Eugene Kal Siskel was an American film critic and journalist for the Chicago Tribune. Along with colleague Roger Ebert, he hosted a series of popular review shows on television from 1975 to 1999. Siskel was born in Chicago and was the son of Ida and Nathan William Siskel, his parents were Russian Jewish immigrants. Siskel was raised by his uncle after both his parents died when he was ten years old, he attended Culver Academies and graduated from Yale University with a degree in philosophy in 1967, where he studied writing under Pulitzer Prize-winning author John Hersey, who helped him land a job at the Chicago Tribune in 1969. His first print review was for the film Rascal, written one month before he became the paper's film critic. Siskel served in the US Army Reserve, graduating from basic officers training in early 1968 and serving as a military journalist and public affairs officer for the Defense Information School. In 1975, Siskel teamed up with Roger Ebert, film reviewer for the Chicago Sun-Times, to host a show on local Chicago PBS station WTTW which became Sneak Previews.
Their "thumbs-up, thumbs-down" system soon became an recognizable trademark, popular enough to be parodied on comedy shows such as Second City Television, In Living Color, in movies such as Hollywood Shuffle and Godzilla. Sneak Previews gained a nationwide audience in 1977 when WTTW offered it as a series to the PBS program system. Siskel and Ebert left PBS in 1982 for syndication, their new show, At the Movies, was produced and distributed by Tribune Broadcasting, the parent company of the Chicago Tribune and WGN-TV. Sneak Previews continued on PBS for 14 more years with other hosts. In 1986, Siskel and Ebert left Tribune Broadcasting to have their show produced by the syndication arm of The Walt Disney Company; the new incarnation of the show was titled Siskel & Ebert & the Movies, but shortened to Siskel & Ebert. At the Movies continued a few more years with other hosts. A early appearance of Siskel, taken from Coming Soon to a Theatre Near You, the predecessor to Sneak Previews, is included in For the Love of Movies: The Story of American Film Criticism.
In this 2009 documentary film, he is seen debating with Ebert over the merits of the film version of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. Siskel and Ebert would refuse to guest-star in movies or television series, except for talk shows, as they felt it would undermine their "responsibility to the public". However, they both "could not resist" appearing on an episode of the animated television series The Critic, the title character of, a film critic who hosted a television show. In the episode and Ebert split and each wants Jay Sherman, the eponymous critic, as his new partner, they once appeared in an episode of the children's television series Sesame Street. Siskel appeared as himself on an episode of The Larry Sanders Show. Siskel was diagnosed with a cancerous brain tumor on May 8, 1998, he underwent brain surgery three days later. He had announced on February 3, 1999 that he was taking a leave of absence but that he expected to be back by fall, stating: "I'm in a hurry to get well because I don't want Roger to get more screen time than I."Siskel died from complications of another surgery on February 20, at the age of 53.
The last film that Siskel reviewed on television with cohost Ebert was The Theory of Flight on January 23, 1999. The final film that he reviewed in print was the Freddie Prinze Jr. romantic comedy She's All That, which he gave a favorable review. Siskel was a diehard Chicago sports fan of his hometown basketball team, the Chicago Bulls, would cover locker-room celebrations for WBBM-TV news broadcasts following Bulls championships in the 1990s. Siskel was a member of the advisory committee of the Film Center at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, a strong supporter of the Film Center mission, he wrote hundreds of articles applauding the Film Center's distinctive programming and lent the power of his position as a well-known film critic to urge public funding and audience support. In 2000, the Film Center was renamed The Gene Siskel Film Center in his honor. One of his favorite films was Saturday Night Fever. Another all-time favorite was Dr. Strangelove. and a favorite from childhood was Dumbo, which he mentioned as the first film that had an influence on him.
On the other hand, Siskel said that he walked out on three films during his professional career: the 1971 comedy The Million Dollar Duck starring Dean Jones, the 1980 horror film Maniac, the 1996 Penelope Spheeris film Black Sheep. Siskel compiled "best of the year" film lists from 1969 to 1998, which helped to provide an overview of his critical preferences, his top choices were: From 1969 until his death in early 1999, he and Ebert were in agreement on nine top selections: Z, The Godfather, The Right Stuff, Do the Right Thing, GoodFellas, Schindler's List, Hoop Dreams, Fargo. There would have been a tenth, but Ebert declined to rank the documentary Shoah as 1985's best film because he felt it was inappropriate to compare it to the rest of the year's candidates. Seven times, Siskel's #1 choice did not appear on Ebert's top ten list at all: Straight Time, Once Upon a Time in America, The Last Emperor, The Last Temptation of Christ, Hearts of Darkness, The Ice Storm. Six times, Ebert's top selection did not appear on Siskel's.
Only once during his long association with Ebert did Siskel change his vote on a movie dur
Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress
The Golden Globe for New Star of the Year – Actress was an award given by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association at their annual Golden Globe Awards. The award was first introduced at the 6th Golden Globe Awards in 1948 where it was given to actress Lois Maxwell for her performance in the 1947 film That Hagen Girl, it was awarded as the Golden Globe Award for Most Promising Newcomer – Female until 1975. There were no awards in 1949, between 1954 and 1965 there were multiple winners. From 1976 to 1979, the award was called Best Acting Debut in a Motion Picture – Female. From 1980 to 1983, the award was called New Star of the Year in a Motion Picture – Female. A male actor did not receive the Award in 1982; the final recipient of the award was actress Sandahl Bergman for her performance in the 1982 film Conan the Barbarian. The category was discontinued following the 1983 ceremony. Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actor Golden Globes Award official website Golden Globes Event History – retro to 1944
Pauline Kael was an American film critic who wrote for The New Yorker magazine from 1968 to 1991. Kael was known for her "witty, biting opinionated and focused" reviews, her opinions contrary to those of her contemporaries, she was one of the most influential American film critics of her era. She left a lasting impression on many other prominent film critics. Roger Ebert argued in an obituary that Kael "had a more positive influence on the climate for film in America than any other single person over the last three decades." The critic, he said, "had no rules, no guidelines, no objective standards. You couldn't apply her'approach' to a film. With her it was all personal." Owen Gleiberman said. She reinvented the form, pioneered an entire aesthetic of writing." Kael was born on a chicken farm in Petaluma, California, to Isaac Paul Kael and Judith Kael, Jewish emigrants from Poland. Her parents lost their farm when Kael was eight, the family moved to San Francisco. In 1936 she matriculated at the University of California, where she studied philosophy and art, but dropped out in 1940.
Kael had intended to go on to law school, but fell in with a group of artists and moved to New York City with the poet Robert Horan. Three years Kael returned to San Francisco and "led a bohemian life," writing plays, working in experimental film. In 1948, Kael and the filmmaker James Broughton had a daughter, whom Kael would raise alone. Gina had a serious illness through much of her childhood. In 1953, the editor of City Lights magazine overheard Kael arguing about films in a coffeeshop with a friend and asked her to review Charlie Chaplin's Limelight. Kael dubbed the film "Slimelight" and began publishing film criticism in magazines. Kael explained her writing style: "I worked to loosen my style—to get away from the term-paper pomposity that we learn at college. I wanted the sentences to breathe, to have the sound of a human voice." Kael disparaged the supposed critic's ideal of objectivity, referring to it as "saphead objectivity," and incorporated aspects of autobiography into her criticism.
In a review of Vittorio De Sica's 1946 neorealist film Shoeshine, ranked among her most memorable, Kael described seeing the film... after one of those terrible lovers' quarrels that leave one in a state of incomprehensible despair. I came out of the theater, tears streaming, overheard the petulant voice of a college girl complaining to her boyfriend, "Well I don't see what was so special about that movie." I walked up the street, crying blindly, no longer certain whether my tears were for the tragedy on the screen, the hopelessness I felt for myself, or the alienation I felt from those who could not experience the radiance of Shoeshine. For if people cannot feel Shoeshine, what can they feel?... I learned that the man with whom I had quarreled had gone the same night and had emerged in tears, yet our tears for each other, for Shoeshine did not bring us together. Life, as Shoeshine demonstrates, is too complex for facile endings. Kael broadcast many of her early reviews on the alternative public radio station KPFA, in Berkeley, gained further local profile as the Berkeley Cinema Guild manager from 1955 to 1960.
Kael programmed the films at the two-screen theater, "unapologetically repeat her favorites until they became audience favorites." She wrote "pungent" capsule reviews of the films, which her patrons began collecting. Kael continued to juggle writing with other work until she received an offer to publish a book of her criticism. Published in 1965 as I Lost It at the Movies, the collection sold 150,000 paperback copies and was a surprise bestseller. Coinciding with a job at the high-circulation women's magazine McCall's, Kael "went mass"; that same year, she wrote a blistering review of the phenomenally popular The Sound of Music in McCall's. After mentioning that some of the press had dubbed it "The Sound of Money," Kael called the film's message a "sugarcoated lie that people seem to want to eat." Although according to legend this review led to her being fired from McCall's, both Kael and the magazine's editor, Robert Stein, denied this. According to Stein, he fired her "months after she kept panning every commercial movie from Lawrence of Arabia and Dr. Zhivago to The Pawnbroker and A Hard Day's Night."Her dismissal from McCall's led to a stint from 1966 to 1967 at The New Republic, whose editors continually altered Kael's writing without her permission.
In October 1967, Kael wrote a lengthy essay on Bonnie and Clyde, which the magazine declined to publish. William Shawn of The New Yorker obtained the piece and ran it in the New Yorker issue of October 21. Kael's rave review was at odds with prevailing opinion, that the film was controversial. According to critic David Thomson, "she was right about a film that had bewildered many other critics". A few months after the essay ran, Kael quit The New Republic "in despair." In 1968, Kael was asked by Shawn to join The New Yorker staff. Many considered her colloquial, brash writing style an odd fit with the sophisticated and genteel New Yorker. Kael remembered "getting a letter from an eminent New Yorker writer suggesting that I was trampling through the pages of the magazine with cowb
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership. Founded in 1851, the paper has won more than any other newspaper; the Times is ranked 17th in the world by circulation and 2nd in the U. S; the paper is owned by The New York Times Company, publicly traded and is controlled by the Sulzberger family through a dual-class share structure. It has been owned by the family since 1896. G. Sulzberger, the paper's publisher, his father, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. the company's chairman, are the fourth and fifth generation of the family to helm the paper. Nicknamed "The Gray Lady", the Times has long been regarded within the industry as a national "newspaper of record"; the paper's motto, "All the News That's Fit to Print", appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. Since the mid-1970s, The New York Times has expanded its layout and organization, adding special weekly sections on various topics supplementing the regular news, editorials and features.
Since 2008, the Times has been organized into the following sections: News, Editorials/Opinions-Columns/Op-Ed, New York, Sports of The Times, Science, Home and other features. On Sunday, the Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T: The New York Times Style Magazine; the Times stayed with the broadsheet full-page set-up and an eight-column format for several years after most papers switched to six, was one of the last newspapers to adopt color photography on the front page. The New York Times was founded as the New-York Daily Times on September 18, 1851. Founded by journalist and politician Henry Jarvis Raymond and former banker George Jones, the Times was published by Raymond, Jones & Company. Early investors in the company included Edwin B. Morgan, Christopher Morgan, Edward B. Wesley. Sold for a penny, the inaugural edition attempted to address various speculations on its purpose and positions that preceded its release: We shall be Conservative, in all cases where we think Conservatism essential to the public good.
We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or wrong. In 1852, the newspaper started a western division, The Times of California, which arrived whenever a mail boat from New York docked in California. However, the effort failed. On September 14, 1857, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times. On April 21, 1861, The New York Times began publishing a Sunday edition to offer daily coverage of the Civil War. One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials in the Times alone; the main office of The New York Times was attacked during the New York City Draft Riots. The riots, sparked by the beginning of drafting for the Union Army, began on July 13, 1863. On "Newspaper Row", across from City Hall, Henry Raymond stopped the rioters with Gatling guns, early machine guns, one of which he manned himself; the mob diverted, instead attacking the headquarters of abolitionist publisher Horace Greeley's New York Tribune until being forced to flee by the Brooklyn City Police, who had crossed the East River to help the Manhattan authorities.
