Downtown Cleveland is the central business district of Cleveland, Ohio. It is the symbolic center of the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area. Reinvestment in the area in the mid-1990s spurred a rebirth in Downtown, with the residential population growing from 7,261 in 1990 to 9,599 in 2000 and 11,693 in 2010, it had the largest population growth, by percentage, of any Cleveland neighborhood over that time. The neighborhood's population was estimated at 15,000 in September 2017, with another 1,000 rental units becoming available by the end of 2017; the Downtown Cleveland Alliance, a nonprofit which promotes the area, said that the neighborhood's population will hit more than 20,000+ by 2020 when all 17 anticipated housing projects were completed, making it one of the most populated downtown districts of cities of its size. Between 2010 and 2014, Downtown Cleveland saw more than $4.5 billion in residential and commercial developments. In 2012, Forbes included Downtown Cleveland in a list of "15 U.
S. Cities Emerging Downtown"; as of 2000, 100,000 people worked in the district, which in 2012 contained more than 16 million square feet of rentable office space. The heart of downtown and the city's first settled area, Public Square was laid out by city founder Moses Cleaveland in 1796 and has remained unchanged, it consists of a large open space, cut into quadrants by Superior Avenue. Public Square is the symbolic heart of the city, has hosted presidents, vast congregations of people, a free annual 4th of July concert by the Cleveland Orchestra. At one time, Public Square was inaccessible to vehicles. In 1860, the Perry Monument, a memorial to Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry's victory in the Battle of Lake Erie in the War of 1812, was dedicated in the center of Public Square. In 1892, it was moved out of the square, which by had the fences removed after lobbying by commercial interests. Public Square is home to the Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument, which commemorates residents of Cuyahoga County who served in the Civil War.
Public Square features a statue of Cleaveland. The Consulate-General of Slovenia in Cleveland is in the 55 Public Square building. Notable buildings on Public Square include the Terminal Tower, home to Tower City Center, 200 Public Square - the former BP Building, as well as Key Tower, the tallest building in Ohio and one of the tallest in the United States. Public Square is home to the historic Old Stone Church, completed in 1855; the west side of Public Square was to become the headquarters of the Cleveland Trust Company called Ameritrust, but the project was cancelled after Ameritrust was purchased and merged into Key Bank, leaving that side of the square open to this day, with only a surface parking lot on the site. The classic Higbee's department store building is home to the Jack Cleveland Casino, since its opening on May 14, 2012. An early residential neighborhood, The Warehouse District was built into a warehousing and shipping neighborhood during the industrial rise of Cleveland, Within the past few decades, it has been converted again back into an entertainment and residential hub.
The Warehouse District is the largest downtown neighborhood by population, continues to grow with an assortment of shops, clubs and loft condos/apartments. West Sixth Street is known as the heart of the district. Famously, the 17-story Rockefeller Building sits on the corner West Sixth and Superior Ave erected by John D. Rockefeller. Main Article Gateway Sports and Entertainment Complex Revitalization of the Historic Gateway District began in the 1990s with the Gateway complex, which included construction of Progressive Field and Rocket Mortgage FieldHouse, the homes of the MLB Cleveland Indians, NBA Cleveland Cavaliers, AFL Cleveland Gladiators, AHL Cleveland Monsters; the Gateway complex was built on parking lots on the site of a former produce market. The baseball stadium and basketball arena are connected to Tower City Center, RTA's rail transit system, via an enclosed walkway; the neighborhood includes retail, a large variety of restaurants. Main Article: East 4th Street East 4th Street is a popular restaurant and entertainment street near Progressive Field and Quicken Loans Arena.
It is home to Cleveland's House of Blues, Iron Chef Michael Symon's Lola Bistro, comedy club/restaurant Pickwick and Frolic, as well as a dozen other dining and retail storefronts. The neighborhood is home to hundreds of residents who live in the apartments and loft condominiums above the storefronts; the neighborhood houses the Cleveland Arcade, the first indoor shopping mall in the United States. Home to the second-largest performing arts complex in the U. S. Playhouse Square Center in the Cleveland Theater District is downtown's cultural heart; the area is dominated by five historic theaters built during the 1920s -- State, Allen and Palace theaters are all located in a cluster near the intersection of Euclid Avenue and E. 14th Street. Additionally, the smaller theaters include the 14th Street Theater, Kennedy's Theater, Westfield Insurance Studio Theater, Second Stage, Helen Rosenfeld Lewis Bialosky Lab Theatre. WVIZ-TV 25, WCPN FM 90.3, classical music station WCLV FM 104.9 teamed up with Playhouse Square to renovate the former Playhouse Square Building, an empty office building, transforming it into One Playhouse Square, a downtown broadcast headquarters.
The building is now known as the Idea Center, includes high definition televisio
Swantibor III, Duke of Pomerania, or, according to a different way of counting, Swantibor I. was a member of the House of Griffins, a Duke of Pomerania-Stettin and for a while governor of the Mittelmark. Duke Swantibor III was a son of Barnim III, nicknamed the church founder, who ruled in the Teilherzogtum of Pomerania-Stettin. After Barnim III's death in 1368, his three surviving sons Casimir III, Swantibor III and Bogislaw VII ruled Pomerania-Stettin jointly. At the time of their succession to power, Denmark under King Waldemar IV of Denmark was at war with the Hanseatic League and its allies, in particular Duke Albert II of Mecklenburg; the late Duke Barnim III had sided with Denmark. His sons, made peace with Albert on 7 November 1368 and took a neutral stance towards Denmark; this brought them into conflict with Margrave Otto of Brandenburg. This conflict escalated to war. Duke Casimir III died during the siege of Chojna in 1372. After Casimir's death, Swantibor III and Bogislaw VII ruled jointly, with Swantibor III now playing the leading role.
