Democratic Party (United States)
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party; the Democrats' dominant worldview was once social conservatism and economic liberalism, while populism was its leading characteristic in the rural South. In 1912, Theodore Roosevelt ran as a third-party candidate in the Progressive Party, beginning a switch of political platforms between the Democratic and Republican Party over the coming decades, leading to Woodrow Wilson being elected as the first fiscally progressive Democrat. Since Franklin D. Roosevelt and his New Deal coalition in the 1930s, the Democratic Party has promoted a social liberal platform, supporting social justice. Well into the 20th century, the party had conservative pro-business and Southern conservative-populist anti-business wings.
The New Deal Coalition of 1932–1964 attracted strong support from voters of recent European extraction—many of whom were Catholics based in the cities. After Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal of the 1930s, the pro-business wing withered outside the South. After the racial turmoil of the 1960s, most Southern whites and many Northern Catholics moved into the Republican Party at the presidential level; the once-powerful labor union element became less supportive after the 1970s. White Evangelicals and Southerners became Republican at the state and local level since the 1990s. People living in metropolitan areas, women and gender minorities, college graduates, racial and ethnic minorities in the United States, such as Jewish Americans, Hispanic Americans, Asian Americans, Arab Americans and African Americans, tend to support the Democratic Party much more than they support the rival Republican Party; the Democratic Party's philosophy of modern liberalism advocates social and economic equality, along with the welfare state.
It seeks to provide government regulation in the economy. These interventions, such as the introduction of social programs, support for labor unions, affordable college tuitions, moves toward universal health care and equal opportunity, consumer protection and environmental protection form the core of the party's economic policy. Fifteen Democrats have served as President of the United States; the first was President Andrew Jackson, the seventh president and served from 1829 to 1837. The most recent was President Barack Obama, the 44th president and held office from 2009 to 2017. Following the 2018 midterm elections, the Democrats held a majority in the House of Representatives, "trifectas" in 14 states, the mayoralty of numerous major American cities, such as Boston, Los Angeles, New York City, San Francisco, Portland and Washington, D. C. Twenty-three state governors were Democrats, the Party was the minority party in the Senate and in most state legislatures; as of March 2019, four of the nine Justices of the Supreme Court had been appointed by Democratic presidents.
Democratic Party officials trace its origins to the inspiration of the Democratic-Republican Party, founded by Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and other influential opponents of the Federalists in 1792. That party inspired the Whigs and modern Republicans. Organizationally, the modern Democratic Party arose in the 1830s with the election of Andrew Jackson. Since the nomination of William Jennings Bryan in 1896, the party has positioned itself to the left of the Republican Party on economic issues, they have been more liberal on civil rights issues since 1948. On foreign policy, both parties have changed position several times; the Democratic Party evolved from the Jeffersonian Republican or Democratic-Republican Party organized by Jefferson and Madison in opposition to the Federalist Party of Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. The party favored republicanism; the Democratic-Republican Party came to power in the election of 1800. After the War of 1812, the Federalists disappeared and the only national political party left was the Democratic-Republicans.
The era of one-party rule in the United States, known as the Era of Good Feelings, lasted from 1816 until the early 1830s, when the Whig Party became a national political group to rival the Democratic-Republicans. However, the Democratic-Republican Party still had its own internal factions, they split over the choice of a successor to President James Monroe and the party faction that supported many of the old Jeffersonian principles, led by Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren, became the modern Democratic Party. As Norton explains the transformation in 1828: Jacksonians believed the people's will had prevailed. Through a lavishly financed coalition of state parties, political leaders, newspaper editors, a popular movement had elected the president; the Democrats became the nation's first well-organized national party and tight party organization became the hallmark of nineteenth-century American politics. Opposing factions led by Henry Clay helped form the Whig Party; the Democratic Party had a small yet decisive advantage over the Whigs until the 1850s, when the Whigs fell apart over the issue of slavery.
In 1854, angry with the Kansas–Nebraska Act, anti-slavery Dem
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
Mill Hollow is a valley in northern Douglas County the Ozarks of southern Missouri. The headwaters of the stream that occupies the hollow are at 37°01′28″N 92°38′26″W and the confluence with Bryant Creek is at 37°02′06″N 92°36′33″W; the stream in the valley is fed by a perennial spring with its source near the upper reaches of the valley. Missouri Route 5 runs parallel to the valley on the southeast side; the valley is the location of Ava Roadside Park which lies adjacent to Route 5 five miles north of Ava. Mill Hollow was named for a mill which once stood in the valley in the 1830s
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Christian County, Missouri
Christian County is a county located in the southwestern part of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,422, its county seat is Ozark. The county was organized in 1859 and is named after William Christian, a Kentucky soldier of the American Revolutionary War. Christian County is part of MO Metropolitan Statistical Area. Between 2000 and 2010, it was the fastest growing county in Missouri and one of the fastest growing in the nation as the county became more suburban due to the booming growth in Springfield. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 564 square miles, of which 563 square miles is land and 1.2 square miles is water. The county is drained by branches of the White River; the surface is hilly. Greene County Webster County Douglas County Taney County Stone County Lawrence County U. S. Route 60 U. S. Route 65 U. S. Route 160 Route 13 Route 14 Route 125 Mark Twain National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 54,285 people, 20,425 households, 15,645 families residing in the county.
