Duke of Silesia

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The Duke of Silesia was the sons and descendants of the Polish Duke Bolesław III Wrymouth. In accordance with the last will and testament of Bolesław, upon his death his lands were divided into four or five hereditary provinces distributed among his sons, and a royal province of Kraków reserved for the eldest, who was to be High Duke of all Poland. This was known as the fragmentation of Poland. Subsequent developments lead to further splintering of the duchies.

At the beginning of the 14th century, fourteen independent Duchies existed in Silesia: Brzeg, Wrocław, Świdnica, Jawor, Ziębice, Głogów, Ścinawa, Żagan and Oleśnica in Lower Silesia; Koźle, Cieszyn, Bytom, Niemodlin, Opole, Strzelce, Racibórz and Opava in Upper Silesia and the eclessiatical duchy of Nysa. Between 1327 and 1329 most dukes accepted the overlordship of Bohemian king John of Bohemia, who acquired the right of succession for all of these duchies. In the coming centuries all branches of the Silesian Piasts died out, and with the death of George William, Duke of Liegnitz the dynasty ceased to exist.

Duchy of Silesia[edit]

POL województwo dolnośląskie COA.svg

The Duchy of Silesia, one of the hereditary provinces of Poland, Silesia, was granted to Bolesław III's eldest son, Władysław II the Exile, and was subsequently divided among his sons Bolesław I the Tall (Wrocław/Lower Silesia), Mieszko I Tanglefoot (Racibórz/Upper Silesia) and Konrad Spindleshanks (Głogów). After Konrad's death Głogów was again united with the Duchy of Wrocław/Lower Silesia.

Dukes of Silesia[edit]

Piast Dynasty[edit]

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling Part Notes
Władysław the Exile Wladyslaw Wygnaniec (Chronica Polanarum).jpg 1105 1138–1146 30 May 1159 Silesia also monarch of Poland
exiled by his brothers
Bolesław the Curly Jan Matejko, Bolesław IV Kędzierzawy.jpg 1125 1146–1163 5 January 1173 Silesia brother of Wladyslaw II
also Duke of Masovia and monarch of Poland

Partitions of Silesia[edit]

In 1173 Bolesław returned and he agreed to let Mieszko and Bolesław rule in their own Duchies, separated from the Duchy of Silesia. This led to the creation of the Duchy of Racibórz for Mieszko I and the Duchy of Opole for Jarosław, beginning the fragmentation of the Duchy of Silesia. The territories controlled by Mieszko I and Jarosław roughly corresponded to what is known as Upper Silesia, while the territories remaining with Bolesław I roughly corresponded to Lower Silesia.

Silesia 1172-1177.jpg

Lower Silesia[edit]

Duchy of Lower Silesia was a direct continuation of the Duchy of Silesia, but without the territories roughly corresponding to Upper Silesia; hence it was composed of the territories roughly corresponding to Lower Silesia. Some sources refer to it as the Duchy of Silesia; some as Duchy of Lower Silesia; others yet as the Duchy of Wrocław (Breslau). Wrocław was the capital of the Duchy of Silesia, yet this early (1172–1248) Duchy of Silesia should not be confused with the smaller Duchy of Wrocław that was created with further fragmentation in 1248. The Duchy went through various border changes in the coming years, sometimes losing and sometimes gaining territory. In 1248 Lower Silesia was divided when Bolesław II had to cede the Duchy of Wrocław to his younger brother Henry III.

Silesia 1248-1249.jpg

Upper Silesia[edit]

Upper Silesia was divided into the Duchies of Cieszyn, and Opole-Racibórz. In 1340 the Duchy of Racibórz was united with Opava, a Bohemian fief.

Silesia 1248-1249.jpg

Partition table[edit]

Below follows a simplified table of Silesia's partitions:

1138-1163 Duchy of Silesia
1163-1241 Lower Silesia Opole-Racibórz
1241-1251 Wrocław Legnica Opole-Racibórz
1251-1274 Wrocław Głogów Legnica Opole-Racibórz
1274-1281 Wrocław Żagań Głogów Świdnica-Jawor Legnica Opole-Racibórz
1281-1282/4 Wrocław Żagań Głogów Świdnica-Jawor Legnica Opole-Racibórz Cieszyn
1282/4-1304 Wrocław Żagań Głogów Świdnica-Jawor Legnica Opole Bytom Racibórz Cieszyn
1304-1309 Wrocław Głogów Świdnica-Jawor Legnica Opole Bytom Racibórz Cieszyn
1309-1312 Wrocław Żagań Głogów Świdnica-Jawor Legnica Opole Bytom Racibórz Cieszyn
1312-1315 Wrocław Żagań Głogów Oleśnica Jawor Świdnica Ziębice Legnica Opole Bytom Racibórz Cieszyn
1315-1318 Wrocław Żagań Głogów Oleśnica Jawor Świdnica Ziębice Legnica Opole Bytom Racibórz Cieszyn Oświęcim
1318-1321 Wrocław Głogów Oleśnica Jawor Świdnica Ziębice Legnica Opole Bytom Racibórz Cieszyn Oświęcim
1321-1331 Wrocław Żagań Głogów Oleśnica Jawor Świdnica Ziębice Legnica Opole Bytom Racibórz Cieszyn Oświęcim
1331-1335 Wrocław Żagań To Bohemia Oleśnica Jawor Świdnica Ziębice Legnica Opole Bytom Racibórz Cieszyn Oświęcim
1335-1336 To Bohemia Żagań Oleśnica Jawor Świdnica Ziębice Legnica Opole Bytom Racibórz Cieszyn Oświęcim
1336-1337 Żagań Oleśnica Jawor Świdnica Ziębice Legnica Opole Bytom To Bohemia Cieszyn Oświęcim
1337-1342 Żagań Jawor Oleśnica Jawor Świdnica Ziębice Legnica Opole Bytom Cieszyn Oświęcim
1342-1346 Żagań Jawor Oleśnica Jawor Świdnica Ziębice Legnica Brzeg Opole Bytom Cieszyn Oświęcim
1346-1348 Żagań To Bohemia Oleśnica Świdnica-Jawor Ziębice Legnica Brzeg Opole Bytom Cieszyn Oświęcim
1348-1349 Żagań Oleśnica Świdnica-Jawor Ziębice Legnica Lubin Brzeg Opole Bytom Cieszyn Oświęcim
1349-1357 Żagań To Bohemia Oleśnica Świdnica-Jawor Ziębice Legnica Lubin Brzeg Opole Bytom Cieszyn Oświęcim
1357-1360 Żagań Oleśnica Świdnica-Jawor Ziębice Legnica Lubin Brzeg Opole Shared rule by Oleśnica and Cieszyn Cieszyn Oświęcim
1360-1368 Żagań Świdnica-Jawor Oleśnica Świdnica-Jawor Ziębice Legnica Lubin Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1368-1378 Żagań To Bohemia Oleśnica Świdnica-Jawor Ziębice Legnica Lubin Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1378-1384 Żagań Głogów Oleśnica Świdnica-Jawor Ziębice Legnica Lubin Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1384-1392 Żagań Głogów Cieszyn Oleśnica Świdnica-Jawor Ziębice Legnica Lubin Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1392-1399 Żagań Głogów Cieszyn Oleśnica To Bohemia Ziębice Legnica Lubin Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1399-1400 Żagań Głogów Cieszyn Oleśnica Ziębice Legnica Lubin Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1400-1403 Żagań Głogów Cieszyn Oleśnica Ziębice Legnica Lubin Oława Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1403-1404 Żagań Cieszyn Oleśnica Ziębice Legnica Lubin Oława Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1404-1406 Żagań Głogów Oleśnica Ziębice Legnica Lubin Oława Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1406-1412 Żagań Cieszyn Oleśnica Ziębice Legnica Lubin Oława Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1412-1413 Żagań Głogów I Cieszyn Oleśnica Ziębice Legnica Lubin Oława Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1413-1431 Żagań Głogów I Cieszyn Oleśnica Ziębice Brzeg Lubin Oława Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1431-1441 Żagań Głogów I Cieszyn Oleśnica Ziębice Brzeg Lubin Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1441-1442 Żagań Głogów I Cieszyn Oleśnica Ziębice Brzeg Lubin Oława Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1442-1443 Żagań Głogów I Głogów II Oleśnica To Bohemia Brzeg Lubin Oława Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1443-1445 Żagań Głogów I Głogów II Oleśnica Legnica Lubin Oława Lubin Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim
1445-1446 Żagań Głogów I Głogów II Oleśnica Legnica Lubin Oława Lubin Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim Zator
1446-1449 Żagań Głogów I Głogów II Oleśnica Legnica Głogów I Oława Lubin Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim Zator
1449-1450 Żagań Głogów I Głogów II Oleśnica To Bohemia Głogów I Oława Lubin Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim Zator
1450-1454 Żagań Głogów I Głogów II Oleśnica Głogów I Oława Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim Zator
1454-1457 Żagań Głogów I Głogów II Oleśnica To Bohemia Legnica Głogów I Legnica Opole Cieszyn Oświęcim Zator
1457-1460 Żagań Głogów I Głogów II Oleśnica Legnica Głogów I Legnica Opole Cieszyn To Poland Zator
1460-1477 Żagań Głogów I Cieszyn Oleśnica Legnica Głogów I Legnica Opole Cieszyn Zator
1477-1480 Żagań Głogów I Głogów II Oleśnica Legnica Głogów I Legnica Opole Cieszyn Zator
1480-1481/2 Żagań Głogów Oleśnica Legnica Głogów I Legnica Opole Cieszyn Zator
1481/2-1488 Żagań Głogów Oleśnica Legnica Opole Cieszyn Zator
1488-1492 Żagań To Poland Oleśnica Legnica Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Zator
1492-1498 Żagań To Bohemia Legnica Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Zator
1498-1503 Żagań Legnica Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Zator
1503-1504 Żagań Legnica Opole Cieszyn Zator
1504-1505 To Duchy of Saxony Legnica Opole Cieszyn Zator
1505-1513 Legnica Brzeg Opole Cieszyn Zator
1513-1521 Legnica Brzeg Opole Cieszyn To Poland
1521-1532 Legnica Lubin Legnica Opole-Racibórz Cieszyn
1532-1547 Legnica Lubin Legnica To Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach Cieszyn
1547-1550 Legnica Lubin Brzeg Cieszyn
1550-1586 Legnica Brzeg Cieszyn
1586-1595 Legnica Oława Brzeg Cieszyn
1595-1596 Legnica Brzeg Cieszyn
1596-1602 Brzeg Cieszyn
1602-1605 Brzeg Oława Brzeg Cieszyn
1605-1612 Brzeg Cieszyn
1612-1653 Legnica Brzeg Cieszyn
1653-1664 Legnica Brzeg To Holy Roman Empire
1664-1672 Legnica
1664-1672 Legnica Oława
1672-1680 To Holy Roman Empire Oława
From 1680 To Holy Roman Empire

Dukes of Lower and Upper Silesia[edit]

A quick reminder avoiding confusion:

Lower Silesia Upper Silesia
Duchy of Wrocław
Duchy of Legnica
Duchy of Głogów
Duchy of Świdnica-Jawor
Duchy of Wrocław
Duchy of Oleśnica
Duchy of Opole-Racibórz (divided after 1282)
Duchy of Cieszyn
Duchy of Bytom

Duchy of Oświęcim
Duchy of Zator

Piast Dynasty[edit]

Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
Bolesław I the Tall Bolesław I Wysoki tomb effigy.PNG 1127 1163–1201 8 December 1201 Lower Silesia Zvenislava of Kiev
1142
two children

Christina
1157
seven children
Mieszko I Tanglefoot Mieszko IV.JPG 1130 1163-1211 6 May 1211 Opole-Racibórz (Upper Silesia) Ludmila
between 1170 and 1178
five children
First Duke of Opole-Raciborz, emerged from Silesia with the Duchy of Lower Silesia.
Henry I the Bearded Jan Matejko, Henryk I Brodaty.jpg 1165 1201–1238 19 March 1238 Lower Silesia Hedwig of Andechs
1188
seven children
also monarch of Poland.
Casimir I Kazimierz I opolski seal 1226.PNG 1179/80 1211-1230 13 May 1230 Opole-Racibórz (Upper Silesia) Viola
between 1212 and 1220
four children
Henry I the Bearded (regent) Jan Matejko, Henryk I Brodaty.jpg 1165 1230–1238 19 March 1238 Opole-Racibórz (Upper Silesia) Hedwig of Andechs
1188
seven children
also monarch of Poland and duke of Lower Silesia.
Henry II the Pious (regent) Henryk II Pobożny tomb effigy.PNG 1196 1238–1239 9 April 1241 Opole-Racibórz (Upper Silesia) Anna of Bohemia
1216
ten children
also monarch of Poland and duke of Lower Silesia.
Mieszko II the Fat Mieszko the Fat.jpg 1220 1239-1246 22 October 1246 Opole-Racibórz (Upper Silesia) Judith of Masovia
c.1239-1240
no children
Henry II the Pious Henryk II Pobożny tomb effigy.PNG 1196 1238–1241 9 April 1241 Lower Silesia Anna of Bohemia
1216
ten children
also monarch of Poland.
Henry III the White Henryk III Biały seal.PNG 1227 or 1230 1241–1266 3 December 1266 Wrocław Judith of Masovia
2 June 1252
two children

Helena of Saxony
before 1266
no children
Son of Henry II the Pious
Bolesław II the Bald Bolesław II Rogatka.JPG c. 1220/5 1241–1278 26–31 December 1278 Legnica Hedwig of Anhalt
1242
seven children

Euphemia of Pomerelia
1261
(annulled 1277)
no children

Sophia of Dyhrn
(morganatic)
1277
no children
Brother of Henry III the White. He gained Legnica in the partition of 1248.
Władysław I Rauden wladislaus.JPG 1225 1246-1282 27 August or 13 September 1282 Opole-Racibórz (Upper Silesia) Euphemia of Greater Poland
1251
five children
In 1282 Opole-Raciborz was divided in various duchies, to the four sons of Władysław.
Conrad I ConradGlogów.jpg 1228/31 1251-1274 6 August 1274 Głogów Salome of Greater Poland
1249
six children

Sophie of Landsberg
1271
no children
First duke of Głogów. Brother of Henry III the White and Boleslaw II the Bald.
Henry IV Probus Henryk IV Probus tomb effigy.PNG 1257/1258 1266–1290 23 June 1290 Wrocław Constance of Opole
March 1280
no children

Matilda of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
c.1288
no children
also monarch of Poland
Henry V the Fat Henryk V Brzuchaty seal 1289.PNG 1248 1273–1278 22 February 1296 Świdnica-Jawor Elisabeth of Greater Poland
1277
eight children
Rules also in Legnica.
Henry III Henry III of Glogow.jpg 1251/60 1274-1304 3 December 1309 Głogów Matilda of Brunswick-Lüneburg
March 1291
nine children
Son of Conrad I.
Przemko I PrzemkoScinawski.jpg 1252/65 1274-1284 26 February 1289 Żagań Unmarried Żagań emerged in 1274 from Głogów.
Henry V the Fat Henryk V Brzuchaty seal 1289.PNG 1248 1278–1290 22 February 1296 Legnica Elisabeth of Greater Poland
1277
eight children
son of Boleslaw II.
Bolko I the Strict Bolko I. Schweidnitz.png 1252/6 1278–1301 9 November 1301 Świdnica-Jawor Beatrice of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
4 October 1284
Berlin
ten children
jointly with Bernard I.
Bernard I the Lightsome Bernard Zwinny seal.PNG 1253/7 1278–1286 25 April 1286 Świdnica-Jawor Unmarried jointly with Bolko I.
Przemysław 12 June 1268 1282-1306 7 May 1306 Racibórz Anna of Masovia
between 1289 and 1290
three children
Son of Władysław of Opole-Racibórz. Ruled jointly with his brother Mieszko I.
Mieszko I Mieszko I Cieszyński.JPG 1252/6 1282-1290 27 June 1315 Racibórz Unknown
between 1275 and 1280
three children
Son of Władysław of Opole-Raciborz. Ruled jointly with his brother Przemysław.
Bolko I Boleslaus Bolko tomb.png before 21 October 1258 1282-1313 14 May 1313 Opole Grimislava?
before 1286

