The carrot is a root vegetable, usually orange in colour, though purple, red and yellow cultivars exist. Carrots are a form of the wild carrot, Daucus carota, native to Europe. The plant probably originated in Persia and originally cultivated for its leaves, the most commonly eaten part of the plant is the taproot, although the greens are sometimes eaten as well. The domestic carrot has been bred for its greatly enlarged, more palatable. The carrot is a plant in the umbellifer family Apiaceae. At first, it grows a rosette of leaves while building up the enlarged taproot, fast-growing cultivars mature within three months of sowing the seed, while slower-maturing cultivars are harvested four months later. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization reports that production of carrots and turnips for the calendar year 2013 was 37.2 million tonnes. Carrots are widely used in many cuisines, especially in the preparation of salads, in Old English, carrots were not clearly distinguished from parsnips, the two were collectively called moru or more.
Various languages still use the word for carrot as they do for root. Molecular and genetic studies, along with history, support the idea that the cultivated/domesticated carrot has a single origin in Central Asia. The wild ancestors of the carrot are likely to have originated in Persia, which remains the centre of diversity for Daucus carota, when they were first cultivated, carrots were grown for their aromatic leaves and seeds rather than their roots. Carrot seeds have been found in Switzerland and Southern Germany dating back to 2000–3000 BC, some close relatives of the carrot are still grown for their leaves and seeds, for example, cilantro/coriander, fennel and cumin. Three different types of carrots are depicted, and the states of them that the root can be cooked. The plant appears to have been introduced into Spain by the Moors in the 8th century, in the 10th century, in worldwide locations like West Asia and Europe, the roots were purple. The modern carrot originated in Afghanistan at about this time, the Jewish scholar Simeon Seth describes both red and yellow carrots in the 11th century.
The 12th-century Arab-Andalusian agriculturist, Ibn al-Awwam, mentions roots of these colours, cultivated carrots appeared in China in the 14th century, and in Japan in the 18th century. Orange-coloured carrots appeared in the Netherlands in the 17th century, which has been related to the fact that the Dutch flag at the time, the Princes Flag, included orange. These, the carrots, were intended by the English antiquary John Aubrey when he noted in his memoranda
Regions of Denmark
Denmark, officially the Kingdom of Denmark, is a Scandinavian country in Europe and a sovereign state. The southernmost and smallest of the Nordic countries, it is south-west of Sweden and south of Norway, Denmark comprises two autonomous constituent countries in the North Atlantic Ocean, the Faroe Islands and Greenland. Denmark has an area of 42,924 square kilometres. The country consists of a peninsula, and an archipelago of 443 named islands, with the largest being Zealand, the islands are characterised by flat, arable land and sandy coasts, low elevation and a temperate climate. The unified kingdom of Denmark emerged in the 10th century as a proficient seafaring nation in the struggle for control of the Baltic Sea, Denmark and Norway were ruled together under the Kalmar Union, established in 1397 and ending with Swedish secession in 1523. Denmark and Norway remained under the monarch until outside forces dissolved the union in 1814. The union with Norway made it possible for Denmark to inherit the Faroe Islands, beginning in the 17th century, there were several cessions of territory to Sweden.
In the 19th century there was a surge of nationalist movements, Denmark remained neutral during World War I. In April 1940, a German invasion saw brief military skirmishes while the Danish resistance movement was active from 1943 until the German surrender in May 1945, the Constitution of Denmark was signed on 5 June 1849, ending the absolute monarchy which had begun in 1660. It establishes a constitutional monarchy organised as a parliamentary democracy, the government and national parliament are seated in Copenhagen, the nations capital, largest city and main commercial centre. Denmark exercises hegemonic influence in the Danish Realm, devolving powers to handle internal affairs, Home rule was established in the Faroe Islands in 1948, in Greenland home rule was established in 1979 and further autonomy in 2009. Denmark became a member of the European Economic Community in 1973, maintaining certain opt-outs, it retains its own currency, the krone. It is among the members of NATO, the Nordic Council, the OECD, OSCE.
