A drink is a liquid intended for human consumption. In addition to their basic function of satisfying thirst, drinks play important roles in human culture. Common types of drinks include plain drinking water, coffee, hot chocolate and soft drinks. In addition, alcoholic drinks such as wine and liquor, which contain the drug ethanol, have been part of human culture for more than 8,000 years. Non-alcoholic drinks signify drinks that would contain alcohol, such as beer and wine, but are made with less than.5 percent alcohol by volume. The category includes drinks that have undergone an alcohol removal process such as non-alcoholic beers and de-alcoholized wines; when the human body becomes dehydrated, it experiences thirst. This craving of fluids results in an instinctive need to drink. Thirst is regulated by the hypothalamus in response to subtle changes in the body's electrolyte levels, as a result of changes in the volume of blood circulating; the complete elimination of drinks, that is, from the body will result in death faster than the removal of any other substance.
Water and milk have been basic drinks throughout history. As water is essential for life, it has been the carrier of many diseases; as society developed, techniques were discovered to create alcoholic drinks from the plants that were available in different areas. The earliest archaeological evidence of wine production yet found has been at sites in Georgia and Iran. Beer may have been known in Neolithic Europe as far back as 3000 BCE, was brewed on a domestic scale; the invention of beer has been argued to be responsible for humanity's ability to develop technology and build civilization. Tea originated in Yunnan, China during the Shang Dynasty as a medicinal drink. Drinking has been a large part of socialising throughout the centuries. In Ancient Greece, a social gathering for the purpose of drinking was known as a symposium, where watered down wine would be drunk; the purpose of these gatherings could be anything from serious discussions to direct indulgence. In Ancient Rome, a similar concept of a convivium took place regularly.
Many early societies considered alcohol a gift from the gods, leading to the creation of gods such as Dionysus. Other religions forbid, discourage, or restrict the drinking of alcoholic drinks for various reasons. In some regions with a dominant religion the production and consumption of alcoholic drinks is forbidden to everybody, regardless of religion. Toasting is a method of wishing good will by taking a drink. Another tradition is that of the loving cup, at weddings or other celebrations such as sports victories a group will share a drink in a large receptacle, shared by everyone until empty. In East Africa and Yemen, coffee was used in native religious ceremonies; as these ceremonies conflicted with the beliefs of the Christian church, the Ethiopian Church banned the secular consumption of coffee until the reign of Emperor Menelik II. The drink was banned in Ottoman Turkey during the 17th century for political reasons and was associated with rebellious political activities in Europe. A drink is a form of liquid, prepared for human consumption.
The preparation can include a number of different steps, some prior to transport, others prior to consumption. Water is the chief constituent in all drinks, the primary ingredient in most. Water is purified prior to drinking. Methods for purification include the addition of chemicals, such as chlorination; the importance of purified water is highlighted by the World Health Organization, who point out 94% of deaths from diarrhea – the third biggest cause of infectious death worldwide at 1.8 million annually – could be prevented by improving the quality of the victim's environment safe water. Pasteurisation is the process of heating a liquid for a period of time at a specified temperature immediately cooling; the process reduces the growth of microorganisms within the liquid, thereby increasing the time before spoilage. It is used on milk, which prior to pasteurisation is infected with pathogenic bacteria and therefore is more than any other part of the common diet in the developed world to cause illness.
The process of extracting juice from fruits and vegetables can take a number of forms. Simple crushing of most fruits will provide a significant amount of liquid, though a more intense pressure can be applied to get the maximum amount of juice from the fruit. Both crushing and pressing are processes used in the production of wine. Infusion is the process of extracting flavours from plant material by allowing the material to remain suspended within water; this process can be used to prepare coffee. The name is derived from the word "percolate" which means to cause to pass through a permeable substance for extracting a soluble constituent. In the case of coffee-brewing the solvent is water, the permeable substance is the coffee grounds, the soluble constituents are the chemical compounds that give coffee its color, taste and stimulating properties. Carbonation is the process such as water. Fermentation is a metabolic process. Fermentation has been used by humans for the production of drinks since the Neolithic age.
In winemaking, grape juice is combined with yeast in an anaerobic environment to allow the fermentation. The amount of sugar in the wine and the length of time given for fermentation determine the alcohol level and the sweetness of the wine; when brewing beer, there are four primary ingr
Robert Henry "Harry" Lochhead, sometimes spelled "Lockhead", was an American baseball shortstop. A native of Stockton, California, he played professional baseball from 1896 to 1903, including two years in Major League Baseball with the Cleveland Spiders in 1899 and the Detroit Tigers and Philadelphia Athletics in 1901, he compiled a.231 batting average in 158 major league games. He ranked second in the National League with 81 errors in 146 games at shortstop during the 1899 season. Lochhead was born in 1876 in California, his father died in 1878, leaving Lochhead's mother to raise his three siblings. He attended Stockton High School. Lochhead began playing professional baseball in 1896 as a pitcher and shortstop for the Stockton team in the California League, he played for Sacramento Gilt Edges in the Pacific Coast League from 1898 to 1900. Lochhead made his major league debut as the starting shortstop for the 1899 Cleveland Spiders regarded as the worst baseball team in history; the 1899 Spiders had a 20–134 record, scoring 529 runs and allowing 1,252.
Lochhead has the dubious distinction of sometimes being referred to as the worst regular player on the worst team in history. His.238 batting average was 43 points lower than the league average and among the lowest among all starters in the National League in 1899. His 81 errors was by far the highest on the Spiders, though his.909 fielding percentage was on par with other National League shortstops that year. He led the team in appearances, his 81 errors ranked second in the National League at any position, but he ranked second among the league's shortstops with 493 assists, third with 319 putouts, fourth with 54 double plays. On April 3, 1900, the Detroit Tigers purchased four former Spiders: Lochhead, Sport McAllister, Dick Harley, Suter Sullivan. However, Lochhead did not join the Tigers in 1900, opting instead to return to California where he played for the Stockton Wasps in the California League, he sustained an ankle injury during the 1900 season. He played part of the 1900 season for the Butte Smoke Eaters, batting.382 in 34 at bats.
After the Tigers became a major league team in 1901, Lochhead played only one more game for the team. In four at bats, Lochhead had two hits, was hit by a pitch, scored two runs for the Tigers, for a.500 batting average and.600 on-base percentage. The Tigers sold Lochhead to the Philadelphia Athletics on April 29, 1901. Lochhead batted.088 in nine games for the Athletics. He made nine errors in 37 chances at shortstop for a.757 fielding percentage. He played his last major league game on May 15, 1901. Lochhead continued to play in the minor league until 1903 with the Syracuse team of the Eastern League, the New Orleans Pelicans of the Southern Association, the Fort Worth Panthers of the Texas League, he was a pitcher for Fort Worth in 1903, compiling a 16-19 record. After retiring from baseball, Lochhead lived with his mother in Stockton, working as an attendant at the state hospital, he worked as a bartender in Sacramento. By 1908, Lochhead had become ill with a liver ailment described by some sources as hepatitis and by others as cirrhosis.
In August 1908, Lochhead died at age 33 at his mother's home in California. He became lost in the desert with a group of friends near Bakersfield, California, in July 1908, the exposure in the desert aggravated his poor health
"Roll On" is a song written by Dave Loggins, recorded by American country music band Alabama. It was released in January 1984 as the first single and title track to the band's album Roll On, it was the group's 12th straight No. 1 single on the Billboard magazine Hot Country Singles chart. "Roll On" was Alabama's contribution to an honored tradition in country music: the tribute to the American truck driver. Here, the story is that of a man who drives an over-the-road semitrailer truck to support his wife and three children. In the song's first verse, the man leaves for a several-day trip through the Midwest; when the children gather around their mother in sadness, she says all they need to do is remember the song their father had taught them. In some versions, the song begins with a CB radio call saying "How about ya, Roll On", recorded from an actual CB call placed to Alabama's bus in the late 70s. In the song's second verse, the man's wife receives a late-night phone call from an unnamed source, informing her that the highway patrol had found a semitrailer truck jackknifed in a snowbank along an interstate highway in Illinois.
Despite learning that the search for her husband had been called off due to the fierce blizzard, that Daddy had not been found at any of the local houses or motels, Mama remains confident that Daddy will be found alive. The woman and her children are left to pray for Daddy's safety, in sadness and anticipation of a long night of worrying, sing the refrain to the song to comfort them. In the song's third and final verse and the children wait up all night long, thinking that the next phone call will bring the worst possible news. However, "the Man upstairs" was listening – when the phone rings and Mama answers it, the voice on the other end is that of Daddy safe and sound, he asks. The album version of "Roll On" is 40 seconds longer than the 7-inch single released for radio airplay and retail sale; the album version can be distinguished by sound effects of a semitrailer truck, CB radio chatter and — toward the end of the song — an extra repetition of the refrain. Much like the Greatest Hits 3 version of "If You're Gonna Play in Texas", the version of "Roll On" on Greatest Hits 2 is different as well, featuring a quick fadeout to omit the truck sounds at the end.
On the Livin' Lovin' Rockin' Rollin' box set, the album version is presented in its entirety with no crossfade to "Carolina Mountain Dewe", as well as a slight extension of the opening truck sound effects. A cover version by David Allan Coe appears on the album "20 Greatest Hits"; the song was covered by Saddle Tramps and appears on the Various Artists compilation album "Nev Nicholls Presents Truckin Towards 2000". It was covered by Aaron Tippin on his 2009 album "In Overdrive". Morris, Edward, "Alabama," Contemporary Books Inc. Chicago, 1985 Allmusic — Roll On by Alabama