click links in text for more info


The Dumnonii or Dumnones were a British tribe who inhabited Dumnonia, the area now known as Devon and Cornwall in the further parts of the South West peninsula of Britain, from at least the Iron Age up to the early Saxon period. They were bordered to the east by the Durotriges tribe. William Camden, in his 1607 edition of Britannia, describes Cornwall and Devon as being two parts of the same'country' which: was in ancient time inhabited by those Britains whom Solinus called Dunmonii, Ptolomee Damnonii, or more Danmonii..... But... the Country of this nation is at this day divided into two parts, known by names of Cornwall and Denshire... The near or hithermore region of the Danmonians that I spake of is now called Denshire, by the Cornish-Britains'Dewnan', by the Welsh Britains'Duffneint', that is,'low valleys', for that the people dwell for the most part beneath in Vales. Camden had learnt some Welsh during the course of his studies and it would appear that he is the origin of the interpretation of Dumnonii as "deep valley dwellers" from his understanding of the Welsh of his time.

John Rhys theorized that the tribal name was derived from the name of a goddess, Domnu meaning "the goddess of the deep". The proto-Celtic root *dubno- or *dumno- meaning "the deep" or "the earth" appears in personal names such as Dumnorix and Dubnovellaunus. Another group with a similar name but with no known links were the Fir Domnann of Connacht; the Roman name of the town of Exeter, Isca Dumnoniorum, contains the root *iska- "water" for "Water of the Dumnonii". The Latin name suggests that the city was an oppidum, or walled town, on the banks on the River Exe before the foundation of the Roman city, in about AD 50; the Dumnonii gave their name to the English county of Devon, their name is represented in Britain's two extant Brythonic languages as Dewnans in Cornish and Dyfnaint in Welsh. Amédée Thierry, one of the inventors of the "historic race" of Gauls, could confidently equate them with the Cornish. Victorian historians referred to the tribe as the Damnonii, the name of another people from lowland Scotland, although there are no known links between the two populations.

The people of Dumnonia spoke a Southwestern Brythonic dialect similar to the forerunner of more recent Cornish and Breton. Irish immigrants, the Déisi, are evidenced by the Ogham-inscribed stones they have left behind and supplemented by toponymical studies; the stones are sometimes inscribed in Latin, sometimes in both scripts. Tristram Risdon suggested the continuance of a Brythonic dialect in the South Hams, Devon, as late as the 14th century, in addition to its use in Cornwall. Ptolemy's 2nd century Geography places the Dumnonii to the west of the Durotriges; the name purocoronavium that appears in the Ravenna Cosmography implies the existence of a sub-tribe called the Cornavii or Cornovii the ancestors of the Cornish people. Gaius Iulius Solinus in the 3rd century, remarks: "This turbid strait divides the island Silura from the shore, held by the Dumnonii, a British tribe; the men of this island now preserve an old custom: they do not use coins. They accept, obtaining the necessities of life by exchange rather than by money.

They reverence gods, the men and women declare knowledge of the future."In the sub-Roman period a Brythonic kingdom called Dumnonia emerged, covering the entire peninsula, although it is believed by some to have been a collection of sub-kingdoms. A kingdom of Domnonée was established in the province of Armorica directly across the English Channel, has apparent links with the British population, suggesting an ancient connection of peoples along the western Atlantic seaboard; the Latin name for Exeter is Isca Dumnoniorum. This oppidum on the banks of I River Exe existed prior to the foundation of the Roman city in about AD 50. Isca is derived from the Brythonic word for flowing water, given to the River Exe; this is reflected in the Welsh name for Exeter: Caerwysg meaning "fortified settlement on the river Uisc". Isca Dumnoniorum originated with a settlement that developed around the Roman fortress of the Legio II Augusta and is one of the four poleis attributed to the tribe by Ptolemy, it is listed in two routes of the late 2nd century Antonine Itinerary.

A legionary bath-house was built inside the fortress sometime between 55 and 60 and underwent renovation shortly afterwards but by c. 68 the legion had transferred to a newer fortress at Gloucester. This saw the dismantling of the Isca fortress, the site was abandoned. Around AD 75, work on the civitas forum and basilica had commenced on the site of the former principia and by the late 2nd century the civitas walls had been completed, they were 3 metres thick and 6 metres high and enclosed the same area as the earlier fortress. However, by the late 4th century the civitas was in decline; as well as Isca Dumnoniorum, Ptolemy's 2nd century Geography names three other towns: Voliba, which remains unidentified, Uxella on the River Axe, or at Launceston, Tamara considered to be somewhere on the River Tamar. The Ravenna Cosmography includes the last two names, adds seve

Section 301 of the Trade Act of 1974

Section 301 of the U. S. Trade Act of 1974, authorizes the President to take all appropriate action, including tariff-based and non-tariff-based retaliation, to obtain the removal of any act, policy, or practice of a foreign government that violates an international trade agreement or is unjustified, unreasonable, or discriminatory, that burdens or restricts U. S. commerce. Section 301 cases can be self-initiated by the United States Trade Representative or as the result of a petition filed by a firm or industry group. If USTR initiates a Section 301 investigation, it must seek to negotiate a settlement with the foreign country in the form of compensation or elimination of the trade barrier. For cases involving trade agreements, the USTR is required to request formal dispute proceedings as provided by the trade agreements; the law does not require that the U. S. government wait until it receives authorization from the World Trade Organization to take enforcement actions, the President is focused on enforcing intellectual property rights under the "Special" 301 amendments but the U.

S. has committed itself to pursuing the resolution of disputes under WTO agreements through the WTO dispute settlement mechanism, which has its own timetable. Section 301 cases can be self-initiated by the United States Trade Representative or as the result of a petition filed by a firm or industry group; as an amendment by section 1302 of the Omnibus Foreign Trade and Competitiveness Act, Super 301 required the USTR for 1989 and 1990 to issue a report on its trade priorities and to identify priority foreign countries that practiced unfair trade and priority practices that had the greatest effect on restricting U. S. exports. The USTR would initiate a Section 301 investigation against the priority countries to obtain elimination of the practices that impeded U. S. exports, in the expectation that doing so would expand U. S. exports. If USTR initiates a Section 301 investigation, it must seek to negotiate a settlement with a foreign country in the form of compensation or elimination of the trade barrier.

For cases involving trade agreements, the USTR is required to request formal dispute proceedings as provided by the trade agreements. If the USTR includes a country on a Special 301 Report watchlist because it has violated a trade agreement, the U. S. government may initiate dispute settlement proceedings at the World Trade Organization or any other trade agreement establishing dispute settlement provisions, such as a free trade agreement, such as the North American Free Trade Agreement. The U. S. government can impose unilateral trade sanctions, such as the Generalized System of Preferences. Unilateral trade sanctions under section 301 were imposed on December 20, 2001, on Ukraine, not yet a WTO member, by imposing a prohibitive tariff on metals and other imports because the USTR concluded that the country had failed to enact legislation to enforce copyright in relation to music CDs and their export. Unilateral trade sanctions under section 301 were imposed on China by President Trump in March 2018, setting off the 2018 China–United States trade dispute.

The original Super 301 provisions expired in 1991. However, President Clinton issued an executive order EO 12901 reactivating Super 301 for two years The Super 301 process was again extended through 1997 by EO 12973, but was not in operation in 1998. On March 31, 1999, Super 301 again was re-instated for three years and revised by EO 13116, it required the USTR by April 30 to issue its Super 301 report on priority foreign trade practices and to initiate section 301 cases against such practices if agreement is not reached after 90 days. Neither the USTR's April 1999 or April 2000 Super 301 report identified any priority foreign trade practices under Super 301, but USTR did announce that it would initiate Section 301 cases against trade practices in several countries. In its April 2001 Super 301 report, USTR did not make any designations under Super 301, but did announce that consultations had been requested with Mexico on measures affecting live swine imports, with Belgium on rice import restrictions, with the European Union on import surcharges on corn gluten feed.

