A dragon is a large, serpentine legendary creature that appears in the folklore of many cultures around the world. Beliefs about dragons vary drastically by region, but dragons in western cultures since the High Middle Ages have been depicted as winged, four-legged, capable of breathing fire. Dragons in eastern cultures are depicted as wingless, four-legged, serpentine creatures with above-average intelligence; the earliest attested reports of draconic creatures resemble giant snakes. Draconic creatures are first described in the mythologies of the ancient Near East and appear in ancient Mesopotamian art and literature. Stories about storm-gods slaying giant serpents occur throughout nearly all Indo-European and Near Eastern mythologies. Famous prototypical; the popular western image of a dragon is based on a conflation of earlier dragons from different traditions, of inaccurate scribal drawings of snakes. In western cultures, dragons are portrayed as monsters to be tamed or overcome by saints or culture heroes, as in the popular legend of Saint George and the Dragon.
They are said to have ravenous appetites and to live in caves, where they hoard treasure. These dragons appear in western fantasy literature, including The Hobbit by J. R. R. Tolkien, the Harry Potter series by J. K. Rowling, A Song of Ice and Fire by George R. R. Martin; the word "dragon" has come to be applied to the Chinese lung, which are associated with good fortune and are thought to have power over rain. Dragons and their associations with rain are the source of the Chinese customs of dragon dancing and dragon boat racing. Many East Asian deities and demigods have dragons as their personal companions. Dragons were identified with the Emperor of China, during Chinese imperial history, was the only one permitted to have dragons on his house, clothing, or personal articles. Commonalities between dragons traits are a hybridization of avian and reptilian features, may include: snakelike features, reptilian scaly skin, four legs with three or four toes on each, spinal nodes running down the back, a tail, a serrated jaw with rows of teeth.
Several modern scholars believe huge extinct or migrating crocodiles bear the closest resemblance when encountered in forested or swampy areas, are most the template of modern dragon imagery. This fits with the ancient words'Draco' and'Drakon', meaning'large serpent' or'sea serpent.' The word dragon entered the English language in the early 13th century from Old French dragon, which in turn comes from Latin: draconem meaning "huge serpent, dragon", from Ancient Greek δράκων, drákōn "serpent, giant seafish". The Greek and Latin term referred to any great serpent, not mythological; the Greek word δράκων is most derived from the Greek verb δέρκομαι meaning "I see", the aorist form of, ἔδρακον. Draconic creatures appear in all cultures around the globe. Nonetheless, scholars dispute where the idea of a dragon originates from and a wide variety of theories have been proposed. In his book An Instinct for Dragons, anthropologist David E. Jones suggests a hypothesis that humans, just like monkeys, have inherited instinctive reactions to snakes, large cats, birds of prey.
He cites a study which found that 39 people in a hundred are afraid of snakes and notes that fear of snakes is prominent in children in areas where snakes are rare. The earliest attested dragons all bear snakelike attributes. Jones therefore concludes that the reason why dragons appear in nearly all cultures is because of humans' innate fear of snakes and other animals that were major predators of humans' primate ancestors. Dragons are said to reside in "dank caves, deep pools, wild mountain reaches, sea bottoms, haunted forests", all places which would have been fraught with danger for early human ancestors. In her book The First Fossil Hunters: Dinosaurs and Myth in Greek and Roman Times, Adrienne Mayor argues that some stories of dragons may have been inspired by ancient discoveries of fossils belonging to dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals, she argues that the dragon lore of northern India may have been inspired by "observations of oversized, extraordinary bones in the fossilbeds of the Siwalik Hills below the Himalayas" and that ancient Greek artistic depictions of the Monster of Troy may have been influenced by fossils of Samotherium, an extinct species of giraffe whose fossils are common in the Mediterranean region.
In China, a region where fossils of large prehistoric animals are common, these remains are identified as "dragon bones" and are used in Chinese traditional medicine. Mayor, however, is careful to point out that not all stories of dragons and giants are inspired by fossils and notes that Scandinavia has many stories of dragons and sea monsters, but has long "been considered barren of large fossils." In one of her books, she states that "Many dragon images around the world were based on folk knowledge or exaggerations of living reptiles, such as Komodo dragons, Gila monsters, alligators, or, in California, alligator lizards." In Egyptian mythology, Apep is a giant serpent who resides in the Egyptian Underworld. The Bremner-Rhind papyrus, written in ar
Ramón Rodríguez is a Puerto Rican actor known for his roles on the television series The Wire and Day Break, in the films Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen and The Taking of Pelham 123. He portrayed John Bosley on the short-lived ABC television reboot of Charlie's Angels. In 2014, Rodríguez starred as Ryan Lopez on the Fox crime drama television series Gang Related. In 2018, he played the role of Benjamin Cruz on the Showtime television series The Affair. Rodríguez grew up on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, he attended New York City Lab School for Collaborative Studies and The Leelanau School in Michigan, where he played basketball during his final two years. He continued playing basketball for another two years at Wheeling Jesuit University in West Virginia, before transferring to New York University, where he earned his degree in sports marketing. Rodríguez began his career in 2005, with the role of Ángel Rodríguez in the direct-to-video film Carlito's Way: Rise to Power and the recurring role of Kevin Vasquez on two episodes of Rescue Me.
