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Downe House School

Downe House School is a selective independent girls' day and boarding school in Cold Ash, a village near Newbury, for girls aged 11–18. The Good Schools Guide described Downe House as an "Archetypal traditional girls’ full boarding school turning out delightful, principled and able girls who go on to make a significant contribution to the world". Downe House was founded in 1907 by Olive Willis, its first headmistress, as an all-girls' boarding school, its first home was Down House in the village of Downe, the home of Charles Darwin. By 1921 Down House was too small for the school, so Willis bought The Cloisters, Cold Ash, Berkshire, to which the school moved in 1922, where it remains, it now is still predominantly a boarding school. Downe House won Tatler's "Best Public School" award in 2011; as most girls at Downe House are boarders, the house system is incorporated with the boarding programme. Every girl belongs to a mixed age house throughout their time at the school. Students, only live in the mixed age houses from U4–U5.

The houses are: Hill Hermitage Darwin AGN AGS Aisholt Holcombe Tedworth Willis York Downe House educates girls between the ages of eleven and eighteen, taking them from the last years of junior school through to the sixth form. Girls can join the school at the ages of eleven, twelve, or thirteen, on leaving a primary or prep school, or at sixteen after completing GCSEs; the biggest intake of girls is at 11+. Entry into Downe House is competitive, with entrants needing to pass the Common Entrance Examination; the core subjects at Downe House are English and Science as well as Humanities and Social Sciences subjects and there are options such as Fine Arts, Foreign Languages and Business Studies. In 2010, the Cambridge Pre-U was introduced as an alternative to A Levels at Downe House. For the first two years, pupils are split between three lower school boarding houses: Hill and Darwin, they move on to their mixed aged houses in their third year, the houses being AGS, AGN, Aisholt and Holcombe. The final two years of sixth form are spent in either Willis or York house, as the houses alternate between year groups.

The five mixed age houses are used for inter-house competitions such as House Drama, House Music, House Dance and Sports Day. In 2004, as reported by The Times, Downe House was one of about sixty of the country's leading independent schools which were accused of running an unlawful price-fixing cartel, contrary to the Competition Act 1998, enabling them to drive up fees charged to thousands of parents. After an Inquiry that year, in 2005 the school was ordered to pay a nominal penalty of £10,000, with the other schools agreed to make ex-gratia payments totalling three million pounds into a trust to benefit pupils who attended the schools during the period in question. However, the Independent Schools Council said the investigation had been "a scandalous waste of public money". Jean Scott, its head, said that the schools had always been exempt from anti-cartel rules applied to business, were following a long-established procedure in sharing the information with each other, had been unaware of a change to the law, on which they had not been consulted.

She wrote to John Vickers, the Office of Fair Trading director-general, "They are not a group of businessmen meeting behind closed doors to fix the price of their products to the disadvantage of the consumer. They are schools that have quite continued to follow a long-established practice because they were unaware that the law had changed." Margaret Aston, Medieval historian Clare Balding, BBC sports presenter Elizabeth Bowen and short story writer Angie Bray, Conservative Party politician and former MP Venetia Burney, granddaughter of Falconer Madan and who named Pluto Constance Collier and writer Hermione Corfield, actress Sophie Dahl and author. "Downe House School". Down: the Home of the Darwins: the story of a house and the people who lived ther

Valentine de Sainte-Aldegonde

Marie Valentine Joséphine de Sainte-Aldegonde, Duchess of Dino was the wife of Alexandre Edmond de Talleyrand-Périgord, 3rd Duke of Dino, mistress of Anatole Demidov. She was the daughter of Count Charles Camille de Sainte-Aldegonde and Adélaïde Joséphine de Bourlon de Chavange, her father was a brigadier officer of the Grand Officer of the Legion d'Honneur. On 8 October 1839 she married Alexandre Edmond de Talleyrand-Périgord, son of Edmond de Talleyrand-Périgord and Princess Dorothea of Courland, at the Château de Beauregard at Cellettes, her mother's property. With Talleyrand-Périgord, Valentine had six children, of whom four survived: Clémentine Marie Wilhelmine de Talleyrand-Périgord, who married Comte Alexandre Orlowski. Charles Maurice Camille de Talleyrand-Périgord, 4th duke of Dino, 2nd marquis de Talleyrand. Elisabeth Alexandrine Florence de Talleyrand-Périgord, who married Comte Hans d'Oppersdorff. Archambault Anatole Paul de Talleyrand-Périgord, 3rd marquis de Talleyrand. Valentine died on 23 September 1891.

