouth of the River Urumea, Donostia was built to a large extent on the river's wetlands over the last two centuries. In fact, the city centre and the districts of Amara Berri and Riberas de Loiola lie on the former bed of the river, diverted to its current canalized course in the first half of the 20th century. San Sebastián features an oceanic climate with cool winters. Like many cities with this climate, San Sebastián experiences cloudy or overcast conditions for the majority of the year with some precipitation; the city averages 1,650 mm of precipitation annually, evenly spread throughout the year. However, the city is somewhat drier and noticeably sunnier in the summer months, experiencing on average 100 mm of precipitation during those months.
Average temperatures range from 8.9 °C in January to 21.5 °C in August. The first evidence of human stationary presence in the current city is the settlement of Ametzagaña, between South Intxaurrondo and Astigarraga; the unearthed remains, such as carved stone used as knives to cut animal skin, date from 24,000 to 22,000 BC. The open-air findings of the Upper Paleolithic have revealed that the settlers were hunters and Homo sapiens, besides pointing to a much colder climate at the time. San Sebastián is thought to have been in the territory of the Varduli in Roman times. 10 km east of the current city lay the Basque Roman town of Oiasso, for a long time wrongly identified with San Sebastián. After a long period of silence in evidence, in 1014 the monastery of St. Sebastián with its apple orchards, located in the term of Hernani, is donated to the Abbey of Leire by Sancho III of Pamplona. By 1181, the city is chartered by king Sancho VI of Pamplona on the site of Izurum, having jurisdiction over all the territory between the rivers Oria and Bidasoa.
In 1200, the city was conquered by Castile, whose king Alfonso VIII, confirmed its charter, but the Kingdom of Navarre was deprived of its main direct access out to the sea. As soon as 1204, the city nucleus at the foot of Urgull started to be populated with Gascon-speaking colonizers from Bayonne and beyond, who left an important imprint in the city's identity in the centuries to come. In 1265, the use of the city as a seaport is granted to Navarre as part of a wedding pact; the large quantity of Gascons inhabiting the town favoured the development of trade with other European ports and Gascony. The city steered clear of the destructive War of the Bands in Gipuzkoa, the only town in doing so in that territory. In fact, the town only joined Gipuzkoa in 1459. Up to the 16th century, Donostia remained out of wars, but by the beginning of the 15th century, a line of walls of simple construction is attested encircling the town; the last chapter of the town in the Middle Ages was brought about by a fire that devastated Donostia in 1489.
After burning to the ground, the town began a new renaissance by building up with stone instead of bare timber. The advent of the Modern Age brought a period of war for the city. New state boundaries were drawn; the town provided critical naval help to Emperor Charles V during the siege of Hondarribia, which earned the town the titles "Muy Noble y Muy Leal", recorded on its coat of arms. The town aided the monarch by sending a party to the Battle of Noain and providing help to quash the Revolt of the Comuneros in 1521. After these events, who had played a leading role in the political and economic life of the town since its foundation, began to be excluded from influential public positions by means of a string of regional sentences uphe