Hinton, South Gloucestershire
Hinton is a village in South Gloucestershire, England. It is forms part of the civil parish of Dyrham and Hinton; the Bull is the local pub. The Battle of Deorham was fought between West Saxons and Britons on Hinton Hill to the east of the village, it was a key moment in the isolation of the Britons of the South West Peninsula from the Britons of what would become Wales. Media related to Hinton, South Gloucestershire at Wikimedia Commons
The Cotswolds is an area in south central England comprising the Cotswold Hills, a range of rolling hills that rise from the meadows of the upper Thames to an escarpment, known as the Cotswold Edge, above the Severn Valley and Evesham Vale. The area is defined by the bedrock of Jurassic limestone that creates a type of grassland habitat rare in the UK and, quarried for the golden-coloured Cotswold stone, it contains unique features derived from the use of this mineral. Designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty in 1966, the Cotswolds covers 787 square miles and is the second largest protected landscape in England and the largest AONB, its boundaries are 25 miles across and 90 miles long, stretching south-west from just south of Stratford-upon-Avon to just south of Bath. It lies across the boundaries of several English counties; the highest point of the region is Cleeve Hill at 1,083 ft, just east of Cheltenham. The hills give their name to the Cotswold local-government district, formed on 1 April 1974, which administers over half of the area.
Most of the District is in the county of Gloucestershire. The main town is Cirencester and the Cotswold District Council offices are located in that community; the population of the 450-square-mile District was about 83,000 in 2011. The much larger area referred to as the Cotswolds encompasses nearly 800 square miles, over five counties: Gloucestershire, Warwickshire and Worcestershire; the population of the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty was 139,000 in 2016. There is evidence of Neolithic settlement from burial chambers on Cotswold Edge, there are remains of Bronze and Iron Age forts; the Romans built villas, such as at Chedworth, settlements such as Gloucester, paved the Celtic path known as Fosse Way. During the Middle Ages, thanks to the breed of sheep known as the Cotswold Lion, the Cotswolds became prosperous from the wool trade with the continent, with much of the money made from wool directed towards the building of churches; the most successful era for the wool trade was 1250–1350.
The area still preserves numerous large, handsome Cotswold Stone "wool churches". The affluent area in the 21st century has attracted wealthy Londoners and others who own second homes there or have chosen to retire to the Cotswolds; the name Cotswold is popularly attributed the meaning "sheep enclosure in rolling hillsides", incorporating the term, meaning hills. Compare the Weald from the Saxon/German word Wald meaning'forest'. However, the English Place-Name Society has for many years accepted that the term Cotswold is derived from Codesuualt of the 12th century or other variations on this form, the etymology of, given,'Cod's-wold', which is'Cod's high open land'. Cod was interpreted as an Old English personal name, which may be recognised in further names: Cutsdean and Codesbyrig, some of which date back to the eighth century AD, it has subsequently been noticed that "Cod" could derive philologically from a Brittonic female cognate "Cuda", a hypothetical mother goddess in Celtic mythology postulated to have been worshipped in the Cotswold region.
The spine of the Cotswolds runs southwest to northeast through six counties Gloucestershire, west Oxfordshire and south western Warwickshire. The northern and western edges of the Cotswolds are marked by steep escarpments down to the Severn valley and the Warwickshire Avon; this feature, known as the Cotswold escarpment, or sometimes the Cotswold Edge, is a result of the uplifting of the limestone layer, exposing its broken edge. This is a cuesta, in geological terms; the dip slope is to the southeast. On the eastern boundary lies the city of Oxford and on the west is Stroud. To the southeast, the upper reaches of the Thames Valley and towns such as Lechlade and Fairford are considered to mark the limit of this region. To the south the Cotswolds, with the characteristic uplift of the Cotswold Edge, reach beyond Bath, towns such as Chipping Sodbury and Marshfield share elements of Cotswold character; the area is characterised by attractive small towns and villages built of the underlying Cotswold stone.
