SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Dunkirk

Dunkirk is a commune in Nord, a French department in northern France. It is the northernmost city in France, it has the third-largest French harbour. The population of the commune at the 2016 census was 91,412; the name of Dunkirk derives from West Flemish dun'dune' or'dun' and kerke'church', which together means'church in the dunes'. Dunkirk is the world's northernmost Francophone city; until the middle of the 20th century, French Flemish was spoken in Dunkirk. A fishing village arose late in the tenth century, in the flooded coastal area of the English Channel south of the Western Scheldt, when the area was held by the Counts of Flanders, vassals of the French Crown. About AD 960, Count Baldwin III had a town wall erected in order to protect the settlement against Viking raids; the surrounding wetlands were cultivated by the monks of nearby Bergues Abbey. The name Dunkirka was first mentioned in a tithe privilege of 27 May 1067, issued by Count Baldwin V of Flanders. Count Philip I brought further large tracts of marshland under cultivation, laid out the first plans to build a Canal from Dunkirk to Bergues and vested the Dunkirkers with market rights.

In the late 13th century, when the Dampierre count Guy of Flanders entered into the Franco-Flemish War against his suzerain King Philippe IV of France, the citizens of Dunkirk sided with the French against their count, who at first was defeated at the 1297 Battle of Furnes, but reached de facto autonomy upon the victorious Battle of the Golden Spurs five years and exacted vengeance. Guy's son, Count Robert III granted further city rights to Dunkirk. Count Louis remained a loyal vassal of the French king upon the outbreak of the Hundred Years' War with England in 1337, prohibited the maritime trade, which led to another revolt by the Dunkirk citizens. After the count had been killed in the 1346 Battle of Crécy, his son and successor Count Louis II of Flanders signed a truce with the English. However, in the course of the Western Schism from 1378, English supporters of Pope Urban VI disembarked at Dunkirk, captured the city and flooded the surrounding estates, they left great devastations in and around the town.

Upon the extinction of the Counts of Flanders with the death of Louis II in 1384, Flanders was acquired by the Burgundian, Duke Philip the Bold. The fortifications were again enlarged, including the construction of a belfry daymark; as a strategic point, Dunkirk has always been exposed to political greed, by Duke Robert I of Bar in 1395, by Louis de Luxembourg in 1435 and by the Austrian archduke Maximilian I of Habsburg, who in 1477 married Mary of Burgundy, sole heiress of late Duke Charles the Bold. As Maximilian was the son of Emperor Frederick III, all Flanders was seized by King Louis XI of France. However, the archduke defeated the French troops in 1479 at the Battle of Guinegate; when Mary died in 1482, Maximilian retained Flanders according to the terms of the 1482 Treaty of Arras. Dunkirk, along with the rest of Flanders, was incorporated into the Habsburg Netherlands and upon the 1581 secession of the Seven United Netherlands, remained part of the Southern Netherlands, which were held by Habsburg Spain as Imperial fiefs.

The area remained much disputed between the Kingdom of Spain, the United Netherlands, the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of France. At the beginning of the Eighty Years' War, Dunkirk was in the hands of the Dutch rebels, from 1577. Spanish forces under Duke Alexander Farnese of Parma re-established Spanish rule in 1583 and it became a base for the notorious Dunkirkers; the Dunkirkers lost their home port when the city was conquered by the French in 1646 but Spanish forces recaptured the city in 1652. In 1658, as a result of the long war between France and Spain, it was captured after a siege by Franco-English forces following the battle of the Dunes; the city along with Fort-Mardyck was awarded to England in the peace the following year as agreed in the Franco-English alliance against Spain. The English governors were Sir Edward Harley and Lord Rutherford, it came under French rule when King Charles II of England sold it to France for £320,000 on 17 October 1662. The French government developed the town as a fortified port.