Valentine had a passionate admirer, Anatoly Nikolaievich Demidov, 1st Prince of San Donato, a Russian industrialist and arts patron of the Demidov family. Anatoly attended her wedding and helped assist the event, he offered her a diamond ornament. The next year, in 1840, Demidov broke off their liaison due to financial problems, but that same year married Mathilde Bonaparte and resumed his affair with Valentine on his first stay in Paris after his wedding. In 1845, he arranged for Valentine to settle with him in Florence and stayed by her side though her husband took umbrage. At a costume ball, Valentine was insulted by her rival, in response Demidov slapped his wife twice in public, which signalled their final separation soon thereafter

List of Phoenix Roadrunners (IHL) players

This is a list of players who have played at least one game for the Phoenix Roadrunners of the International Hockey League.:Name:: position: birth date: Home Town Peter Ahola Defense, 1968-05-14 Espoo, Finland Brad Aitken Left Wing, 1967-10-30 Scarborough, ONT Mel Angelstad Left Wing, 1971-10-31 Saskatoon, SASK Mark Astley Defense, 1969-03-30 Calgary, ALTA Ruslan Batyrshin Defense, 1975-02-19 Moscow, Russia Darren Beals Goalie, 1968-08-28 Dartmouth, NS Frederik Beaubien Goalie, 1975-04-01 Lauzon, PQ Nick Beaulieu Left Wing, 1968-08-19 Rimouski, PQ Jerome Bechard Left Wing, 1969-03-30 Regina, SASK Hugo Belanger Left Wing, 1970-05-28 St. Hubert, PQ Aki-Petteri Berg Defense, 1977-07-28 Turku, Finland Bob Berg Left Wing, 1970-07-02 Beamsville, ONT Mike Berger Defense, 1967-06-02 Edmonton, ALTA Jean-Claude Bergeron Goalie, 1968-10-14 Hauterive, PQ Andy Bezeau Left Wing, 1970-03-30 Saint John, NB Scott Bjugstad Forward, 1961-06-02 St. Paul, MN Arto Blomsten Defense, 1965-03-16 Vaasa, Finland John Blue Goalie, 1966-02-19 Huntington Beach, CA Mike Boback Centre, 1970-08-13 Mt. Clemens, MI Mike Bodnarchuk Right Wing, 1970-03-26 Bramalea, ONT Derek Booth Defense, 1970-07-19 Niagara Falls, ONT Philippe Boucher Defense, 1973-03-24 St. Apollinaire, PQ Bruce Boudreau Centre, 1955-01-09 Toronto, ONT Frank Breault Right wing, 1967-05-11 Acton Vale, PQ Tim Breslin Left wing, 1967-12-08 Downers Grove, IL Dan Brierly Defense, 1974-01-23 Brewster, NY Neal Broten Centre, 1959-11-29 Roseau, MN Scott Brower Goalie, 1964-09-26 Viking, ALTA Kevin Brown Right wing, 1974-05-11 Birmingham, England Rob Brown Right Wing, 1968-04-10 Kingston, ONT Sean Brown Right Wing, 1973-03-30 Oshawa, ONT Jim Burton Defense, 1963-11-06 Brantford, ONT Dan Bylsma Right Wing, 1970-09-19 Grand Haven, MI Rene Chapdelaine Defense, 1966-09-27 Weyburn, SASK Brian Chapman Defense, 1968-02-10 Brockville, ONT Stephane Charbonneau Right Wing, 1970-06-27 St. Adele, PQ Jeff Chychrun Defense, 1966-05-03 LaSalle, PQ Kerry Clark Right Wing, 1968-08-21 Kelvington, SASK Sylvain Couturier Left wing, 1968-04-23 Greenfield Park, PQ Rob Cowie Defense, 1967-11-03 Willowdale, ONT Phil Crowe Right wing, 1970-04-14 Nanton, ALTA Ted Crowley Defense, 1970-05-03 Concord, MA Dan Currie Left wing, 1968-03-15 Burlington, ONT Byron Dafoe Goalie, 1971-02-25 Sussex, England Andrew Dale Centre, 1976-02-16 Sudbury, ONT Mike DeCarle Right Wing, 1966-08-20 Covina, CA Shawn Dineen Defense, 1958-03-01 Detroit, MI Paul DiPietro Centre, 1970-09-08 Sault Ste.

