Duisburg is a city in the Ruhr metropolitan area of the western German state North Rhine-Westphalia. Lying on the confluence of the Rhine and the Ruhr rivers, Duisburg is one of the largest cities in Ruhr and 15th largest city in Germany. In the Middle Ages, it was city-state and a member of the Hanseatic League, became a major centre of iron and chemicals industries. For this reason, it was bombed in World War II. Today it boasts 40 kilometres of wharf. Duisburg is a city in Germany’s Rhineland, the fifth largest of the nation’s most populous federal state of North Rhine-Westphalia, its 499,845 inhabitants rank after Cologne, Düsseldorf and Essen, make it Germany's 15th largest city. Located at the confluence of the Rhine river and its tributary the Ruhr river, it lies in the west of the Ruhr urban area, Germany's largest, of which it is the third largest city after Dortmund and Essen; the Ruhr itself lies within the larger Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region, one of Europe's largest conurbations.
The city lies on both sides of the Rhine, with the city centre and most boroughs on the river's right bank, is the only city of the Rhine-Ruhr region lying on both the Rhine and Ruhr rivers. Duisburg is one of the largest cities in the Meuse-Rhenish dialect area and the largest in the South Guelderish area. Duisburg has the world's largest inland port, "Duisburg-Ruhrorter Häfen", in Duisburg-Ruhrort. Germany's third largest and the Rhine-Ruhr region's main airport, Düsseldorf Airport, lies nearby the city, in Düsseldorf-Lohausen. With 42,747 students, the University of Duisburg-Essen is Germany's ninth largest university, it has campuses in Essen and Duisburg, a university hospital in Essen. Duisburg is a result of numerous incorporations of smaller cities; the city is renowned for its steel industry. All blast furnaces in the Ruhr are now located in Duisburg. In 2000, 49% of all hot metal and 34.4% of all pig iron in Germany were produced here. It has a large brewery, König. In the early Middle Ages, it was a royal court of the Franks, first mentioned in writing in 883.
Duisburg is in the Lowland Rhine area at the confluence of the Rhine and Ruhr and near the outskirts of the Bergisches Land. The city spreads along both sides of these rivers; the following cities border Duisburg: Oberhausen, Mülheim an der Ruhr, Ratingen, Düsseldorf, Krefeld, Moers and Dinslaken. Since 1 January 1975, Duisburg has been divided into seven districts or boroughs from the north to the south: Walsum Hamborn Meiderich/Beeck Homberg/Ruhrort/Baerl Duisburg-Mitte Rheinhausen Duisburg-Süd Duisburg has an oceanic climate; the first syllable of the name of the city could go back to the Proto-Indo-European root *dʰeus-, meaning something like "wet area" or "flood plain". Duisburg therefore could mean "fortified place in the floodplain". Another interpretation assumes that the name is derived from the Old German "duis" which means "hill". Duisburg could mean something like "castle on the hill". Thus, a place on a hill overlooking the Rhine, that could refer to the area of the present Town Hall.
Duisburggau was the name of the medieval Gau on the Lower Rhine. A legend recorded by Johannes Aventinus holds that Duisburg, was built by the namesake Tuisto, mythical progenitor of Germans, ca. 2395 BC. There is nothing to establish any historical basis for such an early founding of Duisburg, which would have made it among the earliest cities in Europe. Latest archaeological studies show that the present-day market-place was in use in the first century, it has been the major central trading place of the city since the 5th century. The city itself was located at the "Hellweg", an important medieval trade route, at a ford across the Rhine; the Romans guarded the ford. 420: The Franks usurp the Roman settlement and recolonize the old part of the town. 883: The Normans conquer Duisburg and stay for the winter. First historic document mentioning Duisburg. Due to the town's favorable geographic position a palatinate was built and the town was soon granted the royal charter of a free city. Duisburg became a member of the Hanseatic League.
Around 1000 the river Rhine moved westward from the city. This put an end to the city's development as a trading town and it soon grew into a quiet rural city; the productions of cartographer Gerardus Mercator and the foundation of a university in 1655 established the city's renown as "Educated Duisburg". 1120: construction of the city wall 1279: "city charter" granted by King Lothar III 1290 Duisburg becomes part of the County of Cleves 1445 attack by Archbishop-Elector Dietrich II von Moers of Cologne was thwarted 1566 Johannes Corputius completes his city map of Duisburg. 1666 Duisburg within the Duchy of Cleves becomes a part of Brandenburg-Prussia The rise of tobacco and textile industries in the 18th century made Duisburg an industrial center. Big industrial companies such as iron and steel producing firms influenced the development of the city within the Prussian Rhine Province. Large housing areas near production sites were being built as their families moved in. 1823 a district Duisburg is established including Mülheim an der Ruhr.
1824 construction of the sulfuric acid factory Fr. W. Curtius.
Thomas Gage was an English Dominican friar, best known for his travel writing on New Spain and Central America during a sojourn there of over a decade. He observes colonial society and culture. On his return to England in 1637 he converted to Anglicanism. Thomas Gage was the son of the English Catholic gentleman John Gage, from 1622 a baronet, his wife Margaret; the family were strong Catholics and were intermarried with other Catholic families, including that of Sir Thomas More, the former Lord Chancellor. The family's Catholicism was practiced behind closed doors, his three older brothers followed in the Catholic tradition. The eldest was the Royalist soldier Colonel Sir Henry Gage, who fought on the Continent for Catholic Spain and in England for Charles I. According to J. Eric S. Thompson, Henry Gage "strove to eradicate all remembrance of Thomas and his misdeeds from his mind." George was a diplomat and priest, who disavowed "my graceless brother". John Gage wanted his son Thomas to become a Jesuit, to this end sent him for a schooling with the Jesuits of the College of St. Omer in the Low Countries and seems to have been an unremarkable pupil.
From St Omer he was sent for further education with a view to becoming a Jesuit priest to the English College at Valladolid in Spain. Valladolid was the scene of a good deal of rivalry and bad feeling between the different religious orders, a situation worsened by the temperamental and political tensions between the Spanish and the English. Gage chose the Dominicans, he joined the Dominicans in Jerez, taking the religious name Tomás de Santa María, his pro-Jesuit father disinherited him. He volunteered in 1625 for the mission to the Philippines. Before his departure a royal decree forbade any foreigner, under severe penalties, to go to the Spanish colonies. Fellow friars aided Gage to board the ship for the Indies, he was hidden in a barrel and the party of thirty or so Dominican friars sailed from Cadiz, on 2 July 1625; the route led through Mexico, where Gage decided to remain and for a time taught Latin in the convent school. By Gage's own account, in Mexico City he heard from a friar who had run away from his duties in the Philippines that the Dominican superiors there were cruel and harsh and the friars corrupt and worldly.
In order to escape onward posting to the Philippines and three other friars escaped from Mexico for Guatemala. Here he was accepted by the Dominicans as a useful addition to their manpower, he spent two or three years in the priory in Santiago de los Caballeros, where he seems to have liked the opportunity for study but began to have religious doubts and was led to ask to return to England. The Dominican authorities refused, on the grounds that missionaries had to remain in the Americas for ten years. Further embittered, he decided to accompany friar Francisco Moran into new territories of Guatemala to learn the language and ways of the Amerinds; this he preached to two communities of Mixco and Pinola for five years. It seems that this was in his mind at least in part a mercenary operation, aimed at gathering funds to finance a return to England. Gage gathered a handsome 9,000 crowns, in what proportion gained is left unclear. By 1635, with this sum accumulated, now disenchanted with Spanish America, was ready to return to Europe, requested permission from the Dominican Provincial, was refused and was posted instead to Petapa.
After a year there he decided to run for it. All in all he had spent the years 1625-1637 in Guatemala. Turning his wealth into pearls and precious stones, on 7 January 1637, he made his way through Nicaragua and sailed from Costa Rica on 4 February, he was captured by Dutch corsairs led by Diego el Mulato en route. Gage was unharmed and was allowed to keep some books and paintings, but lost all his other valuables, he reached Spain on 28 November 1637, in 1638 arrived in England. There, after an absence of twenty-six years, he discovered that he had been disowned and disinherited by his father, long deceased, though he was welcomed and treated well by his family, he could not get along with his fellow Dominicans in England and soon traveled to Rome, though his doubts about his faith continued. On the way out he called on his brother Colonel Henry Gage at his winter quarters near Ghent; this journey, lengthened by ill-health and wartime conditions, brought him a number of adventures, but the opportunity to visit Protestant communities in both Germany and France.
In Rome, where he continued to conceal his leaning to Protestantism, he involved himself in a variety of intrigues. Without doubt he encountered cases of the sort of laxity which the Dominican and other orders were trying to remedy in other parts of the world. Clerical scandals are not new, either. At the same time Gage dedicates his energies to telling the world tales such as that of the friars playing cards, with one friar who jokingly scoops the winnings into the sleeve of his habit, saying that Dominicans are forbidden to touch money. An incident like that may have been marked by bad taste, it may have been symptomatic of a less than devout atmosphere, but it might not merit a change of religion. Another story recounted with disdain by a Gage who against his vows amassed a fortune, is of the Spanish friar noted for his learning, excommunicated when money was found in his quarters. Gage seems to be by temperament a bitter pill and in life seems distinctly unhinged. Despairing now more or less of everything, he returned from Rome to England in September 1640, began to take an active part in the parliamentary troubles in England, in 1
Zachary Vigil is an American football linebacker, a free agent. He played college football at Utah State and was signed by the Miami Dolphins as an undrafted free agent in 2015. Vigil was signed by the Miami Dolphins as an undrafted free agent in 2015, he played in all 16 regular-season games with two starts. Vigil was placed on the Reserve/NFI list to start the 2016 season with a back injury, he was activated off the NFI list on November 2016 prior to Week 9 of the 2016 season. He was released on December 19, 2016. On December 20, 2016, Vigil was claimed off waivers by the Washington Redskins, he was waived on September 2, 2017. On September 4, 2017, Vigil was signed to the Buffalo Bills' practice squad, he was released on October 31, 2017. On November 15, 2017, Vigil signed with the Redskins. Vigil is the older brother of Cincinnati Bengals linebacker Nick Vigil. Both he and his brother pursued a career in bull riding until their father pushed the brothers into playing football after Zach suffered a major injury while bull riding.
Vigil married his wife Kaitlin in 2017. Utah State Aggies bio Miami Dolphins bio Washington Redskins bio
Stereophonic Musical Listenings That Have Been Origin in Moving Film "Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan" is the soundtrack to the 2006 mockumentary film Borat, released by "Kuzçek Records" in association with Downtown and Atlantic Records. The soundtrack was released digitally through the iTunes Store on October 24, 2006, in stores and through other online music stores on Tuesday, October 31, 2006; the folk music included in the soundtrack has no connection to the authentic music of Kazakhstan. The album features songs by Gypsy artists and includes music by Erran Baron Cohen, founding member of ZOHAR Sound System and brother of Borat star Sacha Baron Cohen, as well as songs sung by Sacha Baron Cohen himself in character as Borat. In 2006, Macedonian Romani singer Esma Redžepova planned to file a lawsuit against the producers of the movie together with Naat Veliov from Kočani Orkestar, she claims that her song "Chaje Šukarije", featured in the film, was used without authorization.
She demanded an 800,000 euro compensation from the producers of the film, otherwise she claimed she would bring the case to court and demand a much higher amount. O Kazakhstan is the fictional national anthem for Kazakhstan used in the movie, it was composed by Erran Baron Cohen. The tune of the song is similar to that of a military march; the actual Kazakh anthem is "My Kazakhstan", the tune of, different than O Kazakhstan. In March 2012, the parody national anthem was mistakenly played at the H. H; the Amir of Kuwait International Shooting Grand Prix. The Gold Winning medalist, Mariya Dmitriyenko, stood on the dais; the team complained, the award ceremony was re-staged. The incident resulted from the wrong song being downloaded from the Internet. "Chaje Shukarije" – 4:22 "Born to Be Wild" – 3:05 Dialoguing Excerpt from Moviefilm 1 – 0:29 "Siki, Siki Baba" – 4:11 "Gypsy's Kolo" – 2:11 Dialoguing Excerpt from Moviefilm 2 – 0:13 "Eu Vin Acasa Cu Drag" (performed by Ştefan de la Bărbuleşti – 3:34 better known as the opening theme to "Borat's Guide to America" "In My Country There Is Problem" – 2:17 "Grooming Pubis" – 0:42 "Magic Mamaliga" – 2:09 Dialoguing Excerpt from Moviefilm 3 – 0:15 "Money Boney" – 2:31 "You Be My Wife" – 3:09 Ederlezi – 4:56 Dialoguing Excerpt from Moviefilm 4 – 0:10 "Mahalageasca" – 4:18 Dialoguing Excerpt from Moviefilm 5 – 0:12 "O Kazakhstan" – 1:54 "Cheese toast" "Humor Coach" "Oh Kazakhstan" The album does not contain all songs used in the film.
Westridge is a residential neighbourhood in west Edmonton, Canada. The neighbourhood is bounded to the north and northeast by Patricia Ravine and to the south by Wolf Willow Ravine; the southeast tip overlooks the North Saskatchewan River valley. The western boundary is 170 Street. Access to the neighbourhood is by way of Wolf Willow Road. According to the 2001 federal census, four out of five of the residences in Westridge were built during the 1970s; the remaining one in five were built during the 1980s. All of the houses in the neighbourhood, according to the 2005 municipal census, are single-family dwellings; the remainder are row houses. All residences in the neighbourhood are owner-occupied, with less than 1% being rented; the north west corner of the neighbourhood is close to the 170 Street interchange with Whitemud Drive. This provides people in the neighbourhood with good access to destinations on the south side including: the University of Alberta, Fort Edmonton Park, Old Strathcona. West Edmonton Mall is located to the north of the neighbourhood along 170 Street.
Residents enjoy comparatively good access to the downtown core. The community is represented by the Westridge Wolf Willow Country Club Community League, established in 1977, which maintains a community hall, outdoor rink and tennis courts located at Wolf Willow Road and Westridge Road. In the City of Edmonton's 2012 municipal census, Westridge had a population of 1,327 living in 496 dwellings, a -6.2% change from its 2009 population of 1,415. With a land area of 0.75 km2, it had a population density of 1,769.3 people/km2 in 2012. Edmonton Federation of Community Leagues Westridge Neighbourhood Profile
String Quartet No. 7 is the seventh of seventeen works in the medium by the Brazilian composer Heitor Villa-Lobos, written in 1942. With a performance lasting 37 minutes, it is the longest of Villa-Lobos's string quartets Villa-Lobos composed his Seventh Quartet in Rio de Janeiro in 1942; the Quarteto Borgerth, to whom the score is dedicated, gave the first performance on 30 May 1945, at the Theatro Municipal in Rio de Janeiro. The quartet consists of four movements: Allegro Andante Scherzo Allegro giustoBecause of the exceptional virtuosity called for in all four movements, the composer suggested the Seventh Quartet might be called the "Concertante Quartet"; the first movement is a conscious updating of sonata form in accordance with a broad conception of post-tonal organization. It may be described, therefore, as a neoclassical work. Chronological by date of recording. Heitor Villa-Lobos: String Quartets Nos. 2 and 7. Danubius Quartet. Recorded at the Rottenbiller Street Studio in Budapest, 12–16 November 1992.
CD recording, 1 disc: digital, 12 cm, stereo. Marco Polo 8.223394. A co-production with Records International. Germany: HH International, Ltd. 1994. Heitor Villa-Lobos: Quartetos de cordas 7, 8, 9, 10, 11. Quarteto Amazônia. CD recording, 2 discs: digital, 12 cm, stereo. Barcelona: Discmedi D. L. 2000. Issued as part of Villa-Lobos: Os 17 quartetos de cordas / The 17 String Quartets. Quarteto Bessler-Reis and Quarteto Amazônia. CD recording, 6 sound discs: digital, 12 cm, stereo. Kuarup Discos KCX-1001. Rio de Janeiro: Kuarup Discos, 1996. Villa-Lobos: String Quartets, Volume 3. Quartets Nos. 7 and 15. Cuarteto Latinoamericano. Recorded at the Sala Nezahualcóyotl in Mexico City, September 1996. Music of Latin American Masters. CD recording, 1 disc: digital, 12 cm, stereo. Dorian DOR-90246. Troy, NY: Dorian Recordings, 1997. Reissued as part of Heitor Villa-Lobos: The Complete String Quartets. 6 CDs + 1 DVD with interview with the Cuarteto Latinoamericano. Dorian Sono Luminus. DSL-90904. Winchester, VA: Sono Luminus, 2009.
Reissued on Brilliant Classics 6634. Villa-Lobos: A integral dos quartetos de cordas. Quarteto Radamés Gnattali. Recorded from June 2010 to September 2011 at the Palácio do Catete, Palácio das Laranjeiras, the Theatro Municipal, Rio de Janeiro. DVD and Blu-ray, 3 discs. Rio de Janeiro: Visom Digital, 2012. Kraehenbuehl, David. 1957. "George Rochberg: String Quartet, 1952. New York: Society for the Publication of American Music. Dedication. For string quartet or string orchestra, with optional bass part. New York: Mills, 1957. Heitor Villa-Lobos: String Quartets, Nos. 4, 7, 12. New York: Associated Music Publishers, 1956. New York: Society for the Publication of American Music. Notes 15, no. 1: 147. Salles, Paulo de Tarso. 2012. "Haydn, segundo Villa-Lobos: Uma análise do 1º movimento do quarteto de cordas nº 7 de Villa-Lobos". Per musi: Revista acadêmica de música, no. 25: 27–38. Villa-Lobos, Heitor. 1972. "Quartetos de cordas". In Villa-Lobos, sua obra, second edition, 229–30. Rio de Janeiro: MEC/DAC/Museu Villa-Lobos.
Villa-Lobos, sua obra: Programa de Ação Cultural. 1972. Second edition. Rio de Janeiro: MEC, DAC, Museu Villa-Lobos. Béhague, Gerard. 1979. Music in Latin America: An Introduction. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. Béhague, Gerard. 1994. Heitor Villa-Lobos: The Search for Brazil's Musical Soul. Austin: Institute of Latin American Studies, University of Texas at Austin. Béhague, Gerard. 2003. Villa-Lobos, Heitor: String Quartets, Cuarteto Latinoamericano. Latin American Music Review / Revista de Música Latinoamericana 24, no. 2: 293–94. Estrella, Arnaldo. 1978. Os quartetos de cordas de Villa-Lobos, second edition. Rio de Janeiro: Museu Villa-Lobos, Ministério da Educação e Cultura. Farmer, Virginia. 1973. "An Analytical Study of the Seventeen String Quartets of Heitor Villa-Lobos". DMA diss. Urbana: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champagne. Gilman, Bruce. 1999. "Enigma de vanguardia", translated by Juan Arturo Brennan. Pauta: Cuadernos de teoría y crítica musical 17, no. 69: 29–34. Macedo Ribeiro, Roberto. 2000. "A escrita contrapontística nos quartetos de cordas de Heitor Villa-Lobos".
In Anais do I Colóquio de Pesquisa de Pós-Graduação, edited by Marisa Rezende and Mário Nogueira, 71–76. Rio de Janeiro: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro. Salles, Paulo de Tarso. 2009. Villa-Lobos: processos composicionais. Campinas, SP: Editora da Unicamp. ISBN 978-85-268-0853-9. Tarasti, Eero. 2009. "Villa-Lobos's String Quartets". In Intimate Voices: The Twentieth-Century String Quartet, vol. 1: Debussy to Villa-Lobos, edited by Evan Jones, 223–55. Eastman Studies in Music 70. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press. ISBN 978-1-58046-322-5.