Drainage divide

A drainage divide, water divide, ridgeline, water parting or height of land is elevated terrain that separates neighboring drainage basins. On rugged land, the divide lies along topographical ridges, may be in the form of a single range of hills or mountains, known as a dividing range. On flat terrain where the ground is marshy, the divide may be harder to discern. A triple divide is a point a summit, where two drainage divides intersect. A valley floor divide is a low drainage divide that runs across a valley, sometimes created by deposition or stream capture. Major divides separating rivers that drain to different seas or oceans are called continental divides; the term height of land is a phrase used in Canada and the United States to refer to the divide between two drainage basins. Height of land is used in border descriptions, which are set according to the "doctrine of natural boundaries". In glaciated areas it refers to a low point on a divide where it is possible to portage a canoe from one river system to another.

Drainage divides can be divided into three types: Continental divide in which waters on each side flow to different oceans, such as the Congo-Nile Divide. Every continent except Antarctica has one or more continental divides. Major drainage divide in which waters on each side of the divide never meet but flow into the same ocean, such as the divide between the Yellow River basin and the Yangtze. Another, more subtle, example is the Schuylkill-Lehigh divide at Pisgah Mountain in Pennsylvania in which two minor creeks divide to flow and grow east and west joining the Lehigh River and Delaware River or the Susquehanna River and Potomac River, with each tributary complex having separate outlets into the Atlantic. Minor drainage divide in which waters part but rejoin at a river confluence, such as the Mississippi River and the Missouri River drainage divides. A valley-floor divide occurs on the bottom of a valley and arises as a result of subsequent depositions, such as scree, in a valley through which a river flowed continuously.

Examples include the Kartitsch Saddle in the Gail valley in East Tyrol, which forms the watershed between the Drau and the Gail, the divides in the Toblacher Feld between Innichen and Toblach in Italy, where the Drau empties into the Black Sea and the Rienz into the Adriatic. Settlements are built on valley-floor divides in the Alps. Examples are Eben im Kirchberg in Tirol and Waidring. Low divides with heights of less than two metres are found on the North German Plain within the Urstromtäler, for example, between Havel and Finow in the Eberswalde Urstromtal. In marsh deltas such as the Okavango, the largest drainage area on earth, or in large lakes areas, such as the Finnish Lakeland, it is difficult to find a meaningful definition of a watershed. Another case is bifurcation, where the watershed is in the river bed, a wetland or underground; the largest watershed of this type is the bifurcation of the Orinoco in the north of South America, whose main stream empties into the Caribbean, but which drains into the South Atlantic via the Casiquiare canal and Amazon River.

Since ridgelines are sometimes easy to see and agree about, drainage divides may form natural borders defining political boundaries, as with the Royal Proclamation of 1763 in British North America which coincided with the ridgeline of the Appalachian Mountains forming the Eastern Continental Divide that separated settled colonial lands in the east from Indian Territory to the west. Drainage divides hinder waterway navigation. In pre-industrial times, water divides were crossed at portages. Canals connected adjoining drainage basins. Important examples are the Chicago Portage, connecting the Great Lakes and Mississippi by the Chicago Sanitary and Ship Canal, the Canal des Deux Mers in France, connecting the Atlantic and the Mediterranean; the name is enshrined at the Height of Land Portage which joins the Great Lakes to the rivers of western Canada. List of watershed topics River source – The starting point of a riverCategories: Category:Drainage basins

Rick Bladt

Richard Alan Bladt is a former outfielder in Major League Baseball for the Chicago Cubs and New York Yankees. Bladt was signed by the Cubs in 1966 as an undrafted amateur free agent, he worked his way through the Cubs' minor league system and made his debut with the big league club on June 15, 1969 in the first game of a doubleheader against the Cincinnati Reds, pinch-running for Hall of Famer Billy Williams. He started the second game of the doubleheader, after lining into a double play in his first at-bat, he singled in a run off Gerry Arrigo for his first major league hit. Williams replaced Bladt as a pinch-hitter in the sixth inning. Bladt would appear in eight more games in June before being sent back to the minors. Bladt was the player to be named that completed a trade between the Cubs and Yankees in January 1970; the Cubs sent a minor leaguer and cash, along with a player to be named in exchange for Jimmie Hall on September 11, 1969. The transfer of Bladt completed the deal. Bladt languished in the New York minor league system until resurfacing in the majors in 1975.

He remained with the team through the end of the season. Bladt hit his first major league home run on August 23, 1975 off Andy Hassler of the California Angels, he spent September as the Yankees' everyday center fielder, replacing Elliott Maddox. After another year in the minors, the Yankees traded Bladt along with Maddox to the Baltimore Orioles for Paul Blair. Bladt never returned to the major leagues. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or Baseball-Reference, or Retrosheet

1970 2. divisjon

The 1970 2. Divisjon was a Norwegian second-tier football league season; the league was contested by 30 teams, divided into a total of four groups. The winners of group A and B were promoted to the 1971 1. Divisjon, the winners of the district groups qualified for the Northern Norwegian final; the winners of District IX–X and District XI were not eligible for promotion. The two bottom teams in group A and B and District IX–X and the bottom team in District XI were relegated to the 3. Divisjon. Frigg won group A with 19 points. Lyn won group B with 24 points. Both teams promoted to the 1971 1. Divisjon. A Northern Norwegian Final was played between the winners of the two district groups, Mjølner and Stein. Stein – Mjølner 1–0