He went on to appear on series such as Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, Day Break, The Wire. He has appeared in the films Bella and Glory, Dude, The Taking of Pelham 123, Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen. Rodríguez was cast as John Bosley for the television reboot of Charlie's Angels in 2011; the series was cancelled. In 2013, he landed the lead role on the Fox crime drama series Gang Related, portraying Ryan Lopez, the adopted son of a crime lord who infiltrates the Los Angeles Police Department so his family can keep ahead of the law; the series began in 2014, but was cancelled after one season. Rodríguez co-starred as Joe "Beasty" Peck, with Aaron Paul, in the action film Need for Speed. In 2016, Rodríguez co-starred opposite Vera Farmiga and Virginia Madsen in the adventure drama film Burn Your Maps, directed by Jordan Roberts. In 2017, he co-starred as Matt Morales in the drama biopic Megan Leavey, alongside Kate Mara, who played US Marine Megan Leavey; that year, he played the role of Bakuto in both the Netflix series Iron Fist and The Defenders.
Ramón Rodríguez on IMDb
Peterhead Bay is a large remote industrial tidal 120° facing coastal embayment, located next to the planned community, commercial fishing and ship building town of Peterhead in the Presbytery of Deer, Aberdeenshire and is in the most easternmost point in mainland Scotland. The bay lies to the south of the town, it was enclosed by breakwaters, to turn the natural harbour into a marina and port, now owned by the Port of Peterhead. It was here, on 25 December 1715, that the old pretender, James Francis Edward Stuart and resided at a house at the south end of Longate, owned by Mr James, being visited by his friends, including George Keith and Earl Marischal. In 1593 the construction of Peterhead's first harbour, Port Henry basin, began in the bay. Keith Inch was an island separated from the mainland and contained of Abbey of Deer. At streamtide, water ran from the north harbour to the south, it carried a fishing village. A large amount of soil and rubble was applied to connect the island to the mainland in 1739.
A castle stood on the south side of Keith Inch, built in the 16th century by George Earl Marischal. A small fort and guardhouse were built, contained 7 brass cannon, which were retrieved from the vessel St Michael of the Spanish Armada which foundered and wrecked on the coast, close to the bay; the Meikle battery, shaped as a half moon, commanded the South harbour, was stocked with 4 x 12 pound guns and 4 x 18 pound guns and was built around 1780. The Little Battery, built in 1784 to command the entrance the bay, borrowed guns from the larger battery. In 1773, civil engineer John Smeaton built the south harbour, called Sackit-hive. In 1808, civil engineer William Wallace was appointed, on the recommendation of Scottish civil engineer John Rennie to build the north harbour. Rennie had prepared a report in February 1806 on improving the harbour, including alterations to the existing south harbour, creation of a new dock and north harbour; the report was endorsed by Thomas Telford. Wallace's task was to deepen the harbour, create a quay wall on the west pier and use any waste material to create a new embankment.
More than 39000 cubic yards were removed from the harbour, much from solid rock. The harbour was deepened by a 500 feet embankment formed. Under Wallace's supervision, the main contract was completed in March 1812. £ 13,000 had been spent, £ 6,000 more on the original estimate. On 11 October 2010, construction began on a new deep water harbour, in a £33.5 million pound project, called Smith Quay In November 2015, a £49 million pound project was undertaken to built a new large state of the art fish market and inner harbour reconstruction. During the 17th and 18th centuries, both shipping in the harbour and the town of Peterhead itself, were prone to attacks by pirates. At the beginning of King William's War in 1688, a French privateer of 24 guns, opened fire on the harbour and town, causing considerable damage to the town and harbour, including blowing up the pocket off of a women from her side, while she was standing in her own shop door; the privateer plundered the town of sheep and cattle. A lack of gunpowder in the town at the time, meant that only two cannon in the fort were loaded to ensure the privateer didn't land in the town.
A privateer followed a vessel belonging to Borrowstouness, which had to run to shore in the bay. After being assisted by the people of Peterhead by using small arms fire, the privateer was forced to retire. A similar incident occurred when an English ship from the Virginia was chased into the harbour, the towns people and the fort batteries were utilized to force it to retire. A attack occurred when two privateers, shott their longboats with an intent to sack the town, but the fort's 18-pounders were used to drive them off. A Leith ship heading to Norway took refuge in the bay; the 18-pounders were used so that the privateer had to tack to escape. McKenzie, the master of a ship from Inverness, was chased by a privateer into the North Bay when the 18-pounders were again brought into use to drive the privateer about. At another time, Captain Alex Taylor of Bo'ness arrived in the bay, was attacked from the sea in the 1780s, by a notorious English pirate and privateer, Daniel Fall, plaguing the bay for some time.
Two guns from the south battery were fired upon her, which forced the privateer to retire outside the range of the guns. During the night, the privateer shott her longboat, with a design to attack ship in the harbour; the longboat came close to the harbour, attacking the guard upon the pier head, with small arms fire returned so briskly, that forced the longboat to retire. The next day, the privateer still continued to anchor at the other side of the bay; the townspeople decided to load their biggest 18-pounder gun with an extraordinary charge of powder and fired on the privateer, forcing her to retire with some damage, attested by one Patrick Cruickshank, a Peterhead man, being ransomed aboard the vessel at the time. In 1704, when Admiral Baron de Pointis attacked and burnt Dutch vessels up the east coast, at least 100 vessels were protected in the bay and the guns of the Fort. Scarcely a week past during King William's War or Queen Anne's War when ships were saved by fleeing to the bay. Shipbuilding in Peterhead Bay has been undertaken since the early 17th century.