The etymology of the word Denmark, and especially the relationship between Danes and Denmark and the unifying of Denmark as a kingdom, is a subject which attracts debate. This is centred primarily on the prefix Dan and whether it refers to the Dani or a historical person Dan and the exact meaning of the -mark ending. Most handbooks derive the first part of the word, and the name of the people, from a word meaning land, related to German Tenne threshing floor. The -mark is believed to mean woodland or borderland, with references to the border forests in south Schleswig. The first recorded use of the word Danmark within Denmark itself is found on the two Jelling stones, which are believed to have been erected by Gorm the Old and Harald Bluetooth
FC Roskilde is a Danish football club, currently playing in the Danish 1st Division. They play at Roskilde Idrætspark in Roskilde on Zealand, which has a capacity of 6,000, the club was founded in 2004 as a merger between Roskilde Boldklub 1906, Svogerslev Boldklub and Himmelev-Veddelev Boldklub. In the 2013/2014 season, while playing in Division 2, FC Roskilde set a new Danish league record for the number of league wins. The run began with a 2–0 home win against BSV on 22 September 2013, the run was ended on 9 June 2014 by a 3–1 home defeat to Nykøbing FC. As of 31 January 2016 Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup is the main international airport serving Copenhagen, the entire Zealand, the Øresund Region, and a large part of southern Sweden. It is the largest airport in the Nordic countries with 29 million passengers in 2016 and it is the third-busiest airport in Northern Europe, and by far the busiest for international travel in Scandinavia. The airport is located on the island of Amager, just 8 kilometres south of Copenhagen city centre, the airport covers an area of 11.8 square kilometres. Most of the airport is situated in the municipality of Tårnby, the airport is the main hub out of three used by Scandinavian Airlines and is an operating base for Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia and Norwegian Air Shuttle. Copenhagen Airport handles around 60 scheduled airlines, and has a maximum operation capability of 83 operations/hour, unlike other Scandinavian airports, most of the airports passengers are international. In 2015,6. 1% of passengers travelled to and from other Danish airports,83.
5% to/from other European airports, the airport is owned by Københavns Lufthavne, which operates Roskilde Airport. Copenhagen Airport was originally called Kastrup Airport, since it is located in the town of Kastrup. The formal name of the airport is still Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, to distinguish it from Roskilde Airport, whose name is Copenhagen Airport. The airport was inaugurated 20 April 1925 and was one of the first civil airports in the world. It consisted of a large, impressive terminal built of wood, a couple of hangars, a balloon mast, a landing stage. The grass on the runways was kept short by sheep, which were shepherded away before take-offs, from 1932 to 1939, takeoffs and landings increased from 6,000 to 50,000 and passenger number increased to 72,000. Between 1936 and 1939, a new terminal was built, considered one of the finest examples of Nordic functionalism. The terminal was designed by Vilhelm Lauritzen, who was considered a pioneer among architects, in not only of architecture and construction.
In the years of World War II, the Copenhagen airport was closed for operations except for periodic flights to destinations in Sweden, Germany. In the summer of 1941 the first hard-surface runway opened and it was 1,400 metres long and 65 metres wide. When World War II ended in May 1945, the Copenhagen airport was the most modern airport in Europe. On 1 August 1947, Scandinavian Airlines was founded, an important event for the Copenhagen Airport, traffic increased rapidly in the first years Scandinavian Airlines operated. On 26 January 1947, a KLM Douglas DC-3 Dakota crashed at the airport after stopping en route to Stockholm,22 people on board died, including the Swedish prince Gustav Adolf and the American opera singer Grace Moore
Albertslund Municipality is a municipality in Region Hovedstaden on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. The municipality covers an area of 23,04 km², and has a population of 27,780 and its mayor is Steen Christiansen, a member of the Social Democrats political party. As of 2010 the social democrats have 9 of the 21 seats in the city council, the main town and the site of its municipal council is the town of Albertslund. The original name of the municipality was Herstedernes Kommune, in 1973 the name was changed to Albertslund Kommune. The name Herstederne represents the two communities of Herstedvester and Herstedøster which were the villages in the area together with Vridsløse. Neighboring municipalities are Glostrup to the east and Egedal municipality to the north, Høje-Taastrup to the west, Albertslund is home to Danmarks International Kollegium, which has won many awards for its design. Albertslund is known for its effort in raising awareness about climate change, Albertslund Municipality was not merged with other municipalities by January 1,2007 as the result of nationwide 2007 Municipal Reform.
