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Douglas County, Oregon

Douglas County is a county in the U. S. state of Oregon. As of the 2010 census, the population was 107,667; the county seat is Roseburg. It is named after an American politician who supported Oregon statehood. Douglas County comprises OR Micropolitan Statistical Area; the area was inhabited by the Umpqua Indians, who speak a language in the Athabaskan language family. Following the Rogue River Indian War in 1856, most of the remaining natives were moved by the government to the Grand Ronde Indian Reservation. However, seven families of Umpqua hid in eluding capture for many decades, they are now federally recognized as the Cow Creek Band of Umpqua Tribe of Indians. The tribe manages a small reservation in Canyonville and has a Casino/Hotel named Seven Feathers to represent the seven families who refused forced removal to the Grand Ronde Reservation. Douglas County was created on January 7, 1852, from the portion of Umpqua County which lay east of the Coast Range summit. In 1856 the Camas Valley was annexed to Douglas County from Coos County.

In 1862, the rest of Umpqua county was absorbed into Douglas County, some say due to the loss of population following the end of the early gold boom, while others attribute the absorption to politics. Further boundary adjustments were made with Jackson and Lane Counties in 1915. In 2017, after the defeat of a referendum, the Douglas County Library System ceased operations and all public libraries in the county were closed. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 5,134 square miles, of which 5,036 square miles is land and 98 square miles is water, it is the fifth-largest county in Oregon by area. A portion of the Umpqua National Forest is in Douglas County. Douglas County is one of two Oregon counties that extend from the Pacific Ocean to the Cascade Range. Crater Lake National Park Rogue River-Siskiyou National Forest Siuslaw National Forest Umpqua National Forest Willamette National Forest Lane County Klamath County Jackson County Josephine County Curry County Coos County As of the census of 2000, there were 100,399 people, 39,821 households, 28,233 families living in the county.

The population density was 20 people per square mile. There were 43,284 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.86% White, 0.18% Black or African American, 1.52% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 1.02% from other races, 2.70% from two or more races. 3.27% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 18.4 % were of 13.2 % American, 12.6 % English and 10.2 % Irish ancestry. 96.5 % spoke 2.2 % Spanish as their first language. There were 39,821 households out of which 29.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.1% were non-families. 23.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 11% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.9. In the county, the population was spread out with 24% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 26.4% from 45 to 64, 17.8% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.2 males. The median income for a household in the county was $33,223, the median income for a family was $39,364. Males had a median income of $32,512 versus $22,349 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,581. About 9.6% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 107,667 people, 44,581 households, 29,839 families living in the county; the population density was 21.4 inhabitants per square mile. There were 48,915 housing units at an average density of 9.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 92.4% white, 1.8% American Indian, 1.0% Asian, 0.3% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.2% from other races, 3.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.7% of the population.

In terms of ancestry, 25.6% were German, 16.7% were Irish, 15.8% were English, 5.7% were American. Of the 44,581 households, 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.2% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.1% were non-families, 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.82. The median age was 46.1 years. The median income for a household in the county was $39,711 and the median income for a family was $48,729. Males had a median income of $39,308 versus $28,176 for females; the per capita income for the county was $21,342. About 10.6% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.1% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over. In contrast to the Willamette Valley, Douglas County is powerfully conservative and Republican, being akin to Josephine County to the south, or to Eastern Oregon. No Democratic presidential nominee has carried Douglas County since Lyndon Johnson’s landslide win in 1964: indeed the last Democrat to crack forty percent of the county’s vote was Michael Dukakis in 1988 during an election influenced by a major drought.

The county, like all of Western Oregon

End Conscription Campaign

The End Conscription Campaign was an anti-apartheid organisation allied to the United Democratic Front and composed of conscientious objectors and their supporters in South Africa. It was formed in 1983 to oppose the conscription of all white South African men into military service in the South African Defence Force; the apartheid government had a policy of compulsory conscription for young white men who were expected to perform military service at regular intervals, starting with an extended training which began in the year following the one in which they left school or as soon as they turned 16, whichever came last. Many were granted deferment, for example to attend University and complete an undergraduate degree first, but few young men were exempted from conscription for any reason other than being medically unfit or for a race classification error. Valid reasons included conscientious objection based on religious beliefs, but these exceptions were tightened in 1974. Stringent laws were passed increasing periods of service, broadening the base of eligible white men who could be called up, providing stringent sentences for those men who objected.

Conscripts comprised a significant part of South African Defence Force. The End Conscription Campaign was formed in protest against compulsory military service, it mobilised support for its campaigns, proposed service alternatives, supported conscientious objectors and provided a forum for the public with information and education on conscription and the alternatives. The ECC was founded in response to a resolution passed by Black Sash at their annual conference, which condemned South Africa's occupation of Namibia and charged the SADF with fighting a civil war. Conscientious objection was a serious choice; the reasons for conscientious objection included political and religious reasons. Some religious organisations, parent groups and student organisations such as the National Union of South African Students engaged in anti-conscription activities. At its peak, conscription in South Africa consisted of two years of mandatory military service, followed by camps at intervals. Under apartheid, the call-up applied to all white men after completing their schooling or further studies.

