International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
The movements parts are, The International Committee of the Red Cross is a private humanitarian institution founded in 1863 in Geneva, Switzerland, by Henry Dunant and Gustave Moynier. Its 25-member committee has a unique authority under international law to protect the life. The ICRC was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on three occasions, on an international level, the Federation leads and organizes, in close cooperation with the National Societies, relief assistance missions responding to large-scale emergencies. The International Federation Secretariat is based in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1963, the Federation was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize jointly with the ICRC. National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies exist in every country in the world. Currently 190 National Societies are recognized by the ICRC and admitted as members of the Federation. Each entity works in its home country according to the principles of humanitarian law. In many countries, they are linked to the respective national health care system by providing emergency medical services.
When he arrived in the town of Solferino on the evening of June 24, he toured the field of the Battle of Solferino. In a single day, about 40,000 soldiers on both sides died or were wounded on the field. Jean-Henri Dunant was shocked by the aftermath of the battle, the suffering of the wounded soldiers. He completely abandoned the original intent of his trip and for days he devoted himself to helping with the treatment. He succeeded in organizing an overwhelming level of assistance by motivating the local villagers to aid without discrimination. Back in his home in Geneva, he decided to write a book entitled A Memory of Solferino which he published using his own money in 1862. He sent copies of the book to leading political and military figures throughout Europe, in addition, he called for the development of international treaties to guarantee the protection of neutral medics and field hospitals for soldiers wounded on the battlefield. In 1863, Gustave Moynier, a Geneva lawyer and president of the Geneva Society for Public Welfare, received a copy of Dunants book, eight days later, the five men decided to rename the committee to the International Committee for Relief to the Wounded.
In October 1863, the conference organized by the committee was held in Geneva to develop possible measures to improve medical services on the battlefield. Only one year later, the Swiss government invited the governments of all European countries, as well as the United States, sixteen countries sent a total of twenty-six delegates to Geneva
Carl Jacobsen House
The Carl Jacobsen House is the former home of Carl Jacobsen and one of the listed buildings in the Carlsberg area of Copenhagen, Denmark. In 1880, Carl Jacobsen purchased the property Bakkegården next to his fathers brewery and his wife Ottilia Jacobsen gave birth to their first child. Between mid-1887 and January 1890 the couple lost four children to disease, devastated by their loss, Carl Jacobsen demolished the old house and constructed a new home in the grounds. It was designed by the architect Hack Kampmann and completed in 1892, after Carl Jacobsens death in 1914, members of the family continued to live in the house until 1998. It was refurbished and is now used by Carlsberg for meetings, the house lies pulled back from the street and is entered through a rough iron gate flanked by Carlsberg Museum building on one side and a small round guardhouse on the other. The right side of the stands on a granite plinth and is built in red brick. The stills are made of glazed tiles and slate, and window frames are in red-painted wood, a flight of stairs leads up to the entrance which is sheltered by a roof supported by granite columns.
The lintel bears Carl and Otilia Jacobsens names in French, Bien faire—laisser dire, the left side of the main building is in red brick and has a richly decorated facade. There are Zodiac symbols around the cornices, the roof is clad in slate shingles and has copper flashings, ornamental chimneys and decorative wrough iron metalwork along the roof ridge. Many of the decorations, both internally and externally, refer to the Jacobsen family or their brewery. Carl and Ottilia Jacobsens names, as well as those of their children and of his parents and grand parents, the servants wing is decorated with glazed ceramic reliefs of grasses and fruits created by K. On the rear side of the house, a veranda with a rough iron balustrade runs along the full length of the building, overlooking the garden. A pavilion in Venetian style serves as a backdrop to the garden as seen from the house. It was completed by Hack Kampmann in 1895 and has a front where two marble columns support three arches. A balustrade runs along the edge of the roof, two parallel paths lined with copies of classical sculptures connect the two buildings.
Hackmann has designed an ice house which was built in 1896. In cold winters, the ice came from nearby Damhus Lake and was imported from Norway. Later the building was used for storing fruit and other produce from the garden
Heinrich Gustav Ferdinand Holm
Heinrich Gustav Ferdinand Holm, often referred to as H. G. F. Holm, was a Danish artist and engraver who is remembered for his finely detailed topographical paintings and drawings of Copenhagen, Holm initially followed in the footsteps of his father as an engraver and illustrator. He had almost certainly been a pupil of C. J. Thomsen who insisted on accuracy and detail, as a result, Holm quickly became a master of his genre, not only as an illustrator but in the difficult technique of watercolour painting. He began to specialize in illustrating prospectuses, often sketching areas and buildings of interest before making multiple copies at home and he sometimes produced skeleton drawings which he coloured with watercolour. In addition, he produced a series of works covering the surrounding countryside, many of his plates appeared in magazines such as Magazin for Ungdommen, its successor Cosmorama, and Nyt Magazin for Natur og Menneskekundskab. He illustrated prospectuses for the Royal Procelain Factory, especially in regard to designs for tea, despite Holms high rate of productivity, he constantly suffered from lack of money, which frequently drove him to drink.
The resulting vicious circle encouraged him to sell his works at low prices which explains how he was given the nickname, Holms many small works continue to be of considerable value. In addition, thanks to their technical quality and his sense of colour
The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
Axel Berg (architect)
Emil Axel Berg was a Danish architect. He received the Neuhausen Prize, C. F, hansen Medal, and Eckersberg Medal, and was honored as a Knight of Order of the Dannebrog. Born in Copenhagen, Berg was the son of weight manufacturer and he studied carpentry when he was 16 but a year later, in 1873, he began studying architecture. He graduated at the Technical University of Denmark in 1877 and at the Royal Danish Academy in December 1880, who practiced a Historicist approach, had a good sense of which style to use for each of his projects. His first project was the almost complete renovation of Bregentved in the Rococo style and his renovation of Vemmetofte Convent was Early Baroque. He was awarded the Neuhausen Prize in 1885 and in 1910, in addition to country houses, he designed a number of banks and office buildings, including Privatbankens headquarters in various styles. Berg was chairman of the Architects Association of Denmark in 1902-04 and again in 1907-09, Berg was behind the establishment of the Architects Association Support Fund, to which he devoted much time and effort, supporting it financially.
He participated in exhibitions at Charlottenborg Palace in 1885,1905 and 1910, Berg participated in the Nordic Exhibition of 1888, and the Copenhagen City Hall Exhibition in 1901. He exhibited in Berlin in 1910 and 1911 and he was of the last generation of historicist architects who freely imitated or worked various historical styles. But he was not a supporter of a style as some of his contemporaries were, However, he used the Baroque. Berg never married and is buried in the Vestre Cemetery
The Moltkes Mansion is a town mansion on the corner of Bredgade and Dronningens Tværgade in Copenhagen, Denmark. It is one of several mansions in Frederiksstaden, although it actually predates the neighbourhood by half a century. It was built for Ulrik Frederik Gyldenløve between 1700 and 1702 and was known as Gyldenløves Little Mansion. It received its current name in 1842, after it was acquired by Adam Wilhelm Moltke, the Baroque mansion has rich sandstone decorations featuring elephants and lion heads and is notable for its interior decorations by Erik Pauelsen. A house was built on the site in the 1680s by Jørgen Henriksen Gosebuch and it was acquired by Ulrik Frederik Gyldenløve, the illegitimate son of King Frederick III, who demolished it and had a new mansion built in its place. Upon Gyldenløves death in 1704, the property was passed on to his son, Count Ferdinand Anton Danneskiold-Laurvig, under his ownership, the mansion was altered between 1716 and 1723 by Johan Cornelius Krieger.
The next owner was Frederik Ludvig Danneskiold-Laurvig, Danneskiold-Laurvigs oldest son, de Coninck, who lived in the mansion from 1784 to 1793, carried out costly alterations of the interiors. After the Fire of Christiansborg Palace in 1794 the royal family was left homeless and her literary saolns mainly took place at Sophienholm during the summer season but in winter time at the mansion in Bredgade. Among the Danish artists who attended her salons were Jens Baggesen, Adam Oehlenschläger, Johanne Luise Heiberg, C. E. F Weyse, B. S. Ingemann. In 1836, after the Bruns died within a few month of each other and he was bourgeois through and through, but nevertheless continued the tradition of playing host to aristocrats. Their home exerted a special pull on young students from the nearby Regensen dormitory due to the family’s five pretty daughters, regular guests included the poet Christian Winther, who eventually married the oldest daughter of the house, after repeated complications. When Heinrich Lütthans died, Moltke who had been Prime Minister of Denmark from 1848 to 1852, was now a member of the Landstinget as well as a large landowner.
His family had lacked a suitable home in the city after ceding their previous mansion, one of the four Amalienborg mansions and their old residence had been known as Moltkes Mansion and this name was transferred to their new property. After the harvests at Bregentved Manor and other holdings, he would move his entire household to Copenhagen. From 1878 to 1880 the mansion was extended with seven bays along Dronningens Tværgade by the architect Theodor Zeltner, on the top storey, a skylit gallery was built for Moltke’s extensive and valuable art collection. The collection was opened to the public, over the next generations, the mansion stayed in the Moltke family but with advances in infrastructure and technology the need for a Copenhagen home became less evident. In the 1920s, the journey from Bregentved to Copenhagen, which had taken two days by carriage, could be made in less two hours, and business could often be handled by telephone. The Moltkes therefore decided to dispose of Moltkes Mansion and in 1930 it was sold to the Craftsmen’s Guild in Copenhagen, the mansion is built in the Baroque style and consists of two floors and a cellar
Barchmann Mansion is a Baroque style town mansion overlooking Frederiksholm Canal in central Copenhagen, Denmark. Built in the early 1740s, it is known as known as Wedell Mansion after the Wedell family who have owned it since 1982. The house was built in 1740–41 by Philip de Lange for affluent Jacob Barchmann, Barchmann did not live in it himself but rented it out to foreign envoys. The original building was extended in 1748, first along the canal, after Barchmanns death in 1764, his wife continued to live in the house until 1782 when it was sold to John Brown, a grocer and ship owner, who took up residence there. After his bankruptcy in 1788, the property was once again. In 1811, it was purchased by the industrious landowner Jacob Brønnum Scavenius, in 1923, the house came on the hands of the Wedell family when Inger Wedell née Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs inherited the property from her father, Count Mogens of Frijsenborg. In 1926, the house was divided two separate properties when Borup Folk High School moved into 24 Frederiksholms Kanal.
Since 1982, the part has been owned by the Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs/Wedells family. The mansion is a building in two storeys under a mansard roof. The principal facade faces Ny Kongensgade, the original building is seven bays towards the canal and nine towards the street. It is built in red brick and decorated with pilasters in the giant order, decorations. The facade to the right of the covers the stables to obtain the symmetry required by the Baroque style. The lateral wing away from the canal is narrow and therefore only has a half mansard and it has two carriage gates and a low mezzanine The extensions added seven bays along the canal and three bays along the street. The extension along the canal has pilasters, but in red instead of sandstone. The building was altered by Thorvald Jørgensen in 1903, the two main wings towards Frederiksholms Kanal and Ny Kongensgade, were listed in 1818 and the listing was extended to include the lateral wing in 2000. Since 2008 the building has been owned by Bendt Wedell, the second largest private owner in Denmark.
The Borup Folk High School is still based at 24 Frederiksholms Kanal