The Irish are a Celtic nation and ethnic group native to the island of Ireland, who share a common Irish ancestry and culture. Ireland has been inhabited for about 12,500 years according to archaeological studies. For most of Ireland's recorded history, the Irish have been a Gaelic people. Viking invasions of Ireland during the 8th to 11th centuries established the cities of Dublin, Waterford and Limerick. Anglo-Normans conquered parts of Ireland in the 12th century, while England's 16th/17th-century conquest and colonisation of Ireland brought a large number of English and Lowland Scots people to parts of the island the north. Today, Ireland is made up of the Republic of the smaller Northern Ireland; the people of Northern Ireland hold various national identities including British, Northern Irish or some combination thereof. The Irish have their own customs, music, sports and mythology. Although Irish was their main language in the past, today most Irish people speak English as their first language.
The Irish nation was made up of kin groups or clans, the Irish had their own religion, law code and style of dress. There have been many notable Irish people throughout history. After Ireland's conversion to Christianity, Irish missionaries and scholars exerted great influence on Western Europe, the Irish came to be seen as a nation of "saints and scholars"; the 6th-century Irish monk and missionary Columbanus is regarded as one of the "fathers of Europe", followed by saints Cillian and Fergal. The scientist Robert Boyle is considered the "father of chemistry", Robert Mallet one of the "fathers of seismology". Famous Irish writers include Oscar Wilde, W. B. Yeats, Samuel Beckett, George Bernard Shaw, Bram Stoker, James Joyce, C. S. Lewis and Seamus Heaney. Notable Irish explorers include Brendan the Navigator, Sir Robert McClure, Sir Alexander Armstrong, Sir Ernest Shackleton and Tom Crean. By some accounts, the first European child born in North America had Irish descent on both sides. Many presidents of the United States have had some Irish ancestry.
The population of Ireland is about 6.3 million, but it is estimated that 50 to 80 million people around the world have Irish forebears, making the Irish diaspora one of the largest of any nation. Emigration from Ireland has been the result of conflict and economic issues. People of Irish descent are found in English-speaking countries Great Britain, the United States and Australia. There are significant numbers in Argentina and New Zealand; the United States has the most people of Irish descent, while in Australia those of Irish descent are a higher percentage of the population than in any other country outside Ireland. Many Icelanders have Scottish Gaelic forebears. During the past 12,500 years of inhabitation, Ireland has witnessed some different peoples arrive on its shores; the ancient peoples of Ireland—such as the creators of the Céide Fields and Newgrange—are unknown. Neither their languages nor the terms they used to describe; as late as the middle centuries of the 1st millennium the inhabitants of Ireland did not appear to have a collective name for themselves.
Ireland itself was known by a number of different names, including Banba, Fódla, Ériu by the islanders and Hiverne to the Greeks, Hibernia to the Romans. Scotland takes its name from Scota, who in Irish mythology, Scottish mythology, pseudohistory, is the name given to two different mythological daughters of two different Egyptian Pharaohs to whom the Gaels traced their ancestry explaining the name Scoti, applied by the Romans to Irish raiders, to the Irish invaders of Argyll and Caledonia which became known as Scotland. Other Latin names for people from Ireland in Classic and Mediaeval sources include Attacotti and Gael; this last word, derived from the Welsh gwyddel "raiders", was adopted by the Irish for themselves. However, as a term it is on a par with Viking, as it describes an activity and its proponents, not their actual ethnic affiliations; the terms Irish and Ireland are derived from the goddess Ériu. A variety of historical ethnic groups have inhabited the island, including the Airgialla, Fir Ol nEchmacht, Fir Bolg, Érainn, Eóganachta, Conmaicne and Ulaid.
In the cases of the Conmaicne, Érainn, it can be demonstrated that the tribe took their name from their chief deity, or in the case of the Ciannachta, Eóganachta, the Soghain, a deified ancestor. This practice is paralleled by the Anglo-Saxon dynasties' claims of descent from Woden, via his sons Wecta, Baeldaeg and Wihtlaeg; the Greek mythographer Euhemerus originated the concept of Euhemerism, which treats mythological accounts as a reflection of actual historical events shaped by retelling and traditional mores. In the 12th century, Icelandic bard and historian Snorri Sturluson proposed that the Norse gods were historical war leaders and kings, who became cult figures set into society as gods; this view is in agreement with Irish historians such as Francis John Byrne. One legend states that the Irish were descended from one Míl Espáine, whose sons conquered Ireland around 1000 BC or
The Missouri Bootheel is the southeasternmost part of the state of Missouri, extending south of 36°30' north latitude, so called because its shape in relation to the rest of the state resembles the heel of a boot. Speaking, it is composed of the counties of Dunklin, New Madrid, Pemiscot. However, the term is locally used to refer to the entire southeastern lowlands of Missouri located within the Mississippi Embayment, which includes parts of Butler, Ripley, Scott and extreme southern portions of Cape Girardeau and Bollinger counties; the largest city in the region is Kennett. The Bootheel and the Oklahoma-Kansas-Missouri border near the 37th parallel north form the two biggest jogs in a nearly straight line of state borders that starts on the Atlantic Ocean with the Virginia–North Carolina border and extends to the tristate border of Nevada and Utah; until the 1920s the district was a wheat-growing area of family farms. Following the invasion of the boll weevil, which ruined the cotton crop in Arkansas, planters moved in.
They bought up the land for conversion to cotton commodity crops, bringing along thousands of sharecroppers. After mechanization of agriculture and other changes in the 1930s, many black families left the area to go North in the Great Migration; these counties have predominantly white populations in the 21st century, although a few have significant minorities of blacks. When Missouri was admitted to the Union, its original border was proposed as an extension of the 36°30′ parallel north that formed the border between Kentucky and Tennessee; this would have excluded the Bootheel. John Hardeman Walker, a pioneer planter in what is now Pemiscot County, argued that the area had more in common with the Mississippi River towns of Cape Girardeau, Ste. Genevieve and St. Louis in Missouri than with its proposed incorporation in the Arkansas Territory; the border was dropped about 50 miles to the 36th parallel north. It follows that parallel about 30 miles until intersecting the St. Francis River follows the river back up to about the 36°30′ parallel just west of Campbell, Missouri.
According to an apocryphal story in various versions, the Bootheel was added to the state because of the request of some Missourian to remain in the state "as he had heard it was so sickly in Arkansas". Another legend has the adaptation made by a lovestruck surveyor to spare the feelings of a widow living 50 miles south of the Missouri border, but unaware of it. At one time, the area was known locally as "Lapland, because it's the place where Missouri laps over into Arkansas". During the American Civil War, a number of battles took place in this area, most notably the Battle of Island No. 10. Until the early 20th century, the district was covered by wetlands and swamps, but otherwise was a wheat-growing area of family farms. Lumbering was important in the 1890s. In 1905, the Little River Drainage District built an elaborate network of ditches and levees to drain the swamps, as people believed that the highest use was for agriculture, they did not understand about the important function of wetlands in modifying river flooding.
From 1880 to 1930, the population in the area more than tripled as many workers were brought in. Cotton became the chief commodity crop. Meanwhile, the boll weevil ruined the cotton crop in Arkansas, planters moved into the Bootheel, bought up the new lands or leased them from insurance companies that had invested in the area, recruited thousands of black sharecroppers as workers. In contrast to the other cotton-growing areas of the South, where blacks had been disfranchised around the turn of the century, they were allowed to vote in Missouri and played a political role in this area. In the main, political power was held by white power brokers Democrat J. V. Conran from the 1930s to 1960s, he worked with blacks in the region. An ally of Senator and President Harry S. Truman, Conran packed the ballot boxes but did bring efficiency and government services, helped improve economic and social conditions. During the Great Depression, the Farm Security Administration said that the Bootheel was a "paradox of rich land and poor people."
In 1935 three-fourths of all farms were operated by tenants, most of them black. Radicals in the Southern Tenant Farmers Union organized protests by hundreds of sharecroppers in early 1939, alleging that landlords had evicted masses of tenants because they did not want to share federal AAA checks with them; the Farm Security Administration, a New Deal agency, responded by providing low-cost rental housing for 500 cropper families. It awarded $500,000 in grants to 11,000 families in 1939; the protest fizzled out as Socialist elements battled for control. Available samples from the Bootheel and most of the southeastern Missouri counties demonstrate late Tertiary to Quaternary geology, much younger than neighboring highlands; the lowest point in the state is in southwestern Dunklin County along the St. Francis River near Arbyrd, at 230 feet above sea level; the bootheel area is notable for being the epicenter of the 1811–12 New Madrid earthquakes, some of the largest earthquakes felt in the United States.
As glaciers receded towards the end of the Ice Age and turned ice into liquid, the Mississippi River grew longer and wider. Over time, the silt deposits of the Mississippi created some of the most fertile soil in the world, ideal for agriculture; the areas around the Mississippi are composed of thick regolith, around 100 metres thick. The Bootheel lies in the flood plain between the Mississippi and St. Francis rive
Daniel Dunklin was the fifth Governor of Missouri, serving from 1832 to 1836. He served as the state's third Lieutenant Governor. Dunklin is considered the "Father of Public Schools" in Missouri. Dunklin was the father-in-law of Missouri Lieutenant Governor Franklin Cannon. Dunklin County, in the Missouri bootheel, is named so in his honor. Daniel Dunklin was born to Sarah Margaret and Joseph Dunklin Jr. in 1790 in Greenville, South Carolina. In 1805 Daniel's father purchased land in Caldwell County and intended to move his family there; however he died. Dunklin's older brother and mother were successful in moving the family the next year; the teenage Dunklin worked unsuccessfully at farming while he studied the writings of William Blackstone and others in hopes of a career as a lawyer. In late 1810 Daniel Dunklin and his mother left Kentucky and moved to Louisiana Territory, living first in Ste. Genevieve in 1811 settling in the area around present-day Potosi on a parcel of ground he received through a Spanish land grant.