In 1973 Friluftsbadet Badesøen opened for the first time in Albertslund, companies headquartered in the municipality include FDB and Kemp & Lauritzen. Distribution of the 21 seats in the municipal council, badesøens distinctive, round pool is 60 m in diameter. It has a surface of 2800 m2 and contains 3.6 million gallons of water. Water depth varies from 25 cm along the edge to 380 cm during the 1 and 3 meter lashes, in the childrens departments is the water depth from 25 to 80 cm deep. The basin is divided into areas for children, for children who cannot swim. There is in the area are two bathing bridges, between which there are a number of 50-meter lanes. Badesøens two waterslides are respectively 60 and 43 meters long, the water temperature at approximately 22 degrees is powered by solar energy. The whole area is 5000 m2 and includes a volleyball court, ball field, streetbasket field, childrens area, café area, boccia court, locker facilities. On a warm summer days Badesøen visited 3,000 customers
Amagertorv, today part of the Strøget pedestrian zone, is often described as the most central square in central Copenhagen, Denmark. Second only to Gammeltorv, it is one of the oldest. Now the square is a junction in the heart of Copenhagen, dominated by its Stork Fountain and a number of buildings. The paving is from 1993 and was designed by Bjørn Nørgaard and it consists of a pattern of pentagonal granite stones in five colours. Amagertorv dates back to the Middle Ages when Copenhagen was a fishing village called Havn. In 1449 it is referred to as the Fishmongers Market and in 1472 the name Amagertorv first appears, the name derives from the Amager farmers who came into town to sell their goods. In the 16th and 17th century the square became a setting of festivals, in the same time, Amagertorv continued to be the premier marketplace of the city and from 28 July 1684 all sale of fresh produce was to take place in the square. From 1656 the citys leading inn was located on the square. The adjoining Højbro Plads was established after the Great Fire of 1795, in 1868 the market activities were moved to Christianshavn.
In 1894, the Stork Fountain was constructed and it was a present to Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Louise in connection with their silver wedding. In 1962, the square was closed to traffic with the establishment of the Strøget pedestrian zone, Mathias Hansen House at No.6 was built in 1616 for Mathias Hansen, from 1622 the Mayor of Copenhagen. Typically of the Dutch Renaissance style, the house is built in red bricks with sandstone decorations, has a Dutch gable, the copper drainpipes are decorated with dragons heads. The building was restored in 1898 by Professor Hans Jørgen Holm. The gateway is flanked by two cannon barrels used to protect the gate from entering carts, No.9 was built 1798-1800, for linen merchant J. A. Bechmann. The original shop front at street level was changed in 1830, the tobacco company W. Ø. Larsen has a small pibe museum in the building. 14, Ole Haslunds House, is an example of 19th century Historicism, the current design is from 1867. The windows have mullions executed as small Hermes figures carrying Ionic capitals, klostergården at No.29 is a former convent.
The building is from 1798-00 where it replaced a house designed by Caspar Frederik Harsdorff which was destroyed in the Great Fire of 1795, the convent was founded in 1759. The Illum department store has been located on the corner of Strøget, the Illum Furniture Store is located at Amagertorv
FC Midtjylland is a Danish professional football club based in Herning and Ikast in the midwestern part of Jutland. The team was a result of a merger between Ikast FS and Herning Fremad, Midtjylland competes in the Danish Superliga, which it won for the first time in 2015. FC Midtjylland was founded by Johnny Rune, a carpenter and owner of a business in the wood-supply industry, and Steen Hessel. The two men wanted to unite the football clubs Ikast FS and Herning Fremad – clubs that for decades had been strong rivals, Ikast FS had some success in the late 1970s and 80s, but that was about it. At least ten years had passed with the two clubs being unable to agree on a merger, but on 6 April 1999, a deal was finalized and announced at a conference the next day. In 2000, Midtjylland were promoted to the top-flight Danish Superliga after a season in which the team had gathered more points than any team in the history of the first division. In July 2014, Matthew Benham became the majority shareholder of Midtjyllands parent company FCM Holding, in the 2014–15 season, they won the championship in the Danish Superliga.
Midtjylland have generally built a reputation of finding and developing promising talents, in July 2004, Midtjylland was the first Danish club to have its own football academy, similar to that of French side Nantes. The academy attracts players from throughout Denmark, as well as players from a club in Nigeria – F. C. Ebedei. The club has developed a network of over 100 clubs located in the part of Jutland. In 2008, Danish centre-back Simon Kjær, a talent of the academy, was sold to Palermo for a fee of approximately DKK30 million. In 2010, Sune Kiilerich, another talent of the academy, was sold to Sampdoria, while Winston Reid, in 2016, vice-captain Erik Sviatchenko was sold for £1.5 million to Celtic. In 2004, the moved to a new stadium in Herning with a capacity of approximately 12,000 spectators. Midtjylland was the first Danish club to sell the naming rights to a sponsor. The stadiums opening match was on 27 March, it proved to be a success, five of the goals were scored by Egyptian striker former AB player Mohamed Zidan.
Black Wolves is the official fanclub of FC Midtjylland and it was founded in the beginning in August 1999, as the official fanclub of Ikast FS1993 Yellow Flames changed their name at an extraordinary general meeting. Ultra Boys Midtjylland is the first ultra firm in Midtjylland, established in 2007, in 2014, Midtjyland got its second ultra firm, a youth department called Midtjylland Ungdom. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules