Cincinnati Bell is the dominant telephone company for Cincinnati, its nearby suburbs, the Dayton metropolitan area in the U. S. states of Ohio and Kentucky. Through the holdings of its parent company Cincinnati Bell Inc. it is the dominant provider for the State of Hawaii. Its incumbent local exchange carrier subsidiary uses the name Cincinnati Bell Telephone Company LLC. Other subsidiaries handle services such as long distance calling. Cincinnati Bell started out as the City and Suburban Telegraph Association and was providing telegraph lines between homes and businesses in 1873, three years before the invention of the telephone. In 1878, it gained exclusive rights to the Bell franchise within a 25-mile radius of Cincinnati—the first telephone exchange in Ohio and the tenth in the United States, it has the same incumbent local exchange carrier territory today, straddling 2,400 square miles in three states. The name changed to Cincinnati and Suburban Bell Telephone Company in 1903, it was shortened to Cincinnati Bell in 1971.
Cincinnati Bell and Southern New England Telephone were the only two companies in the old Bell System that operated independently because AT&T Corporation only owned minority stakes in the companies. Therefore, neither is considered a Regional Bell Operating Company, AT&T was not obligated to dispose of their ownership stakes in the companies, restrictions placed on the Baby Bells did not apply to these two companies. AT&T owned 32.6% of Cincinnati Bell until 1984, at which point the shares AT&T owned were placed into a trust and sold. In 1998, SNET was bought by SBC Communications, an RBOC, in 2014 was sold to Frontier Communications, a company with no relation to the former Bell System. In May 1999, the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio awarded Cincinnati Bell Long Distance the right to offer local wireline telephone service in 55 counties outside its incumbent territory and the company began to resell business local phone service in these counties, in competition with incumbent carrier Ameritech.
During the 1990s, Cincinnati Bell acquired a nationwide transmission network known as IXC Communications and changed its corporate name to "Broadwing Communications," although the local telephone operations continued to operate under their traditional name. In 2004, the holding company divested the long-distance operation as Broadwing Corporation and changed its name back to Cincinnati Bell. In 2002, Cincinnati Bell sold Cincinnati Bell Directory, consisting of its directory operations, to Spectrum Equity; the resulting company is named CBD Media. The sale marked the first time a former Bell System-affiliated company had sold off its directory operations. In 2003, when BellSouth exited the payphone market, some former BellSouth payphones in Kentucky were sold to Cincinnati Bell. Cincinnati Bell is the only American Bell System company that continues to publicly do business under the "Bell" name. In July 2006, Cincinnati Bell removed the final iteration of the Bell logo—designed in 1969 by Saul Bass—from most of its corporate branding, leaving only a stylized wordmark.
However, the company continued to use the Bell logo in promotional materials for residential landline and long-distance service until another it adopted a new logo in 2016. Cincinnati Bell's original headquarters, the Cincinnati and Suburban Telephone Company Building, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. On July 10, 2017, Cincinnati Bell announced it would acquire Hawaiian Telcom Holdco, Inc. parent of local telephone company Hawaiian Telcom for $650 million and Toronto-based OnX Enterprise Solutions for $201 million. With the completion of the Hawaiian Telcom acquisition, the size of Cincinnati Bell's fiber network is expected to exceed 14,000 fiber route miles. Cincinnati Bell provides landline PSTN long-distance calling. In recent years, the company has seen subscriptions to these traditional services decline due to competition from cable and wireless providers. From 1998 until 2015, Cincinnati Bell Wireless offered GSM wireless service in southeastern Indiana, southwestern Ohio, northwestern Kentucky.
It was sold at Best Buy, Circuit City, Office Depot, participating Kroger locations. It offered HSPA+ service in most of Hamilton County and parts of surrounding counties; the local coverage area extended north to Celina and Urbana, east to Hillsboro, south to Corinth and Warsaw, west to Batesville. Cincinnati Bell's prepaid mobile phone products were sold under same i-wireless brand as an unrelated service by locally based Kroger. Cincinnati Bell made its first foray into wireless telephony around 1986, when it acquired a 45% stake in Ameritech Cellular. On February 2, 1998, Cincinnati Bell acquired 80% of AT&T Wireless Services's new Cincinnati-Dayton PCS network for over $100 million. Cincinnati Bell's subsidiary Cincinnati Bell Wireless was responsible for marketing and sales, while AT&T Wireless handled technical operations for the joint venture. Wireless service began by June in Cincinnati and by September in Dayton covering a 21-county area; when AT&T Wireless was purchased by Cingular, now known as AT&T Mobility, control of its 20% stake passed to Cingular.
On February 17, 2006, Cincinnati Bell took full control of CBW by purchasing Cingular's stake for $83 million. As a part of the deal, Cincinnati Bell and Cingular secured lower roaming charges on each other's respective GSM networks. On April 7, 2014, Cincinnati
Queensgate is a neighborhood in Cincinnati, Ohio. It sits in the valley of Downtown Cincinnati and has been dominated by industrial and commercial warehouses for most of its history. Cincinnati's nickname of "Porkopolis" started here with hog slaughtering in the early 19th century. Queensgate was known as part of the West End, Cincinnati; the Metropolitan Master Plan of 1948, a City Plan for Cincinnati, called for slum clearance and urban renewal. Beginning in 1960, large tracts of the historic West End were razed; the Queensgate I project came out of the 1948 Metropolitan Master Plan. It kickstarted urban renewal in the West End neighborhood, led to the creation of a commercial/industrial complex, known as the neighborhood of Queensgate; the population was only 142 at the 2010 census. Queensgate is home of the Cincinnati Museum Center at Union Terminal. From 1884 to 1970, the Cincinnati Reds played at three separate parks at the intersection of Findlay Street and Western Avenue in Queensgate—the last 57½ of those years at Crosley Field.
The former site of home plate of Crosley Field has been painted in an alley
Fort Washington Way
Fort Washington Way is an 0.9-mile-long section of freeway in downtown Cincinnati, United States. The eight-lane divided highway is a concurrent section of Interstate 71 and U. S. Route 50 that runs from west to east from an interchange with I-75 at the Brent Spence Bridge to the Lytle Tunnel and Columbia Parkway. Fort Washington Way is named after Fort Washington, a fort that preceded the establishment of Cincinnati. One of the city's first freeways, it was conceived in 1946 as the Third Street Distributor in conjunction with a major urban renewal project along the riverfront, it opened in 1961 after one of the most expensive road construction projects per mile in the United States. Fort Washington Way's complex system of ramps made it the most crash-prone mile of urban freeway in Ohio. During the late 1990s, it was rebuilt with a simpler, more compact configuration, improving traffic safety and facilitating the riverfront's redevelopment as The Banks. Fort Washington Way begins at a complex interchange with I-75 at the northern end of the Brent Spence Bridge.
It ends a short distance at a fork in the road. I-71 curves eight degrees to the north before entering the Lytle Tunnel, while US 50 continues east on Columbia Parkway via the Third Street Viaduct; the entire highway lies in a 25-foot-deep, 150-foot-wide trench parallel to Second Street and Pete Rose Way to the south and Third Street to the north. Together, these roadways form a collector-distributor system. There are five overpasses along Fort Washington Way; the Riverfront Transit Center runs parallel to Fort Washington Way, in a tunnel beneath Second Street. The Cincinnati Bell Connector streetcar system crosses over Fort Washington Way twice, on Walnut and Main streets, with a stop on Second Street above the Riverfront Transit Center. A 30-foot-tall flood wall and pumping station protect Fort Washington Way from Ohio River floodwaters; the pump is activated when the river reaches 60 feet, as measured from the Roebling Suspension Bridge. The eastern terminus of present-day Fort Washington Way was the site of an army fortress, Fort Washington, from 1789 to 1803.
During much of the 19th century, the area south of Third Street was a working-class neighborhood, the Central Bottoms, which had 10,000 residents. From the 1870s to the mid-20th century, the Bottoms gave way to warehouses as residents moved to the West End. By 1940, the Bottoms had a population of only 1,700 and was vacant; the Bottoms was inundated during the Ohio River flood of 1937. After the flood, the United States Army Corps of Engineers called for a flood wall to protect the downtown area but not the Bottoms. Areas below Third Street were declared too costly to protect from flooding. Meanwhile, the city's City Planning Commission was considering the issues of increasing automobile congestion on downtown city streets and the deterioration of the central riverfront. In 1946 and 1947, the commission issued reports proposing a "Third Street Expressway Distributor" linking the city's various entry points: The junction of the Millcreek and Dixie Expressways north of the Ohio River and south of the Cincinnati Central Business District demands a design treatment of heroic nature.
Free flow of traffic must be maintained. Complicated interlocking traffic movements should be kept independent; therefore an elaborate interchange to provide for both through movement and local distribution of traffic is necessary. Such a facility has been devised and is called the Third Street Distributor.... The Distributor is thus not limited to a clearly-defined section between two exact points, but rather is an elongated intersection or interchange for the expressways. In 1948, City Council adopted the Cincinnati Metropolitan Master Plan, which incorporated the Third Street Distributor along with long-range plans to redevelop the Bottoms as a mixed-use development, including a new baseball stadium to replace Crosley Field; the distributor would double as a flood wall for the central business district. Planners estimated that, the three freeways "would divert between 60 and 70 per cent of the 88,000 vehicles which enter Cincinnati's business district ". With bridge traffic across the Ohio River making up only 14% of total traffic entering and exiting Cincinnati's core area, the commission found "no valid reason for aligning the two Expressways directly with bridges across the Ohio River".
Instead, the Mill Creek and Northeast expressways would both connect to the John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge via elevated ramps; the distributor would direct downtown-bound traffic directly to parking garages. It was projected to handle the bulk of downtown traffic in 1970. Pioneering urban planner Ladislas Segoe, who served as a general consultant for the city's Master Planning Division, had urged the city to connect the Mill Creek and Northeast freeways with a Liberty Street distributor in Over-the-Rhine, instead of building a "great wall" between the riverfront and the central business district. However, downtown department store owners pushed for the riverfront highway, threatening to leave for the suburbs otherwise; the Citizens' Development Committee, headed by Cincinnati Gas & Electric executive Reed Hartman, championed a $16 million bond drive to fund the riverfront redevelopment project, which included the Third Street Distributor. On August 8, 1955, construction began on the first of many "piers" in the distributor system, a one-quarter-mile connector between the Louisville & Nashville Bridge and t
Fifth Third Bank
Fifth Third Bank is a bank headquartered in Cincinnati, Ohio, at Fifth Third Center. It is the principal subsidiary of a bank holding company; the bank operates 1,154 branches and 2,469 automated teller machines in Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Tennessee, West Virginia and North Carolina. The company is ranked 366th on the Fortune 500, it is on the list of largest banks in the United States. The name "Fifth Third" is derived from the names of the bank's two predecessor companies, Third National Bank and Fifth National Bank, which merged in 1908. On June 17, 1858, the Bank of the Ohio Valley opened in Cincinnati. On June 23, 1863, the Third National Bank was organized. On April 29, 1871, the banks merged. On June 1, 1908, Third National Bank and Fifth National Bank merged to become the Fifth-Third National Bank of Cincinnati - the hyphen was dropped; the merger took place when prohibitionist ideas were gaining popularity, it is legend that "Fifth Third" was better than "Third Fifth", which could have been construed as a reference to three fifths of alcohol.
The name went through several changes until March 1969, when it was changed to Fifth Third Bank. In 1994, the bank acquired Louisville, Kentucky-based Cumberland Federal Bancorp for $149 million in stock. In 1995, the bank acquired twelve branches in Ohio from PNC Financial Services; the bank acquired Kentucky Enterprise Bancorp. In 1998, the company acquired the Columbus, Ohio-based W. Lyman Case & Company, an originator of commercial real estate loans. In 1999, the company acquired Enterprise Federal Bancorp, one of the biggest thrifts in the Cincinnati area with 11 branches, for $96.3 million. In March 1999, the company acquired Emerald Financial of Strongsville, which owned 15 branches in Cleveland, for $204 million. In April 1999, the bank acquired Ashland Bankshares and its subsidiary Bank of Ashland, both based in Kentucky, for $80 million. In June 1999, the bank acquired South Florida Bank Holding. In July 1999, the company acquired Peoples Bank Corporation of Indianapolis for $228 million in stock.
In April 2001, the company acquired Grand Rapids, Michigan-based Old Kent Bank, which owned over 300 branches in Indiana and Michigan. In 2002, the company acquired Tennessee-based Franklin Financial for $240 million. In 2004, the company acquired First National Bankshares of Florida. In November 2007, the bank acquired R-G Crown Bank of Casselberry, which owned 30 branches in Florida and three branches in Georgia, for $288 million. On June 2008, the bank acquired First Charter Bank of Charlotte, North Carolina, with 57 branches in North Carolina and two branches in Atlanta. On May 5, 2008, Fifth Third acquired nine branches in Atlanta, Georgia from First Horizon National Corporation. On October 31, 2008, the bank acquired the assets of the failed Florida-based Freedom Bank from the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. In November 2008, the United States Department of the Treasury invested $3.4 billion in the company as part of the Troubled Asset Relief Program and in February 2011, the company repurchased the investment from the Treasury.
On March 30, 2009, the company sold 51% of its credit card processing business to Advent International, a private equity firm. In 2011, the joint venture changed its name to Vantiv and in 2018, it merged with to Worldpay Inc. In March 2009, the bank was rumored to be one of the front runners alongside Huntington Bancshares to buy the National City Corp. branches in the Pittsburgh and Erie, Pennsylvania regions that were being sold by PNC Financial Services as part of the National City acquisition by PNC. However, PNC sold the branches to First Niagara Bank. On October 28, 2014, the company announced plans to move its Michigan regional headquarters and 150 employees from Southfield, Michigan to 62,000 sq ft in One Woodward Avenue in downtown Detroit. In April 2016, the bank sold 17 branches in the Pittsburgh area to FNB Corporation. In November 2017, the company acquired Louisville-based Epic Insurance Solutions Agency and human resources firm Integrity HR. In February 2018, the company acquired Coker Capital Advisors, a mergers and acquisitions advisory firm.
In May 2018, the company agreed to acquire Chicago-based MB Financial in a deal worth $4.7 billon in stock. On September 6, 2018, a gunman named Omar Enrique Santa-Perez entered the lobby area of the company headquarters in downtown Cincinnati and killing 3 people and wounding 2 others before being shot and killed by the Cincinnati Police. In January 2007, the bank was noted as the processor of credit card transactions for TJX Companies, which suffered a data breach, it was found that 45.7 million credit card numbers were compromised. In August 2014, the company settled with the United States Department of Justice, resolving allegations that the bank engaged in a pattern of discrimination on the basis of disability and receipt of public assistance, in violation of the Equal Credit Opportunity Act; the company was required to pay $1.5 million to eligible mortgage loan applicants who were asked to provide a letter from their doctor to document the income they received from Social Security Disability Insurance.
Fifth Third owns the naming rights to: Fifth Third Field, a baseball stadium in Toledo and home of the Toledo Mud Hens, the Triple-A minor league baseball affiliate of the Detroit Tigers. Fifth Third Field, a baseball stadium in Dayton and home of the Dayton Dragons, a Class A minor league baseball team playing in the Midwest League, affiliated with the Cincinnati Reds. Fifth Third Ballpark, a baseball stadium in Comstock Park and home of the West Michigan Whitecaps, a Class A minor league baseball team playing in the Midwest League, affil
Over-the-Rhine is a neighborhood in Cincinnati. Over-the-Rhine has been a working-class neighborhood, it is believed to be one of the largest, most intact urban historic districts in the United States. The neighborhood's distinctive name comes from its builders and early residents, German immigrants of the mid-19th century. Many walked to work across bridges over the Miami and Erie Canal, which separated the area from downtown Cincinnati; the canal was nicknamed "the Rhine" in reference to the river Rhine in Germany, the newly settled area north of the canal as "Over the Rhine". In German, the district was called über den Rhein. An early reference to the canal as "the Rhine" appears in the 1853 book White, Black, in which traveler Ferenc Pulszky wrote, "The Germans live all together across the Miami Canal, which is, here jocosely called the'Rhine.' " In 1875 writer Daniel J. Kenny referred to the area as "Over the Rhine." He noted, "Germans and Americans alike love to call the district'Over the Rhine.'
