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Duke of Ferrara and of Modena

Emperor Frederick III elevated the Italian family of Este, Lords of Ferrara, to Dukes of Modena and Reggio in 1452, Dukes of Ferrara in 1471. In 1597, they lost the succession to the Duchy of Ferrara itself to the Papal States, they continued to rule the Duchy of Modena and Reggio in the Emilia until 1796, when it became part of Napoleon Bonaparte's Cispadane Republic. In 1814 the duchy was restored under the Habsburg grandson of the last Este Duke, continuing until annexed by Piedmont-Sardinia in 1859; the line of "Marquesses of Este" rises in 1039 with Margrave of Milan. The name "Este" is related to the city; the family was founded by Adalbert the Margrave. Who might have been the true first Margrave of Milan of this family. In 1209 Azzo VI is named the first "Marquess of Ferrara", the title passed to his descendants, Este Marquisate's was delegated to a cadet branch of the family. Were created the Marquisates of Modena and Reggio. Cesare 1597–1628 Alfonso III 1628–1629 Francesco I 1629–1658 Alfonso IV 1658–1662 Francesco II 1662–1694 Rinaldo 1694–1737 Francesco III 1737–1780 Ercole III 1780–1796 Francesco V Francis Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria-Este Charles, Archduke of Austria-Este Robert, Archduke of Austria-Este Lorenz, Archduke of Austria-Este Heir apparent: Prince Amedeo of Belgium, Archduke of Austria-Este List of Modenese consorts List of Ferrarese consorts


Korkai is a small village in the Srivaikuntam taluk of Thoothukudi district in Tamil Nadu, India. It was called Pandya-Kavada in the Kapatapuram in Kalithogai, it is situated about 3 km north of the Thamirabarani River and about 6 km from the shore of Bay of Bengal. Korkai was principal center of trade and important port of the Early Pandyan Kingdom. At that time, it was located on the banks of the Tamiraparani River and at the sea coast, forming a natural harbour. Due to excessive sedimentation, the sea has receded about 6 km in the past 2000 years, leaving Korkai well inland today; the famous urn burial site, Adichanallur, is located about 15 km. from Korkai. In ancient times, Korkai was a well known center of pearl fishery. Ptolemy says that it was an emporium; the Periplus says that the Pandyan kingdom extended from Comari towards the north, including Korkai, where the pearl fisheries were. The 2000-year-old'Vanni' tree is in Korkai. Correct identification of Korkai by archaeological excavations came in 1838.

The findings of megalithic burial urns at Korkai indicates that it was well populated during megalithic times. Carbon dating of the artifacts in the area indicates an age of 785 BC; the finds of black and red pottery ware with old Tamil Brahmi scripts, apart from drawn graffiti of the sun, fish and arrow have been dated to a period between 3rd century BC and 2nd century AD. The occurrence of Roman ware, rouletted ware indicates external links. Archeologists have found ruins of chunku cutting factories, centres for split opening of pearl oysters at the site. Palaeo-channels traced from the satellite imagery scenes all around Korkai indicate that the Tamiraparani river has shifted its course progressively east and south and earlier it had mixed with sea near Thoothukudi. Interpretation of satellite imagery indicates that in the 1st and 2nd century CE, the Tamiraparani river might have flowed towards northeast from Eral, parallel to the coast and joined the sea south of Thoothukudi. Korampallam tank and Arumugamangalam tank might be the relicts of palaeo channel of the Tamiraparani river.

Within a short span of nearly 2000 years, now Korkai is nearly 6 Kilometers away from Bay of Bengal and 3 Kilometers north of Thamirabarani, once a port and in the banks of the Tamirabarani and Thoothukudi has no river. Early Pandyan Kingdom Economy of ancient Tamil country Industry in ancient Tamil country Majeed, A. Abdul. "A note on Korkai Excavations". Tamil Civilization. Tamil University, Thanjavur. 5: 73–77. Reconstruction of the ancient port of Korkai

Sport in Sydney

Sport is a significant aspect of the Sydney lifestyle. Activities range from the occasional international event, annual competitions, competitive leagues and individual recreational pursuits. Sydney is the base for a number of teams in national competitions including the Sydney Sixers, Sydney Kings and Sydney Swans; the Sydney City Council caters for sporting activities with a range of facilities. Across the city there are 20 public swimming pools, many kilometres of dedicated bikeways and other sports venues. Stadium Australia and the Sydney Cricket Ground, are two of the largest venues in the city. Rugby league is the most popular spectator sport in Sydney. In 2006 565,898 people attended first class rugby league matches at Stadium Australia. Other popular spectator sports include Cricket, Australian rules football, rugby union and basketball; the martial arts are popular in Sydney, with the more traditional western combative disciplines and because of the proximity to Asian countries where the arts are based.

While participation rates are high it tends not to enjoy the profile of traditional Australia sports, though the olympic sports of boxing and taekwondo are more well known. For the Asian arts there are many places to practice in Sydney. Sydney Olympic Park is in the geographical centre of Sydney. Created for the 2000 Olympics, it is now a major sporting centre in the city. Sydney Superdome hosts miscellaneous events as Sydney's premier indoors facility, it has a maximum capacity of 21,000. Stadium Australia, sponsored as ANZ Stadium, is Sydney's largest stadium. Built for the 2000 Olympics, it now hosts big events such as the NRL Grand Final, the rugby league State of Origin and rugby union and soccer internationals; the venue is the home ground of NRL teams, the Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs and the South Sydney Rabbitohs and serves as an occasional home ground for the Parramatta Eels. ANZ Stadium hosts a number of Swans home games and the occasional domestic cricket one-day match. There are various other sporting and recreational facilities in the centre including another indoor arena, tennis centre, aquatic centre, athletics centre, hockey centre, archery centre, as well as the Sydney Showground.

In 2009 the area hosted a motor race in the form of the Sydney 500 motor race to be held on a street circuit within the former Olympic grounds. Sydney Football Stadium was designed for the use of rugby league and is now used for rugby union and soccer; the Sydney Roosters, the NSW Waratahs and Sydney FC soccer team use it as their home ground. The Wests Tigers use the stadium part-time as a home ground; the ground hosted the 2005–06 A-League grand final won by Sydney FC. The ground hosted rugby league grand finals from its construction until ANZ Stadium was opened; the Sydney Cricket Ground is used for cricket games and Aussie rules matches. It is home to the Sydney Swans and NSW Blues; the ground held over 1000 rugby league first-grade matches in its history but is used anymore. Sport in New South Wales Sport in Brisbane Sports on the Gold Coast, Queensland

The Hedgehog

The Hedgehog is a French film directed by Mona Achache, loosely based on the novel The Elegance of the Hedgehog by Muriel Barbery. Made in 2008, the film was released in theatres in 2009. Paloma is an 12-year-old girl and unhappily living in a luxurious Paris apartment with her family, she is intelligent and observant and, in sensing disappointment and despair in adulthood, decides to end her life before she reaches it, on her 13th birthday, 165 days from where the story begins. Her dad's old camera in hand, she records telling moments in the lives of the inadequate humans around her: her antidepressant-dependent mother, her moody sister, petulant dinner guests; as Paloma prepares to finish her days, it is Mrs. Michel, the gruff-looking, reclusive concierge, who manages the building where Paloma and her family live, she hides her passion for literature from her bourgeois employers but is found out by the new resident, Mr. Ozu and Japanese, as a beautiful bibliophile in elegant disguise. A fiercely tender attraction grows between the three like-minds, showing Paloma a more lovely side of life than she thought possible and forcing her to reconsider her plan of suicide.

The film received positive review. Review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reports that 88% of 67 critics gave the film a positive review, for an average rating of 7/10. Official site NeoClassics Films The Hedgehog on IMDb


Kazeroon is a city and capital of Kazeroon County, Fars Province, Iran. In 2016, as the fifth big city in the province, its population was 96,683, its agricultural products include date palms, citrus orchards, tobacco, rice and vines. The nearby ruins of the ancient city of Bishapur 12 mi N. include bas-relief depictions from the Sasanid era. A statue of Shapur I can be found in a large cave at the site; the ruins of the Qaleh-ye Gabri are located on a mound SE of Kazeroon. Kazerun has a hot semi-arid climate. Nasrollah Mardani, a famous contemporary Persian poet, is from Kazeroon, it is believed that Salman the Persian, one of the followers of the Islamic prophet, comes from this city. "Welcome to Salman the Persian" can be seen at the entrance of the city. Haj Sadrallah Zamanian was one of the pillar of the community for many years; the town is the scene of a famous battle in the novel My Uncle Napoleon. Kazeroon is a city of Science. Qotb al-Din Kazerooni, Allame Jalaladdin Davani, Allame Ali Davani are from Kazeroon.

The mothers of Hafez and Saadi were from Kazeroon. Firouz Naderi, was born in Kazeroon. Reza Malekzadeh, a medical scientist and gastroenterologist, well known in Iran is from Kazeroon. Parishan Lake, near Kazeroon. Shapur River Shapur statue, near Bishapur. National park Dašt-e Aržan, a vast green meadow on Kazerun–Shiraz highway; the historic city Bishapur is near Kazeroon. This city was a capital of the Sasanian Empire. Since 16 April 2018, as part of the 2017–18 Iranian protests, the city has experienced anti-government protests, with the proximate local cause being a plan by Kazerun lawmaker Hossein Rezazadeh to turn parts of the city's northern outlying districts of Nowdan and Qaemiyeh into a new city named Kuh-e-Chinar. On 18 May 2018, five people were killed. Barm Plain is biggest Plain of Oak in Iran, Davan and Kaskan are three villages in Kazeroon; the old name of Kazeroon was "Green City". This re-enactment has been one of the most unique reenactments in Iran; the date of this re-enactment is in the tenth of the month Moharram.

In these two days, people re-enact the Battle of Karbala. The theater starts from morning until noon. All people in the city walk on the street together, they mourn for this historical event. Old Kazeruni dialect

Helidon railway station

Helidon railway station is located on the Main line in Queensland, Australia. It serves the town of Helidon in the Lockyer Valley Region; the station has one platform with a passing loop, opening in 1866. An 1891 Railway Tourist Guide says this of Helidon Station:"Thence across open forest flats and rolling ridges with red box gums, silver leaf ironbark, apple tree. Here is a well-appointed refreshment room where the traveller can obtain a regular lunch, or sandwiches, coffee, milk or any hotel beverage at the bar. Two miles from here is the Helidon Spa water spring" Helidon is served by Queensland Rail Travel's twice weekly Westlander service travelling between Brisbane and Charleville. Media related to Helidon railway station at Wikimedia Commons Helidon station Queensland's Railways on the Internet