Driving wheel

On a steam locomotive, a driving wheel is a powered wheel, driven by the locomotive's pistons. On a conventional, non-articulated locomotive, the driving wheels are all coupled together with side rods. On diesel and electric locomotives, the driving wheels may be directly driven by the traction motors. Coupling rods are not used, it is quite common for each axle to have its own motor. Jackshaft drive and coupling rods were used in the past but their use is now confined to shunting locomotives. On an articulated locomotive or a duplex locomotive, driving wheels are grouped into sets which are linked together within the set. Driving wheels are larger than leading or trailing wheels. Since a conventional steam locomotive is directly driven, one of the few ways to'gear' a locomotive for a particular performance goal is to size the driving wheels appropriately. Freight locomotives had driving wheels between 40 and 60 inches in diameter; some long wheelbase locomotives were equipped with blind drivers.

These were driving wheels without the usual flanges, which allowed them to negotiate tighter curves without binding. The driving wheels on express passenger locomotives have come down in diameter over the years, e.g. from 8 ft 1 in on the GNR Stirling 4-2-2 of 1870 to 6 ft 2 in on the SR Merchant Navy Class of 1941. This is. On locomotives with side rods, including most steam and jackshaft locomotives, the driving wheels have weights to balance the weight of the coupling and connecting rods; the crescent-shaped balance weight is visible in the picture on the right. In the Whyte notation, driving wheels are designated by numbers in the set; the UIC classification system counts the number of axles rather than the number of wheels and driving wheels are designated by letters rather than numbers. The suffix'o' is used to indicate independently powered axles; the number of driving wheels on locomotives varied quite a bit. Some early locomotives had as few as two driving wheels; the largest number of total driving wheels was 24 on the 2-8-8-8-4 locomotives.

The largest number of coupled driving wheels was 14 on the ill-fated AA20 4-14-4 locomotive. The term driving wheel is sometimes used to denote the drive sprocket which moves the track on tracked vehicles such as tanks and bulldozers. Many American roots artists, such as The Byrds, Tom Rush, The Black Crowes and the Canadian band Cowboy Junkies have performed a song written by David Wiffen called "Driving Wheel", with the lyrics "I feel like some old engine/ That's lost my driving wheel."These lyrics are a reference to the traditional blues song "Broke Down Engine Blues" by Blind Willie McTell, 1931. It was directly covered by Bob Dylan and Johnny Winter. Many versions of the American folk song "In the Pines" performed by artists such as Leadbelly, Mark Lanegan, Nirvana reference a decapitated man's head found in a driving wheel. In addition, it is that Chuck Berry references the locomotive driving wheel in "Johnny B. Goode" when he sings, "the engineers would see him sitting in the shade / Strumming with the rhythm that the drivers made."

Johnstown, Ohio

Johnstown is a village in Licking County, United States. The population was 4,632 at the 2010 census. Johnstown was the home of William A. Ashbrook, an American businessman, newspaper publisher, Democratic politician from Ohio, his son, John Ashbrook, was elected to the Ohio House of Representatives in 1956, in 1960 won his father's old seat in the U. S. House of Representatives as the Republican candidate. In the 1972 presidential election, John Ashbrook ran against incumbent Richard Nixon in some state primaries as an alternative conservative candidate; the Village of Johnstown is part of a four thousand acre tract of land deeded to John Brown, a revolutionary soldier, by President Adams for military services in 1800. Brown sold the property in 1810 for $2.50 per acre to Dr. Oliver Bigelow. Dr. Bigelow laid out and incorporated the village of Johnstown, donating the streets and the town square. In 1926 a nearly complete skeleton of a mastodon was found by a farmer named James Bailey, subsequently sold to the Cleveland Museum of Natural History.

Johnstown is located at 40°8′57″N 82°41′12″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.91 square miles, of which 2.90 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 4,632 people, 1,891 households, 1,217 families living in the village; the population density was 1,597.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 1,994 housing units at an average density of 687.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.1% White, 0.6% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population. There were 1,891 households of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 35.6% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.00. The median age in the village was 35.6 years. 26.7% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 52.5 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 3,440 people, 1,396 households, 932 families living in the village; the population density was 1,643.0 people per square mile. There were 1,453 housing units at an average density of 694.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.49% White, 0.15% African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.23% from other races, 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.44% of the population. There were 1,396 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.2% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.

The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.98. In the village, the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males. The median income for a household in the village was $43,651, the median income for a family was $55,326. Males had a median income of $37,344 versus $25,543 for females; the per capita income for the village was $19,777. About 4.3% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over. Johnstown-Monroe Local School District operates one elementary school, one middle school, Johnstown-Monroe High School. Johnstown has a branch of the Licking County Library System. Johnstown Website Johnstown-Monroe Local School District

El Jeremías

El Jeremías is a 2015 Mexican comedy film, directed by Anwar Safa. The film stars Martín Castro as Jeremías, a bright child, who after learning he's a genius, struggles to succeed because of his family's poverty and ignorance; the film premiered at the 30th Guadalajara International Film Festival. The film received nine nominations at the 58th Ariel Awards including Best Director for Safa and Best Original Screenplay for Ana Sofía Clerici; the film was named on the shortlist for Mexico's entry for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 89th Academy Awards. The film released in the United States on 21 October 2016. Set in Sonora, the film tells the story of Jeremías an eight year old who finds out he is a gifted child and initiates a journey of self discovery; when an opportunistic psychologist makes contact with Jeremías, a new world of experiences open up to him but at the expense of being away from the family he loves. Jeremías must choose between this exciting but lonely new world he finds himself in or returning home to his loving family.

Martín Castro as Jeremías Karem Momo as Margarita Paulo Galindo as Onésimo Isela Vega as Herminia Marcela Sotomayor as Audelia Daniel Giménez Cacho as Dr. Federico Forni Eduardo MacGregor as Don Gelipe Jesús Ochoa as Don Enrique Gabriela Roel as Dra. Soto Juan Manuel Bernal as Ricardo Lecanda Gerardo Diego as Raúl Álvaro Peralta as Tomás Irvin Gonzalez as Primo 2 Marcos Flores as Chamuco El Jeremías on IMDb