" The canal was drained and capped by Central Parkway, the resulting tunnel was to be used for the now defunct Cincinnati Subway project. Built in the nineteenth century during a period of extensive German immigration, Over-the-Rhine changed as many residents moved to the suburbs following World War 2; the city and area had lost many of the industrial jobs. By the end of the century, the area was notable for the poverty of remaining residents. In this time period residents created many life-saving organizations. Following social unrest in 2001, the neighborhood has since been the focus of millions of dollars of redevelopment. Over-the-Rhine is one of the largest, most intact urban historic district in the United States; because of its size, Over-the-Rhine has several distinct districts. OTR is bisected by Liberty Street; the Northern Liberties and the Brewery District are north of Liberty Street. South of Liberty are Pendelton. In recent years developers have renamed this portion of Over-the-Rhine to "The Gateway Quarter".
This area has been the focal point of gentrification, controversial due to the displacement of African Americans and low income residents. A comparison of the 2010 and 2000 federal censuses shows that over 1000 African Americans left this area during the decade; as of 2016, this is a white and exclusive section of the neighborhood. The area north of Liberty street was the heart of Cincinnati's beer brewing industry. Christian Moerlein established his first brewing company in Over-the-Rhine in 1853; the Christian Moerlein Brewing Co. became the city's largest brewery and expanded into the national market. At its height the brewery occupied three entire city blocks. Prohibition brought an end to the company in the 1920s. In 2010 the revived Christian Moerlein Brewing Co. began brewing beer in the Brewery District once again. This area of the neighborhood has been untouched by recent gentrification efforts and may resemble historic OTR better than other areas, though future investment may change this space in the future.
Until 1849, today's Liberty Street called Northern Row, was the corporation line forming Cincinnati's northern boundary. The area north of Northern Row was not subject to municipal law and was, called'The Northern Liberties'. In 1955, the city decided to widen Liberty Street to connect with Reading Road as an east-west cross town access point for the interstate highway system. Buildings on the south side of the street were demolished and the street was widened from a two lane road to one with five lanes. Efforts are underway to narrow Liberty Street to bridge the gap between these halves of the neighborhood. Over-the-Rhine Neighborhood Revitalization The neighborhood of Over-the-Rhine has been the location of heightened gentrification efforts for the city of Cincinnati; the neighborhood of Over-the-Rhine was once the most dangerous neighborhood to live in 2009, which had not been the same since the infamous 2001 Cincinnati riots. Following these events, the combination of private development corporations and the political backing of city officials have begun to address the problems that come with a neighborhood with low employment and high crime rates.
The political dimension of Cincinnati is important to examine in order to highlight the changes made to the neighborhood of Over-the-Rhine. A neo-liberalism approach is used in the city's urban renewal strategy by utilizing private corporations rather than the city itself to take on renewing and updating this particular area; the governments role in promoting economic development has transformed from a regulator of development to a facilitator of development in that it oversees and helps put development corporations in the best place to create effective change in these lower occupation, high crime neighborhood like Over-the-Rhine. Cincinnati Center City Development Corporation The Cincinnati Center City Development Corporation, a private development corporation whose mission "is to strengthen the core assets of downtown by revitalizing and connecting the Central Business District and Over-the-Rhine" took on the majority of the task to turn this neighborhood around. Former Cincinnati Mayor, Charlie Luken was one of the founders of the group after realizing city officials were not creating policies that could turn around the area.
The 3CDC is unlike other development corporations in that it doesn't act as the liaison for the city, but is instead the main developer with full political and financial backing by the city. The Cincinnati Center City Development Corporation has invested more than half a billion dollars into Over-the-Rhine in the form of purchasing 131 different historical buildings in additi
Vine Street, Cincinnati
Vine Street functions as Cincinnati's central thoroughfare. It bisects the downtown neighborhood, as well as the adjacent Over-the-Rhine neighborhood; the street serves as the dividing line for the "east" and "west" sides of the city. All east-west addresses in the city start at zero at Vine Street, it heads north-northeast from the riverfront area through the Over-the-Rhine neighborhood, ascending between Fairview and Mount Auburn until it courses the uptown plateau past the University of Cincinnati. As the eastern perimeter of the campus and the Environmental Protection Agency's regional offices, Vine is called Jefferson Avenue, though it directly connects with Vine Street on its north and south ends. An adjunct, known as Short Vine parallels Jefferson Avenue and functions as a central artery of the neighborhood of Corryville, an off-campus business district with a number of shops, music venues, restaurants. Vine Street and Jefferson Avenue were both realigned in the 1970s to provide a bypass around the Corryville Neighborhood Business District.
Vine St and Short Vine formed a five-leg intersection with Auburn Avenue and East and West Corry Streets. The south legs of Vine and North leg of Auburn were removed to make room for a commercial shopping center. However, Vine St and Short Vine still divide the west sides of Cincinnati; the Jefferson Avenue "bypass" is still on the west side of the city. The north end of Short Vine connects to Vine Street at Jr.. Drive intersection. Vine Street descends past the Vine Street Hill Cemetery. Near the bottom of Vine Street Hill, the street leaves the City of Cincinnati and takes a northwestern heading through the independent entities of Saint Bernard, home of Ivorydale. In Saint Bernard, it passes beneath the Mill Creek Expressway, as this segment of Interstate 75 is known. After a railroad crossing near Ivorydale, it meets Spring Grove Avenue. Vine Street enters Elmwood Place and serves as the municipality's central boulevard. Vine continues in a northerly direction through the Cincinnati city neighborhood of Carthage, where it merges with Ohio State Route 4 at the terminus of Paddock Road.
The Ronald Reagan Cross County Highway crosses over Vine Street. Passing on through the Cincinnati neighborhood of Hartwell, Vine Street becomes Springfield Pike when it enters Wyoming, Ohio. Springfield Pike continues through Ohio. At the north end of Woodlawn, entering Glendale, there is a fork in the road. Ohio State Route 4 and Springfield Pike veer off to the left towards downtown Springdale, while Ohio State Route 747 continues straight north as Congress Avenue through Glendale, as Princeton Pike into Springdale near Tri-County Mall. Most of the buildings on Vine Street are commercial, represent the city's historic business district. Vine Street is known for its large amount of pedestrian traffic around Fountain Square. Fountain Square Cincinnati Zoo University of Cincinnati Corporate Headquarters of Kroger Over-the-Rhine Neighborhood Bogart's Marquee Vine Street Hill Cemetery Main Branch of Cincinnati Public Libraries Politico Magazine: "The Street That Riots Couldn’t Kill" by MARK PETERSON and NICOLE NAREA June 16, 2016
The Cincinnati Enquirer
The Cincinnati Enquirer is a morning daily newspaper published by Gannett Company in Cincinnati, United States. First published in 1841, the Enquirer is the last remaining daily newspaper in Greater Cincinnati and Northern Kentucky, although the daily Journal-News competes with the Enquirer in the northern suburbs; the Enquirer has the highest circulation of any print publication in the Cincinnati metropolitan area. A daily local edition for Northern Kentucky is published as The Kentucky Enquirer; the Enquirer won the 2018 Pulitzer Prize for local reporting for its project titled "Seven Days of Heroin."In addition to the Cincinnati Enquirer and Kentucky Enquirer, Gannett publishes a variety of print and electronic periodicals in the Cincinnati area, including 16 Community Press weekly newspapers, 10 Community Recorder weekly newspapers, OurTown magazine. The Enquirer is available online at the Cincinnati.com website. The Enquirer is regarded as a conservative, Republican-leaning newspaper, in contrast to The Cincinnati Post, a former competing daily.
