Downtown is the largest business district in Houston, located near the geographic center of the metropolitan area at the confluence of Interstate 10, Interstate 45, Interstate 69. The 1.84-square-mile district, enclosed by the aforementioned highways, contains the original townsite of Houston at the confluence of Buffalo Bayou and White Oak Bayou, a point known as Allen's Landing. Downtown has been the city's preeminent commercial district since its founding in 1836. Today home to nine Fortune 500 corporations, Downtown contains 50 million square feet of office space and is the workplace of 150,000 employees. Downtown is a major destination for entertainment and recreation. Nine major performing arts organizations are located within the 13,000-seat Theater District at prominent venues including Alley Theatre, Hobby Center for the Performing Arts, Jones Hall, the Wortham Theater Center. Two major professional sports venues, Minute Maid Park and the Toyota Center, are home to the Houston Astros and Houston Rockets, respectively.
Discovery Green, an urban park located on the east side of the district adjacent to the George R. Brown Convention Center, anchors the city's convention district. Downtown is Houston's civic center, containing Houston City Hall, the jails and civil courthouses of Harris County, a federal prison and courthouse. Downtown is a major public transportation hub, lying at the center of the light rail system and ride system, the metropolitan freeway network. Over 100,000 people commute through Downtown daily. An extensive network of pedestrian tunnels and skywalks connects a large number of buildings in the district. Geographically, Downtown is bordered by East Downtown to the east, Third Ward to the south, Midtown to the southwest, Fourth Ward to the west, Sixth Ward to the northwest, Near Northside to the north; the district's streets form a strict grid plan of 400 square blocks, oriented at a southwest to northeast angle. The northern end of the district is crossed by Buffalo Bayou, the banks of which function as a linear park with a grade-separated system of hike-and-bike trails.
Downtown Houston is a 1,178-acre area bounded by Interstate 45, Interstate 69/U. S. Highway 59, Interstate 10/U. S. Highway 90. Several sub-districts exist within Downtown, including: Ballpark – Includes Minute Maid Park and surrounding restaurants and office space. Convention – Includes the George R. Brown Convention Center, Discovery Green, the Toyota Center, some of the largest hotels in the city. Civic Center – Contains the core of Houston's government, including City Hall – the Houston Public Library Central Library is here, Harris County – The district includes the Harris County courts complex, the University of Houston–Downtown is on the edge of the district. Historic – This was the original town center of Houston and dates from the 19th century; the center of the historic district is the Market Square, where the original city hall building stood. Medical – located along Interstate 45 in the southern corner of the district. Shopping – Main Street Square has a pavilion and fountains built around the Main Street Square Station – GreenStreet and the Shops at Houston Center are in the area.
Skyline -- forms the base of Downtown's employment. The buildings are connected by the extensive tunnel network. Theater – The 17 block area includes many performing arts venues, Bayou Place, the Houston Aquarium. Warehouse – Home to Houston's alternative art scene, unique dining options, live music, artists’ studios and downtown's first lofts. Downtown Houston encompasses the original townsite of Houston. After the Texas Revolution, two New York real estate investors, John Kirby Allen and Augustus Chapman Allen, purchased 6,642 acres of land from Thomas F. L. Parrot and his wife, for US$9,428; the Allen brothers settled at the confluence of White Oak and Buffalo bayous, a spot now known as Allen's Landing. A team of three surveyors, including Gail Borden, Jr. and Moses Lapham, platted a 62-square-block townsite in the fall of 1836, each block 250 by 250 feet, or 62,500 square feet in size. The grid plan was designed to conform to the winding route of Buffalo Bayou; each block was subdivided into 12 lots – five 50-by-100 foot lots on each side of the block, two 50-by-125 foot lots between the rows of five.
The Allen brothers, motivated by their vision for urban civic life, specified wide streets to accommodate commercial traffic and reserved blocks for schools and civic institutions. The townsite was cleared and drained by a team of Mexican prisoners and black slaves. By April 1837, Houston featured a dock, commercial district, the capitol building of the Republic of Texas, an estimated population of 1,500; the first city hall was sited at present-day Market Square Park in 1841. The relocation of the Texan republic's capital to Houston required a significant political campaign by the Allen brothers; the Allens gifted a number of city blocks to prominent Texas politicians and agreed to construct the new capitol building and a large hotel at no cost to the government. The Allens donated blocks to celebrities, prominent lawyers, other
The 1986 Pro Bowl was the NFL's 36th annual all-star game which featured the outstanding performers from the 1985 season. The game was played on Sunday, February 2, 1986, at Aloha Stadium in Honolulu, Hawaii before a crowd of 50,101; the final score was NFC 28, AFC 24. Don Shula of the Miami Dolphins led the AFC team against an NFC team coached by Los Angeles Rams head coach John Robinson; the referee was Bob McElwee. Phil Simms of the New York Giants was named the game's MVP. Players on the winning NFC team received $10,000 apiece while the AFC participants each took home $5,000; the players representing the AFC were: The players representing the NFC were
Natural Resources is a soul album released by Motown girl group Martha Reeves and the Vandellas in 1970 on the Gordy label. The album is significant for the Vietnam War ballad "I Should Be Proud" and the slow jam, "Love Guess Who"; the album marked a return from lead singer Martha Reeves, recovering from a time in a mental institution after an addiction to painkillers nearly wrecked her. This was the next-to-last album for the Vandellas. "Something" "Easily Persuaded" "Didn't We" "I'm in Love" "Love, Guess Who" "Everybody's Talkin'" "Put a Little Love in Your Heart" "The Hurt Is Over" "Take a Look" "Won't It Be So Wonderful" "I Should Be Proud" "People Got to Be Free" Martha Reeves - lead vocals.