He was faced with the challenge to maintain the position of Pomerania, splintered into several Teilherzogtumer, against its neighbours, in particular, against Brandenburg. When Emperor Charles IV tried to win Brandenburg for his relatives, Swantibor feared that Charles IV would revive old claims that Brandenburg held suzerainty over Pomerania. On 17 May 1373 all the Pomeranian dukes, that is, Swantibor III and Bogislaw VII from Pomerania-Stettin, Wartislaw VI and Bogislaw VI from Pomerania-Wolgast, Bogislaw V of Pomerania-Stolp and Philip of Rehberg, Bishop of Cammin, joined forces to protect their interests and their common ownership of Pomerania; when Emperor Charles IV had acquired Brandenburg for his family by the Treaty of Fürstenwalde of 15 August 1373, Charles initiated a friendly relation with the Pomeranian dukes, contrary to their expectations because he had married Bogislaw V's daughter, Elisabeth of Pomerania. Charles IV was friendly with Swantibor, who participated in imperial affairs, who served as an imperial judge.
The situation in Pomerania remained disorganized. The Dukes had conflicts with the Pomeranian cities and were short of funds due to their ongoing feuds; the relation with the neighbouring Teutonic Knights was inconsistent. In 1388, Swantibor III and Bogislaw VII served the order for a while. In 1403, Swantibor tried to make his son Otto II archbishop of Riga, against the will of the Order, who supported John of Wallenrode as their candidate for the position. In the Battle of Grunwald in 1410, a Pomeranian contingent led by Swantibor's son Casimir V, fought on the side of the Order; the Order lost Casimir was taken prisoner by the victorious Poles. He was, released soon afterwards. In 1388, Charles IV's son Sigismund enfeoffed Jobst of Moravia with the Margraviate of Brandenburg. Conflicts erupted again between Pomerania. In 1409, a compromise was reached between Jobst and Swantibor and Jobst enfeoffed Swantibor with the Lordship of Beeskow. Swantibor fell into disputes with the local nobility in Beeskow, who had supported him against Jobst.
After Jobst died in 1411, Sigismund enfeoffed Brandenburg to Burgrave Frederick VI of Nuremberg, who became Elector of Brandenburg as Frederick I. Swantibor remained on his post as governor of the Mittelmark. In 1412, however, he retired. Swantibor's sons soon fell into military conflicts with Frederick and Dukes Otto II and Casimir V defeated Frederick in the second Battle at the Kremmen Causeway. Swantibor III died on 21 June 1413, he was buried in the Cistercian monastery at Kołbacz. The verdict of the historian Martin Wehrmann was the Duke Swantibor seems to have been an energetic and capable ruler, due to the condition of his country, unable to achieve permanent results. In 1374, Swantibor III married Anna, the daughter of the Burgrave Albert the Beautiful of Nuremberg, granddaughter of Frederick IV, Burgrave of Nuremberg. Two sons and a daughter survived him: Otto II Casimir V Margaret, married Ulrich I, Duke of Mecklenburg-Stargard List of Pomeranian duchies and dukes Klaus Conrad: Herzogliche Schwäche und städtische Macht in der zweiten Hälfte des 14.
Und im 15. Jahrhundert, in: Werner Buchholz: Deutsche Geschichte im Osten Europas. Pommern, Siedler Verlag, Berlin, 1999, ISBN 3-88680-272-8, p. 127-202 Martin Wehrmann: Geschichte von Pommern. Vol. 1, 2nd ed. Verlag Friedrich Andreas Perthes, Gotha, 1919, reprinted: Augsburg, 1992, ISBN 3-89350-112-6 Martin Wehrmann, "Swantibor III. Herzog von Pommern-Stettin", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, 54, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 640–641 Gottfried von Bülow, "Otto II.", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, 25, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 785–787
Little Robbers is the RIAA Gold-certified fourth studio album by new wave band The Motels. It was recorded between February and August 1983 and released in September 1983, it features the hit song, "Suddenly Last Summer", which hit No. 1 on Billboard's Album Rock Tracks chart, became the band's second Top 10 Pop hit in the US, reaching No. 9 on the Billboard Hot 100. "Where Do We Go from Here" – 3:34 "Suddenly Last Summer" – 3:46 "Isle of You" – 4:09 "Trust Me" – 3:23 "Monday Shut Down" – 3:48 "Remember the Nights" – 3:02 "Little Robbers" – 3:56 "Into the Heartland" – 3:36 "Tables Turned" – 3:37 "Footsteps" – 3:44 "Suddenly Last Summer" Released: Aug 1983 Charts: Australia #34 / Canada #11 / New Zealand #28 / U. S. #9 / US-FM #1 / US-Dance #18 "Remember the Nights" Released: 18 Nov 1983 Charts: U. S. #36 / US-FM #10 "Footsteps" Released: Jan 1984 "Little Robbers" Released: Jan 1984 Charts: US-FM #18 Credits are taken from the CD's liner notes. Martha Davis – vocals, rhythm guitar Guy Perry – lead guitar Marty Jourard – keyboards, saxophone Michael Goodroe – bass Brian Glascock – drums, percussion Scott Thurston – keyboards, guitar Steve Goldstein - keyboards Craig Krampf - drums Craig Hull - guitar Chris Page - additional synthesizer F. Bob Getter - bass Waddy Wachtel - guitar Jerry Peterson - saxophone Credits are taken from the CD's liner notes.