In 1869, Henry Raymond died, George Jones took over as publisher. The newspaper's influence grew in 1870 and 1871, when it published a series of exposés on William Tweed, leader of the city's Democratic Party—popularly known as "Tammany Hall" —that led to the end of the Tweed Ring's domination of New York's City Hall. Tweed had offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story. In the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned from supporting Republican Party candidates in its editorials to becoming more politically independent and analytical. In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign. While this move cost The New York Times a portion of its readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper regained most of its lost ground within a few years. After George Jones died in 1891, Charles Ransom Miller and other New York Times editors raised $1 million dollars to buy the Times, printing it under the New York Times Publishing Company.
However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, by 1896, the newspaper had a circulation of less than 9,000, was losing $1,000 a day. That year, Adolph Ochs, the publisher of the Chattanooga Times, gained a controlling interest in the company for $75,000. Shortly after assuming control of the paper, Ochs coined the paper's slogan, "All The News That's Fit To Print"; the slogan has appeared in the paper since September 1896, has been printed in a box in the upper left hand corner of the front page since early 1897. The slogan was a jab at competing papers, such as Joseph Pulitzer's New York World and William Randolph Hearst's New York Journal, which were known for a lurid and inaccurate reporting of facts and opinions, described by the end of the century as "yellow journalism". Under Ochs' guidance, aided by Carr
Golden Raspberry Awards
The Golden Raspberry Awards is a parody booby prize award in recognition of the worst in film. Co-founded by UCLA film graduates and film industry veterans John J. B. Wilson and Mo Murphy, the annual Razzie Awards ceremony in Los Angeles precedes the corresponding Academy Awards ceremony by one day; the term raspberry in the name is used in its irreverent sense, as in "blowing a raspberry". The awards themselves are in the form of a "golf ball-sized raspberry" atop a Super 8 mm film reel, all spray painted gold; the first Golden Raspberry Awards ceremony was held on March 31, 1981, at John J. B. Wilson's living-room alcove in Los Angeles, to honor the worst in film of the 1980 film season; the 39th ceremony was held on February 23, 2019. American publicist John J. B. Wilson traditionally held potluck parties at his house in Los Angeles on the night of the Academy Awards. In 1981, after the 53rd Academy Awards had completed for the evening, Wilson invited friends to give random award presentations in his living room.
Wilson decided to formalize the event, after watching a double feature of Can't Stop the Music and Xanadu. He gave them ballots to vote on worst in film. Wilson stood at a podium made of cardboard in a tacky tuxedo, with a foam ball attached to a broomstick as a fake microphone, announced Can't Stop the Music as the first Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Picture; the impromptu ceremony was a success and the following week a press release about his event released by Wilson was picked up by a few local newspapers, including a mention in the Los Angeles Daily News with the headline: "Take These Envelopes, Please". Three dozen people came to the 1st Golden Raspberry Awards; the 2nd Golden Raspberry Awards had double the attendance as the first, the 3rd awards ceremony in turn, had double this number. By the 4th Golden Raspberry Awards ceremony, CNN and two major wire services covered the event. Wilson realized that by scheduling the Golden Raspberry Awards before the Academy Awards, the ceremony would get more press coverage: "We figured out you couldn't compete with the Oscars on Oscar night, but if you went the night before, when the press from all over the world are here and they are looking for something to do, it could well catch on," he said to BBC News.
The term raspberry is used in its irreverent sense, as in "blowing a raspberry". Wilson commented to the author of Blame It on the Dog: "When I registered the term with the Library of Congress in 1980, they asked me,'Why raspberry? What's the significance of that?' But since razz has pretty much permeated the culture. We couldn't have done it without Hollywood's help." Wilson is referred to as "Ye Olde Head Razzberry". Paying members of the Golden Raspberry Award Foundation vote to determine the recipients. For the 29th Golden Raspberry Awards in 2009, award results were based on votes from 650 journalists, cinema fans and professionals from the film industry. Voters hailed from 45 states in the United States and 19 other countries; the ceremony held one day before the Academy Awards, is modeled after the latter but "deliberately low-end and tacky". Most winners do not attend the ceremony to collect their awards. Notable exceptions include Tom Green, Halle Berry and Sandra Bullock, Michael Ferris, J. D. Shapiro, Paul Verhoeven.
Three people won both the Razzies and Oscars the same weekend: Alan Menken in 1993, Brian Helgeland in 1998, Sandra Bullock in 2010, although all three for different films. Two actors had performances in the same movie scoring Oscar and Razzie nominations, James Coco and Amy Irving. Neil Diamond, winner of the inaugural Worst Actor Razzie for 1980’s The Jazz Singer, was nominated for the Golden Globe in the same role; the Aerosmith song "I Don't Want to Miss a Thing", as part of the original soundtrack to the 1998 film Armageddon, was nominated for both an Academy Award for Best Original Song and a Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Original Song, as was the Trisha Yearwood song "How Do I Live" from the 1997 film Con Air and the Tony Bennett song "Life in a Looking Glass" from the 1986 film That's Life!. In 1981, Stanley Kubrick was nominated both for a Razzie Award as Worst Director at the 1st Golden Raspberry Awards as well as for a Saturn Award for Best Director at the 8th Saturn Awards for the same film: The Shining.
In 2002, Natalie Portman was nominated for Worst Supporting Actress and for the Saturn Award for Best Actress for the same role in Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones. In 2017, Darren Aronofsky was nominated for both the Golden Lion and the Worst Director Razzie for Mother!. Wall Street is the only film to date to win both a Razzie. Michael Douglas won the Academy Award for Best Actor, however Daryl Hannah's performance was not as well received and earned her a Razzie for Worst Supporting Actress. Current Awards Worst Picture: 1980 to present Worst Director: 1980 to present Worst Actor: 1980 to present Worst Actress: 1980 to present Worst Supporting Actor: 1980 to present Worst Supporting Actress: 1980 to present Worst Screenplay: 1980 to present Worst Prequel, Rip-off or Sequel: 1994 to present, except 1996 and 1999 Worst Screen Combo: 2013 to present The Razzie Redeemer Award: 2014 to presentRetired Worst Original Song: 1980 to 1999, 2002 Worst New Star: 1981 to 1998, except 1989 Worst Musical Score: 1981 to 1985 Worst Visual Effects: 1986 to 1987 Worst Screen Couple: 1994 to 2009, 2011 to 2012 Worst Screen Couple/Worst Screen Ensemble: 2010 Worst Screen Ensemble: 2011 to 2012 Special categories have been introduced for specific years.
Such special awards include: Every decade-closing ceremony includes an award
Filmways, Inc. was a television and film production company founded by American film executive Martin Ransohoff, Edwin Kasper in 1952. It is best remembered as the production company of CBS’ “rural comedies” of the 1960s, including Mister Ed, The Beverly Hillbillies, Petticoat Junction, Green Acres, as well as the comedy-drama The Trials of O'Brien, the western Dundee and the Culhane, the adventure show Bearcats!, the police drama Cagney & Lacey, The Addams Family. Notable films the company produced include The Sandpiper, The Cincinnati Kid, The Fearless Vampire Killers, Ice Station Zebra, Summer Lovers, The Burning, Brian De Palma's Dressed to Kill, Blow Out. Filmways acquired famous companies throughout the years, such as Heatter-Quigley Productions, Ruby-Spears Productions and American International Pictures, it was the owner of the film distributor Sigma III Corporation, Wally Heider Recording, Studio 3 Inc. Filmways was formed by Martin Ransohoff and Edwin Kasper in 1952, who would part with Filmways 5 years later.