Agnes
c.1280
three children
Ruled with his brother Casimir until 1284.
Casimir 1253/7 1282-1284 10 March 1312 Opole Helena
between 1275 and 1278
six children
Ruled with his brother Bolko I.
Conrad II the Hunchback Conrad II the Hunchback.jpg 1252/65 1284-1304 11 October 1304 Żagań Unmarried Brother of Przemko. Also Duke of Głogów.
Casimir 1253/7 1284-1312 10 March 1312 Bytom Helena
between 1275 and 1278
six children
First duke of Bytom, which emerged from Opole-Racibórz.
Henry V the Fat Henryk V Brzuchaty seal 1289.PNG 1248 1290–1296 22 February 1296 Wrocław and Legnica Elisabeth of Greater Poland
1277
eight children
son of Boleslaw II. Also duke of Legnica.
Mieszko I Mieszko I Cieszyński.JPG 1252/6 1290-1315 27 June 1315 Cieszyn Unknown
between 1275 and 1280
three children
First duke of Cieszyn. Also duke of Racibórz.
Bolko I of Świdnica-Jawor (regent) Bolko I. Schweidnitz.png 1252/6 1296–1301 9 November 1301 Wrocław and Legnica Beatrice of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
4 October 1284
Berlin
ten children
Regents in name of Bolesław III the Generous, eldest child of Henry the Fat.
Heinrich, Bishop of Würben (regent) Henryk z Wierzbna seal 1318.PNG Before 1301 1301-1302 23 September 1319 Wrocław and Legnica Unmarried
Wenceslaus II of Bohemia (regent) Jan Matejko, Wacław II Czeski.jpg 27 September 1271 1302-1305 21 June 1305 Wrocław and Legnica Judith of Habsburg
January 1285
ten children

Elizabeth Richeza of Poland
26 May 1303
Prague
one child
Bolesław III the Generous Boleslaus von Liegnitz.png 23 September 1291 1305–1311 21 April 1352 Wrocław and Legnica Margaret of Bohemia
1318
three children

Katharina of Croatia
1326
no children
Also duke of Legnica, Brzeg and Opava
Herman, Margrave of Brandenburg-Salzwedel (regent) Herman, margrave of Brandenburg.jpg 1275 1301–1305 1 February 1308 Świdnica-Jawor Anna of Austria
1295
three children
Regent in name of Bolko the Strict's sons: Henry and Bernard.
Henry I Henry of Jawor.jpg 1292/6 1301–1312 before 15 May 1346 Świdnica-Jawor Agnes of Bohemia
1316
no children
Ruled together until 1312, then divided the land between them.
Bernard II 1291 6 May 1326 Świdnica-Jawor Kunigunde of Poland
1310
five children
Henry III Henry III of Glogow.jpg 1251/60 1304-1309 3 December 1309 Głogów and Żagań Matilda of Brunswick-Lüneburg
March 1291
nine children
United Głogów abd Żagań under his rule, but split them again at his death.
Leszek 1292 1306-1336 1336 Racibórz Agnes of Głogów-Żagań
1332
no children
Son of Przemysław I. After his death in 1336, Raciborz was annexed by the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Annexation to the Kingdom of Bohemia (1306-1521)
Matilda of Brunswick-Lüneburg Mathilde, wife of Henry III of Glogow.jpg 1276 1309-1318 26 April 1318 Głogów Henry III
March 1291
nine children
Widow of Henry III.
Henry IV the Faithful Henry IV of Glogow, the Faithful.jpg 1292 1309-1318 22 January 1342 Żagań Matilda of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
5 January 1310
four children
Also Duke of Głogów.
Przemko II Przemko II of Glogow.jpg 1305 11 January 1331 Żagań Constance of Świdnica
1326
no children
Also Duke of Głogów. Jointly with Conrad I and Henry IV.
Conrad I KonradIOlesnicki.jpg 1294 1309-1312 22 December 1366 Żagań Elisabeth of Wroclaw
10 January 1322
no children

Euphemia of Bytom
2 March 1333
two children
Also Duke of Olesnica. Jointly with Henry IV and Przemko II.
Władysław 6 June 1296 1311–1312 after 13 January 1352 Legnica Anna of Masovia
1325
(annulled 1329)
no children
Ruled alone over Legnica for a year, before being expelled by his brother and excluded from government.
Henry VI the Good Henryk VI Dobry tomb effigy.PNG 18 March 1294 1311–1335 24 November 1335 Wrocław Anna of Austria
1310
three children
Brother of Boleslaw III. In 1327 Henry VI signed a contract of inheritance with King John of Bohemia and upon his death the Duchy of Wrocław fell to the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Conrad I KonradIOlesnicki.jpg 1294 1312-1366 22 December 1366 Oleśnica Elisabeth of Wroclaw
10 January 1322
no children

Euphemia of Bytom
2 March 1333
two children
First duke of Oleśnica.
Siemowit 1292 1312-1316 after 1 July 1342 Bytom Unmarried Son of Casimir. Deposed in 1316.
Bolesław III the Generous Boleslaus von Liegnitz.png 23 September 1291 1312-1342 21 April 1352 Legnica and Brzeg Margaret of Bohemia
1318
three children

Katharina of Croatia
1326
no children
Created in 1312 the Duchy of Brzeg, which ruled until his death. Abdicated of Legnica in 1342.
Henry I Henry of Jawor.jpg 1292/6 1312–1337 before 15 May 1346 Jawor Agnes of Bohemia
1316
no children
Bernard II 1291 1312–1326 6 May 1326 Świdnica Kunigunde of Poland
1310
five children
Bolko II Boleslaus Bolko tomb.png before 1300 1313-1356 21 June 1356 Opole Elisabeth of Świdnica
6 May 1326
seven children
Ruled with his brothers Albert until 1323.
Albert after 1300 1313-1323 25 September 1373 Opole Agnes of Magdeburg
1347
one child
Ruled with his brother Bolko II.
Casimir I 1280/90 1315-1358 29 September 1358 Cieszyn Euphemia of Czersk-Warsaw
1321
nine children
Władysław Władysław I Oświęcimski seal 1317.PNG 1275/80 1315-1324 15 May 1324 Oświęcim Euphrosyne of Masovia
c.1304
two children
First Duke of Oświęcim, which emerged from Cieszyn.
Władysław 1277/83 1316-1352 8 September 1352 Bytom Beatrice of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
21 September 1308
two children

Ludgarda of Mecklenburg
6 October 1328
six children
Brother of Siemowit. Ruled jointly with his brother George until 1327.
George 1300 1316-1327 1327 Bytom Unmarried Ruled jointly with his brother Władysław.
Henry IV the Faithful Henry IV of Glogow, the Faithful.jpg 1292 1318-1321 22 January 1342 Głogów and Żagań Matilda of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
5 January 1310
four children
Reunited again, with his brother, and as their father did, the two duchies of the paternal inheritance after the death of their mother. In 1321 made new partitions. From 1321, he ruled Żagań.
Przemko II Przemko II of Glogow.jpg 1305 1318-1321 11 January 1331 Głogów and Żagań Constance of Świdnica
1326
no children
Reunited again, with his brother, and as their father did, the two duchies of the paternal inheritance after the death of their mother. In 1321 made new partitions. From 1321, he ruled Głogów.
Henry IV the Faithful Henry IV of Glogow, the Faithful.jpg 1292 1321-1342 22 January 1342 Żagań Matilda of Brandenburg-Salzwedel
5 January 1310
four children
Also Duke of Głogów.
Przemko II Przemko II of Glogow.jpg 1305 1321-1331 11 January 1331 Głogów Constance of Świdnica
1326
no children
After his death without descendants, the duchy was briefly annexed by the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Annexation to the Kingdom of Bohemia (1331-1337)
Bolko II Bolko II. von Münsterberg.png 1 February 1300 1322-1341 11 June 1341 Ziębice Bonne of Savoy-Vaud
21 November 1321
two children
First duke of Ziębice. Son of Bolko I the Strict.
Euphrosyne of Masovia (regent) 1292 1324-1325 1328/9 Oświęcim Władysław
c.1304
two children
Regent in name of her son.
John I the Scholastic 1308/10 1325-1372 29 September 1372 Oświęcim Unknown
one child

Salome Reuss von Plauen
after 12 July 1359
three children
Bolko II the Small Bolko II Mały tomb effigy.PNG 1312 1326–1346 28 July 1368 Świdnica Agnes of Austria
1 June 1338
no children
Son of Bernard II.
Henry II 1316 1334–1343 28 June 1345 Świdnica Katharina of Hungary
1 June 1338
one child
Son of Bernard II. Jointly with Bolko II.
Henry I Henry of Jawor.jpg 1292/6 1337-1346 before 15 May 1346 Jawor and Głogów Agnes of Bohemia
1316
no children
In 1337 Głogów re-emerges from Bohemia, and is annexed again in 1346.
Annexation to the Kingdom of Bohemia (1346-1349/60)
In 1349 Henry V of Iron (son of Henry the Fatithful) recovered half of the inheritance of his uncle Przemko in Głogów from Bohemia; the other half was given to Przemko's widow, Constance, in 1360.
Nicholas the Small 1327 1341-1358 23 April 1358 Ziębice Agnes Krusina zu Lichtemburka
23 October 1343
six children
Bolesław III the Generous Boleslaus von Liegnitz.png 23 September 1291 1342-1352 21 April 1352 Brzeg Margaret of Bohemia
1318
three children

