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Doom Patrol

Doom Patrol is a superhero team from DC Comics. The original Doom Patrol first appeared in My Greatest Adventure #80, was created by writers Arnold Drake and Bob Haney, artist Bruno Premiani. Doom Patrol has appeared in different incarnations in multiple comics, have been adapted to other media. Although not one of the most popular superhero teams, they have never been out of print for more than a few years since their introduction. Doom Patrol are a group of super-powered misfits whose "gifts" caused them trauma. Dubbed the "World's Strangest Heroes", the original team included the Chief, Elasti-Girl, Negative Man with additional members Beast Boy and Mento joining soon after; the team remained the featured characters of My Greatest Adventure, soon re-titled Doom Patrol from issue #86 onwards. The original series was canceled in 1968 when Drake killed the team off in the final issue, Doom Patrol #121. Since there have been six Doom Patrol series, with Robotman as the only character to appear in all of them.

Doom Patrol first appeared in 1963, when the DC title My Greatest Adventure, an adventure anthology, was being converted to a superhero format. The task, assigned to writer Arnold Drake, was to create a team. With fellow writer Bob Haney and artist Bruno Premiani, he created Doom Patrol, a team of super-powered misfits who were regarded as freaks by the world at large. According to Drake, editor Murray Boltinoff told him My Greatest Adventure was in danger of cancellation and he wanted him to create a new feature which might save it. Boltinoff was enthusiastic about Drake's initial pitch with Elasti-Girl and Automaton, but Drake wanted a third character and enlisted Haney's help in coming up with Negative Man; the team was announced as "The Legion of the Strange". Doom Patrol were announced on the cover art of My Greatest Adventure #80. Drake and Haney devised the plot for the issue together, each scripted half the issue independently. Doctor Niles Caulder motivated the original Doom Patrol, bitter from being isolated from the world, to use their powers for the greater good.

My Greatest Adventure was retitled The Doom Patrol beginning with issue #86. The members of the Doom Patrol quarrelled and suffered personal problems, something, common among superhero teams published by Marvel Comics, but was novel among the DC lineup. Doom Patrol's rogues gallery matched the weird tone of the series. Villains included the immortality-seeking General Immortus, the shape-shifting Animal-Vegetable-Mineral Man, the Brotherhood of Evil led by the Brain, a disembodied brain kept alive by technology; the Brotherhood of Evil included the intelligent gorilla Monsieur Mallah and Madame Rouge, given powers similar to those of Elongated Man, with the extra attribute of a malleable face, allowing her to impersonate various people. The Doom Patrol had two crossovers: one with the Challengers of the Unknown, teaming up to fight Multi-Man and Multi-Woman; as the popularity of the book waned, the publisher cancelled it. Drake killed off the entire Doom Patrol in the final issue, Doom Patrol #121 where Doom Patrol sacrificed their lives to Madame Rouge and General Zahl to save the small fishing village of Codsville, Maine.

This was the first time in comic book history that a cancelled title was concluded with the death of its cast. Artist Bruno Premiani and editor Murray Boltinoff appeared at the beginning and the end of the story, asking fans to write to DC to resurrect Doom Patrol, although the latter was supposed to have been Arnold Drake. According to the writer, he was replaced with the editor because he had just resigned over a pay dispute and moved to Marvel Comics, he finished the script only out of friendship for Boltinoff. A few years three more issues appeared, reprints of earlier issues. A proper Doom Patrol revival did not occur nine years after the original's demise; some similarities exist between Marvel Comics' original X-Men. Both include misfit superheroes shunned by society and both are led by men of preternatural intelligence who use wheelchairs; these similarities led series writer Arnold Drake to argue that the concept of the X-Men must have been based on the Doom Patrol. Drake stated:... I've become more convinced that knowingly stole The X-Men from The Doom Patrol.

Over the years I learned that an awful lot of writers and artists were working surreptitiously between. Therefore from when I first brought the idea into Murray Boltinoff’s office, it would’ve been easy for someone to walk over and hear that working on a story about a bunch of reluctant superheroes who are led by a man in a wheelchair. So over the years, I began to feel, he may well have had four, five, or six months. In an interview shortly before his death in 2007, Drake took a more moderate position, stating that while it is possible Lee took his ideas from Doom Patrol, he could have arrived at a similar concept independently: "Since we were working in the same vineyards, if you do enough of that stuff, sooner or you will kind of look like you are imitating each other." Writer Paul Kupperberg, a longtime Doom Patrol fan, ar

