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Duke of Silesia

The Duke of Silesia was the sons and descendants of the Polish Duke Bolesław III Wrymouth. In accordance with the last will and testament of Bolesław, upon his death his lands were divided into four or five hereditary provinces distributed among his sons, a royal province of Kraków reserved for the eldest, to be High Duke of all Poland; this was known as the fragmentation of Poland. Subsequent developments lead to further splintering of the duchies. At the beginning of the 14th century, fourteen independent Duchies existed in Silesia: Brzeg, Wrocław, Świdnica, Jawor, Ziębice, Głogów, Ścinawa, Żagan and Oleśnica in Lower Silesia. Between 1327 and 1329 most dukes accepted the overlordship of Bohemian king John of Bohemia, who acquired the right of succession for all of these duchies. In the coming centuries all branches of the Silesian Piasts died out, with the death of George William, Duke of Liegnitz the dynasty ceased to exist; the Duchy of Silesia, one of the hereditary provinces of Poland, was granted to Bolesław III's eldest son, Władysław II the Exile, was subsequently divided among his sons Bolesław I the Tall, Mieszko I Tanglefoot and Konrad Spindleshanks.

After Konrad's death Głogów was again united with the Duchy of Wrocław/Lower Silesia. In 1173 Bolesław returned and he agreed to let Mieszko and Bolesław rule in their own Duchies, separated from the Duchy of Silesia; this led to the creation of the Duchy of Racibórz for Mieszko I and the Duchy of Opole for Jarosław, beginning the fragmentation of the Duchy of Silesia. The territories controlled by Mieszko I and Jarosław corresponded to what is known as Upper Silesia, while the territories remaining with Bolesław I corresponded to Lower Silesia. Duchy of Lower Silesia was a direct continuation of the Duchy of Silesia, but without the territories corresponding to Upper Silesia; some sources refer to it as the Duchy of Silesia. Wrocław was the capital of the Duchy of Silesia, yet this early Duchy of Silesia should not be confused with the smaller Duchy of Wrocław, created with further fragmentation in 1248; the Duchy went through various border changes in the coming years, sometimes losing and sometimes gaining territory.

In 1248 Lower Silesia was divided when Bolesław II had to cede the Duchy of Wrocław to his younger brother Henry III. Upper Silesia was divided into the Duchies of Cieszyn, Opole-Racibórz. In 1340 the Duchy of Racibórz was united with a Bohemian fief. Below follows a simplified table of Silesia's partitions: A quick reminder avoiding confusion: Established in 1290 by High Duke Henry IV Probus, held by the Bishops of Wrocław 1302–1319 Henry of Wiebrzno 1326–1341 Nankier 1342–1376 Przecław of Pogarell 1382–1417 Wenceslaus II of Legnica 1417–1447 Konrad IV of Oleśnica 1447–1456 Peter II Nowak 1456–1467 Jošt of Rožmberk 1468–1482 Rudolf of Rüdesheim 1482–1506 Jan IV Roth 1506–1520 Jan V Thurzo 1520–1539 Jacob of Salza 1539–1562 Balthazar of Promnitz 1562–1574 Caspar of Logau 1574–1585 Martin Gerstmann 1585–1596 Andreas Jerin 1596–1599 Bonaventura Hahn 1599–1600 Paul Albert of Radolfzell 1600–1608 Jan VI of Sitsch 1608–1624 Charles of Austria, son of Charles II, Archduke of Austria 1625–1655 Karol Ferdynand Vasa, Duke of Opole from 1648 1656–1662 Leopold Wilhelm of Habsburg 1663–1664 Charles Joseph of Habsburg Grand Master of the Teutonic Order from 1662 1665–1671 Sebastian von Rostock 1671–1682 Frederick of Hesse-Darmstadt 1683–1732 Franz Ludwig von Pfalz-Neuburg 1732–1747 Philipp Ludwig von SinzendorfMajor part annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia after the First Silesian War in 1742.

1747–1795 Philipp Gotthard von Schaffgotsch 1795–1817 Joseph Christian Franz zu Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-BartensteinPrussian part secularised in 1810. 1823–1832 Emanuel von Schimonsky 1835–1840 Leopold von Sedlnitzky 1843–1844 Joseph Knauer 1845–1850 Melchior von DiepenbrockTheocracy abolished in 1850. List of Polish rulers Piast dynasty Dukes of Masovia Dukes of Greater Poland Dukes of Little Poland Dukes of Cuiavia Dukes of Sieradz-Łęczyca Neue deutsche Biographie, Berlin 2001, Bd.: 20, p. 403-407 Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon, Leipzig 1905–1909, Bd.: 17, p. 845-847 http://www.tacitus.nu/historical-atlas/regents/poland/silesia.htm

Jim Constable

Jimmy Lee Constable was a relief pitcher in Major League Baseball. From 1957 through 1963, he played for the New York/San Francisco Giants, Cleveland Indians, Washington Senators and Milwaukee Braves. Constable, nicknamed "Sheriff", threw left-handed. Born in Jonesborough, Tennessee, he weighed 185 pounds. In a five -season career, Constable posted a 3–4 record with a 4.87 ERA and two saves in 56 games pitched. Constable died in Johnson City, Tennessee, at the age of 69. Career statistics and player information from:Baseball Reference Baseball-Reference BR Bullpen Biography Cienfuegos Historic Baseball Retrosheet Venezuelan Professional Baseball League Jim Constable at Find a Grave

Space Battleship Yamato (1977 film)

Space Battleship Yamato: The Movie is a 1977 Japanese anime film directed by Leiji Matsumoto. The film consists of various television episodes edited from the "Iscandar" arc of the 1974 Space Battleship Yamato television series, it had a new ending created for the theatrical release in which Starsha had died before the Yamato reaching Iscandar. In English-speaking countries, it was known by the title Space Cruiser. In the distant future, the war between the human race and the aliens known as the Gamilons has destroyed the Earth. Radioactive asteroids have devastated the planet making its atmosphere uninhabitable. In an effort to assist the Earth, Queen Starsha of the planet Iscandar offers the Earth Forces a device that can neutralize the radiation. In order to get this device, the space battleship Yamato is launched from the remains of its World War II ancestor on a 148,000 light-year journey; the crew of the Space Battleship Yamato has only one Earth year to travel to Iscandar and back, or the human race will become extinct.

Gorō Naya – Okita Juzo / Aruga Kōsaku Kei Tomiyama – Kodai Susumu Shūsei Nakamura – Shima Daisuke Yōko Asagami – Mori Yuki Ichirō Nagai – Dr. Sado Sakezō / Tokugawa Hikozaemon Taichirō Hirokawa – Kodai Mamoru Takeshi AonoSanada Shirō Masatō Ibu – Desler/Tōdō Heikurō Osamu KobayashiDomel Michiko Hirai – Starsha Akira Kamiya – Katō Saburō Kenichi Ogata – Analyzer / Yabu Sukeharu Keisuke Yamashita – Hiss / Sugiyama Kazuhiko / Jirō Nōmura Takeshi Ōbayashi – Schultz Akira Kimura – Narration The film was a commercial success in Japan, drawing an audience of 2.3 million viewers at the box office, grossing ¥2.1 billion. In 1977, Space Battleship Yamato outperformed Star Wars at the Japanese box office. In contemporary reviews, Variety declared the film as "with a few exceptions Saturday morning tv fare" that "should bore adults silly and, owing to jargon saturated dialog, confuse the six-to-12-year-old audience that might have appreciated it." The review commented on the animation, describing it as "flat, static poorly- synched and divided into segments for easy commercial insertion."

The Monthly Film Bulletin stated that despite being "executed with considerable flair for piling disaster on more improbable disaster is of interest as a cartoon that succeeds in capitalising on both Jaws and Star Wars, as well as conjuring memories of both Japanese glory and defeat in the Second War." The review concluded that the film "is so perfunctorily cobbled together and, on the whole, so indifferently animated that expectations are immediately dashed." In 2010, a live-action remake of Space Battleship Yamato opened in Japan. Resulting from this franchise is Space Battleship Yamato 2199, an anime reimagining of the classic story. Starblazers official website Space Battleship Yamato at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Space Battleship Yamato on IMDb Review of the English Language'Space Cruiser Yamato' movie

1966 Kaindi by-election

A by-election for Kaindi constituency was held in the Territory of Papua and New Guinea between 16 July and 15 August 1966. In the 1964 general election, the Kaindi seat had been contested by nine candidates. Bill Bloomfield, having run a tactical campaign to earn voters' second preferences, was elected on the eighth count. However, Bloomfield died in February 1966, becoming the first Papua New Guinean politician to die in office. Five candidates registered to contest the election: Anani-Maniau, a village headman in the Buang area who had finished third in the 1964 elections Kopopanga, an interpreter from Menyamya Manasseh, a farmer from Sikong Omas-Genora, a gold miner from Wau, founder of the Native Miners' Welfare Association and protege of former MP Bloomfield Tony Voutas, an Australian former patrol officer who had resigned from the service to live amongst the indigenous populationPacific Islands Monthly reported that the election was expected to be a contest between Omas-Genora and Voutas.90 polling stations were set up for the by-election, overseen by eight teams of electoral officials.

A total of 28,588 voters were registered. Voutas was elected on first preference votes. Voter turnout was around 70%

Jim Stapleton

James Stapleton was an Irish hurler who played as a forward for the Tipperary senior team. Stapleton made his first appearance for the team during the inaugural championship and was a regular member of the team for just one season. During his brief inter-county career he won one All-Ireland medal. Stapleton captained the team to the All-Ireland title in 1887. At club level Stapleton was a one-time county championship medalist with Thurles Sarsfield's. Jim Stapleton was born in Thurles, County Tipperary in 1863, he was born into an area that had a strong hurling tradition, he grew up playing the game with his local team. On the field of play Stapleton was known for his strength and his stamina. Off the field he was regarded as a sincere gentleman. Jim Stapleton died in 1949. Stapleton played his club hurling with the famous Thurles Sarsfields club. In 1887 he won his only county championship title; as a result of this victory in the county championship, Thurles were given the honour of representing Tipperary in the inaugural All-Ireland Hurling Championship.

They defeated Clare in the opening round before advancing to the final following a semi-final victory over Kilkenny. Fate played a large role in Stapleton having the mantle of captain bestowed on him for the inaugural All-Ireland final; because of a dispute over the railway travelling expenses, seven players including the Thurles captain Dinny Maher were left standing on the platform of the morning of the match. Tipp's All-Ireland final meeting with Galway proved to be their toughest test yet. At a crucial stage in the second-half Stapleton led a charge down the field. Spotting a free player he passed the sliothar to Tom Healy who went on to score the first goal in an All-Ireland final. Stapleton, on the other hand, had the honour of being the first person to captain a team to an All-Ireland Hurling Final victory. In 1888 Stapleton was among 50 Irish athletes and hurlers who traveled to the United States to play in several hurling exhibition games. While many of the group stayed in America, Stapleton returned home where he continued his involvement with the infant Gaelic Athletic Association

2006 Newark mayoral election

The 2006 election for Mayor of Newark took place in Newark, the most populous city in the state of New Jersey, on May 9, 2006. Newark is organized under the Faulkner Act. Elections for all seats on the nine member Municipal Council of Newark were held the same day. A runoff election, if necessary, would have taken place. Elections in the city are non-partisan and candidates are not listed by political party. Incumbent Sharpe James did not run. Ronald L. Rice, State Senator since 1986 for 28th Legislative District, Municipal Council member Cory Booker were the main candidates in the field of four. Booker won with 72 % of the vote. Rice, the runner-up, received 23%. On March 27, 2006, James announced that he would not seek a sixth term, preferring to focus on his seat in the New Jersey Senate. On March 6, 2006, Rice entered the mayoral race again, noting "that Mayor James had encouraged him to run but noted that if the mayor decided to join the race, his candidacy could change."Booker had become municipal council member in 1998.

He run and lost in the 2002 mayoral election, his campaign for, the subject of the 2005 documentary Street Fight. Booker was re-elected in the 2010 election. After winning the October 16 special election for U. S. Senator Booker resigned as mayor and was sworn in on October 31, 2013 as the junior U. S. Senator from New Jersey; as of 2019, is running as a candidate in the 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries. Wharton, Jonathan L.. "The 2002 and 2006 Mayoral Elections". In Wharton, Jonathan L.. A Post-Racial Change is Gonna Come. Palgrave Macmillan US. pp. 37–62. Doi:10.1057/9781137277725_3. ISBN 978-1-349-44733-6. Gillespie, The New Black Politician: Cory Booker and Post-Racial America, NYU Press, ISBN 9780814732458