Katharina of Croatia
1326
no children
Abdicated of Legnica for his son in 1342.
Wenceslaus I 1318 1342–1364 2 June 1364 Legnica Anna of Cieszyn
c.1338
five children
Louis I the Fair Louis I the Fair.jpg 1321 1342–1346 6–23 December 1398 Legnica Agnes of Głogów-Żagań
1341
six children
jointly with his brother Wenceslaus I.
Henry V of Iron Henry V of Iron.jpg 1319 1342-1349 after 8 April 1369 Żagań Anna of Płock
6 September 1337
five children
Son of Henry IV.
Bolko II the Small Bolko II Mały tomb effigy.PNG 1312 1346–1361 28 July 1368 Świdnica-Jawor Agnes of Austria
1 June 1338
no children
Son of Bernard II. In 1346 inherits Jawor from his uncle Henry I and reunites it with Swidnica. In 1361 his sister offered him her half in Głogów.
Louis I the Fair Louis I the Fair.jpg 1321 1348-1398 6–23 December 1398 Legnica-Lubin Agnes of Głogów-Żagań
1341
six children
Despite abdicating from the rule of Legnica, retained Lubin (in Legnica) for himself.
Henry V of Iron Henry V of Iron.jpg 1319 1349-1369 after 8 April 1369 Żagań and Głogów (Half 1) Anna of Płock
6 September 1337
five children
In 1349 Half 1 of Głogów reemerges from Bohemia to be annexed by Żagań line of the Piasts.
Katharina of Croatia ? 1352-1358 before 5 March 1358 Brzeg Bolesław III the Generous
1326
no children
Widow of Bolesław III the Generous. After her death the duchy was divided between Louis the Fair (her stepson) and Bolko the Small.
Bolesław 1330 1352-1355 4 October 1355 Bytom Margareta of Sternberg
14 February 1347
three children
Son of Władysław.
Margareta of Sternberg ? 1355-1357 after 5 June 1365 Bytom Bolesław of Bytom
14 February 1347
three children
Widow of Bolesław. In 1357, the duchy was divided in two parts, being one annexed by the Duchy of Oleśnica, and the other annexed by the Duchy of Cieszyn.
Definitive annexation to the duchies of Oleśnica and Cieszyn
Władysław II WladyslawOpolczyk.jpg 1332 1356-1396 18 May 1401 Opole Elisabeth of Wallachia
c.1355
three children

Euphemia of Masovia
1369
two children
Ruled with his brothers Henry and Bolko III.
Henry before 18 August 1338 1356-1365 before 23 October 1365 Opole Unmarried Ruled with his brothers Władysław II and Bolko III
Bolko III Bolko III. von Oppeln.png 1337 1356-1370 21 October 1382 Opole Anna of Oświęcim
c.1355
five children
Ruled with his brothers Władysław II and Henry.
Louis I the Fair Louis I the Fair.jpg 1321 1358–1368 6–23 December 1398 Brzeg (Half 1) Agnes of Głogów-Żagań
1341
six children
Stepson of Katharina; also duke of Legnica. In 1368 reunites all Brzeg.
Henry VII the Courageous 1343/5 1361-1368 11 July 1399 Brzeg (Half 1) Helena of Orlamunde
1369
one child

Margaret of Masovia
July 1379
one child
Duke of Brzeg jointly with his father Louis I.
Przemysław I Noszak Premyslaus I. of Teschen.jpg 1332/6 1358-1384 23 May 1410 Cieszyn Elisabeth of Bytom
1360
three children
Also Duke of Głogów.
Bolko II the Small Bolko II Mały tomb effigy.PNG 1312 1358-1361 28 July 1368 Brzeg (Half 2) Agnes of Austria
1 June 1338
no children
Bolko III 1348 1358-1410 13 June 1410 Ziębice Euphemia of Bytom
1369
eight children
Son of Nicholas the Small. Ruled jointly with his brother Henry I.
Henry I 1350 1358-1366 after 8 August 1366 Ziębice Unmarried Son of Nicholas the Small. Ruled jointly with his brother Bolko III.
Constance of Świdnica 1313 1360-1361 21 November 1363 Głogów (Half 2) Przemko II
1326
no children
In 1360 Half 2 of Głogów reemerges from Bohemia to be given to Constance, widow of Przemko II. She renounces the title in favour of her brother Bolko II.
Bolko II the Small Bolko II Mały tomb effigy.PNG 1312 1361–1368 28 July 1368 Świdnica-Jawor, Brzeg (Half 2) and Głogów (Half 2) Agnes of Austria
1 June 1338
no children
Brother of Constance. After his death in 1368, the half of Głogów was annexed again to the Kingdom of Bohemia, and the half of Brzeg returned to Louis the Fair.
Annexation of Half 2 to the Kingdom of Bohemia (1368-1384)
Rupert I 27 March 1347 1364–1409 before 12 January 1409 Legnica-Legnica Hedwig of Zagan
10 February 1372
two children
Wenceslaus II 2014 Nysa, kościół św. Jakuba Starszego 098.JPG 1348 1364–1413 30 December 1419 Legnica-Legnica Unmarried
Boleslaw IV 1349 1364–1394 3/4 March 1394 Legnica-Legnica Unmarried jointly with Henry VIII, Wenceslaus II and Rupert
Henry VIII Henry VIII.jpg 1355 1364–1398 12 December 1398 Legnica-Legnica Unmarried jointly with Boleslaw IV, Wenceslaus II, and Rupert.
Conrad II the Gray KonradIIOlesnica.jpg 1340 1366-1403 10 June 1403 Oleśnica Agnes of Cieszyn
23 February 1354
one child
Son of Conrad I.
Agnes of Austria Agnes of Austria.jpg 1322 1368–1392 2 February 1392 Świdnica-Jawor Bolko II the Small
1 June 1338
no children
widow of Bolko II. Succeeded her husband according with his will. After her death the duchy was annexed to the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Definitive annexation to the Kingdom of Bohemia
Louis I the Fair Louis I the Fair.jpg 1321 1368–1398 6–23 December 1398 Brzeg Agnes of Głogów-Żagań
1341
six children
Stepson of Katharina; also duke of Legnica. In 1368 reunites all Brzeg.
Henry VII the Courageous 1343/5 1368-1399 11 July 1399 Brzeg Helena of Orlamunde
1369
one child

Margaret of Masovia
July 1379
one child
Duke of Brzeg jointly with his father Louis I.
Henry VI the Older Henry VI the Older.jpg before 1345 1369-1378 5 December 1393 Żagań and Głogów (Half 1) Hedwig of Legnica
10 February 1372
no children
Son of Henry V. Ruled jointly with Henry VII and Henry VIII until 1378.
Henry VII Rumpold Henry VII Rumpold.jpg 1350 1369-1378 24 December 1395 Żagań and Głogów (Half 1) Unmarried Son of Henry V. Ruled jointly with Henry VI and Henry VIII.
Henry VIII the Sparrow Henry VIII Glogow Zagan.jpg 1357 1369-1378 14 March 1397 Żagań and Głogów (Half 1) Katharina of Opole
1382
five children
Son of Henry V. Ruled jointly with Henry VI and Henry VII.
John II 1344/51 1372-1376 19 February 1376 Oświęcim Hedwig of Brieg
1366
three children
Son of John I.
John III 1366 1376-1405 19 August 1405 Oświęcim Hedwig of Lithuania
1394
no children
Son of John II.
Henry VI the Older Henry VI the Older.jpg before 1345 1378-1393 5 December 1393 Żagań Hedwig of Legnica
10 February 1372
no children
Son of Henry V. Ruled jointly with Henry VII and Henry VIII until 1378.
Henry VII Rumpold Henry VII Rumpold.jpg 1350 1378-1395 24 December 1395 Głogów (Half 1) Unmarried Son of Henry V. Ruled jointly with Henry VI and Henry VIII until 1378.
Przemysław I Noszak Premyslaus I. of Teschen.jpg 1332/6 1384-1404 23 May 1410 Cieszyn and Głogów (Half 2) Elisabeth of Bytom
1360
three children
Also Duke of Cieszyn. The 2nd half of the duchy of Głogów re-emerges from Bohemia. 1st time.
Hedwig of Legnica 1351 1393-1403 1 August 1409 Żagań Henry VI the Older
10 February 1372
no children
Widow of Henry VI.
Henry VIII the Sparrow Henry VIII Glogow Zagan.jpg 1357 1395-1397 14 March 1397 Głogów (Half 1) Katharina of Opole
1382
five children
Ruled alone.
Bolko IV 1363/7 1396-1437 6 May 1437 Opole Margaret of Gorizia
1398
five children
Ruled with his brothers Jan Kropidło and Bernard.
Bishop Jan Kropidło Jan Kropidło.PNG 1360/4 1396-1421 3 March 1421 Opole Unmarried Ruled with his brothers Nicholas I and Bolko IV.
Bernard 1374/8 1396-1400 2/4 April 1455 Opole Hedwig of Melsztyna
two children
Ruled with his brothers John I and Jan Kropidło
Bolko V the Hussite c.1400 1422-1424 29 May 1460 Opole Elisabeth Granowski
c.1418
one child
Ruled jointly with his father Bolko IV.
John I John I of Zagan.jpg 1385 1397-1403 12 April 1439 Głogów (Half 1) Scholastika of Saxe-Wittenberg
c.1405
ten children
Ruled until 1412 with Henry IX, Henry X, and Wenceslaus.
Henry IX the Older Henry IX the Older.jpg 1387 11 November 1467 Głogów (Half 1) Hedwig of Oleśnica
c.1432
six children
Ruled with John I, Henry X and Wenceslaus
Henry X Rumpold Henry X Rumpold.jpg 1390 18 January 1423 Głogów (Half 1) Unmarried Ruled with John I, Henry IX and Wenceslaus
Wenceslaus I 1391 before 4 February 1431 Głogów (Half 1) Unmarried Ruled with John I, Henry IX and Henry X
Henry VII the Courageous 1343/5 1398-1399 11 July 1399 Legnica-Lubin Helena of Orlamunde
1369
one child

