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Duchess of York

Duchess of York is the principal courtesy title held by the wife of the Duke of York. Three of the eleven Dukes of York either did not marry or had assumed the throne prior to marriage, whilst two of the dukes married twice, therefore there have been only ten Duchesses of York The ten Duchesses of York are as follows: In 1791, Princess Frederica Charlotte of Prussia married Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany, her husband held one double dukdom rather than two. The Duchess received a warm welcome to Great Britain but following a troubled relationship with her husband, the couple separated; the two previous Dukes of York and Albany had never married. HMS Duchess of York, built in Calcutta in 1801 and wrecked off Madagascar in 1811. HMS Duchess of York, a paddle steamer built by Curle & Co. Ltd.. Glasgow, used as a First World War minesweeper. Renamed Duchess of Cornwall to allow for a new ship to take its name. SS Duchess of York, a steam turbine ocean liner built by John Co Ltd.. Clydebank for Canadian Pacific Steamships.

Sunk after being bombed in 1943. Duchess of York Ward, opened in 1935 at Home for Incurables. ThePeerage.com. Fisher. Princesses of Wales. University of Wales Press. ISBN 9780708319369

Electricity sector in Pakistan

Electricity in Pakistan is generated, transmitted and retail supplied by two vertically integrated public sector utilities: Water and Power Development Authority for all of Pakistan, the Karachi Electric for the city of Karachi and its surrounding areas. There are around 42 independent power producers that contribute in electricity generation in Pakistan. Pakistan electricity sector is a developing market. For years, the matter of balancing the country's supply against the demand for electricity had remained a unresolved matter; the country faced significant challenges in revamping its network responsible for the supply of electricity. Electricity generators were seeking a parity in returns for both domestic and foreign investors indicating it to be one of the key issues in overseeing a surge in electricity generation when the country was facing growing shortages. Other problems included lack of efficiency, rising demands for energy, political instability. Provincial and federal agencies, who are the largest consumers do not pay their bills.

At one point electricity generation had shrunk by up to 50% due to an over-reliance on fossil fuels. The country was hit by its worst power crisis in 2007 when production fell by 6000 Megawatts and massive blackouts followed suit. Load Shedding and power blackouts had become severe in Pakistan before 2016. Economic Survey 2017-18 unfolds that Pakistan's installed capacity to generate electricity has surged up to 29,573MW by February 2018 which stood at 22,812MW in June 2013, showing the growth of 30 percent. Pakistan's installed capacity to generate electricity has surged up to 33,836 MW by February 2019 which stood at 23,337 MW in 2014, showing the growth of 45 percent in five years. Although Pakistan has reduced blackouts and increased electricity production blackouts are still common, the price of electricity has still increased. Recent tariff have contributed to this increase in prices. Pakistan produced 8250 MW of hydropower in 2018 and by 2040, when under construction hydropower projects are completed, this will increase to 29000 MW.

Electricity – generation: 148.25 GWh Electricity – generation by source Furnace oil: 14% of total Natural gas: 31% of total Coal: 16% of total Hydroelectric: 29% of total Nuclear: 4% of total Renewable: 5% of total Others: 1% of total Electricity – consumption: 90.36 GWh Electricity – exports: 6.01% Electricity – imports:.49% Electricity Consumption per Capita = 971 kWh/Capita Recent reforms include the unbundling and corporatization of the Water and Power Development Authority into 10 regional distribution companies, 4 government-owned thermal power generation companies and a transmission company, the National Transmission and Despatch Company. The hydropower plants were retained by WAPDA as WAPDA Hydroelectric. All are owned by the government. K-Electric Limited, responsible for power generation and distribution in the Karachi area, is listed on the stock exchanges and is owned. Owned independent power producers generated 53% of the country's power in FY2016. During 2010 Pakistan floods and 2005 Kashmir earthquake power stations, power distribution and transmission and other energy infrastructures were damaged.

During the floods and rainfalls the constructed Jinnah hydroelectric power plant was flooded in addition to severe damages to transmission and distribution network and installations while several power plants and refineries were threatened by rising waters and had to be shut down. Natural gas field output had to be reduced. There has been some concern by Pakistani nuclear activists over the effect of natural disasters on nuclear plants specially over the Chashma Nuclear Power Plant, since the plant lies over a geological fault. Due to over reliance of Pakistan on dams for electricity generation, some environmental impacts of dams such as submergence of usable/ecological land and their negative impact on Pakistan's mangrove forests due to loss of river silt load, as well as increased risk of severe floods have become evident. List of power stations in Pakistan List of electric supply companies in Pakistan Water and Power Development Authority Economy of Pakistan Private Power and Infrastructure Board Pakistan Electric Power Company Alternative Energy Development Board National Electric Power Regulatory Authority Karachi Electric Supply Company Pakistan national energy policy Rolling blackout Robert M. Hathaway and Michael Kugelman, Powering Pakistan, Oxford University Press, USA, hardcover, 216 pages ISBN 978-0195476262

European Union Monitoring Mission Medal

The European Union Monitor Mission Medal is a medal which recognizes service with the European Union Monitoring Mission in the former Yugoslavia which ran from 2000-2007. It is the successor medal to the European Community Monitor Mission Medal. Called the European Community Monitor Mission, the mission came about as part of the Brijuni Agreement of 8 July 1991, which ended hostilities between Slovenia and Yugoslavia; this mission was to monitor the withdrawal of the Yugoslav People's Army from Slovenia. As the conflict spread, so did the mission to monitor in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina; the mission was renamed to the European Union Monitor Mission in 2000. The mission ended in 2007; the medal was awarded for 30 days of cumulative service within the EU theatre of operations. For those members of the mission who are killed while assigned to the monitor mission, there is no minimum period of service; the medal could be awarded posthumously. The medal is silver in color and 36 mm in diameter; the obverse depicts twelve stars, in relief, around the outer edge with a raised rim.

In the centre are the letters EU. The reverse shows a dove, in flight, with an olive branch in its beak. Around the edge are the words EUROPEAN UNION MONITORING MISSION; some orders of wear are as follows

Dave's Redistricting

Dave's Redistricting is an online web app created by Dave Bradlee that allows anyone to simulate redistricting a U. S. state's legislative districts. According to Bradlee, the software was designed to "put power in people's hands," and so that they "can see how the process works, so it's a little less mysterious than it was 10 years ago." Bradlee has noticed that many citizens are taking this process and using his app to create legitimate redistricting maps that could be put in place. Some websites have called Bradlee the cause of the rise of do-it-yourself redistricting. Dave's Redistricting has been mentioned as a resource that can be used to combat gerrymandering, given that the public has free access to it. Political science firms such as FiveThirtyEight have used the website to draw examples of gerrymandered districts, including on their famous Atlas of Redistricting. Users can redraw the congressional districts for all 50 states with a given Cook PVI. With the use of PVI, any state can knowingly be gerrymandered to favor one political party over the other.

2.2: This uses Bing Maps, an outdated software that projects the districts of a single state onto a map of the United States. 2.5: After Bing Maps announced that it would no longer be updating for the foreseen future, the U. S. Map feature was removed. Beta 2020: At the end of 2018, a beta version of 2020 was released, again with a type of Nationwide Map feature; this is the first version that does not require Microsoft Silverlight and as such, it can be used in any web browser. The older versions only worked on Internet Explorer and outdated versions of Mozilla Firefox.*The Cook PVI feature does not work when using the 2016 election data, only with the 2008 Official website

Francis Alison

Francis Alison was a leading minister in the Synod of Philadelphia during The Old Side-New Side Controversy Alison was born in Donegal and studied at the University of Glasgow. It appears he arrived in the United States in 1734 or 1735 in order to help the fledgling Presbyterian Church as a minister, he served the New London congregation. Alison always stood out as a great intellect and was employed as a teacher both within and without the church; the parents of John Dickinson of Delaware, who would grow up to write the Farmer's Letters, hired Alison to tutor their children. His teaching grew from there by adding pupils and he ran an academy at Thunder Hill, near the village of New London, Pennsylvania. According to his letters to Ezra Stiles, President of Yale, he started this school about 1743, his teaching position at this school was funded by the Synod. He was allowed an assistant. Alison left the New London school in 1752 in order to run a grammar school in Philadelphia and at the behest of Benjamin Franklin aid with the College of Philadelphia.

He was the vice-provost in 1755. Unhappy with the growing influence of the Church of England at the College, he would return to Delaware to run the Newark Academy, which merged with New Ark College to become the University of Delaware; the University of Glasgow made him a Doctor of Divinity in 1756. Francis Alison was at the center of much of the Old Side – New Side Controversy in the early Presbyterian Church, part of the Great Awakening. Alison was against the practices of the Great Awakening going so far as to help his presbytery pen a pamphlet entitled the Querists; this pamphlet was an attack on the doctrine of a leading revivalist. Alison was part of the cause of the division in that he came to Synod seeking a judgment against Alexander Craighead, a New Side adherent. Alison had complained. Craighead refused to let Donegal Presbytery put him on trial for the offense. Alison came to Synod seeking a trial against Craighead; this never occurred. This led to the Protest of 1741; as a result of the Protest, Gilbert Tennent and his New Side friends left the Synod and formed their own.

Alison did dissent from the ruling of the Synod of 1742. Alison wished the Synod would have revisited the whole affair. Alison continued with the Old Side Synod of Philadelphia after the Presbytery of New York left in 1746. Upon the reunion of the two sides in 1758, which created the new Synod of New York and Philadelphia, Alison preached the opening sermon entitled "Peace and Union" from Ephesians 4:4-7. In the ensuing years, Alison always took the Old Side interpretation of theology. Alison is best known for his work in the church, his work led to the founding of the first Widows Fund in the church. He was known as the best Latin scholar in America, he taught many people. Foremost among them are Dr. John Ewing, Dr. James Latta, Matthew Wilson. What is overlooked is his influence on the founding of America. Three of the signers of the United States Declaration of Independence studied under Alison: Governor Thomas McKean, George Read, James Smith. Charles Thomson who served as Secretary of the Continental Congress was a pupil of Alison.

Alison was in England when news of the signing of the Declaration of Independence arrived in England. He was far too old to participate. Upon his death, he freed his slaves; the Presbyterian Historical Society in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania has a collection of Francis Alison’s papers including sermons from 1752-1774, undated writings and documents relating to the Alison Family. Ingersoll, Elizabeth PhD Dissertation University of Delaware "Francis Alison: American Philosophe, 1705-1799 Webster, Richard. History of the Presbyterian Church. Webb, Alfred. "Alison, Francis". A Compendium of Irish Biography. Dublin: M. H. Gill & son – via Wikisource. Francis Alison at the Database of Classical Scholars

La Junta Municipal Airport

La Junta Municipal Airport is three miles north of La Junta, in Otero County, Colorado. The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a general aviation facility. Many U. S. airports use the same three-letter location identifier for the FAA and IATA, this airport is LHX to the FAA and has no IATA code. The history of the airport begins in 1935 with initial development by the Civil Aeronautics Authority. In 1940 the War Department leased the facility for civil pilot training of British RAF and Royal Canadian Air Force pilots in 4-engine aircraft. In 1942 the airport was taken over by the United States Army Air Forces and assigned to the Western Flying Training Command and the airfield was expanded to accommodate a large number of aircraft and training flights. Three asphalt runways were constructed in a triangle layout, 8000x150, 8000x150, 8000x150 along with a large aircraft parking apron, landing aids and several large aircraft hangars. In addition, four auxiliary airfields were constructed to accommodate training flights and emergency landings: Rocky Ford Aux #1 38°08′05″N 103°41′16″W Las Animas Aux #2 38°08′51″N 103°16′03″W La Junta Aux #3 37°58′55″N 103°34′03″W Arlington Aux #4 38°20′06″N 103°16′36″WLa Junta Army Airfield was activated on November 2, 1942 and was designated as an advanced twin-engine flying school under the jurisdiction of the 83d Flying Training Wing, Douglas Army Airfield, Arizona.

It operated B-25 Mitchell twin-engine bombers and Cessna AT-17, Curtiss AT-9 twin-engine, BT-15 Valiant and BT-13 Valiant single-engined trainers. In March 1944 the Advanced Twin Engine School was re-designated as the 402d Army Air Force Base Unit. In March 1945, the unit was re-designated as the 249th Army Air Forces Base Unit and jurisdiction was transferred to Second Air Force in June; the mission of La Junta AAF became the training of replacement heavy bomber pilots in AT-17 Flying Fortress trainers for eventual assignment to B-17 Flying Fortress bombers. The 50th and 358th Fighter groups were assigned to La Junta in late 1945 for inactivation. La Junta AAF received notice from Second Air Force that it would be inactivated on 28 February 1946 and it was returned to the local government for civil use. More airport and county history can obtained from the Otero Museum and the Otero County Historical Society. La Junta Municipal Airport was used as a filming location for the 1973 film by Terrence Malick titled Badlands.

The airport covers 4,200 acres at an elevation of 4,229 feet. It has two runways: 8/26 is 6,849 by 75 feet and 12/30 is 5,803 by 60 feet, it has H1, 145 by 145 feet. In 2010 the airport had 6,900 aircraft operations, average 18 per day: 95% general aviation and 5% military. 15 single-engine aircraft were based at the airport. Colorado World War II Army Airfields List of airports in Colorado This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. BibliographyManning, Thomas A. History of Air Education and Training Command, 1942–2002. Office of History and Research, Headquarters, AETC, Randolph AFB, Texas ASIN: B000NYX3PC Shaw, Frederick J. Locating Air Force Base Sites History’s Legacy, Air Force History and Museums Program, United States Air Force, Washington DC, 2004 Thole, Forgotten Fields of America: World War II Bases and Training and Now - Vol. 2. Publisher: Pictorial Histories Pub, ISBN 1-57510-051-7 La Junta Airport at City of La Junta website La Junta Municipal Airport at Colorado DOT airport directory Aerial image as of June 1998 from USGS The National Map FAA Terminal Procedures for LHX, effective February 27, 2020 Resources for this airport: FAA airport information for LHX AirNav airport information for KLHX FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker NOAA/NWS weather observations: current, past three days SkyVector aeronautical chart, Terminal ProceduresHistoric linksFreeman: Abandon Airfields of Colorado Colorado AvAr Site Investigations of La Junta, Las Animas, Rocky Ford and Arlington Airfields