Objections to military service were based on the role of the military and security forces in enforcing the policy of apartheid, as well as opposition to ongoing South African military commitments in South West Africa and Angola. Those who refused military service were subject to contempt from the minority white community, left with the choice of either going underground fleeing the republic or imprisonment of up to double the length of the allotted military service. Many conscripts went Absent Without Leave, failed to report, or got lost in the system; the End Conscription Campaign, one of many anti-war movements alongside Congress of South African War Resistors mobilised against the draft, promoted alternatives to military service, provided information about the situation in the townships and support to those brave enough to speak out against the war, as conscientious objectors. In 1985, the ECC held the "Troops out of the Townships" rally and were overwhelmingly successful in demonstrating the growing dissatisfaction within the white community, with the government of the day The rally was preceded by a three-week fast by objectors Ivan Toms, Harold Winkler and Richard Steele.

It was announced in parliament that 7 589 conscripts failed to report for National Service in January 1985, as opposed to only 1 596 in the whole of 1984. As there were two intakes annually, in January and July, this would suggest a tenfold increase in non-reportees over the previous year. An estimated additional 7 000 "draft-dodgers" were said to be living in Europe in 1985; this campaign received as significant boost when at 1983 Durban Conference the National PFP Youth, its Western Cape Chairperson Stephen Drus endorsed the ECC and proposed a motion calling for Alternative to Conscription. The motion was passed unanimously, he proposed the same motion at the Annual Conference of the PFP in Cape Town a few months which passed with little opposition. Following intense backroom negotiations between Harry Schwarz and Philip Myburg, the Defense Spokesmen of the PFP, the Nationalist Government passed an amendment that introduced a four-year Alternative to Conscription. 1452 people opted for the Alternative to Conscription between 1984 and the cancelling of Conscription in South Africa in 1993.

January 1985 and July 1985 were the first so-called "immigrant intakes" after the involuntary nationalisation of white immigrant men of a predetermined age group in November 1984. The high number of non-reportees was due to many of these immigrants opting to return to their countries of origin rather than do military service, since this opportunity was available to them because of their dual citizenship. In 1987, a group of 23 conscientious objectors from the Universities of Cape Town and Stellenbosch, including Cameron Dugmore University of Cape Town Students Representative Council Chairperson and Jonathan Handler, South African Union of Jewish Students Chairperson, refused to do military service in the South African Defense Force. Handlers' objection was based upon the notion of an "Unjust War" as opposed to the Pacifist position held by many Christian students; the organisation was banned in August 1988 under emergency regulations. In a press statement Adriaan Vlok Minister of Law and Order said: "The changes posed by the activities of the End Conscri

Joe Hart (politician)

Joe Hart is the current Arizona State Mine Inspector. A Republican, he was first elected in 2006 as a former state representative and broadcast company owner. Hart served as a member of the Arizona State House of Representatives from 1992 until 2001. Hart attended, Mohare Community College. Hart worked for the Black Mountain Cattle Company, as the Safety Inspector for the Duval Mining Corporation and at Hart to Hart Trucking, he is the owner of radio stations KGMN, KZKE, KYET, television station KKAX. Ryan Randazzo. "No fraud inquiry of Mine Inspector Joe Hart".. Page about Hart on his rally website. Joe Hart's blog

Code of practice

A code of practice can be a document that complements occupational health and safety laws and regulations to provide detailed practical guidance on how to comply with legal obligations, should be followed unless another solution with the same or better health and safety standard is in place, or may be a document for the same purpose published by a self-regulating body to be followed by member organisations. Codes of practice published by governments do not replace the occupational health and safety laws and regulations, are issued in terms of those laws and regulations, they are intended help understand. A workplace inspector can refer to a code of practice when issuing an improvement or prohibition notice, they may be admissible in court proceedings. A court may use a code of practice to establish what is reasonably practicable action to manage a specific risk. Equivalent or better ways of achieving the required work health and safety may be possible, so compliance with codes of practice is not mandatory, providing that any alternative systems used provide a standard of health and safety equal to or better than those recommended by the code of practice.

Organisational codes of practice do not have the same authority under law, but serve a similar purpose. Member organisations undertake to comply with the codes of practice as a condition of membership and may lose membership if found to be in violation of the code

American River

The American River is a ~30-mile-long river in California that runs from the Sierra Nevada mountain range to its confluence with the Sacramento River in the Sacramento Valley. Via the Sacramento River, it is part of the San Francisco Bay watershed; this river is fed by the melting snowpack of the Sierra Nevada and its many headwaters and tributaries, including the North Fork American River, the Middle Fork American River, the South Fork American River. The American River is known for the discovery of gold at Coloma in 1848 that started the California Gold Rush and contributed to the initial large-scale settlement of California by European immigrants. Today, the river still has high quality water, it is the main source of drinking water for Sacramento; this river is dammed extensively for irrigation, flood control, hydroelectric power. The American River watershed supports Mediterranean and montane ecosystems, it is the home of a diverse array of fish and wildlife; the Maidu, Miwok and Wintun peoples inhabited the American River near present-day Sacramento for at least 5,000 years before Spaniards and Americans settled the region, although human habitation in Northern California is believed to date back as much as 12,000 years.

They utilized the vast amount of resources of the American River for shelter, clothes and other goods before Europeans arrived in the late 18th century. The Nisenan called the river Kum Mayo, meaning'roundhouse river'. Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga named the river Rio de las Llagas when he passed through the area in the early 1800s due to hostile relations with local native peoples. Another member of the expedition recorded the name as Rio de los Lagos which may or may not have been an error, as in those times the area of the Central Valley surrounding the American River was home to vast marshes, which would have given the river the appearance of a series of lakes. During the 1820s, Jedediah Smith led an expedition to the American River with the goal of finding a safe route across the Sierra Nevada. After a failed attempt to cross the mountains via the South Fork of the American River, Smith's group managed to cross via Ebbetts Pass on the headwaters of the Stanislaus River, becoming the first non-Native Americans to do so.

In Smith's honor the Spanish settlers and Native Americans named the river Rio de los Americanos. During this time, Alta California was part of New Spain. In the 1830s, fur trappers of the Hudson's Bay Company visited the area to trap otter. During one of these expeditions, smallpox or malaria were accidentally introduced to the local Native Americans, who had no natural immunity to Old World diseases; some accounts suggest. The surviving natives became hostile to European settlers and traders for quite some time, prevented the HBC from establishing a permanent outpost here. In 1839, Swiss immigrant John Sutter established the New Helvetia settlement on the American River, near the present-day location of central Sacramento. In 1848, following the Mexican–American War, California was ceded to the United States in the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Just weeks James W. Marshall, an employee of Sutter, discovered gold on the South Fork, starting the California Gold Rush. Although miners looking for gold worked all three forks of the American River, the South Fork held the richest deposits.

However, as the accessible placer gold was played out, large companies used hydraulic mining to access gold buried deeper in the soil. This large and extensive mining practice washed away entire mountainsides and polluted all the waterways, including the American River. During the Great Flood of 1862 the American River flooded massively, putting much of Sacramento under water for three months. Newly elected Governor Leland Stanford had to travel to his inauguration by rowboat. A significant contributor to the flood damage was the debris washed down by hydraulic mining, which had choked the river channel and reduced its capacity to drain floodwaters. In response, the city of Sacramento undertook a massive project to raise its streets and buildings as much as 9.5 feet. Many of original sidewalks and the first floors of buildings remain as subterranean spaces underneath today's streets; the lower American River has been one of seven California rivers to achieve the designation "Recreational River" under both the California Wild and Scenic Rivers Act and the National Wild and Scenic Rivers Act.

This status provides state and national recognition to protect the river's outstanding scenic and wildlife, historic and recreational values. The American River is fed by its North and South forks, which are located in El Dorado County, Placer County, Sacramento County; the river's three forks originate in the Eldorado National Forests. The North and Middle Forks join near Auburn, continue downstream as the North Fork, although the Middle Fork carries a higher volume of water; the North and South Forks join in Folsom Lake. All three forks are known for their verdant canyons, forested ridges, massive rock formations, backcountry winter adventuring among snowy peaks and white water rafting. There are various fish species that live within the American River such as Chinook Salmon and Steelhead Trout; the American River headwaters lie along about 50 miles along the Sierra Crest from Mount Lincoln in the north where it adjoins the watersheds of th

Szymon Zgarda

Szymon Zgarda is a Polish footballer who plays as a defender for Polonia Środa Wielkopolska. He has played for Lech II Poznań, Miedź Legnica, Widzew Łódź, GKS Bełchatów, Motor Lublin. Zgarda began his career at Lech Poznań, breaking into the second team at the age of 19. On 1 August 2016, he joined I liga club Miedź Legnica on a season-long loan, one day he made his professional debut, playing the full 90 minutes against Olimpia Grudziądz. In February 2015, Zgarda joined Widzew Łódź on loan for the remainder of the 2015–16 season, he signed with GKS Bełchatów in July 2015, where he scored 2 goals in 46 league appearances, before moving to Podbeskidzie Bielsko-Biała. His two-year contract at Podbeskidzie was terminated by mutual consent on 27 November 2017. On 25 January 2018, Zgarda signed a contract with Motor Lublin. In July 2018, he signed one-year deal with Polonia Środa Wielkopolska. Szymon Zgarda at