The population density was 96 people per square mile. There were 21,827 housing units at an average density of 39 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.31% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.42% from other races, 1.13% from two or more races. 1.32% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.7% were of American, 21.1% German, 12.3% English and 11.3% Irish ancestry. There were 20,425 households out of which 38.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.00% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.40% were non-families. 19.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.00. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.80% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 31.70% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, 10.60% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $50,200, the median income for a family was $58,806. Males had a median income of $31,929 versus $21,852 for females; the per capita income for the county was $23,873. About 7.10% of families and 9.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.20% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over. The Republican Party controls politics at the local level in Christian County; the Republicans hold all of the elected positions in the county. On May 20, 2015, Sheriff Joey Kyle plead guilty to embezzling county funds and participating in an illegal fraud scheme; as a part of a plea agreement, he resigned as sheriff, was sentenced to one year plus one day in federal prison, must repay more than $50,000 in restitution to Christian County. Christian County is divided into three legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, all of which are represented by Republicans.
District 138 — Don Phillips. Consists of the communities of Billings and part of Republic. District 139 — Rep. Jered Taylor. Consists of the communities of Clever, Highlandville and Spokane. District 140 — Rep. Lynn Morris. Consists of the communities of Freemont Hills, Ozark and Sparta. All of Christian County is a part of Missouri's 20th District in the Missouri Senate and is represented by Jay Wasson. All of Christian County is included in Missouri's 7th Congressional District and is represented by Billy Long in the U. S. House of Representatives. Like most counties situated in Southwest Missouri, Christian County is a Republican stronghold in presidential elections. George W. Bush carried Christian County in 2000 and 2004 by more than two-to-one margins, like many other rural and exurban counties throughout Missouri, Christian County favored John McCain over Barack Obama in 2008; the only Democratic Presidential candidate to win Christian County since the Civil War has been Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1932.
Like most areas throughout the Bible Belt in Southwest Missouri, voters in Christian County traditionally adhere to and culturally conservative principles which tend to influence their Republican leanings. In 2004, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to define marriage as the union between a man and a woman—it overwhelmingly passed Christian County with 80.46 percent of the vote. The initiative passed the state with 71 percent of support from voters as Missouri became the first state to ban same-sex marriage. In 2006, Missourians voted on a constitutional amendment to fund and legalize embryonic stem cell research in the state—it failed in Christian County with 58.98 percent voting against the measure. The initiative narrowly passed the state with 51 percent of support from voters as Missouri became one of the first states in the nation to approve embryonic stem cell research. Despite Christian County’s longstanding tradition of supporting conservative platforms, voters in the county have a penchant for advancing populist causes like increasing the minimum wage.
In 2006, Missourians voted on a proposition to increase the minimum wage in the state to $6.50 an hour—it passed Christian County with 73.01 percent of the vote. The proposition passed every single county in Missouri with 78.99 percent voting i
Howell County, Missouri
Howell County is a county located in the southern portion of the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 40,400; the largest city and county seat is West Plains. The county was organized on March 2, 1851, is named after Josiah Howell, a pioneer settler in the Howell Valley. Howell County comprises MO Micropolitan Statistical Area. Howell County was organized on March 2, 1857, from Oregon County, is named for Josiah Howell, who made the first settlement in Howell Valley; the first Circuit Court met in a log cabin one mile east of West Plains, according to an 1876 account. A small, wooden courthouse was built on the square in West Plains in 1859, it was damaged during the Civil War in 1862. The county was reorganized three years but all of the county records were destroyed in an 1866 fire. A second courthouse was built in West Plains in 1869, it was about 24 by 30 feet. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 928 square miles, of which 927 square miles is land and 1.1 square miles is water.
It is the third-largest county in fourth-largest by total area. Texas County Shannon County Oregon County Fulton County, Arkansas Ozark County Douglas County U. S. Route 60 U. S. Route 63 U. S. Route 160 Route 14 Route 17 Route 76 Route 142 Mark Twain National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 37,238 people, 14,762 households, 10,613 families residing in the county; the population density was 40 people per square mile. There were 16,340 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 96.41% White, 0.31% Black or African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.36% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, 1.63% from two or more races. 1.21% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major first ancestries reported in Howell County were 28.3% American, 16.4% German, 12.2% Irish, 12.1% English. There were 14,762 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.10% were non-families.
25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.5 males. The median income for a household in the county was $31,761, the median income for a family was $38,047. Males had a median income of $22,960 versus $16,968 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,184. About 14.00% of families and 18.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.3% of those under age 18 and 14.0% of those age 65 or over. According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report, Howell County is a part of the Bible Belt with evangelical Protestantism being the majority religion.