Margaret of Masovia
July 1379
one child
Duke of Brzeg jointly with his father Louis I.
Henry IX 1369 1399-1400 10 July 1420 Legnica-Lubin and Brzeg Anna of Cieszyn
20 September 1396
six children
Reunited for a brief period the regional duchy of Lubin and Brzeg under his rule.
Henry IX 1369 1400-1420 10 July 1420 Legnica-Lubin Anna of Cieszyn
20 September 1396
six children
Regional duke in Legnica.
Henry IX 1369 1400-1420 10 July 1420 Brzeg-Oława Anna of Cieszyn
20 September 1396
six children
Despite abdicating of Brzeg to his brother Louis (1400), retained Oława for himself.
Louis II Ludwikbrzeski.jpg 1380/5 1399–1413 30 May 1436 Brzeg-Brzeg Hedwig Zapólya
before 14 August 1409
no children

Elisabeth of Brandenburg
9 April 1418
Konstanz
no children
Jointly with his half-brother Henry IX. Also duke of Legnica.
Conrad III the Old KonradIIItheOld.jpg 1359 1403-1412 28 December 1412 Oleśnica Judith (?)
c.1380
seven children
Son of Conrad II.
John I John I of Zagan.jpg 1385 1403-1412 12 April 1439 Żagań and Głogów (Half 1) Scholastika of Saxe-Wittenberg
c.1405
ten children
Ruled until 1412 with Henry IX, Henry X, and Wenceslaus.
Henry IX the Older Henry IX the Older.jpg 1387 11 November 1467 Żagań and Głogów (Half 1) Hedwig of Oleśnica
c.1432
six children
Ruled with John I, Henry X and Wenceslaus
Henry X Rumpold Henry X Rumpold.jpg 1390 18 January 1423 Żagań and Głogów (Half 1) Unmarried Ruled with John I, Henry IX and Wenceslaus
Wenceslaus I 1391 before 4 February 1431 Żagań and Głogów (Half 1) Unmarried Ruled with John I, Henry IX and Henry X
Przemysław I Noszak Premyslaus I. of Teschen.jpg 1332/6 1404-1406 23 May 1410 Cieszyn Elisabeth of Bytom
1360
three children
Also Duke of Głogów.
Przemysław II 1362 1404-1406 1 January 1406 Głogów (Half 2) Unknown
one child
Also Duke of Oświęcim. Son of Przemysław I.
Przemysław I 1362 1405-1406 1 January 1406 Oświęcim Unknown
before or c. 1396
one child
Son of Przemysław Noszak of Cieszyn.
Przemysław I Noszak Premyslaus I. of Teschen.jpg 1332/6 1406-1410 23 May 1410 Cieszyn and Głogów (Half 2) Elisabeth of Bytom
1360
three children
Casimir I 1396 1406-1434 7 April 1434 Oświęcim Anna of Zagan
before 28 May 1417
three children

Margareta of Racibórz
1433
no children
Son of Przemysław I.
Bolesław I 1363 1410-1431 6 May 1431 Cieszyn and Głogów (Half 2) Margareta of Opava-Raciborz
1 January 1406
no children

Euphemia of Masovia
20 November 1412
five children
John I 1358 1410-1428 27 August 1428 Ziębice Elizabeth Lackfi
19 March 1408
one child
Son of Bolko III. Ruled jointly with his brother Henry II until 1420. After his death the duchy was annexed to the Kingdom of Bohemia, and later mortgaged it to Půta III of Častolovice during 1429-1435.
Henry II 1396 1410-1420 11 March 1420 Ziębice Unmarried Son of Bolko III. Ruled jointly with his brother John I.
John I John I of Zagan.jpg 1385 1412-1439 12 April 1439 Żagań Scholastika of Saxe-Wittenberg
c.1405
ten children
Ruled until 1412 with Henry IX, Henry X, and Wenceslaus.
Henry IX the Older Henry IX the Older.jpg 1387 1412-1446 11 November 1467 Głogów (Half 1) Hedwig of Oleśnica
c.1432
six children
Ruled with John I, Henry X and Wenceslaus
Henry X Rumpold Henry X Rumpold.jpg 1390 1412-1423 18 January 1423 Głogów (Half 1) Unmarried Ruled with John I, Henry IX and Wenceslaus
Wenceslaus I 1391 1412-1417 before 4 February 1431 Głogów (Half 1) Unmarried Ruled with John I, Henry IX and Henry X
Conrad IV the Older KonradIVtheOlder.jpg 1384 1412-1416 9 August 1447 Oleśnica Unmarried Son of Conrad III. Ruled jointly with his brother Conrad V.
Conrad V Kantner 1385 1412-1439 10 September 1439 Oleśnica Margaret (?)
9 October 1411
five children
Son of Conrad III. Ruled jointly with his brothers Conrad IV, Conrad VI, Conrad VII and Conrad VIII until 1427.
Conrad VI the Dean 1391 1416-1427 3 September 1427 Oleśnica Unmarried Son of Conrad III. Ruled jointly with his brothers Conrad V, Conrad VII and Conrad VIII.
Conrad VII the White Conrad IV arrests his brother Conrad VII.jpg after 1396 1416-1427 14 February 1452 Oleśnica Katharina (?)
2 February 1437
no children

Dorothea of Warsaw?
7 March 1450
no children
Son of Conrad III. Ruled jointly with his brothers Conrad V, Conrad VI and Conrad VIII. 1st time
Conrad VIII the Younger after 1397 1416-1427 5 September 1444 Oleśnica Unmarried Son of Conrad III. Ruled jointly with his brothers Conrad V, Conrad VI and Conrad VII.
Louis II Ludwikbrzeski.jpg 1380/5 1413–1436 30 May 1436 Legnica-Legnica and Brzeg-Brzeg Hedwig Zapólya
before 14 August 1409
no children

Elisabeth of Brandenburg
9 April 1418
Konstanz
four children
Reunited Legnica and Brzeg in 1413.
Rupert II 1396/1402 1420-1431 24 August 1431 Legnica-Lubin Unmarried Regional duke in Legnica. Jointly with his brother Louis.
Wenceslaus III 1400 1420-1423 14 January/28 May 1423 Brzeg-Oława Unmarried Regional duke in Brzeg
Louis III before 1405 1423-1431 before 18 June 1441 Brzeg-Oława Margareta of Opole
c.1423
two children
Regional duke in Legnica. From 1431 also duke of Legnica (in Lubin).
Louis III before 1405 1431-1441 before 18 June 1441 Legnica-Lubin and Brzeg-Oława Margareta of Opole
c.1423
two children
Regional duke in Legnica. Since 1423 duke of Legnica (in Oława).
Euphemia of Masovia (regent) 1395/7 1431-1442 before 17 September 1447 Cieszyn and Głogów (Half 2) Bolesław I
20 November 1412
five children
Regent in name of her children. Co-ruled with them.
Wenceslaus I 1413/8 1474 Cieszyn and Głogów (Half 2) Elisabeth of Brandenburg
17 February 1439
(annulled 1445)
no children
Ruled jointly after the end of the regency of their mother. However, in that year, the brothers divided the land. Władysław I retained Głogów and Wenceslaus and Przemysław Cieszyn. Bolesław received only a few towns in Cieszyn (Bielsko and Frysztat).
Władysław I 1420 14 February 1460 Cieszyn and Głogów (Half 2) Margareta of Celje
December 1444
no children
Przemysław III 1422/5 18 March 1477 Cieszyn and Głogów (Half 2) Anna of Warsaw
c.1465
one child
Bolesław II 1425/8 4 October 1452 Cieszyn and Głogów (Half 2) Anna of Bielsk
28 January 1448
three children
Wenceslaus I Waclaw of Zator.jpg 1418 1434-1445 c.28 July 1368 Oświęcim Maria Kopczowski
c.1450
seven children
Son of Casimir I. Ruled jointly with his brothers Przemysław II and John IV.
Przemysław II 1425 1434-1445 December 1484 Oświęcim Margareta of Opole
23 February 1463
one child
Son of Casimir I. Ruled jointly with his brothers Wenceslaus I and John IV.
John IV 1426/30 1434-1457 c.21 February 1497 Oświęcim Katharina
30 December 1465
no children

