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Dubuque County, Iowa

Dubuque County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 93,653; the county seat is Dubuque. The county is named for the first European settler of Iowa. Dubuque County comprises the Dubuque, IA Metropolitan Statistical Area, is the seventh largest county by population in the state. Dubuque County is named for French trader Julien Dubuque, the first European settler of Iowa, an early lead mining pioneer in what is now Dubuque County. Dubuque was French Canadian, had a friendly relationship with the local Fox tribe of Native Americans, he and other early pioneers established a lucrative trading industry in the area. When lead deposits began becoming exhausted, the pioneers developed boat building, lumber yards, milling and machinery manufacturing to take its place; the establishment of the City of Dubuque in 1833 led to large-scale settlement of the surrounding area. This was encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church, which sent priests and nuns to establish churches in the unpopulated countryside.

Irish and German immigrants came to the region. At an extra session of the Sixth Legislative Assembly of Michigan Territory held in September, 1834, the Iowa District was divided into two counties by running a line due west from the lower end of Rock Island in the Mississippi River; the territory north of this line was named Dubuque County, all south of it was Demoine County. Thus, at that time Dubuque County nominally included not only much of what is now the state of Minnesota but portions of what are now North Dakota and South Dakota. Dubuque County became part of Wisconsin Territory once it was split off from Michigan Territory on July 3, 1836. A massive reorganization and reduction of the county's size was executed on December 21, 1837, when its original area was separated into 13 named new counties and a "non-county area"; the land in present day Minnesota and the Dakotas was transferred to the newly created Fayette County in this action. Dubuque County became a part of Iowa Territory upon its creation on July 4, 1838.

In 1858, Saint Francis Catholic Church was established in Dubuque County. In the 1980s, the farm crisis set in, devastated large sections of the Midwest, including Dubuque County. Since the area was dependent on agriculture-related industries like Deere and Company and the Dubuque Packing Company, unemployment soared. In one month of 1982, Dubuque County had the highest in the nation; the county experienced huge population losses during this time. It would not recover from this until the late 1990s, when the economy diversified, shifting away from manufacturing, toward various service-related establishments. Since the 1990s, the area has become much more prosperous. Today, the county boasts a growing population; the surging economy can be seen in the West Side of the City of Dubuque, in neighboring Peosta and Asbury. These areas have expanded so much that concerns now lie with trying to manage the growth, a sharp change from just 20 years ago, it is one of Iowa's two original counties along with Des Moines County.

The city of Dubuque was chartered in 1833 as the first city in Iowa. Dubuque County is governed by a 3-member Board of Supervisors elected at large. Current supervisors include Ann McDonough and Jay Wickham, they meet on second Monday of the month at 9:00 a.m. and the fourth Monday of the month at 5:30 p.m. in the Dubuque County Courthouse. The County Sheriff's Department is responsible for law enforcement in all areas of the county those without their own police departments; the current county sheriff is Joe Kennedy. The Sheriff's Department is located at the Dubuque City/County Law Enforcement Center; the current county attorney is C. J. May, who succeeded Ralph Potter in 2019; the county borders on Illinois and Wisconsin, is bounded on the northeast by the Mississippi River. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 617 square miles, of which 608 square miles is land and 8.3 square miles is water. The county is drained by south forks of the Maquoketa River; the county seat is Dubuque, located along the Mississippi River in the east-central portion of the county.

Eastern Dubuque County is markedly different from the western portion in that its topography is uneven. The city of Dubuque and surrounding areas adjacent to the Mississippi River have many steep hills and ravines; the eastern portion is more wooded than the west, rolling farmland. Dubuque County is known for its impressive bluffs along the Mississippi River, which run along the entire length of the county's riverbanks; these form part of Iowa's Coulee Region, otherwise known as the Driftless Area. During the last ice age, much of the Mississippi Valley near Dubuque County was bypassed by glacial flows, which flattened the surrounding land in eastern Illinois and western Iowa, leaving the Driftless Area unusually rugged; the Iowa Department of Natural Resources administers 3 park and preserve areas in the county: Little Maquoketa River Mounds State Preserve Mines of Spain State Recreation Area/E. B. Lyons Nature Center White Pine Hollow State ForestThe Dubuque County Conservation Board administers 11 park and recreation areas in the county: The City of Dubuque and other towns in the county operate public park systems of their own.

Clayton County Grant County, Wisconsi

John Fitzgerald (Australian politician)

John Christopher Fitzgerald was an Australian politician. A five-time mayor of the Town of Port Pirie, he was a Labor Party member of the South Australian House of Assembly from 1918 to 1936, representing the multi-member seat of Port Pirie. Fitzgerald was born in Wallaroo, moved to Port Pirie with his family at age ten, his family brought two cows with them, Fitzgerald became the first milk vendor in Port Pirie. He attended a private school until the Pirie School opened. After leaving school, he worked on the Port Broughton railway line, carted pipes to the Nelshaby Reservoir and worked in Dunn's mill in Port Pirie. While still in his youth, Fitzgerald went to Broken Hill to prospect, partnering with Duncan McCulloch, established the Britannia-Scotia mine there, he transported the first load of ore from Broken Hill to Port Pirie, for which they split a cheque for £1,000. He was forced to close due to rising water levels, he bought early shares in BHP with his proceeds, but sold out before the company's boom as his parents needed money.

He returned to Port Pirie in 1886. Fitzgerald worked as a farmer following his return from Broken Hill. In January 1901, he enlisted in the Boer War, where he served with the Fifth Bushmen's Contingent, being promoted to regimental quartermaster and warrant officer while on active service. Following his return from the war on 26 April 1902, he worked on the wharves at Port Pirie, where he served as president of the Waterside Workers' Federation, he was elected as a Corporate Town of Port Pirie councillor in 1905-06, but was forced to resign after a year for health reasons. During the 1910s, he left the acquired land for farming at Wirrabara, he unsuccessfully contested the 1912 and 1915 state elections. Fitzgerald was elected to the House of Assembly at the 1918 state election, he successfully returned to council, serving as mayor of Port Pirie in 1922-23 and 1925-27. He died in office in December 1936 while still serving as both state MP and local alderman and was buried at Port Pirie Cemetery

20 (Kate Rusby album)

20 is a studio album by English folk musician Kate Rusby, released on 22 October 2012 on Pure Records. Produced by Rusby and her husband Damien O'Kane, the album celebrates Rusby's twentieth year as a recording artist, features re-recordings of released tracks each of which features guest vocals from the likes of Nic Jones, Paul Weller, Mary Chapin Carpenter, Eddi Reader, Sarah Jarosz and others. A similar album, 10, was released in 2002. Upon its release, the album entered the UK Album Chart at #22. Regarding the selection of songs included, Kate Rusby noted, "It was difficult to boil down the song selection to just twenty songs, because songs are like children, aren't they – you love them all equally! I suppose. We decided to do new versions rather than take the easy option of compiling a'greatest hits', I thought it would add something extra to have artists I've admired over the years helping us out." Disc One "Awkward Annie" featuring Chris Thile "Unquiet Grave" featuring Aoife O'Donovan "Sun Grazers" featuring Paul Weller and Gregory Liszt "The Lark" featuring Nic Jones "Planets" featuring Sarah Jarosz "Wandering Soul" featuring Eddi Reader, Dick Gaughan and Ron Block "Who Will Sing Me Lullabies" featuring Richard Thompson and Philip Selway "Jolly Plough Boys" featuring Dick Gaughan "Sho Heen" featuring Eddi Reader, Jerry Douglas, Ron Block and Philip Selway "Bitter Boy" featuring Damien O'KaneDisc Two "I Courted a Sailor" featuring Jim Causley "Mocking Bird" featuring Sara Watkins and Noam Pikelny "The Good Man" featuring Joe Rusby, Jerry Douglas and Chris Thile "Annan Waters" featuring Bob Fox "All God's Angels" featuring Paul Brady and Noam Pikelny "Elfin Knight" featuring Dave Burland "Wild Goose" featuring Stephen Fretwell "Home" featuring Mary Chapin Carpenter and Jim Causley "Underneath the Stars" featuring Grimethorpe Colliery Band "Bring Me a Boat" featuring Declan O'Rourke

Oyam District

Oyam District is a district in Northern Uganda. Like most Ugandan districts, it is named after its'chief town', where the district headquarters are located. Oyam District is bordered by Gulu District to the north, Pader District to the northeast, Kole District to the east, Apac District to the south, Kiryandongo District to the southwest and Nwoya District to the west; the administrative headquarters of the district at Oyam, are located 78 kilometres, by road, west of Lira, the largest city in the sub-region. The coordinates of the district are: 02 14N, 32 23E. Oyam District was established by the Ugandan Parliament in 2006. Prior to that, Oyam District was part of Apac District. Together with Lira District, Alebtong District, Amolatar District, Apac District, Dokolo District, Kole District, Otuke District, Oyam District is part of the larger Lango sub-region, home to an estimated 1.5 million Langi. The district is a predominantly rural district. In 1991, the national population census estimated the district population at about 177,100.

The 2002 national census estimated the population of the district at about 268,400. The district population was growing at that time, it was estimated that the population of the district in 2012 was 378,900. Subsistence agriculture and animal husbandry are main economic activities in the district; the major crops grown include: Livestock kept in the district includes: Growing Old In Oyam, Uganda: Mary Joyce’s Story

A Boy in France

"A Boy in France" is a short story by J. D. Salinger, it is the second part of a trio of stories following the character Babe Gladwaller. The first story is "Last Day of the Last Furlough", the third is "The Stranger". "A Boy in France" is one of the few Salinger war stories which deals directly with combat conditions. The setting is at the front, as Babe, hunkered down in a foxhole, tries to comfort himself by rereading a letter from his sister; the bond between Babe and Matilda anticipates the relationship between Holden Caulfield and his younger sister Phoebe in Salinger's novel The Catcher in the Rye. The story was first published in The Saturday Evening Post, March 31, 1945, it subsequently appeared in the 1946 collection Post Stories 1942–45, edited by Ben Hibbs. The Saturday Evening Post republished the story in its July/August 2010 issue as a memorial to Salinger. There is; the story starts with Babe finishing his canned army rations. He looks for a fox hole to rest in, he silently prays that he will not be hit for not digging his own trench, but he is in too much discomfort to dig one himself.

He finds a "kraut hole" with a bloody blanket still there. He tries to get comfortable in the confined space; when he is bitten by a red ant he tries to slap the offending insect and is painfully reminded of a fingernail he lost earlier in the day. He plays a childish mindgame, imagining his finger healed, his body clean and well-clothed, safe and at home "with a nice, quiet girl". After reading a newspaper clipping and tossing it away, Babe re-reads a letter from his sister Matilda for the "thirty-oddth" time, she asks him over if he is in France. Their mother trusts that he is still safe in England but Matilda has guessed the truth, that her brother is in harm's way, she keeps him updated on recent happenings at home, wishes that he will come home soon. Babe: In each of the three stories he is markedly different. Matilda: She is the only other character featured in each story of the trilogy and is Babe's little sister, her love and innocence helps Babe to hold on to his humanity. This sibling relationship is a popular theme in Salinger stories, seen in "For Esmé—with Love and Squalor" and The Catcher in the Rye

Piers Mackesy

Piers Gerald Mackesy, D. Phil. and D. Litt. FBA was a British military historian. Piers Mackesy was born in Cults, near Aberdeen in Scotland, the son of Major-General Pierse Joseph Mackesy and Leonora Cook. Growing up in an army family, he followed his father's assignments and lived on a number of army posts, including Quetta and Borden. Mackesy was educated at Wellington College and was commissioned into the Royal Scots Greys in 1944, serving until 1947. Subsequently, he became a scholar of Christ Church, obtaining his bachelor's degree in 1950; as a graduate student, Mackesy studied for his D. Phil. degree at Oriel College, where he wrote his thesis on British Strategy in the Mediterranean, 1803–1810. Mackesy's daughter is the novelist Serena Mackesy. Upon completion of his doctorate, Mackey was appointed Harkness Fellow at Harvard University, in the following year he was appointed tutor in modern history and Fellow of Pembroke College, Oxford in 1954, remaining there until he retired in 1988. While at Pembroke, he became senior vicegerent of the College.

For many years, he taught the special subject in military history at Oxford with Professor N. H. Gibbs; this course of study involved using the War of the Second Coalition as a case study for examining the theories of Carl von Clausewitz. He was an Emeritus Fellow of Pembroke College from 1988 until his death in 2014. Mackesy was visiting fellow, Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, visiting professor, California Institute of Technology, Bland-Lee Lecturer at Clark University, the Naval War College, the U. S. Military Academy, Northeastern University, he was the Lees Knowles Lecturer at Cambridge University in 1972, served as a member of Council, Institute of Early American History and Culture, Virginia, 1970–73. In 1978 the University of Oxford awarded Mackesy the degree of DLitt. In 1988 he was elected a Fellow of the British Academy; the War in the Mediterranean, 1803–1810 The War for America, 1775–1783 Statesmen at War: the Strategy of Overthrow, 1798–1799 Could the British have Won the War of Independence?: Bland-Lee lecture, September 1975 The Coward of Minden: the Affair of Lord George Sackville War without Victory: The Downfall of Pitt, 1799–1802 British Victory in Egypt, 1801: the End of Napoleon's Conquest — awarded the Templer MedalContributor to: Michael Howard, ed, Wellingtonian Studies David L. Jacobson, ed. Essays on the American Revolution William M. Fowler, Jr. and Wallace Coyle, eds.

The American Revolution: Changing Perspectives John B. Hattendorf and Malcolm H. Murfett, The Limitations of Military Power: Essays Presented to Professor Norman Gibbs on His Eightieth Birthday "Fellows in the 1940s and 1950s" — Pembroke College, Oxford "Liberty Scholars" "The Templer Medal Book Competition" British Academy Memoir of Piers Mackesy by Michael Duffy