From 1920 to 2012, the editorial board endorsed every Republican candidate for United States president. By contrast, the current editorial board claims to take a pragmatic editorial stance. According to editor Peter Bhatia, "It is made up of pragmatic, solution-driven members who, don’t have much use for extreme ideologies from the right or the left.... The board’s mantra in our editorials has been about problem-solving and improving the quality of life for everyone in greater Cincinnati." On September 24, 2016, the Enquirer endorsed Hillary Clinton for president, its first endorsement of a Democrat for president since Woodrow Wilson in 1916. The Kentucky Enquirer consists of an additional section wrapped around the Cincinnati Enquirer and a remade Local section; the front page is remade from the Ohio edition. Reader-submitted content is featured in six zoned editions of Your HomeTown Enquirer, a local news insert published twice-weekly on Thursdays and Saturdays in Hamilton, Butler and Clermont counties.
Since September 2015, the Enquirer and local Fox affiliate WXIX-TV have partnered on news gathering and have shared news coverage and video among the paper and online media. In 2016, the Enquirer launched a true crime podcast called Accused that reached the top of iTunes' podcasts chart. Under then-editor Peter Bhatia, the Enquirer became the first newsroom in the nation to dedicate a reporter to covering the heroin epidemic full time; that reporter, Terry DeMio, reporter Dan Horn helped lead a staff of about 60 journalists to report the heroin project that won the newspaper its second Pulitzer Prize. The award was the first the newsroom won for its reporting; the first Pulitzer win was awarded to Jim Borgman for editorial cartoons in 1991. The Enquirer's predecessor was the Phoenix, edited by Moses Dawson as early as 1828, it became the Commercial Advertiser and in 1838 the Cincinnati Advertiser and Journal. By the time John and Charles Brough purchased it and renamed it the Daily Cincinnati Enquirer, it was considered a newspaper of record for the city.
The Enquirer's first issue, on April 10, 1841, consisted of "just four pages of squint-inducing text that was, at times, as ugly in tone as it was in appearance". It declared its staunch support for the Democratic Party, in contrast to the three Whig papers and two ostensibly independent papers in circulation. A weekly digest edition for regional farmers, the Weekly Cincinnati Enquirer, began publishing on April 14 and would continue until November 25, 1843, as The Cincinnati Weekly Enquirer. In November 1843, the Enquirer merged with the Daily Morning Message to become the Enquirer and Message. In January 1845, the paper dropped the Message name. In May 1849, the paper became The Cincinnati Enquirer. On April 20, 1848, the Enquirer became one of the first newspapers in the United States to publish a Sunday edition. In 1844, James J. Faran took an interest in the Enquirer. In 1848, Washington McLean and his brother S. B. Wiley McLean acquired an interest in the Enquirer. On March 22, 1866, a gas leak caused Pike's Opera House to explode, taking with it the Enquirer offices next door.
A competitor, the Cincinnati Daily Times, allowed the Enquirer to print on its presses in the wake of the disaster. As a result, the Enquirer missed only one day of publication. However, archives of the paper's first 25 years were lost. Washington McLean was a leading Copperhead whose editorial policies led to the suppression of the paper by the United States government during the Civil War. After the war, McLean pursued an anti-Republican stance. One of his star writers was Lafcadio Hearn, who wrote for the paper from 1872 to 1875. James W. Faulkner served as the paper's political correspondent, covering the Ohio State Legislature and Statehouse, from 1887 until his death in 1923; the Faulkner Letter was a well-known column carried in regional newspapers. In the 1860s, Washington McLean bought out Faran's interest in the Enquirer. In 1872, he sold a half interest in the newspaper to his son, John Roll McLean, who assumed full ownership of the paper in 1881, he owned the paper until his death in 1916.
Having little faith in his only child, John Roll McLean put the Enquirer and another paper he owned, The Washington Post, in trust with the American Security and Trust Company of Washington, D. C. as trustee. Ned broke the trust regarding The Post, an action that led to its bankruptcy and eventual sale to Eugene Meyer in 1933; the Enquirer, continued to be held in trust until 1952. In the 1910s, the Enquirer was known for an attention-getting style of headlin