Marie, ONT Wayne Doucet Left Wing, 1970-06-19 Mississauga, ONT Scott Drevitch Defense, 1965-09-09 Brookline, MA John Druce Right Wing, 1966-02-23 Peterborough, ONT Stan Drulia Right Wing, 1968-01-05 Elmira, NY Iain Duncan Left Wing, 1963-08-04 Toronto, ONT Devin Edgerton Centre, 1970-06-11 Kindersley, SASK David Emma Right Wing, 1969-01-14 Cranston, RI Randy Exelby Goalie, 965-08-13 Toronto, ONT Scott Feasby Defense, 1970-11-20 Port Perry, ONT Craig Ferguson Centre, 1970-04-08 Castro Valley, CA Larry Floyd Right Wing, 1961-05-01 Peterborough, ONT Marc Fortier Centre, 1966-02-26 Windsor, PQ Joe Frederick Right Wing, 1969-06-08 Madison, WI Michael Gaul Defense, 1973-04-28 Lachine, PQ Todd Gillingham Left Wing, 1970-01-31 Labrodor City, NF Darryl Gilmour Goalie, 1967-02-13 Winnipeg, MAN Mike Glover Right Wing, 1968-07-23 Ottawa, ONT Mario Gosselin Goalie, 1963-06-15 Thetford Mines, PQ David Goverde Goalie, 1970-04-09 Toronto, ONT Kevin Grant Defense, 1969-01-09 Toronto, ONT Steve Graves Left Wing, 1964-04-07 Trenton, ONT Keith Gretzky Centre, 1967-02-16 Brantford, ONT Brent Grieve (1995–1997 (Left Wing, 1969-05-09 Oshawa, ONT Brad Guzda Goalie, 1973-04-28 Banff, ALTA David Haas Left Wing, 1968-06-23 Toronto, ONT Bob Halkidis Defense, 1966-03-05 Toronto, ONT Mark Hardy Defense, 1959-02-01 Semaden, Switzerland Todd Harkins Centre, 1968-10-08 Cleveland, OH Scott Harlow Left Wing, 1963-10-11 East Bridgewater, MA Rick Hayward Defense, 1966-02-25 Toledo, OH Jamie Hearn Defense, 1971-02-23 Quesnel, BC Jim Hiller Right Wing, 1969-05-15 Port Alberni, BC Justin Hocking Defence, 1974-01-09 Stettler, ALTA Paul Holden Defence, 1970-03-15 Kitchener, ONT Kelly Hrudey Goalie, 1961-01-13 Edmonton, ALTA Mike Hudson Centre, 1967-02-06 Guelph, ONT Dean Hulett Right Wing, 1971-07-25 San Juan, PR Pauli Jaks Goalie, 1972-01-25 Schaffhausen, Switzerland Steve Jaques Defense, 1969-02-21 Burnaby, BC Bob Jay Defense, 1965-11-18 Burlington, MA Matt Johnson Left Wing, 1975-11-23 Welland, ONT Steve Johnson Forward, 1966-03-03 Grand Forks, ND Trent Kaese Right Wing, 1967-09-09 Nanaimo, BC Tom Karalis Defense, 1964-05-24 Montreal, PQ Kyosti Karjalainen Forward, 1967-06-19 Gavle, Sweden Ed Kastelic Right Wing, 1964-01-29 Toronto, ONT Paul Kelly Right Wing, 1967-04-17 Hamilton, ONT Bob Kennedy K

Simon I, Count of Saarbr├╝cken

Simon I of Saarbrücken was a German nobleman. He was the second ruling Count of Saarbrücken, in office 1135 - 1183. Simon was a son of Frederick, Count of Saarbrücken and his wife Gisela of Lorraine, daughter of Theodoric II, Duke of Lorraine, he succeeded his father as Count of Saarbrücken in 1135. His younger brother Adalbert II became Archbishop of Mainz in 1138. After his death, the county was divided, his eldest son, Simon II inherited a smaller County of Saarbrücken. Simon was married to a Mathilda a daughter of Count Meginhard I of Sponheim, they had the following children together: successor as Count. He married b. 1180 to a daughter or other close relative to Emich III, Count of Leiningen. One of their sons was Simon III, another was Friedrich III. Henry I, married Hedwig, a daughter of Frederick I, Duke of Lorraine, he became Count of Zweibrücken. Frederick Gottfried, a canon in Mainz Adalbert, archdeacon in Mainz Jutta, married Folmar II, Count of Blieskastel, son of Folmar I, Clementia of Metz.