Somewhere Out There (Our Lady Peace song)

"Somewhere Out There" is a song by Canadian alternative rock group Our Lady Peace. It was released in April 2002 as Gravity, it was the most successful single from the album, is their most internationally successful single. The correct title of the song is indeed "Somewhere Out There", however the specific chorus lyrics "defying gravity" and the fact that the album is titled Gravity, led some to believe that the title of the song was "Gravity"; the song is mislabeled as such in some search engines, lyric websites, P2P file-sharing programs. The song is one of Our Lady Peace's most successful singles to date, having been popular both in Canada and the United States. Many critics praised the single, but some criticized it for being "too mainstream", saying that the artistic uniqueness that Our Lady Peace possessed in former albums was absent here. In one of Our Lady Peace's most recent albums, A Decade, which includes many of Our Lady Peace's greatest hits, "Somewhere Out There" is featured; the song appeared in the compilation Now That's What I Call Music!

11, plus the end credits of the White Noise, an episode of Smallville. "Somewhere Out There" was culled from two sets of lyrics written by Raine Maida during Christmas, 2001. "Bob called me in Toronto the night before Christmas and asked if I had any other song ideas that we should consider before we headed back to Hawaii to finish the album in January," he explained. "The phone call propelled me to write seven new songs during the ten days we had off at Christmas. When we got back to Maui, he combined a verse from one song and a chorus from another and'Somewhere Out There" was born. Four versions of the single were released. In the United States and Canada, a one-track promotional CD was sent to radio stations only. In Europe and Australia, where the single was commercially released on September 9, 2002, three live bonus tracks, "Starseed", "Whatever", "4 AM" were included, they were recorded in June 2001 in New York during the Spiritual Machines tour. "4 AM" is sung by the audience. The single was released in Europe on September 2002 with "Whatever" omitted.

The fourth version, released in 2003 as part of the promotion for Live, contains the live version of "Bring Back the Sun" from that album. The music video was directed by Eric Heimbold, it was filmed in Montreal. It shows the band performing for fans on a rounded stage lit up in a dark studio. Most of the video focuses on a woman, played by actress Sarah Sanguin Carter, who climbs to the top of a speaker tower and throws herself off, being caught by the crowd; the video was released on May 22, 2002. This is Steve Mazur's first appearance in the band since former lead guitarist Mike Turner left to form Fair Ground. "Somewhere Out There" Official music video on YouTube Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk

Kemal Atatürk referred to as Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, was a Turkish field marshal, revolutionary statesman and founder of the Republic of Turkey, serving as its first President from 1923 until his death in 1938. His leadership undertook sweeping progressive reforms, which modernized Turkey into a secular, industrial nation. Ideologically a secularist and nationalist, his policies and theories became known as Kemalism. Due to his military and political accomplishments, Atatürk is regarded according to studies as one of the greatest leaders of the 20th century. Atatürk came to prominence for his role in securing the Ottoman Turkish victory at the Battle of Gallipoli during World War I. Following the defeat and dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, he led the Turkish National Movement, which resisted the mainland Turkey's partition among the victorious Allied powers. Establishing a provisional government in the present-day Turkish capital Ankara, he defeated the forces sent by the Allies, thus emerging victorious from what was referred to as the Turkish War of Independence.

He subsequently proceeded to abolish the decrepit Ottoman Empire and proclaimed the foundation of the Turkish Republic in its place. As the president of the newly formed Turkish Republic, Atatürk initiated a rigorous program of political and cultural reforms with the ultimate aim of building a modern and secular nation-state, he made primary education free and compulsory, opening thousands of new schools all over the country. He introduced the Latin-based Turkish alphabet, replacing the old Ottoman Turkish alphabet. Turkish women received equal civil and political rights during Atatürk's presidency ahead of many Western countries. In particular, women were given voting rights in local elections by Act no. 1580 on 3 April 1930 and a few years in 1934, full universal suffrage, earlier than most other democracies in the world. His government carried out a policy of Turkicisation trying to create a homogeneous and unified nation. Under Atatürk, non-Turkish minorities were pressured to speak Turkish in public, non-Turkish toponyms and last names of minorities had to be changed to Turkish renditions.

The Turkish Parliament granted him the surname Atatürk in 1934, which means "Father of the Turks", in recognition of the role he played in building the modern Turkish Republic. He died on 10 November 1938 at the age of 57 in Dolmabahçe Palace, his iconic mausoleum and opened in 1953, is surrounded by a park called the Peace Park in honor of his famous expression "Peace at Home, Peace in the World". In 1981, the centennial of Atatürk's birth, his memory was honoured by the UN and UNESCO, which declared it The Atatürk Year in the World and adopted the Resolution on the Atatürk Centennial, describing him as "the leader of the first struggle given against colonialism and imperialism" and a "remarkable promoter of the sense of understanding between peoples and durable peace between the nations of the world and that he worked all his life for the development of harmony and cooperation between peoples without distinction". Atatürk is commemorated by many memorials throughout Turkey and numerous countries all over the world, where place names are named in honor of him.

Eleftherios Venizelos, former Prime Minister of Greece, forwarded Atatürk's name for the 1934 Nobel Peace Prize. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was born in the early months of 1881, either in the Ahmet Subaşı neighbourhood or at a house in Islahhane Street in the Koca Kasım Pasha neighbourhood in Salonica, Ottoman Empire, to Ali Rıza Efendi, a militia officer, title deed clerk and lumber trader, Zübeyde Hanım. Only one of Mustafa's siblings, a sister named. According to Andrew Mango, his family was Albanian Muslim, Turkish-speaking and precariously middle-class, his father Ali Rıza is thought to have been of Albanian origin by some authors. His mother Zübeyde is thought to have been of Turkish origin, according to Şevket Süreyya Aydemir, she was of Yörük ancestry. According to other sources, he was Bulgarian. Due to the large Jewish community of Thessaloniki in the Ottoman period, many of the Islamist opponents who are disturbed by his reforms claimed that Atatürk had Dönmeh ancestors, Jews converted to Islam.

He was born Mustafa, his second name Kemal was given to him by his mathematics teacher, Captain Üsküplü Mustafa Efendi, "in admiration of his capability and maturity" according to Afet İnan, according to Ali Fuat Cebesoy, because his teacher wanted to distinguish his student who had the same name as him, although biographer Andrew Mango suggests that he may have chosen the name himself as a tribute to the nationalist poet Namık Kemal. In his early years, his mother encouraged Atatürk to attend a religious school, something he did reluctantly and only briefly, he attended the Şemsi Efendi School at the direction of his father. His parents wanted him to learn a trade, but without consulting them, Atatürk took the entrance exam for the Salonica Military School in 1893. In 1896, he enrolled in the Monastir Military High S

Beth Tikvah Synagogue (Toronto)

Beth Tikvah Synagogue is an egalitarian synagogue in the Willowdale neighbourhood of Toronto, with a membership of 1100 families. Although the worship style is traditional-conservative, the synagogue formally disaffiliated with the United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism in 2013; the synagogue was founded on April 14, 1964 as Shaarei Tikvah, after a synagogue in Amsterdam, razed by the Nazis. It became Beth Tikvah after a merger in 1966 with the Bayview Synagogue Association. Rabbi Avraham Feder served as the first rabbi of the synagogue from 1967, he continues to serve as Rabbi Emeritus. Srul Irving Glick, the famed composer and conductor, served as Beth Tikvah's composer-in-residence from 1969 to 2002


Mahāsamādhi, the great and final samādhi, is the act of consciously and intentionally leaving one's body. A realized and enlightened, yogi or yogini who has attained the state of nirvikalpa samādhi, will, at an appropriate time, consciously exit from their body and attains Paramukti; this is known as mahāsamādhi. This is not the same as the physical death. In Hindu or Yogic traditions mahasamadhi or the great samadhi means that a realized master left his body while in a deep, conscious meditative state. Enlightened yogis take their mahāsamādhi during their final practice of samādhi: and they transcend during this final sādhanā practice. Therefore, mahāsamādhi occurs only once in a lifetime, when the yogi casts off their mortal frame and their karma is extinguished upon death. An enlightened or realized yogi is one who has attained the nondual state of nirvikalpa samadhi where duality of subject and object are resolved and the yogi becomes permanently established in the unity of full enlightenment.

