Downtown Louisville

Downtown Louisville is the largest central business district in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the urban hub of the Louisville, Kentucky Metropolitan Area. Its boundaries are the Ohio River to the north, Hancock Street to the east and Jacob Streets to the south, 9th Street to the west; as of 2015, the population of Downtown Louisville was 4,700, although this does not include directly surrounding areas such as Old Louisville, Butchertown, NuLu, Phoenix Hill. The five main areas of the Central Business District consist of: West Main District East Main District Medical Center Fourth St. District Civic Center The tallest buildings in Kentucky are located in Downtown Louisville and include 400 West Market designed by John Burgee, National City Tower designed by Harrison & Abramovitz, PNC Plaza designed by Welton Becket, the Humana Building designed by Michael Graves. Of the 16 buildings in Kentucky over 300 feet, 12 are in Downtown Louisville. In addition, it is the center of regional government.

A glassed-in skywalk called the Louie Link stretches six city blocks and links together the Kentucky International Convention Center, Fourth Street Live!, three hotels, 2,300 hotel rooms. In 2010 it was extended from the Galt House to the new $16 million Skywalk Garage, an eight-level, 860-space parking facility on Third Street, a second skywalk connects from the garage across Third Street to the new KFC Yum! Center. Downtown Louisville is the oldest part of the city of Louisville, whose initial development was tied to the Ohio River; the largest early fort, Fort Nelson, was built in 1781 near what is today the corner of 7th and Main streets. Many early residents lived nearby after moving out of the forts by the mid-1780s, although little remains of the earliest structures. Early plans of the city, such as William Pope's original plan in 1783, show a simple grid on an east/west axis along the river; the earliest streets, Main and Jefferson retain their original names from the plan, while the smaller Green Street is now known as Liberty.

Main Street was the city's initial commercial hub for nearly a century. By 1830 Louisville passed Lexington as Kentucky's largest city, with a population over 10,000; the steamboat era saw the opening of the Louisville and Portland Canal just west of downtown, local commerce picked up further with the founding of banks and manufacturing. Most of Louisville's population was packed into downtown, which by this time stretched as far south as Prather Street. Many still-remaining buildings reveal what the area was like at this time, with narrow, two to four-story buildings packing the streets; the area and the city continued to grow during the railroad era. However, the increased mobility of early trolleys, as well as the sheer number and diversity of people moving to Louisville, saw a shift in focus as areas like Phoenix Hill and what is now Old Louisville began to be built on the edges of downtown after the city annexed those areas in 1868. Railroads lead to a diminished role for the river in transportation, further reducing the importance of downtown in favor of areas on what was the edge of the city, along rail lines.

In 1886, the first skyscraper, the Kenyon Building, was completed on Fifth Street, followed in 1890 by the ten-story Columbia Building. The development of three large suburban parks and the electrified streetcar lead to the first true movement to the suburbs at this time; some of downtown's business and industry followed people toward these areas. But by the 1920s the commercial center of Louisville was still nearby, at 4th and Broadway, dubbed the "magic corner" by the Herald-Post; the riverfront area of downtown was still being improved, such as with the building of what is now George Rogers Clark Memorial Bridge across the Ohio at Second Street in 1929. After World War II, suburbanization increased and downtown began to decline as interstate highways further reduced the importance of its central location. Since the 1970s, downtown has been the subject of both urban renewal and historic preservation efforts. While many new buildings have been built, it has sometimes been at the expense of older landmarks, such as the Tyler Block.

Many buildings sat or vacant at this time, some became dilapidated to the point where they burned down or had to be razed. Many riverfront industrial sites were abandoned or saw limited use, many were redeveloped into Louisville Waterfront Park. Other issues in the 1970s through the early 1990s included a former theater district on Jefferson Street that had become dubbed the "porno district"; the businesses there were seen by the city as an eyesore since they were so close to the convention center, most were demolished or burned down by the late 1990s. A few adult book stores and bars remained in the general area as of 2007. From the late 1970s to early 1990s, nine new high rises over 200 feet in height were built in downtown. Unlike the city's previous tallest buildings, which were all set along the Broadway corridor, these new buildings were set closer to the riverfront along Main and Market Streets. Since 2000, downtown has seen another


Huron—Bruce is a federal electoral district in Ontario, represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1953. The riding was created in 1952 from parts of Huron North and Huron—Perth ridings, it consisted of the township of Hibbert in the county of Perth, the townships of Hullett, McKillop, Tuckersmith, Stephen, Grey, Colborne, Ashfield, East Wawanosh and West Wawanosh in the county of Huron. In 1966, it was redefined to consist of the County of Huron excluding the Village of Lucknow, the Village of Ailsa Craig and the Townships of Biddulph and McGillivray in the County of Middlesex, it was known as "Huron" until 1974. It was known as "Huron—Middlesex" from 1974 to 1976. In 1976, it was renamed "Huron—Bruce", defined to consist of the County of Huron and the Townships of Carrick, Culross and Kinloss in the County of Bruce. In 1987, the Bruce County portion was redefined as the part of the County of Bruce lying west of and excluding the townships of Carrick and Elderslie, west of and including the Village of Paisley, west of and excluding the Townships of Elderslie and Arran, west of and including the Township of Saugeen and the Town of Southampton.

In 2003, the Bruce County portion was redefined as the part of the County of Bruce lying southwest of and excluding the Township of Arran-Elderslie, west of and including the Town of Saugeen Shores. This riding was left unchanged after the 2012 electoral redistribution; this riding has elected the following Members of Parliament: Note: Conservative vote is compared to the total of the Canadian Alliance vote and Progressive Conservative vote in 2000 election. Note: Canadian Alliance vote is compared to the Reform vote in 1997 election. List of Canadian federal electoral districts Past Canadian electoral districts " Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-03. Federal riding history from the Library of Parliamentresults] 2011 Results from Elections Canada Campaign expense data from Elections Canada


Puumala is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the Southern Savonia region; the municipality has a population of 2,182 and covers an area of 1,237.75 square kilometres of which 443.17 km2 is water. The population density is 2.75 inhabitants per square kilometre. The municipality is unilingually Finnish; the main road route through the region is route 62, which connects to Mikkeli to the north and Imatra to the south. Until the year 1995 a cable ferry connected the two sides of Puumalansalmi-strait. In 1995, a 781-metre-long bridge replaced the ferry; the bridge is a dominant structure when looking Puumala town center from a distance. Puumala has good services compared to the amount of population. In the town center is situated a post office, an Alko store, a kiosk, several supermarkets and a few restaurants; the reason for the survival of these entrepreneurs is the arrival of summer inhabitants who triple the population of Puumala during the season. In history it is remembered for being the site of a staged attack on Swedish soldiers, by men wearing Russian military uniforms, but not serving in the Imperial Russian Army, on 27 June 1788.

This would allow Gustav III to declare a defensive war against the Russian Empire. The Puumala virus is named after this place as it was first isolated from samples from the Puumala area. Media related to Puumala at Wikimedia Commons Municipality of Puumala – Official website