Sophie, married Henry III, Duke of Limburg Agnes, married Günther III, Count of Schwarzburg genealogie-mittelalter.de Cawley, Upper Lotharingia, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy

Center for Genetics and Society

The Center for Genetics and Society is a nonprofit information and public affairs organization, based in Berkeley, United States. It encourages responsible regulation of new human genetic and reproductive technologies. CGS provides analysis and educational materials in addition to organizing conferences and briefings, it is critical of proposals for reproductive human cloning and germline genetic modification — uses of technology that it considers irresponsible. CGS is a politically pro-choice organization, its key areas of concern include: genetic modification of humans, stem cell research, DNA forensics, preimplantation genetic diagnosis and cross-border surrogacy and genetics, race-based medicines, egg retrieval, designer babies, human cloning, social sex selection and disability rights, direct-to-consumer genetic testing, human applications of synthetic biology, the legacy of the US eugenics movement. The executive director of CGS is Marcy Darnovsky; the organization's Advisory Board includes Francine Coeytaux, Dorothy Roberts, Alexandra Minna Stern.

CGS’s current research fellows are Osagie Obasogie, Diane Beeson, Lisa Ikemoto, Gina Maranto. The Center for Genetics and Society was founded in October 2001 under the leadership of Richard A. Hayes, Ph. D. to advocate for social oversight and control of new human biotechnologies. It drew from and continues to promote discussions and collaborations with key leaders in science, women’s health, racial justice, disability rights, environmental justice, human rights. A primary focus of the organization has been to alert civil society constituencies to the challenges posed by new human genetic technologies and assist them in building their capacity to engage in the discussions and debates about appropriate regulation. CGS organizes and presents at key conferences and symposiums on biopolitical issues both nationally and internationally. In 2005, CGS received a “Local Heroes” award from the San Francisco Bay Guardian. In 2006, current Executive Director Marcy Darnovsky was named one of five “women in bioethics making a difference” by the Women’s Bioethics Project.

CGS has engaged with the U. S. Food and Drug Administration and the U. K. Department of Health and Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority over proposals for human trials of a procedure that would produce inheritable genetic modifications, so-called “three-person IVF.” CGS filed several amicus briefs in the lawsuit against Myriad Genetics concerning its breast-cancer gene patents. In June 2013, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that occurring human genes cannot be patented. CGS supported the successful 2006 bill SB 1260, which ensures that women in California who provide eggs for private research are accorded all established federal and state protections for human research subjects, limits reimbursement to their direct expenses, it helped defeat the 2013 bill AB 926. CGS played a lead role in holding California’s $3 billion stem cell research agency accountable to the state’s legislature and public, it submitted invited testimony to the "Little Hoover" Commission on California State Government Organization and Economy in 2008 and to the Institute of Medicine Committee in 2012, focusing on the conflicts of interest built into the agency’s governing board.

CGS was involved in the early stages of the 2000-2005 United Nations effort to propose an international treaty prohibiting human reproductive cloning. CGS organized or co-organized the following conferences: Celebrating Troy Duster, 2015, California The global surrogacy section of the International Forum on Intercountry Adoption and Global Surrogacy, 2014, The Hague, Netherlands Future Past: Disability and Brave New Worlds, 2013, San Francisco, California Eugenics in California: A Legacy of the Past?, 2012, California The Tarrytown Meetings, 2010-2012, New York Gender and Justice in the Gene Age, 2004, New York, New York The Next Four Years, the Biotech Agenda, the Human Future, 2004, New York, New York Within and Beyond the Limits to Human Nature, 2003, Germany Beyond Cloning: Protecting Humanity From Species-Altering Procedures, Massachusetts, 2001 Organized by the Center for Genetics and Society, the Tarrytown Meetings in Tarrytown, New York, were held in July 2010, 2011, 2012. The meetings brought together 200 advocates, policy experts and others to discuss how emerging human biotechnologies could be used to “support rather than undermine social justice, human rights, ecological integrity and the common good.”The primary goals of the meeting were to build an advocacy network across scholarly disciplines and civil society groups.