The town's existing defences were adapted to create ten bastions. The port was expanded in the 1670s by the construction of a basin that could hold up to thirty warships with a double lock system to maintain water levels at low tide; the basin was linked to the sea by a channel. This work was completed by 1678; the jetties were defended a few years by the construction of five forts, Château d'Espérance, Château Vert, Grand Risban, Château Gaillard, Fort de Revers. An additional fort was built in 1701 called Fort Blanc; the jetties, their forts, the port facilities were demolished in 1713 under the terms of the Tre

Prescott High School (Arkansas)

Prescott High School is comprehensive public junior/senior high school located in Prescott, United States. The southwest Arkansas school serves students in grades 7 through 12 and is administered by the Prescott School District; the assumed course of study for students follows the Smart Core curriculum developed by the Arkansas Department of Education, which requires students complete at least 22 units to graduate. Students engage in regular courses and exams and may take Advanced Placement coursework and exams with the opportunity for college credit; the Prescott High School mascot and athletic emblem is uniquely known as the "Curley Wolves" with maroon and white serving as the school colors. For 2014–16, the Prescott Curley Wolves compete in interscholastic competition in the 3A Region 5 Conference administered by the Arkansas Activities Association including football, cross country, competitive cheer, softball and track and field. Football: The Curley Wolves football team won a state football championship in the falls of 1972, 1973, 1975, 1995, 2016.

Track and field: The boys track team are 9-time state track and field champions. Basketball: The girls basketball team is a one time state champion. Band: The Prescott High School Marching Band won the 1st Arkansas 2A State Marching Championship in 2016. Official website

Bruce Benedict

Bruce Edwin Benedict is an American former professional baseball player and scout. He played 12 seasons in Major League Baseball as a catcher for the Atlanta Braves from 1978 to 1989. Benedict attended college at the University of Nebraska at Omaha and was drafted by the Atlanta Braves in the 5th round of the 1976 Major League Baseball Draft, he made his major league debut on his 23rd birthday. Benedict led National League catchers in 1981 with 48 baserunners caught stealing, his defensive skills earned him a spot as a reserve on the 1981 National League All-Star team. In 1982, Benedict led National League catchers with a.993 fielding percentage, as the Braves won the National League Western Division title. The highlight of Benedict's season came in a regular season game when he set an MLB record by throwing out 3 baserunners in one inning. In the only post-season appearance of his career, the Braves lost to the St. Louis Cardinals in the 1982 National League Championship Series. In 1983, Benedict had a batting average well over.300 in the middle of June, to earn a place as a reserve player for the National League in the 1983 All-Star Game.

He ended the season with a career-high batting average of.298 with two home runs, 43 runs batted in and a.992 fielding percentage, second only to Gary Carter among National League catchers. Benedict's batting average fell to.223 with only 25 RBIs in 1984 and he was replaced by Rick Cerone in 1985, as the Braves sought more offense from the catcher's position. He continued to work as a backup catcher to Ozzie Virgil from 1986 to 1988 and to Jody Davis in 1989, he retired after the 1989 season having spent his entire career with the Braves. In a twelve-year major league career, Benedict played in 982 games, accumulating 696 hits in 2,878 at bats for a.242 career batting average along with 18 home runs and 260 runs batted in. While he was a light-hitting player, he had good defensive abilities, ending his career with a.990 fielding percentage. A two-time All-Star, Benedict's value to the Braves was as a defensive catcher, he never played a position other than catcher during his entire major league career.

The Fulton County Stadium crowd would chant "BRUUUCE" whenever Benedict came up to bat at home giving the impression that he was being booed. Benedict's nickname is "Eggs". Since retiring as a player, Benedict has served several positions in the New York Mets organization, he managed in the Mets minor-league system became an advance scout for the major-league team. He resigned his position in 2006, he scouted for the St. Louis Cardinals. Benedict serves as a college basketball official in the NCAA's Division I and Division II, he is an Atlanta-based scout for the Chicago White Sox and operates the Bruce Benedict Baseball Academy. His son, played baseball at Georgia Southern University. After being drafted in 2009 and playing in the minor leagues for the San Diego Padres for two seasons, he accepted a role as the bullpen catcher for the major league team in 2011. List of Major League Baseball players who spent their entire career with one franchise www.espn.com/mlb/s/2002/0430/1376273.html Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference The Bruce Benedict Baseball Academy