The company produced television commercials and documentary films. In 1959, Filmways entered television production in a big way when it acquired the assets of actor/comedian George Burns' production company, McCadden Productions, which filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy that same year; as a result, the company formed its subsidiary, Filmways TV Productions and named former McCadden exec, Al Simon as its new president. In 1966, the company acquired Heatter-Quigley Productions, the game show producer known for their biggest hit, Hollywood Squares. In 1969, it bought Sears Point Raceway in Sonoma County, outside of San Francisco, Wally Heider Recording with studios in Hollywood and San Francisco, along with Studio 3 Inc in Hollywood. In 1972, Ransohoff left Filmways as president. Filmways housed studios in Manhattan at 246 East 127th Street, which were built for Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in the 1920s. In 1974, it acquired book publisher Dunlap from American Financial Group. In May 1975, it bought the television syndication firm Rhodes Productions from Taft Broadcasting.
In 1956, Richard L. Bloch became CEO. In 1978, it acquired Ruby-Spears Productions. In 1979, after Arkoff's retirement, Filmways purchased American International Pictures, their TV subsidiary, AITV, became a Filmways' new syndication division in 1980, spinning off Rhodes into an independent corporation. Filmways had lost nearly $20 million during the nine months ending in November 1981. However, it exited bankruptcy by selling a few of its acquired assets. In 1981, Ruby-Spears Productions was sold to Taft Broadcasting and Sears Point Raceway was sold to Speedway Motorsports. In 1982, Grosset & Dunlap was sold to G. P. Putnam's Sons. In 1982, Filmways was acquired by Orion Pictures. Filmways was reincorporated as Orion Pictures Corporation on August 31, 1982. Most productions ended with the announcement, “This has been a Filmways presentation”. For some shows, the voice-over was made by a cast member: Petticoat Junction: first, Billie Jo Bradley, Betty Jo Bradley Green Acres: Lisa Douglas, who says, “This has been a Filmways presentation, darling.”
The Beverly Hillbillies: Elly May Clampett. Following a few episodes, the voice of Jethro, Max Baer Jr. can be heard saying, "Aww, Elly May", following her announcement. Seasons 1–3, feature Bill Baldwin, the announcer for the show's sponsors. Mister Ed: Roger Addison. Seasons feature Mister Ed saying it after Keating's death in 1963; the Addams Family: The logo was silent, but in some episodes the phrase was said in a deep baritone voice by Ted Cassidy, although he did not say it in his usual “Lurch” voice. Other times, Carolyn Jones added "darling" at the end. Today, most of the Filmways library, including Green Acres, The Addams Family, Cagney & Lacey, Death Wish II, The Hollywood Squares, Mister Ed is owned by MGM until Orion Pictures was relaunched by MGM on September 11, 2014. CBS holds distribution rights to The Beverly Hillbillies and Petticoat Junction. Viacom syndicated these two programs since the 1970s. In the case of Hillbillies, Orion Television still owns the copyrights to the episodes, excluding episodes from the first season and the first half of the second season, which have fallen into the public domain.
However, any new compilation of Hillbillies material will be copyrighted by either MPI Media Group or CBS, depending on the series content. Filmways co-produced Eye Guess, The Face Is Familiar and You're Putting Me On with Bob Stewart Productions; those four game shows are owned by Sony Pictures Television. Filmways syndicated Mary Hartman, Mary Hartman, produced by T. A. T. Communications Company; that too is owned by SPT via ELP Communications. SPT co-distributed the MGM library for a short time. All movies Filmways co-produced with major studios have remained with the studios they were released by. Most of the foreign-language films released by their Sigma III division have reverted to their origi
Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation. It was founded by Sime Silverman in New York in 1905 as a weekly newspaper reporting on theater and vaudeville. In 1933 it added Daily Variety, based in Los Angeles. Variety.com features breaking entertainment news, box office results, cover stories, photo galleries and more, plus a credits database, production charts and calendar, with archive content dating back to 1905. Variety has been published since December 16, 1905, when it was launched by Sime Silverman as a weekly periodical covering theater and vaudeville with its headquarters in New York City. Sime was fired by The Morning Telegraph in 1905 for panning an act which had taken out an advert for $50, said that it looked like he would have to start his own paper in order to be able to tell the truth. With a loan of $1,500 from his father-in-law, he launched Variety as editor. In addition to Sime's former employer The Morning Telegraph, other major competitors on launch were The New York Clipper and the New York Dramatic Mirror.
The original cover design, similar to the current design, was sketched by Edgar M. Miller, a scenic painter, who refused payment; the front cover contained pictures of the original editorial staff, who were Alfred Greason, Epes W Sargeant and Joshua Lowe, as well as Sime. The first issue contained a review by Sime's son Sidne known as Skigie, claimed to be the youngest critic in the world at seven years old. In 1922, Sime acquired The New York Clipper, reporting on the stage and other entertainment since 1853 and folded it two years merging some of its features into Variety. In 1922, Sime launched the Times Square Daily, which he referred to as "the world's worst daily" and soon scrapped. During that period, Variety staffers worked on all three papers. After the launch of The Hollywood Reporter in 1930, which Variety sued for alleged plagiarism in 1932, Sime launched Daily Variety in 1933, based in Hollywood, with Arthur Ungar as the editor, it replaced Variety Bulletin, issued in Hollywood on Fridays.
Daily Variety was published every day other than Sunday but on Monday to Friday. Ungar was editor until 1950, followed by Joe Schoenfeld and Thomas M. Pryor, succeeded by his son Pete; the Daily and the Weekly were run as independent newspapers, with the Daily concentrating on Hollywood news and the Weekly on U. S. and International coverage. Sime Silverman had passed on the editorship of the Weekly Variety to Abel Green as his replacement in 1931. Green remained as editor from 1931 until his death in 1973. Sime's son Sidne succeeded him as publisher of both publications. Following his death from tuberculosis in 1950, his only son Syd Silverman, was the sole heir to what was Variety Inc. Young Syd's legal guardian Harold Erichs oversaw Variety Inc. until 1956. After that date Syd Silverman managed the company as publisher of both the Weekly Variety in New York and the Daily Variety in Hollywood, until the sale of both papers in 1987 to Cahners Publishing for $64 million, he remained as publisher until 1990 when he was succeeded on Weekly Variety by Gerard A. Byrne and on Daily Variety by Sime's great grandson, Michael Silverman.
Syd became chairman of both publications. In 1953, Army Archerd's "Just for Variety" column appeared on page two of Daily Variety and swiftly became popular in Hollywood. Archerd broke countless exclusive stories, reporting from film sets, announcing pending deals, giving news of star-related hospitalizations and births; the column appeared daily for 52 years until September 1, 2005. On December 7, 1988, the editor, Roger Watkins and oversaw the transition to four-color print. Upon its launch, the new-look Variety measured one inch shorter with a washed-out color on the front; the old front-page box advertisement was replaced by a strip advertisement, along with the first photos published in Variety since Sime gave up using them in the old format in 1920: they depicted Sime and Syd. For twenty years from 1989 its editor-in-chief was Peter Bart only of the weekly New York edition, with Michael Silverman running the Daily in Hollywood. Bart had worked at Paramount Pictures and The New York Times.
In April 2009, Bart moved to the position of "vice president and editorial director", characterized online as "Boffo No More: Bart Up and Out at Variety". From mid 2009 to 2013, Timothy M. Gray oversaw the publication as Editor-in-Chief, after over 30 years of various reporter and editor positions in the newsroom. In October 2012, Reed Business Information, the periodical's owner, sold the publication to Penske Media Corporation. PMC is the owner of Deadline Hollywood, which since the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike has been considered Variety's largest competitor in online showbiz news. In October 2012, Jay Penske, Chairman and CEO of PMC, announced that the website's paywall would come down, the print publication would stay, he would invest more into Variety's digital platform in a townhall. In March 2013, Variety owner Jay Penske appointed three co-editors to oversee different parts of the publication's industry coverage; the decision was made to stop printing Daily Variety with the last printed edition published on March 19, 2013 with the headline "Variety A