Barbara of Karniów
c.1475
one child
Son of Casimir I. Ruled jointly with his brothers Przemysław II and Wenceslaus I, until 1445. In 1457, Oświęcim is annexed by the Kingdom of Poland.
Definitive annexation to the Kingdom of Poland
Euphemia 1385 1435-1442 17 November 1447 Ziębice Frederick III of Oettingen
1397
nine children
Daughter of Bolko III. In 1435 she bought the Duchy to the Emperor and Častolovice's heiresses. In 1442 it was sold to the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Definitive annexation to the Kingdom of Bohemia
Elisabeth of Brandenburg 29 September 1403 1436–1443 31 October 1449 Legnica-Legnica and Brzeg-Brzeg Louis II of Brieg
9 April 1418
Konstanz
no children

Wenceslaus I, Duke of Cieszyn
17 February 1439
(annulled 1445)
no children
Widow of Louis II. In 1443 is forced to give Brzeg to John I and Henry X of Lubin.
John I 1410/3 1437-1439 5 September 1439 Opole Unmarried Ruled with his brother Nicholas I.
Nicholas I 1424 1437-1450 3 July 1476 Opole Magdalena of Brieg
February 1442
ten children
Ruled with his brother John I until 1439. In 1450 bought Brzeg.
Conrad VII the White Conrad IV arrests his brother Conrad VII.jpg after 1396 1439-1450 14 February 1452 Oleśnica Katharina (?)
2 February 1437
no children

Dorothea of Warsaw?
7 March 1450
no children
Ruled alone. 2nd time.
Balthasar 1415 1439-1461 15 July 1472 Żagań Agnes
before 1460
one child

Barbara of Cieszyn
11 September 1469
no children
Ruled with Rudolf, Wenceslaus II and John II. 1st time. Bought Lubin in 1446.
Rudolf 1418 1439-1454 18 September 1454 Żagań Unmarried Ruled with Balthasar, Wenceslaus II and John II
Wenceslaus II 1434 1439-1449 29 April 1488 Żagań Unmarried Ruled with Balthasar, Rudolf and John II.
John II the Mad JohnIItheMad.jpg 16 April 1435 1439-1449 22 September 1504 Żagań Katharina of Opava
c.1462
five children
Ruled with Balthasar, Rudolf and Wenceslaus II. 1st time.
Margareta of Opole 1412/4 1441-1454 15 January 1454 Brzeg-Oława Louis III of Oława
c.1423
two children
Widow of Louis III.
John I 1425 1441-1443 after 21 November 1453 Legnica-Lubin Hedwig of Brieg
February 1445
one child
Regional dukes in Legnica, in 1443 they inherit Brzeg-Brzeg from Elisabeth of Brandenburg.
Henry X 1426 before 28 May 1452 Legnica-Lubin Unmarried
Wenceslaus I 1413/8 1442-1468 1474 Cieszyn Elisabeth of Brandenburg
17 February 1439
(annulled 1445)
no children
Ruled the majority of Cieszyn with his brother Przemysław from 1442.
Przemysław III 1422/5 18 March 1477 Cieszyn Anna of Warsaw
c.1465
one child
Also Duke of Cieszyn. Ruled jointly with Władysław I, Wenceslaus I and Bolesław II. 1st time.
Bolesław II 1425/8 1442-1452 4 October 1452 Cieszyn Anna of Bielsk
28 January 1448
three children
Ruled a few towns in Cieszyn.
Władysław I 1420 1442-1460 14 February 1460 Głogów (Half 2) Margareta of Celje
December 1444
no children
Also Duke of Cieszyn. Ruled jointly with Wenceslaus I, Przemysław III and Bolesław II.
Elisabeth of Brandenburg 29 September 1403 1443–1449 31 October 1449 Legnica-Legnica Louis II of Brieg
9 April 1418
Konstanz
no children

Wenceslaus I, Duke of Cieszyn
17 February 1439
(annulled 1445)
no children
After her death in 1449, Legnica-Legnica was annexed by the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Annexation to the Kingdom of Bohemia (1449-1454)
John I 1425 1443-1446 after 21 November 1453 Brzeg-Brzeg and Legnica-Lubin Hedwig of Brzeg
February 1445
one child
Ruled together. In 1446, due to the difficult financial situation, Lubin was sold to the Duchy of Głogów.
Henry X 1426 before 28 May 1452 Brzeg-Brzeg and Legnica-Lubin Unmarried
Wenceslaus I Waclaw of Zator.jpg 1418 1445-1468 c.28 July 1368 Zator Maria Kopczowski
c.1450
seven children
First duke of Zator, which emerged from Oświęcim.
John I 1425 1446-1450 after 21 November 1453 Brzeg-Brzeg Hedwig of Brieg
February 1445
one child
Ruled together. In 1450 Brzeg is sold to Opole.
Henry X 1426 before 28 May 1452 Brzeg-Brzeg Unmarried
Henry IX the Older Henry IX the Older.jpg 1387 1446-1467 11 November 1467 Głogów (Half 1) and Legnica-Lubin Hedwig of Oleśnica
c.1432
six children
Bought Lubin.
Conrad IX the Black 1415 1450-1471 14 August 1471 Oleśnica Margareta of Rawa
1453
one child
Son of Conrad V. Ruled jointly with his brother Conrad X, until 1452.
Conrad X the White 1420 1450-1452 21 September 1492 Oleśnica Dorothea Reynkenberg
before 1492
(morganatic)
no children
Son of Conrad V. Ruled jointly with his brother Conrad IX. 1st time
Nicholas I 1424 1450-1476 3 July 1476 Opole and Brzeg-Brzeg Magdalena of Brieg
February 1442
ten children
Duke of Opole, buys Brzeg in 1450.
Frederick I 3 May 1446 1454–1481 9 May 1488 Legnica-Legnica and Brzeg-Oława Ludmila of Poděbrady
5 September 1474
three children
Legnica became independent from Bohemia in 1454. In the same year inherited Brzeg-Olawa from his mother Margareta of Opole.
Margareta of Celje 1411 1460-1480 22 July 1480 Głogów (Half 2) Herman I of Montfort-Pfannberg-Bregenz
15 March 1430
four children

Władysław I
December 1444
no children
Widow of Wladysław I. Ruled jointly with Przemysław III.
Przemysław III 1422/5 1460-1468 18 March 1477 Głogów (Half 2) Anna of Warsaw
c.1465
one child
Ruled jointly with his sister-in-law, Margaret of Celje.
Przemysław III 1422/5 1468-1477 18 March 1477 Cieszyn and Głogów (Half 2) Anna of Warsaw
c.1465
one child
retained the joint rule with Margaret of Celje in Głogów, while ascending to Cieszyn.
John II the Mad JohnIItheMad.jpg 16 April 1435 1461-1468 22 September 1504 Żagań Katharina of Opava
c.1462
five children
Ruled alone. 2nd time
Henry XI 1435 1467-1476 22 February 1476 Głogów (Half 1) and Legnica-Lubin Barbara of Brandenburg
11 October 1472
Berlin
no children
Son of Henry IX the Older.
Casimir II 1450 1468-1490 8 January/7 July 1490 Zator and Zator (Half 1) Margaret of Karniów
c. 12 August 1482
one child
Ruled jointly with his brothers Wenceslaus II, John V and Wladysław until 1474. Since 1474, ruled Half 1 of Zator, jointly with Wenceslaus II.
Wenceslaus II 1450/55 1468-1487 beforev5 October 1487 Zator and Zator (Half 1) Unmarried Ruled jointly with his brothers Casimir II, John V and Wladysław until 1474. Since 1474, ruled Half 1 of Zator, jointly with Casimir II.
Wladysław 1455 1468-1482 28 May or 21 September 1494 Zator and Zator (Half 2) Anna
before 1488
one child
Ruled jointly with his brothers Casimir II, Wenceslaus II and John V until 1474. Since 1474, ruled Half 2 of Zator, jointly with John V.
John V before 1455 1468-1513 17 September 1513 Zator and Zator (Half 2) Unmarried Ruled jointly with his brothers Casimir II, Wenceslaus II and Wladysław until 1474. Since 1474, ruled Half 2 of Zator, jointly with Wladysław. In 1490 he reunifies the duchy as its sole ruler. In 1513 the Duchy is annexed by the Kingdom of Poland.
Definitive annexation to the Kingdom of Poland
Balthasar 1415 1468-1472 15 July 1472 Żagań Agnes
before 1460
one child