The most predominant denominations among residents in Howell County who adhere to a religion are Southern Baptists, Churches of Christ, Roman Catholics. Of adults 25 years of age and older in Howell County, 73.4% possesses a high school diploma or higher while 10.9% holds a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment. Mountain View-Birch Tree R-III School District - Mountain View Birch Tree Elementary School - Birch Tree - - Located in Shannon County Mountain View Elementary School - Liberty Middle School - Liberty High School - West Plains R-VII School District - West Plains South Fork Elementary School West Plains Elementary School West Plains Middle School West Plains High School Willow Springs R-IV School District - Willow Springs Willow Springs Elementary School Willow Springs Middle School Willow Springs High School Fairview R-XI School District - West Plains Fairview Elementary School Glenwood R-VIII School District - West Plains Glenwood Elementary School - Howell Valley R-I School District - West Plains Howell Valley Elementary School Junction Hill C-12 School District - West Plains Junction Hill Elementary School - Richards R-V School District - West Plains Richards Elementary School - Faith Assembly Christian School - West Plains - - Assemblies of God/Pentecostal Ozarks Christian Academy - West Plains - - non denominational/Protestant - Classical Christian Education Trinity Christian Academy - Mountain View - - Pentecostal - Wade St. Mountain View.
Ozark Horizon State School - West Plains - - A school for handicapped students and those with other special needs. South Central Career Center - West Plains - - Vocational/technical Missouri State University-West Plains - A satellite campus of Missouri State University Mountain View Public Library West Plains Public Library Willow Springs Public Library The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Howell County. Republicans hold all elected positions in the county. District 2 Commissioner Billy Sexton took office as a Democrat but announced in 2014 he was changing parties and sought re-election as a Republican. In the Missouri House of Representatives, Howell County is divided into two legislative districts, both of which are repre
Ava is the only incorporated city in Douglas County, United States. The population was 2,993 at the 2010 census. Ava is the county seat of Douglas County; the city was founded in 1871. It was renamed Ava in 1881, the town's original name having been "Militia Springs." Ava is located in the southern portion of the Missouri Ozarks within the southern escarpment of the Salem Plateau. The lakes of the White River basin of northern Arkansas and southern Missouri lie to the south; the town is at the intersection of Missouri highways 5, 14 and 76. Mansfield is 13 miles to the north and Gainesville is about 30 miles south. Elevation of the town varies from 1,150 to 1,400 feet. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.30 square miles, all of it land. Ava is home to co-owned radio stations KKOZ 1430 AM and KKOZ 92.1 FM. The area was settled during the 1830s and Douglas County was incorporated in 1857 with Vera Cruz as county seat. In 1864 the town of Militia Springs was founded and became the new county seat in 1870.
The town was platted in 1871 and renamed Ava in 1881 although not incorporated until 1908. Militia Springs was the location of an encampment of Union soldiers or Missouri Militia during the American Civil War. During and following the Civil War a dispute was ongoing regarding the county seat between Vera Cruz to the east and Arno to the west. In 1871 the citizens of Militia Springs built a court house building and moved the records there as a compromise. However, the building was burned and rebuilt of hand hewn timbers rather than logs and re-opened in January 1873; the court house was burned again in 1886 and replaced in 1888. The current court house on the southeast corner of the town square was constructed in 1937. In 1910 the Kansas City and Southern Railroad was extended from Mansfield south to Ava to service the growing agricultural and lumbering industries of Douglas County; the railroad was in operation until 1935. A city park, Militia Springs Park, was established in 2004 along Prairie Creek on NE 3rd Street.
The location is the approximate site of the Civil War era military encampment. It has pavilion; the Missouri Fox Trotter association was organized in Ava in 1948 and the annual shows are held at the associations property just north of Ava. The Ava Ranger Station Historic District is listed in the National Register of Historic Places; as of the census of 2010, there were 2,993 people, 1,296 households, 753 families residing in the city. The population density was 907.0 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,494 housing units at an average density of 452.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 97.6% White, 0.1% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.0% of the population. There were 1,296 households of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.1% were married couples living together, 15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, 41.9% were non-families.
35.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.86. The median age in the city was 40.8 years. 22.8% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 44.4% male and 55.6% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,021 people, 1,350 households, 764 families residing in the city; the population density was 973.0 people per square mile. There were 1,493 housing units at an average density of 480.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.79% White, 0.13% African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, 1.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.36% of the population. There were 1,350 households out of which 27.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 43.4% were non-families.
39.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 23.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.96. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 79.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 73.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $22,331, the median income for a family was $28,228. Males had a median income of $25,865 versus $16,324 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,307. About 16.0% of families and 21.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 25.8% of those age 65 or over. Ava R-I School District operates one elementary school, one middle school, Ava High School; the town has the Douglas County Public Library.
City of Ava website Historic maps of Ava in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri