Dumbarton Oaks is a historic estate in the Georgetown neighborhood of Washington, D. C, it was the garden of Robert Woods Bliss and his wife Mildred Barnes Bliss. The Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection was founded here by the Bliss couple, who gave the property to Harvard University in 1940; the research institute that has emerged from this bequest is dedicated to supporting scholarship in the fields of Byzantine and Pre-Columbian studies, as well as garden design and landscape architecture through its research fellowships, meetings and publications. Dumbarton Oaks opens its garden and museum collections to the public, hosts public lectures and a concert series. Dumbarton Oaks is distinct from Dumbarton House a Federal Style historic house museum located in the Georgetown area; the land of Dumbarton Oaks was part of the Rock of Dumbarton grant that Queen Anne made in 1702 to Colonel Ninian Beall. Around 1801, William Hammond Dorsey built the first house on the property and an orangery, in the mid-nineteenth century, Edward Magruder Linthicum enlarged the residence and named it The Oaks.
The Oaks was the Washington residence of U. S. Senator and Vice President John C. Calhoun between 1822 and 1829. In 1846, Edward Linthicum bought the house, enlarged it. In 1891, Henry F. Blount bought the house. Mildred and Robert Woods Bliss acquired the property in 1920, in 1933 they gave it the name of Dumbarton Oaks, combining its two historic names; the Blisses engaged the architect Frederick H. Brooke to renovate and enlarge the house, thereby creating a Colonial Revival residence from the existing Linthicum-era Italianate structure. Over time, the Blisses increased the grounds to 54 acres and engaged the landscape architect Beatrix Farrand to design a series of terraced gardens and a wilderness on this acreage, in collaboration with Mildred Bliss; the Blisses’ architectural additions to the estate included four service court buildings and a music room, designed by Lawrence Grant White of the New York City architectural firm of McKim and White, the superintendent's dwelling, designed by Farrand.
Renamed the Fellows Building, this building is now known as the Guest House. After retiring to Dumbarton Oaks in 1933, the Blisses began laying the groundwork for the creation of a research institute, they increased their considerable collection of artworks and reference books, forming the nucleus of what would become the Research Library and Collection. In 1938 they engaged the architect Thomas T. Waterman to build two pavilions to house their Byzantine Collection and an 8,000-volume library, in 1940 gave Dumbarton Oaks to Harvard University, Robert Bliss's alma mater. At the same time they gave a portion of the grounds—some 27 acres—to the National Park Service to establish the Dumbarton Oaks Park. In 1941, the administrative structure of Dumbarton Oaks, now owned by Harvard University, was modeled according to the following design: the Trustees for Harvard University, composed of the President and Fellows of Harvard College, made all appointments, including those to the Administrative Committee, which in turn would supervise the entire operation and refer to the Trustees such recommendations as may require their action.
This committee was first chaired by Paul J. Sachs, Harvard Professor and Associate Director of the Fogg Art Museum, but by 1953 it was chaired by the Dean or Provost and, beginning in 1961 and thereafter, by the President of Harvard University. In early years the Administrative Committee appointed a Board of Scholars to make recommendations in regard to all scholarly activities; the Board of Scholars was first organized in 1942. In 1952, this board was titled the Board for Scholars in Byzantine Studies. In 1953, a Garden Advisory Committee was created to make recommendations in regard to the garden and to the Garden Library and its Fellows, in 1963 an Advisory Committee for Pre-Columbian Art was created; the Administrative Committee historically appointed a Visiting Committee consisting of persons interested in the welfare and broad aims of Dumbarton Oaks. This committee was abolished in 1960. Wishing to increase the scholarly mission of Dumbarton Oaks, in the early 1960s the Blisses sponsored the construction of two new wings, one designed by Philip Johnson to house the Robert Woods Bliss Collection of Pre-Columbian Art and its research library and, the other, a garden library designed by Frederic Rhinelander King, of the New York City architectural firm Wyeth and King, to house the botanical and garden architecture rare books and garden history reference materials that Mildred Bliss had collected.
In 1937, Mildred Bliss commissioned Igor Stravinsky to compose a concerto in the tradition of Bach's Brandenburg concertos to celebrate the Blisses' thirtieth wedding anniversary. Nadia Boulanger conducted its premiere on May 8, 1938 in the Dumbarton Oaks music room, due to the composer's indisposition from tuberculosis. At Mildred Bliss's request, the Concerto in E-flat was subtitled “Dumbarton Oaks 8-v-1938,” and the work is now known as The Dumbarton Oaks Concerto. Igor Stravinsky conducted the concerto in the Dumbarton Oaks music room on April 25, 1947 and again for the Bliss's golden wedding anniversary, on May
UFC 178: Johnson vs. Cariaso was a mixed martial arts event held on September 27, 2014, at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas, Nevada; the event was supposed to be headlined by a UFC Light Heavyweight Championship rematch between champion Jon Jones and Alexander Gustafsson. Jones won their first fight at UFC 165 by unanimous decision. Gustafsson pulled out of the bout due to lateral collateral ligament, he was replaced by Daniel Cormier on July 23. However, on August 12, Jones was forced to pull out of the bout against Cormier citing a leg injury; the fight was rescheduled to take place at UFC 182. As a result, a Flyweight Title fight between Demetrious Johnson and Chris Cariaso was moved from UFC 177 to headline this card; the event marked the return of former bantamweight champion Dominick Cruz, after nearly three years on the sideline, first with a coaching assignment on The Ultimate Fighter 15 with various lengthy injury rehabilitations. He was paired against Takeya Mizugaki. A lightweight bout between Donald Cerrone and Khabib Nurmagomedov was linked to this event.
The pairing was cancelled. Jorge Masvidal and Bobby Green were scheduled to face each other on this card. However, on August 14, the UFC announced that Green would now face Donald Cerrone and Masvidal would face James Krause. On August 19, following his release from Bellator MMA, Eddie Alvarez signed with the UFC and made his debut against Donald Cerrone in the co-main event for the card. Bobby Green, Cerrone's earlier opponent, was booked for a future fight card against a new opponent; the following fighters were awarded $50,000 bonuses: Fight of the Night: Yoel Romero vs. Tim Kennedy Performance of the Night: Dominick Cruz and Conor McGregor The following is the reported payout to the fighters as reported to the Nevada State Athletic Commission, it does not include sponsor money and does not include the UFC's traditional "fight night" bonuses. Demetrious Johnson: $183,000 def. Chris Cariaso: $24,000 Donald Cerrone: $126,000 def. Eddie Alvarez: $100,000 Conor McGregor: $150,000 def. Dustin Poirier: $34,000 Yoel Romero: $58,000 def.
Tim Kennedy: $70,000 Cat Zingano: $18,000 def. Amanda Nunes: $15,000 Dominick Cruz: $100,000 def. Takeya Mizugaki: $32,000 Jorge Masvidal: $90,000 def. James Krause: $15,000 Stephen Thompson: $32,000 def. Patrick Côté: $33,000 Brian Ebersole: $42,000 def. John Howard: $21,000 Kevin Lee: $20,000 def. Jon Tuck: $10,000 Manvel Gamburyan: $50,000 def. Cody Gibson: $10,000 List of UFC events 2014 in UFC
The Dien Sanh train crash occurred on 10 March 2015 when a passenger train struck a lorry obstructing the line on a level crossing near Dien Sanh station, Quảng Trị Province, Vietnam. One person was killed and four were injured. At 22:15 local time, a Hanoi to Ho Chi Minh City passenger train collided with a lorry on a level crossing near Dien Sanh station in Quảng Trị Province; the crossing carried National Route 1A across the North–South Railway. The train consisted of D19E locomotive № fourteen carriages; the locomotive and three carriages derailed, killing the train driver and injuring four other people, including the lorry driver. Several more were reported to have been injured; the train was carrying 600 passengers. Following the accident, the eleven carriages that remained on the rails were taken to Đông Hà. Clearance of the line began at 02:10 on 11 March.. Damage was estimated at VND 23 billion; the locomotive was destroyed, two carriages and a dining car were damaged. Over 120 metres of track was destroyed.