In a January 2002 letter report to the Senate Finance Committee on activities under Section 301, the USTR did not identify any priority foreign trade practices under Super 301, although it did report on other activities undertaken under Section 301-310 of the Trade Act of 1974. In the 1990s, Sections 301-310 of the Trade Act were challenged by a number of Members of the World Trade Organization as contrary to the WTO Agreement, but the challenge was rejected. In their report the WTO has ruled that taking any such actions against other WTO member countries without first securing approval under the WTO Understanding on Rules and Procedures Governing the Settlement of Disputes is, itself, a violation of the WTO Agreement. A list of international investigations initiated by USTR or by US corporations or trade associations between 1974 and 1998, using the GATT and WTO Agreements, is available from the USTR site; the U. S. Trade Representative annually performs a Special 301 Report, to encourage and maintain intellectual property rights in many nations.

These countries are identified from a wide range of concerns, such as troubling "indigenous innovation" policies that may unfairly disadvantage U. S. rights holders in China, the continuing challenges of copyright piracy over the Internet in countries such as Canada and Russia, other ongoing, systemic IPR enforcement issues presented in

An Equal Music

An Equal Music is a novel by Vikram Seth. The plot concerns Michael, a professional violinist, who never forgot his love for Julia, a pianist he met as a student in Vienna, they meet again after a decade, conduct a secret affair, though she is married and has one child. Their musical careers are affected by the knowledge that Julia is going deaf. A recurring element throughout the plot is the pair's performance of Beethoven's Piano Trio Opus 1 No.3, which they first perform in their college days. Seth credits his then-partner, the French violinist Philippe Honoré, as inspiring him with the idea for An Equal Music in an acrostic Onegin stanza on Honoré's name in the epigraph: Perhaps this could have stayed unstated. Had our words turned to other things In the grey park, the rain abated, Life would have quickened other strings. I list your gifts in this creation: Pen, paper and inspiration, Peace to the heart with touch or word, Ease to the soul with note and chord. How did that walk, those winter hours, Occasion this?

No lightning came. Seth together with Philippe Honoré marketed a double CD of the music mentioned in An Equal Music, performed by Honoré; the book was well received by musical fans, who noted the accuracy of Seth's descriptions of music. Paolo Isotta, one of Italy's most significant music critics, wrote in the influential newspaper Il Corriere della Sera of the Italian translation that no European writer had shown such a knowledge of European classical music, nor had any European novel before managed to convey the psychology, the technical abilities the human potentialities of those who practise music for a living. Several musical works figure prominently in An Equal Music. Among these are the Trout Quintet by Franz Schubert, the String Quintet in C minor by Ludwig van Beethoven, The Lark Ascending by Ralph Vaughan Williams

Amy Briggs

Amy Ruth Briggs is an American video game implementor known for creating Plundered Hearts, an interactive fiction computer game published by Infocom in 1987. A Minnesota native, she graduated from Macalester College in 1984 with a B. A. in English, specializing in British literature. A fan of Infocom's games, Briggs joined the company in 1985 as a game tester. Working long hours playtesting games and learning the ZIL programming language, she rose to the rank of implementor. Briggs's literary background led her to write the company's only romance-genre text adventure, she chose an explicitly female lead character, again unique for Infocom. She explained these choices by saying, "C. S. Lewis said he had to write The Chronicles of Narnia because they were books he wanted to read, nobody else had written them yet. Plundered Hearts was a game I wanted to play."Although Plundered Hearts was her only published text adventure, Briggs worked as a writer and editor on a number of other Infocom projects: she did a major rewrite of Quarterstaff, helped to design "The Flathead Calendar", the main feelie included with Zork Zero.

She was briefly lead implementor on Milliways, the never-completed sequel to The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy. After Infocom was shut down in 1989, she returned to Minnesota where she attended graduate school earning a Ph. D. in cognitive psychology from the University of Minnesota. She went to work for 3M as a human factors engineer. At one point in her youth, Briggs was a babysitter of Ron Gilbert, who went on to design the pirate-themed adventure game Monkey Island. Amy Briggs on LinkedIn Interview footage for documentary Get Lamp

Kaos Signing Choir for Deaf and Hearing Children

The Kaos Signing Choir for Deaf and Hearing Children is a project of The Kaos Organisation, a registered UK charity based in Haringey, founded in 1995 by Suzy Davies and Ali Jackson-Wood. The Kaos Signing Choir for Deaf and Hearing Children is an award-winning integrated project for Deaf and hearing children aged 4 to 18, it is the only integrated deaf and hearing children’s choir in the UK. The choir performs original Songs Of Kaos, all written by or for the group, the children all sing and sign in British Sign Language. On 27 July 2012, the choir performed the British national anthem God Save the Queen at the Opening Ceremony of the 2012 Olympics at the Olympic Stadium, Olympic Park, London; the 200 strong choir has performed for Princess Anne and at venues across London, including the Royal Festival Hall, the Barbican Centre, the Drill Hall. They won the Under-18’s Choir Class at the North London Festival of Music and Drama in 2005, 2007 and 2008. In January 2012 Archbishop Desmond Tutu became the Global Patron of The Kaos Organisation.

The choir marks Josette Simon as one of its supporters. On 3 December 2012, the choir, along with the British Paraorchestra, released a cover of "True Colors" as a charity single to support ParalympicsGB, the choir, the Paraorchestra

Sid Sings

Sid Sings is the first released solo live album by English punk rock musician Sid Vicious. It was released posthumously on December 15, 1979 and peaked at number 30 on the British album charts; the album features the two singles "My Way" and "Something Else". These songs appeared in the film and album The Great Rock'n' Roll Swindle along with "C'mon Everybody", which did not appear on this album. Most of the album features cover versions of other artists' songs whilst only one original by Vicious is featured on the album, that being "Belsen Was a Gas" a Sex Pistols song that Vicious performed and so far the only known Sex Pistols song that has a solo version done by him; the album is thin on liner notes. The bulk of the album comes from lo-fi recordings of performances at Max's Kansas City in New York on 28, 29 and 30 September 1978; the version of the Johnny Thunders song "Born to Lose" on this album comes from a Sex Pistols concert at Huddersfield, on 25 December 1977. During the children's matinee performed during the day, lead singer Johnny Rotten stepped off stage to act as Father Christmas, while the remaining trio played a set, including among other songs "Born to Lose" and "Chinese Rocks".

Despite having an audio fidelity not much better than the rest of the album, "My Way" comes from a studio session in Paris with French session musicians. The remixed version, released as a single and on The Great Rock'n' Roll Swindle features a different vocal take, an overdubbed guitar solo from Steve Jones and strings, arranged by Simon Jeffes, but on the video version of the song it features Vicious' vocals on Sid Sings but an instrumental version from The Great Rock and Roll Swindle. There is another demo version available from the album Too Fast To Live, entitled "My Way". Mick Jones from The Clash was long rumored to play on the album, his two sets with Vicious have now been released on CD in the double album Sid Lives, released by Jungle Records. The album was not designed by Jamie Reid, the Sex Pistols' art designer, but he created the guitar swastika that appeared on the labels of the original UK pressings. All tracks are live, with the exception of "My Way". Side one"Born to Lose" "I Wanna Be Your Dog" "Take a Chance On Me" " Steppin' Stone" "My Way" Side two"Belsen Was a Gas" "Something Else" "Chatterbox" "Search And Destroy" "Chinese Rocks" "My Way" Tracks 2, 3, 10, 11 – 1st set, Max's Kansas City, New York City, September 29, 1978 Tracks 4, 6, 8, 9 – 1st set, Max's Kansas City, New York City, September 28, 1978 Track 7 – 1st set, Max's Kansas City, New York City, September 30, 1978 Track 5 - Studio de la Grande Armee, April 10, 1978 There are talking bits edited in from both the 28th and 29th sets, including quite a few from the second set of the 28th, although no music is included from that set.

This helps at least make sense out of the fact that the LP's inner sleeve shows a copy of Boogie's notes from the second set of the 28th used during compiling the LP. Sid Vicious – lead vocals.