Barbara of Cieszyn
11 September 1469
no children
Ruled alone. 2nd time
Margareta of Rawa 1441 1471-1475 1 September 1485 Oleśnica Konrad IX the Black
1453
one child
Widow of Conrad IX.
John II the Mad JohnIItheMad.jpg 16 April 1435 1472 22 September 1504 Żagań Katharina of Opava
c.1462
five children
3rd time. In 1472 Żagań is sold to the Duchy of Saxony.
Definitive annexation to the Duchy of Saxony
Barbara 1465 1475-1478 30 November 1479 Oleśnica Unmarried Daughter of Conrad IX. Deposed in 1478 and died in the next year.
John II the Mad JohnIItheMad.jpg 16 April 1435 1476/1480-1482 22 September 1504 Głogów (Halves 1 and 2) and Legnica-Lubin Katharina of Opava
c.1462
five children
In 1480 John II reunites both parts of Głogów. In 1482 lost Lubin for Legnica.
John II the Good 1460 1476-1481 27 March 1532 Opole and Brzeg-Brzeg Unmarried Duke of Opole, ruled jointly with his brother Nicholas. In 1481 sold Brzegto Frederick I of Legnica.
Nicholas II 1462 1476-1481 27 June 1497 Opole and Brzeg-Brzeg Unmarried Duke of Opole, ruled jointly with his brother John. In 1481 sold Brzeg to Frederick I of Legnica.
Casimir II 1449 1477-1528 13 December 1528 Cieszyn Johanna of Opava
6 October 1328
six children
Ruled with his son Wenceslaus II.
Wenceslaus II 1488/96 1518-1524 17 November 1524 Cieszyn Anna of Brandenburg-Ansbach
1 December 1518
three children
Ruled with his father Casimir II.
Conrad X the White 1420 1478-1492 21 September 1492 Oleśnica Dorothea Reynkenberg
before 1492
(morganatic)
no children
Ruled alone. 2nd time. In 1492 Oleśnica was annexed by the Kingdom of Bohemia.
Definitive annexation to the Kingdom of Bohemia
John II the Good 1460 1481-1521 27 March 1532 Opole Unmarried Ruled jointly with his brother Nicholas until 1497.
Nicholas II 1462 1481-1497 27 June 1497 Opole Unmarried Ruled jointly with his brother John.
Frederick I 3 May 1446 1481-1482 9 May 1488 Legnica-Legnica and Brzeg (Brzeg and Oława) Ludmila of Poděbrady
5 September 1474
three children
In 1481 Frederick I of Legnica purchased Brzeg from Opole.
John II the Mad JohnIItheMad.jpg 16 April 1435 1482-1488 22 September 1504 Głogów Katharina of Opava
c.1462
five children
In 1488 Głogów is annexed by the Kingdom of Poland.
Definitive annexation to the Kingdom of Poland
Frederick I 3 May 1446 1482-1488 9 May 1488 Legnica (Legnica and Lubin) and Brzeg (Brzeg and Oława) Ludmila of Poděbrady
5 September 1474
three children
Recovered Lubin in 1482, from John the Mad.
Ludmila of Poděbrady 16 October 1446 1488-1503 20 January 1503 Brzeg Frederick I
5 September 1474
three children
Widow of Frederick I. Received Brzeg as her Oprawa wdowia.
Ludmila of Poděbrady (regent) 16 October 1446 1488-1498 20 January 1503 Legnica Frederick I
5 September 1474
three children
Widow of Frederick I, regent on behalf of her sons.
John II 1477 1488–1495 6 March 1495 Legnica Unmaried jointly with his brothers, Frederick II and George I. He didn't reach adulthood.
Frederick II the Great FrederickIILegnica.jpg 12 February 1480 1488–1503 17 September 1547 Legnica Elisabeth of Poland-Lithuania
21 November 1515
one child

Sophie of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Kulmbach
14 November 1519
three children
jointly with his brothers, John II and George I.
George I 1481/3 30 May 1521 Legnica Anna of Pomerania
9 June 1516
no children
Jointly with his brothers John II and Frederick II.
Frederick II the Great FrederickIILegnica.jpg 12 February 1480 1503–1505 17 September 1547 Legnica and Brzeg Elisabeth of Poland-Lithuania
21 November 1515
one child

Sophie of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Kulmbach
14 November 1519
three children
Ruled together. In 1505 divided the land.
George I 1481/3 30 May 1521 Legnica and Brzeg Anna of Pomerania
9 June 1516
no children
Frederick II the Great FrederickIILegnica.jpg 12 February 1480 1505–1521 17 September 1547 Legnica-Legnica Elisabeth of Poland-Lithuania
21 November 1515
one child

Sophie of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Kulmbach
14 November 1519
three children
Ruled in Legnica.
George I 1481/3 1505–1521 30 May 1521 Legnica-Lubin and Brzeg Anna of Pomerania
9 June 1516
no children
Ruled in Lubin
John II the Good 1460 1521 27 March 1532 Racibórz Unmarried Purchased Raciborz from the Kingdom of Bohemia, to reunite it with Opole and recreate the Duchy of Opole-Raciborz.
John II the Good 1460 1521-1532 27 March 1532 Opole-Racibórz Unmarried Reunites Opole and Racibórz to recreate the Duchy of Opole-Racibórz, but dies without children; after his death in 1532, the Duchy is annexed by Brandenburg.
Definitive annexation to the Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach
Frederick II the Great FrederickIILegnica.jpg 12 February 1480 1521-1547 17 September 1547 Legnica-Legnica and Brzeg Elisabeth of Poland-Lithuania
21 November 1515
one child

Sophie of Brandenburg-Ansbach-Kulmbach
14 November 1519
three children
jointly with his brother George I.
Anna of Pomerania 1492 1521-1550 25 April 1550 Legnica-Lubin George I
9 June 1516
no children
Inherited Lubin from her husband. Ad dhe didn't have children, the land passed, at her death, permanently to Legnica.
Anna of Brandenburg-Ansbach (regent) Anna of Brandenburg-Ansbach.png 5 May 1487 1528-1539 7 February 1539 Cieszyn Wenceslaus II
1 December 1518
three children
Regents in name of Wenceslaus III.
John III of Pernstein (regent) Rota John of Pernstein.jpg 14 November 1487 1528-1545 8 September 1548 Cieszyn Anna of Postupic
1507
four children

Hedvika of Šelmberk
1528
four children

Magdalena of Ormozd
1544
no children
Wenceslaus III Adam Waclaw Adam face.jpg December 1524 1545-1579 4 November 1579 Cieszyn Maria of Pernstein
8 February 1540
three children

Sidonia Katharina of Saxe-Lauenburg
25 November 1567
Cieszyn
six children
Frederick Casimir Frederick I. Casimir of Teschen.jpg December 1541/January 1542 1560-1571 4 May 1571 Cieszyn Katharina of Legnica
28 December 1563
Legnica
one child
Son of Wenceslaus, co-ruled with him from 1560 but preceded his father in death.
Frederick III 22 February 1520 1547–1559 15 December 1570 Legnica (Legnica and Lubin) Katharina of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
3 March 1538
Legnica
six children
Absorbed Lubin again in 1550.
George II the Pious Georg II of Brieg.PNG 18 July 1523 1547-1586 7 May 1586 Brzeg Barbara of Brandenburg
15 February 1545
Berlin
seven children
Jointly with his brother Frederick II.
Henry XI HenryXIlegnica.jpg 23 February 1539 1559–1581 3 March 1588 Legnica Sophie of Brandenburg-Ansbach
11 November 1560
Legnica
six children
Sidonia Katharina of Saxe-Lauenburg (regent) 1550 1579-1594 1594 Cieszyn Wenceslaus III Adam
25 November 1567
Cieszyn
six children

