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Bush doof
Rainbow Serpent Festival.jpg
General Information
Related genres Trance music, electronic dance music, goa, dub techno, psychedelic trance, ebm, industrial music, prangga, jungle music
Location Oceania, United Kingdom, United States of America, Europe, Asia, Japan, South Korea
Related events Category:Music festivals, music festival, rave, trance festival, electronic dance music festival, teknival, free party, Category:Trance festivals, Category:Electronic music festivals in Australia

Originating in the Sydney post-punk electronic music scene of the early 1990s, the slang term doof or bush doof refers to a type of outdoor dance party generally held in a remote country area or just outside big cities in surrounding bush or rainforest. Originating from Australia and New Zealand, events referred to as 'doofs' are now found worldwide and have built from a small set of social groups to a sub-culture with millions of active members worldwide, considered by some as a full blown culture [1] similar to raves or teknivals. Doofs generally have healing workshops, speakers, art, live artists and DJs playing a range of electronic music, commonly goa, dub techno, Techno, acid heavy sounds and psychedelic trance. "Doof doof" is an Australian term for loud electronic music centred on a heavy bass drum kick.[2][3]


The name is onomatopoeic, and is derived from the sound of the kick drum used in the electronic music frequently played at these events (as in "doof doof doof doof music").[4] According to Peter Strong[5], the original term "doof" was created in Newtown, Sydney in Spring 1992, after a neighbour of the Non Bossy Posse knocked on the door to complain about their music: "What is this Doof Doof Doof I hear all night long, this is not music" she exclaimed.[6] The term did not become a popular designation for outdoor dance parties until after the mid-1990s.


During the 1990s free dance parties proliferated in Sydney, particularly in Sydney Park in St Peters and warehouses of the Inner West. As pressure from police and councils increased, holding parties in the bush appeared as a more viable option.

The first commercial doof party to be hosted within Australia and New Zealand was Earthcore in 1993. Today the term 'doof' can describe anything from a small gathering in the bush focused around a small sound system to a multi-day, multi-stage event with DJs, bands and workshops.

In 2013 the Australian Macquarie Dictionary officially and publicly added the word bush doof to their index.[7]

Radio Stations[edit]

There are 'doof' radio stations that serve as focal points for a worldwide community, including:

List of doofs[edit]


See also[edit]