Each realized yogi prepares for mahāsamādhi in a unique fashion. Some enlightened beings who live a public life, giving their teachings and methods to attain enlightenment sometimes declare before hand of the day of their attaining liberation and attain Mahasamadhi at that time On September 26, 1895 Lahiri Mahasaya consciously entered mahasamadhi, he first however let. He stood up and turned around three times and resumed sitting crossed legged, the lotus posture and faced forth. On March 7, 1952, Paramahansa Yogananda entered mahasamadhi, described as the conscious exit from the body at the time of physical death. One of Yogananda's direct disciples, Daya Mata, said that Yogananda told her, "Do you realize that it is just a matter of hours and I will be gone from this earth?"A Bramhachari/Sanyasi who attains mahasamadhi is buried post attaining mahasamadhi

James W.C. Pennington

James William Charles Pennington was an African-American orator, minister and abolitionist active in Brooklyn, New York. He reached New York. After working in Brooklyn and gaining some education, he was admitted to Yale University as its first black student, he completed studies and was ordained as a minister in the Congregational Church also serving in Presbyterian churches for congregations in Hartford, Connecticut. After the Civil War, he served congregations in Mississippi. In the antebellum period, Pennington was an abolitionist, among the American delegates to the Second World Conference on Slavery in London. In 1850, he happened to be in Scotland; as it increased the risk for fugitive slaves in the North, Pennington stayed in the British Isles while friends worked to buy his freedom from his former master and from his estate. Pennington raised funds for the abolition movement on the public lecture circuit in England. Pennington wrote and published what is considered the first history of blacks in the United States, The Origin and History of the Colored People.

His memoir, The Fugitive Blacksmith, was first published in 1849 in London. Born into slavery in 1807, he was named James at a Tilghman plantation on the Eastern Shore of Maryland; when he was four years old and his mother were given to Frisby Tilghman, their master's son, as a wedding gift. They were taken by the younger Tilghman to his new plantation called Rockland, near Hagerstown in western Maryland. There James was trained as a blacksmith. On October 28, 1827, at the age of nineteen, James escaped from the plantation, leaving behind his parents and eleven siblings. After a series of misadventures James reached Adams County, where he was taken in by Quakers William and Phoebe Wright, they were glad to assist the fugitive from slavery, began to teach him to read and write, as well as paying him wages for his work. As James was illiterate, Wright began to teach him to write. James adopted the middle name "William" after his benefactor, the surname "Pennington," after Isaac Penington, an English man, prominent in Quaker history.

Moving north to Brooklyn, New York a year in 1828, Pennington found work as a coachman for a wealthy lawyer. He continued his education, paying tutors out of his earnings, teaching himself Latin and Greek. New York's law for gradual abolition of slavery did not free all adults until 1827. In the early 1800s Kings County and Brooklyn on Long Island still had many enslaved laborers, as they were important to the agricultural economy of the area at the time. Pennington attended the first Negro National Convention in Philadelphia in 1829, he continued to be active in the Negro Convention movement, becoming its presiding officer in 1853. Within five years he had learned so much, he became involved in the Shiloh Presbyterian Church, Manhattan. Wanting more education, he was accepted as the first black student at Yale University, though with the proviso that he must sit in the back of the room and not ask questions. After completing his studies at Yale, Pennington was ordained to the ministry of the Congregational Church.

He first served a congregation on Long Island in Queens. It is important to note that James W. C. Pennington was never accepted as a student at Yale University in the 1830s, he was allowed to attend classes but could not participate as a student nor did he receive any degree or certificate at Yale. It wasn't until 2016 that "Dean of Yale Divinity School Gregory Sterling dedicated a classroom in honor of James Pennington, the first black student at Yale" as reported on October 7th by USA Today; the first Black student to receive a degree at Yale University was Richard Henry Green in 1857. Next Pennington was called in 1840 by the Talcott Street Church in Connecticut. While serving as minister, Pennington wrote what is believed to be the first history of African Americans, The Origin and History of the Colored People, drawing on current works of the time, he became involved in the abolition movement. He was selected as a delegate to the Second World Conference on Slavery in London. While in England, he had been invited by churches to preach and serve communion as a matter of course as a visiting minister.

After returning to Hartford, he told his white colleagues about this and persuaded them to include him in their pulpit exchanges. On this circuit, he was the first black pastor to preach in a number of Connecticut churches, he became friends with John Hooker, one of his parishioners, confiding in him in 1844 his status as a fugitive slave and concern about his future. Hooker opened secret negotiations for purchase with Frisby Tilghman. Hooker and Pennington did not have the $500 demanded by the master, who died soon after. Pennington was among those in the late 1830s who became involved in seeking justice for West African Mende people illegally taken in slavery. After they mutinied and sailed their ship to Long Island, they were taken into custody by the United States. Spain, the ship's owners, the US and the Mende, all had roles in the complex case. In the Amistad case, litigated from 1839-1841, the courts were called on to determine whether the Mende were property of the ship's owners, or Spain, or free.

It was settled by the United States Supreme Court, which ruled in favor of the Mende, saying that as free men (since the African slave tra