Emmerich III Forgach
1586
no children
Regent in name of her son, Adam.
Adam Wenceslaus Adam Waclaw face.JPG 12 December 1574 1594-1617 13 July 1617 Cieszyn Elisabeth of Courland
17 September 1595
five children
Frederick IV 20 April 1552 1581–1596 27 March 1596 Legnica Maria Sidonia of Cieszyn
20 January 1587
no children

Dorothea of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg
23 November 1589
no children

Anna of Württemberg
24 October 1594
no children
Barbara of Brandenburg BarbaraBrandemburska.jpg 10 August 1527 1586-1595 2 January 1595 Brzeg-Brzeg George II of Brieg
15 February 1545
Berlin
seven children
Widow of George II.
John George 17 June 1552 1586-1592 6 July 1592 Brzeg-Oława Anna of Württemberg
16 September 1582
Brzeg
no children
Co-rulers.
Joachim Frederick Joachim Frederick of Brieg.jpg 29 September 1550 25 March 1602 Brzeg-Oława Anna Maria of Anhalt
19 May 1577
Brzeg
six children
Anna of Württemberg Anna Wirtemberska.png 17 June 1552 1592-1594 6 July 1592 Brzeg-Oława John George
16 September 1582
Brzeg
no children

Frederick IV
24 October 1594
no children
She married twice, so in 1594 she was stripped from her duchy.
Joachim Frederick Joachim Frederick of Brieg.jpg 29 September 1550 1594-1595 25 March 1602 Brzeg-Oława Anna Maria of Anhalt
19 May 1577
Brzeg
six children
Joachim Frederick Joachim Frederick of Brieg.jpg 29 September 1550 1595–1596 25 March 1602 Brzeg (Brzeg and Oława) Anna Maria of Anhalt
19 May 1577
Brzeg
six children
Joachim Frederick Joachim Frederick of Brieg.jpg 29 September 1550 1596–1602 25 March 1602 Legnica and Brzeg Anna Maria of Anhalt
19 May 1577
Brzeg
six children
Anna Maria of Anhalt Anna Maria of Anhalt.jpg 29 September 1550 1602-1605 25 March 1602 Brzeg-Oława Joachim Frederick
19 May 1577
Brzeg
six children
Received Olawa after her husband's death.
Anna Maria of Anhalt (regent) Anna Maria of Anhalt.jpg 13 June 1561 1602-1605 14 November 1605 Legnica and Brzeg-Brzeg Joachim Frederick
19 May 1577
Brzeg
six children
Regents in name of Joachim Frederick's sons. In 1605 with the death of Anna Maria Olawa was absorbed again by Brzeg. The regency was taken by the sister of Joachim Frederick, Elisabeth Magdalena, and her husband, who ruled until the brothers came of age, in 1609.
Elisabeth Magdalena of Brzeg (regent) Elżbieta Magdalena.jpg 17 November 1562 1602-1609 1 February 1630 Legnica and Brzeg (Brzeg and Oława) Charles II of Poděbrady
30 September 1585
Brzeg
eight children
Charles II of Poděbrady (regent) Karol II Podiebradowicz.JPG 15 April 1545 28 January 1617 Legnica and Brzeg (Brzeg and Oława) Catherine Berka of Duba
17 September 1570
Moravská Třebová
two children

Elisabeth Magdalena of Brzeg
30 September 1585
Brzeg
eight children
George Rudolf Jiří Rudolf Lehnický z Břehu 1653 av.jpg 12 January 1595 1609–1612 14 January 1653 Legnica and Brzeg Sophia Elisabeth of Anhalt-Dessau
4 November 1614
Dessau
no children

Elisabeth Magdalena of Munsterberg
5 December 1624
no children
jointly with his brother, John Christian
John Christian 28 August 1591 25 December 1639 Legnica and Brzeg Dorothea Sibylle of Brandenburg
12 December 1610
Berlin
thirteen children

Anna Hedwig Sitzsch
(morganatic)
13 September 1626
Brzeg
seven children
jointly with his brother, George Rudolf.
George Rudolf Jiří Rudolf Lehnický z Břehu 1653 av.jpg 12 January 1595 1612–1653 14 January 1653 Legnica Sophia Elisabeth of Anhalt-Dessau
4 November 1614
Dessau
no children

Elisabeth Magdalena of Munsterberg
5 December 1624
no children
jointly with his brother, John Christian
John Christian 28 August 1591 1612–1633 25 December 1639 Brzeg Dorothea Sibylle of Brandenburg
12 December 1610
Berlin
thirteen children

Anna Hedwig Sitzsch
(morganatic)
13 September 1626
Brzeg
seven children
jointly with his brother, George Rudolf.
Charles of Austria, Bishop of Wroclaw (regent) Karl innerösterreich.jpg 7 August 1590 1617-1624 28 December 1624 Cieszyn Unmarried Regent in name of Frederick William, Adam's son.
Frederick William Frederick Wilhelm of Cieszyn.jpg 9 November 1601 1624-1625 19 August 1625 Cieszyn Unmarried
Elizabeth Lucretia Elisabeth Lucretia of Teschen.jpg 1 June 1599 1625-1653 19 May 1653 Cieszyn Gundakar, Prince of Liechtenstein
23 April 1618
no children
After her death, Cieszyn was annexed by the Holy Roman Empire.
Definitive annexation to the Holy Roman Empire
George III George III of Brieg.jpg 4 September 1611 1633–1664 4 July 1664 Brzeg Sophia Katharina of Munsterberg
23 February 1638
Bernstadt
one child

Elisabeth Marie Charlotte of Palatinate-Simmern-Kaiserslautern
19 October 1660
Brzeg
no children
Louis IV LudwikIVLegnica.jpg 19 April 1616 1653–1663 24 November 1653 Legnica Anna Sophie of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
8 May 1649
Brzeg
one child
Christian Christian, Duke of Brieg.PNG 9 April 1618 1653–1654 28 February 1672 Legnica Louise of Anhalt-Dessau
24 November 1648
Dessau
four children
George III George III of Brieg.jpg 4 September 1611 1653–1654 4 July 1664 Legnica Sophia Katharina of Munsterberg
23 February 1638
Bernstadt
one child

Elisabeth Marie Charlotte of Palatinate-Simmern-Kaiserslautern
19 October 1660
Brzeg
no children
Christian Christian, Duke of Brieg.PNG 9 April 1618 1663–1664 28 February 1672 Legnica Louise of Anhalt-Dessau
24 November 1648
Dessau
four children
George III George III of Brieg.jpg 4 September 1611 4 July 1664 Legnica Sophia Katharina of Munsterberg
23 February 1638
Bernstadt
one child

Elisabeth Marie Charlotte of Palatinate-Simmern-Kaiserslautern
19 October 1660
Brzeg
no children
Christian Christian, Duke of Brieg.PNG 9 April 1618 1664-1672 28 February 1672 Legnica and Brzeg Louise of Anhalt-Dessau
24 November 1648
Dessau
four children
George William George William.jpg 29 September 1660 1672–1675 21 November 1675 Legnica and Brzeg-Brzeg Unmarried Last male representative of the House of Piast. Died without descendants.
Definitive annexation to the Holy Roman Empire
Louise of Anhalt-Dessau Louise de Anhalt Dessau.jpg 10 February 1631 1672-1680 25 April 1680 Brzeg-Oława Christian
24 November 1648
Dessau
four children
Regional duchess in Brzeg, widow of Christian. After her death the Duchy was annexed by the Holy Roman Empire.
Definitive annexation to the Holy Roman Empire

Ecclesiastical Duchy of Nysa[edit]

Established in 1290 by High Duke Henry IV Probus, held by the Bishops of Wrocław

Major part annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia after the First Silesian War in 1742.

Prussian part secularised in 1810.

  • 1823–1832 Emanuel von Schimonsky
  • 1835–1840 Leopold von Sedlnitzky
  • 1843–1844 Joseph Knauer
  • 1845–1850 Melchior von Diepenbrock

Theocracy abolished in 1850.

See also[edit]

List of Polish rulers
Piast dynasty
Dukes of Masovia
Dukes of Greater Poland
Dukes of Little Poland
Dukes of Cuiavia
Dukes of Sieradz-Łęczyca

References[edit]

  • Neue deutsche Biographie, Berlin 2001, Bd.: 20, p. 403-407
  • Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon, Leipzig 1905–1909, Bd.: 17, p. 845-847

Sites[edit]

http://www.tacitus.nu/historical-atlas/regents/poland/silesia.htm