This limestone is rich in fossils of fossilised sea urchins. Cotswold towns include Bourton-on-the-Water, Burford, Chipping Norton, Dursley, Moreton-in-Marsh, Northleach, Stow-on-the-Wold, Stroud and Winchcombe. Bath, Cirencester, Gloucester and Swindon are larger urban centres that border on, or are surrounded by, the Cotswold AONB; the town of Chipping Campden is notable for being the home of the Arts and Crafts movement, founded by William Morris at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries. William Morris lived in Broadway Tower, a folly, now part of a country park. Chipping Campden is known for the annual Cotswold Olimpick Games, a celebration of sports and games dating back to the early 17th century; the nearly 800 square miles of the Cotswolds 80% farmlands, contains over 3,000 miles of footpaths and bridleways. There are 4,000 miles of historic stone walls. A 2017 report on employment within the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty, stated that the main sources of income were real estate, rentin
Henfield is a hamlet in South Gloucestershire, England between Coalpit Heath and Westerleigh, adjoining the hamlet of Ram Hill to the north. Henfield is a small hamlet that has seen considerable land use change over the recent centuries moving from a traditional agricultural landscape to an active coal mining area by the beginning of the nineteenth century; the noise and pollution associated with mining and railway operations would have been constant. Population would have increased at that time supported by the introduction of new miner's cottages by the Coalpit Heath Colliery Company; the closure of New Engine Pit, the remaining mine, before the end of the nineteenth century represented change but with railway sidings and engine shed at New Engine and the movement of labour to the nearby Parkfield and Frog Lane Pits, the industrial nature of the area was maintained to well into the twentieth century. The closure of the Frog Lane Pit at Coalpit Heath in 1949 represented a step change in the area and Henfield reverted to its agricultural roots, a quiet clustered hamlet surrounded by pastoral agricultural land.
There were new additions at that time with the introduction of Henfield Village Hall and a little ribbon development along the convergent minor roads. The area was peaceful in the 1950s and early 1960s with little in the way of noise and light pollution; the construction of the M4 Motorway to the south of the hamlet in the late 1960s began to change the character of the area and with the expansion of Bristol and Yate, Henfield has lost its tranquillity and adopted a new role as a commuter satellite to the main urban areas. At the same time the character of the landscape has changed with dairy farming being replaced by new uses in particular "horsiculture" and the manicured landscape of the Kendleshire Golf Course. However, with a rich heritage and reminders of its links with the past, such as Bitterwell Lake, the hamlet retains an important sense of community. Henfield is situated near the centre of the North Bristol Coal Field, this area at one time having been a prolific coal mining community.
Coal had been mined in this area since the fourteenth century and most even earlier. However it was Sir Samuel Astry, Lord of the Manor of Westerleigh c1680 who started mining on a grander scale and his descendants, or their business partners, continued to be connected with the Coalpit Heath Colliery Company. Within Henfield itself there were 4 mines operational in the early nineteenth century: Serridge Engine Pit - was sunk in 1785 and located near to Serridge House; this mine was linked by an early tramway to the old Ram Hill pit. Orchard Pit - was opened in the late eighteenth century and was active at the time the Dramway was completed in 1832 but was superseded by the New Engine Pit soon afterwards. No. 11 Pit - little is known of this pit other than its location south of the above pits. New Engine Pit was sunk around 1824 and was the only one of the Henfield pits, still operational after 1867, it had a depth of 502 ft 10ins which at that time was recorded as the deepest shaft sunk in the trough of Coalpit Heath.
In the mid-nineteenth century New Engine Pit was the main pit for the Coalpit Heath group of mines. Most coal for this area was drawn from this pit, the other shafts being kept open for pumping and ventilation. On the New Engine Pit site today there are the remains of a horse gin and an engine house, while the area itself is called New Engine. In 1930 it was recorded that there was an 1832 Acraman steam engine at the New Engine colliery site, being used to drive a saw mill. However, there is no trace of this engine today. For the nearby Ram Hill Engine Pit, Ram Hill Colliery, Churchleaze No. 1 Pit and Churchleaze No. 2 Pit see Ram Hill. The underground map of around 1850 shows that the underground roads of the nearby Ram Hill Colliery and Churchleaze pits on Ram Hill joined together with those of the Serridge Engine and New Engine pits. In the Bristol and Gloucestershire Railway Act of 19 June 1828, parliament authorised the construction of a horse-drawn railway from Ram Hill to the River Avon in Bristol.
It was completed and in use by July 1832. At the same time the Avon and Gloucestershire Railway constructed a connecting line from near Mangotsfield to the River Avon at Keynsham; the Ram Hill Colliery was the northern terminus and near of Bitterwell Lake (then known as Bitterwell Pond, a colliery drainage sump, there was a southern spur to New Engine Pit. When New Engine Pit ceased extraction itself, the support facilities continued in use, it came to be named New Engine Yard; these early railways provided cheap and easy transport from the mines of Coalpit Heath to the wharves on the Avon at Keynsham and Bristol. They were built as single track railway, built to the gauge of 4 ft 8 in gauge, with passing places along the route; the whole length of the railway was built on a down hill gradient dropping 225 ft along the route. The railways were colloquially referred to as the dramway and in recent times this has been formalised by usage on signs indicating the footpath facilities, on Ordnance Survey mapping.
In 1839 a main line railway, the Bristol and Gloucester Railway obtained its Act of Parliament. The railway was to be on the broad gauge and this required the colliery lines to be converted too, it opened on 5 June 1844. The Coalpit Heath group of pits had by declined, the line to them beyond New Engine Yard was not converted. In around 1860 a northern branch was constructed near Boxhedge Farm that served the new Frog Lane Colliery at Coalpit Heath. Following the clo
Cribbs Causeway is a road in South Gloucestershire, just north of Bristol, which has given its name to the surrounding area, a large out-of-town shopping centre, including retail parks and an enclosed shopping centre known as The Mall. Cribbs Causeway road is situated west of Patchway; the road runs from the northern edge of Bristol at Henbury to a point just beyond the M5 junction 17. It now forms parts of the A4018 and B4055; the primary access routes to the shopping centre are the A4018 from Bristol, the M5 motorway and Hayes Way link to the A38. The Hazel Brook rises at Cribbs Causeway, flowing southwards through Blaise Castle estate, before joining the River Trym; the name of the road is said to owe its name to Tom Cribb, a famous bare-knuckle boxer from the Bristol area. However, this was proved wrong in the 1960s by the discovery of a map showing the current name dated to four years prior to his 1781 birth; the book's author goes on to speculate that the true origin of the name may be from Crybe's dwelling, or from crib – a manger or hovel.
But all that we can glean from this is that the causeway - i.e. the Roman road - was named for a family with the surname Cribb. This local family was also commemorated in the smallholding called Crybescroft which existed in Henbury in 1281. Cribbs Causeway is believed to be the route of a Roman road from Sea Mills to Gloucester, it became the route of a turnpike from Bristol to New Passage. In the 20th century it was part of the main road from Bristol to the Aust Ferry, until the Severn Bridge opened in 1966. In the early 1960s it was upgraded to an A road, linked with the New Filton Bypass to the A38 north of Patchway. In 1971 the New Filton Bypass was incorporated into the M5 motorway, the motorway junction transformed the area. In 1976 Carrefour was granted planning permission to build a hypermarket near the junction. Development of retail parks followed, in 1998 the Mall was opened; the Mall comprises 130 shops on two levels. Major stores include anchor-tenants John Lewis and Partners and Marks & Spencer, plus Boots, H&M, River Island and Topshop/Topman.
During 2013, the centre housed the Gromit Unleashed Exhibition and Store and hosted the charity auction that took place after the arts trial had concluded. Global corporations can be found in The Mall and include retailers such as Apple Inc, Bose Corporation and Tesla Motors; the food court is located on the upper level and is home to various chain outlets such as: KFC, McDonald's, Carluccio's, Pizza Hut, Nando's, Krispy Kreme and others. At its centre point The Mall has a large fountain with a water display. Money thrown into the fountain is donated to local charities, the company reports it raises in excess of £10,000 a year for local charities; the fountain has many copper pipes that pump water out in repeated patterns and either into the middle, or towards the middle, where another pipe shoots water high into the air every 5–10 minutes at 10 – 15 metres. The height of the water jet is adjustable to prevent any object, hanging from above, from getting wet. To celebrate the Mall's tenth anniversary, the company announced a five million pound refurbishment of the food court, completed in two stages with completion in May 2009.
As of 2018, The Mall is owned by M&G Real Estate and JT Baylis. The primary access routes are the M5 Junction 17, Hayes Way to the A38 and A4018; the Mall is one of the major shopping centres in the Bristol area, the other being Broadmead, the location of The Galleries and Cabot Circus. It should not be confused with shopping centres owned by The Mall Fund which are branded as The Mall and the town or city name. M&S HMV-Formerly Zavvi And Virgin Megastore H&M Boots WH Smith John Lewis and Partners New Look Joules Gap Gap Kids Gap Body Baby Gap Next Apple The two retail parks are warehouse style shops with entrances from outside. Cribbs Causeway Retail Park is a group of large shops off Lysander Road containing Argos, Currys PC World Megastore, Magnet Kitchens, Next Home, Oak Furniture Land, SCS, Smyths and Wren Kitchens. Nearby is Centaurus Retail Park containing Carpetright, Halfords, Maplin Electronics, T. K. Maxx, B&M. Other large stores include the United Kingdom's first Asda WalMart Supercentre, built by the French hypermarket chain Carrefour in the late 1970s.
When Carrefour pulled out of the UK it sold all of its stores, including the Bristol hypermarket, to the Dee Corporation which owned the Gateway store chain. Gateway sold all of its large format stores to Asda in 1989, it became an Asda hypermarket. After the sale of Asda by its management to Walmart in July 1999, it became the first Asda Wal*Mart Supercentre in July 2000; the store has since had yet another major refurbishment and has been rebranded as an Asda Supercentre and the Walmart branding has been removed. This is the location of the first Morrisons supermarket in the south west of England which opened in September 2003. There is a B&Q DIY store which houses a Furniture Village, DFS, Toys "R" Us and Wickes. On Hollywood Lane, which passes under the M5 motorway, is the Cribbs Business Centre. A Bang & Olufsen store is located on Cribbs Causeway and Topps Tiles is locat
Awkley is a hamlet in the parish of Olveston in South Gloucestershire, England. It lies just off the M48 junctions. Several streams run in the area including Tockington Mill Rhine, Moor Rhine, Niatt Rhine and Sandy Rhine. One notable building at Awkley is the former Ebenezer chapel, dated to 1850. Now known as "The Vine", it reopened for worship in August 2006. Olveston Parish website
Acton Turville is a parish in the Cotswold Edge ward within South Gloucestershire, England. It lies 17 miles east-northeast of Bristol and 93 miles due west of London, with the M4 running southwards of the parish. Acton Turville consists of a cluster of households across 1,009 acres, with a total population of 370 people. Acton Turville is listed as "Achetone" in the Domesday Book. According to John Marius in 1870, From the imperial gazetteer of England and Wales - Acton Turville is: "a parish in Chipping Sodbury district, Gloucester, it lies 5.5 miles east of Chipping Sodbury, 7.5 miles east of Yate railway station". The Parish Church St, Mary's is dated back to the 12th century and is Grade II* listed. According to the Church of England, in the Diocese of Gloucester "minor alterations were made in the 13th century and again in the 15th century". And, in 1853 with the help of architect T,H Wyatt, enlarged the parish church, so central to the parish, due to a population increase within the parish.
The church's stained glass windows were "due to the generosity of a few local benefactors", which were finely designed by some of the "leading studios of the day". The most notable benefactor in the parish - Reverend R H Mullens, appointed vicar in 1869, made a generous donation to St Mary's Church in his retirement in 1911. One stained glass window was presented in memory of his wife; as the monarchy was restored, the presentation of a Royal Coat of Arms was made compulsory, asserting a royal "supremacy" within the church. St Mary's Church coat of arms reflects George III monarchy, dated 1801-1816. From the 1800s, population evidently began to rise until it reached a total of 175 residents in 1850; this can be explained by the events occurring in Gloucester in the 1800s, where city boundaries were beginning to be breached, a population increase was beginning to take place in surrounding rural areas. Evidently, in 1852 suburbs were reported to be "extending" a considerable distance and villages and parish's such as Acton Turville, were beginning to increase up to six times more than the population a hundred years ago.
Acton Turville's sudden increase in population can be explained by the introduction of industry in the area, where new canals and railways were promoted. Following this, there was a significant decrease in population around the 1900s, where population was 20% lower than it was in 1850 due to expansion in other surrounding areas. However, we see an exponential increase from 1950 to 2000, where population peaks at 370 residents, which to date, is the current population of Acton Turville; the 2001 Census data, show Acton Turville to have a population of 328 British/Irish, small number of other ethnicity groups. The ward of Cotswold Edge however, presents a much more diverse range of results with a total of 78 residents from other ethnic groups such as. According to the 2011 census data, 72% are Christian, 18% have no specified religion and the remaining 8% state no religion at all. In the first census in 1801, Britain saw a great increase in international trade. A global introduction to trading is a fact that reflects on occupational change in such small villages such as Acton Turville.
In the 1831 occupational statistics, where industrialisation is beginning, 0 residents were employed in the manufacturing industry, whereas 44 were employed in the agricultural sector. Women however, were domesticated or under an "unspecified" occupation. In the following census data, 50 years in 1881, more industrialised sectors appeared; the transport and communications sector had a total of 3 residents, where occupations such as "dress", "professionals", "domestic service and offices", "workers in house and decorations" had increased with both male and female employees. In this 50 year difference, those employed in agriculture had decreased by 5, showing a progressive shift in industry. Evidence for this can be reflected in the decline of servants which could explain the rising affluence within Acton Turville. Presently, a total of 6 residents are in the agricultural field, a high number in education, real estate and retail in accordance with the 2001 census data. Public transport in Acton Turville is limited, with the main transport link being the local bus service.
The local bus service is named "Coachstyle", with a total of 12 bus links between locations such as: Bath, Yate, Chippenham and Hallavington. The nearest train stations are Chippenham which are around 7 -- 8 miles away from the parish. According to the 2001 census data, only 6% of households in the parish are without a car/van; this shows evidence for the lack of reliance on public transport, whereas the result of those reliant on personal transport is a high result of 88.6%. Acton in the Domesday Book
Frampton Cotterell is a village and parish, in South Gloucestershire, South West England, on the River Frome. The village is contiguous with Winterbourne to Coalpit Heath to the east; the parish borders Iron Acton to the north and Westerleigh to the south-east, the large town of Yate is 3 miles away. The village is 8.7 miles north-east of the city of Bristol. The village has evolved from a once rural Gloucestershire village, to a partial dormitory village for Bristol; the population according to the UK crime statistics is increasing. The population came to 6,520 for the parish alone. Little archaeological work has taken place in the Frampton Cotterell area so knowledge of the area prior to the Anglo-Saxon arrival is limited. Local historians tend to use field names and street names to work out the distant history of the village, it is believed from place names. One centred on the group of shops at the Church Road/Frampton End Road junction, where the name Dullage survived until the 1940s; the second was in rural farmland west of Cogmill in between Frampton Cotterell and Iron Acton, here several fields held the name Chessolds from the old English'ceastel' meaning'a heap of stones'.
The name Frampton means'the settlement on the Frome'. Frampton Cotterell was recorded as Frantone in the Domesday Book. All the other local villages have Old English names, suggesting they were either conquered or resettled between 577 and 1066. Early in the 11th century, Frampton may have been under the manor of Winterbourne, a medieval record refers to'the Lordship of Frampton and Winterbourne'; this would have included Stoke Gifford. However, at no point after 1066 were these three manors owned by the same person; the name of a lane in the village,'Harris Barton' may be of pre-Norman origin, Barton comes from the Anglo-Saxon'bere' and'tun' meaning'place where grain was stored' this suggests there was a farm here prior to Norman conquest. In 1086 Frampton was held by Walter the Crossbowman and contained 10 villagers and 11 smallholders. Indicating a total population of about 100, to this total should be added slaves and their families. In 1086 there was a church, not there before 1066 this church was on the site of St. Peter's church today.
There were two water mills behind the church and at Cogmill. By 1301 Frampton had a third watermill at'Frampton Lido' upstream from the church, a windmill, on the site of the current one at Brockeridge. and a coal pit at Coalpit Heath By the 13th century the village was known as Frampton Cotell. The name Cotell or Cotterell is derived from the Cotele Family, lords of Frampton Manor in the 12th and early 13th centuries, their manor house was not at modern day Frampton Court, it was located behind the church on the east of Mill Lane, here the field names'Hall Marsh' and'Hall Marsh Mead' survived into the 19th Century. The medieval village was long and rectangular, located on the ridge between Stone Close and the River Frome, between Church Road and Rectory Road; the village was provided for using the open field system. Surrounding the village would have been three big fields; this system would have provided for the village. Besides these fields there were common wastes, Frampton Common, Adam's Land, Goose Green, Woodend Green, Tovey's Green to name a few.
This system lasted until about 1550 by which time the big fields had made way for compact farms, cultivated by independent farmers as they saw fit. This boosted the village's economy, providing dairy products, cider and turnips. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the hamlets of Brockridge, Adam's Land and others joined together with Frampton Cotterell to form the modern village. Since the modern village has joined with Winterbourne, Watley's End and Coalpit Heath. One notable Industrial Revolution landmark in the village is the hat factory on Park Lane. Frampton Cotterell Church of England Primary School was established on School Road in the village in the 19th century, it was moved to its present location on Rectory Road in the 1960s. Ordnance Survey maps from the middle of the 20th century show open land between the three villages of Frampton Cotterell, Coalpit Heath and Winterbourne. Hamlets at Watley's End, Frampton End and Harris Barton, all of which are now part of Frampton Cotterell and Winterbourne, were still separate at this time.
The most dramatic changes have occurred in the south-east of the village at the boundary with Coalpit Heath, in 1928 Beesmoor Road was constructed through farmland, connecting Badminton Road, the main Yate – Bristol thoroughfare, with the Woodend area of Frampton Cotterell. Since estates of closes and cul-de-sacs have been built up in the green land between Park Lane and Woodend Road. In the 1960s Church Road, the main thoroughfare, was rerouted A field in between Rectory Road and Church Road called'Benson's Field' was sold for housing becoming the'Benson's Estate'; this estate comprises Foxe Road, Winchcombe Road and Brookside Close. Another field north of School Road was built on becoming Western Avenue. Houses on Heather Avenue and Beesmoor Road were built. In 1996, an