Among the topics addressed at the meeting were genetic testing and personalized medicine, assisted reproductive technologies and practices and genetics, DNA forensics, human genetic modification, synthetic biology. The meeting generated a report entitled Building a New Biopolitics: The Story of the Tarrytown Meetings, 2010–2012. Since 2012, CGS has produced the live web-based interview series Talking Biopolitics, in which writers and activists discuss critical biopolitical issues. Selected speakers have included: Nathaniel Comfort interviewed by Alexandra Minna Stern Charis Thompson inter

Pomeranian language

The Pomeranian language is in the Pomeranian group of Lechitic languages within the West Slavic languages. In medieval contexts, it refers to the dialects spoken by the Slavic Pomeranians. In modern contexts, the term is sometimes used synonymously with "Kashubian" and may include extinct Slovincian; the name Pomerania comes from Slavic po more, which means " by the sea". During the early medieval Slavic migrations, the area between the Oder and Vistula rivers was settled by tribes grouped as Pomeranians, their dialects, sometimes referred to as Ancient Pomeranian, had a transitory character between the Polabian dialects spoken west of Pomerania and the Old Polish dialects spoken to the southeast. While there are no surviving documents in Pomeranian, medieval Pomeranian names are mentioned in contemporary documents written in other languages. During the High Middle Ages, German immigration and assimilation of the Slavic Pomeranians introduced Low German East Pomeranian, Central Pomeranian, Mecklenburgisch-Vorpommersch dialects, which became dominant in Pomerania except for some areas in the east, where the populace remained Slavic and continued to use the Slavic Pomeranian language.

This was the case in Pomerelia, where the Slavic population became known as Kashubians and their language accordingly as Kashubian. An insular Slavic Pomeranian dialect spoken northwest of Kashubia until the 20th century became known as Slovincian, it is disputed whether Slovincian may be regarded as a dialect of a separate language. It is disputed whether Kashubian may be regarded as a dialect of Polish or a separate language. Stefan Ramułt was fascinated by Florian Ceynowa and decidedly supported giving Kashubian the status of a full-fledged standard language; the Pomeranian language influenced the formation of other Polish language dialects, such as the Kociewski and Krajniacki dialects. Undoubtedly, they belong to the Polish language, but they have some features in common with the Pomeranian language, which proves their character was transitional. Friedrich Lorentz supposed that the Kociewski and Borewiacki dialects first belonged to the Pomeranian language and were Polonized as a result of the Polish colonization of these territories.

According to Lorentz, the Krajniacki dialect most was a part of the Polish language. The common feature of the Kociewski dialects and the Kashubian language is, for example, the partial preservation of the so-called “TarT” group and a part of its lexis. For the Borowiacki dialects and the Pomeranian language, the common feature was affrication of dorsal consonants; the Pomeranian language influenced the Low German dialects, which were used in Pomerania. After Germanisation, the population of Western Pomerania started to use the Low German dialects; those dialects, were influenced by the Pomeranian language. Most words originating from Pomeranian can be found in vocabulary connected with fishery and farming; the word Zeese / Zehse may serve as an example. It describes a kind of a fishing net and is still known in the Low German dialects of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern today; the word comes from the old Pomeranian word of the same meaning: seza. It moved to Kashubian and Slovincian dialects through Low German, appeared in Pomeranian dictionaries as ceza meaning "flounder and perch fishing net".

Thus, it is a "reverse loan-word" as the Pomeranian language borrowed the word from Low German in which it functioned as a "Pomoranism". A borrowing from the Pomeranian language, used in everyday German language and has appeared in dictionaries is the phrase "dalli, dalli", it moved to the German language through the German dialects of West Prussia, is present in the Kashubian language. The classification of the Pomeranian ethnolect is problematic, it was classified by Aleksander Bruckner as one of the Old Polish dialects. At the same time, he classified the extant Kashubian and Slovincian dialects as belonging to the Modern Polish language. Other linguists relate the Pomeranian language to the Polabian group of dialects. After Slovincian and all the Pomeranian dialects became extinct, the Kashubian language is the term most used in relation to the language spoken by the Pomeranians. However, it is still not clear from where the words “Kashubians” and “Kashubian” originated and how they were brought from the area near Koszalin to Pomerelia.

None of the theories proposed has been accepted so far. There is no indication that Pomeranians wandered from the area of Koszalin to Pomerelia. While Western Pomerania was being Germanized, the Germans started using the words "Pomeranian" and "Pomeranians" referring to their own population; the part of the Pomeranian population which kept their Slavic language was called the Wends or the Kashubians. As the West lost its Slavic character, those two terms were more used in the East. In 1850, in the preface to his Kashubian-Russian dictionary, Florian Ceynowa wrote about the language of Baltic Slavic peoples: "Usually it is called the'Kashubian language', although the'Pomeranian-Slovenian dialect' would be a more proper term." The word dialect was used by Ceynowa because