During the War of 1812 Dunklin served with the Missouri militia, seeing battle in several actions in Missouri and Illinois. Following the war Daniel Dunklin traveled back to Kentucky for a short time so that he might marry his childhood sweetheart, Emily Willis "Pamela" Haley, on May 2, 1815. Soon after the couple returned to the Potosi area where Dunklin engaged in mining activities as well as built and ran a tavern. By this time Dunklin had fulfilled an earlier dream and was a practicing frontier lawyer in Potosi and elsewhere in the region. In 1815 territorial Governor William Clark appointed Daniel Dunklin sheriff of Washington county, a position he would hold until 1821. With the coming of statehood for Missouri came the need for a state constitution. Elected a member of the Missouri constitutional convention in 1820, Dunklin spent several years serving in the state government he helped create. Daniel Dunklin was elected to the Missouri House of Representatives, he returned to his many business affairs in Potosi until 1828 when he was elected Missouri's third Lieutenant Governor.
In the 1832 election, Daniel Dunklin rose to the state's highest office when he defeated John Bull of the Anti-Jacksonian Party 50.8-percent to 45.2-percent to become Missouri's fifth Governor. Dunklin hailed from the "Old guard" Jeffersonian school of politics; as such, he opposed the Second Bank of the United States, supported internal improvements at the state level, opposed high tariffs on states' rights grounds. Like Missouri Senator Thomas Hart Benton and other Jacksonian Democrats, Dunklin favored hard-money currency; as governor, he controlled a network of political patronage at the state capitol in Jefferson City. Under the patronage system, newspaper editors and other men of middling means could pledge their loyalty to the party by writing favorable editorials, endorsing candidates, organizing political meetings, galvanizing voters. Governors and other party leaders could reward editors by hiring them to run postal routes, providing them with subscribers, or by doling out lucrative printing contracts.
Calvin Gunn and John Steele were two editors that received contracts from Dunklin for printing legislative debates at the state capitol. In 1833 one of Dunklin's earliest acts as Governor was to appoint a commission on education; this three member body would determine the needs of the state and draw up a plan for public education facilities. The commissions report was presented to the Governor in 1834 and through his efforts its recommendations were approved by the legislature the next year. Establishing a state board of education, a means of funding, it placed Missouri among the forefront in educating its citizens, outshining some long-established eastern states. Governor Dunklin laid the groundwork for the establishment of the University of Missouri when, in 1834, he recommended land sales to fund a state university and a site be chosen for its construction. During his tenure Missouri's debt was reduced and nine new counties were added. Dunklin oversaw the construction of the Missouri State Penitentiary during his time in office and pushed for less corporal punishment in the state's penal system.
One area of controversy during Dunklin's administration was the treatment of Mormon settlers in the state. In 1831, Joseph Smith had established an outpost of the Church of Christ in Jackson County, stating that the City of Zion would be established there near the town of Independence. Alarmed at the large influx of new residents and fearful of losing political influence, a series of vigilante incidents by non-Mormons led to the forced expulsion of the Mormon pilgrims to nearby Clay County, Missouri in 1833. Smith petitioned Governor Dunklin for assistance in the matter; however Dunklin suggested. Stating in an October 1833 letter "make a trial of the efficacy of the laws. If an affidavit is made before him by any of you, that your lives are threatened and you believe them in danger, it would be his duty to have the offenders apprehended and bind them to keep peace." The Mormon issue would continue to be a problem in Missouri politics for Dunklin's successor, Lilburn Boggs, until Boggs issued Missouri Executive Order 44 the so-called "Extermination Order".
Governor Daniel Dunklin resigned his position three months early in the summer of 1836. He had been granted a Federal appointment by President Andrew Jackson as Surveyor General for Missouri and Illinois. In that position over the next fou
Craighead County, Arkansas
Craighead County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 96,443; the county has two county seats -- Lake City. Craighead County is Arkansas's 58th county, formed on February 19, 1859, named for state Senator Thomas Craighead, it is one of several dry counties within the state of Arkansas, in which the sale of alcoholic beverages is prohibited. Craighead County is included in AR Metropolitan Statistical Area. Craighead County was part of the territory claimed for France on April 9, 1682 by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, who laid claim to all of the land drained by the Mississippi River and its tributaries. LaSalle's claim was named Louisiana in honor of King of France; the Treaty of Fontainebleau was signed between France and Spain and ownership of the Louisiana territory west of the Mississippi River was transferred to the Spanish crown as a result of the Seven Years' War and Craighead County became a Spanish possession. Spain controlled of the territory encompassing the county until October 1, 1800 when Napoleon Bonaparte forced Spain to return the lost territories to France under the Treaty of Ildefonso.
Napoleon maintained grandiose plans to establish a vast French Empire in Louisiana but the Royal Navy prevented him from transferring troops or settlers to the acquired territories. Fear was high in the United States that Napoleon would attempt to close the Mississippi River to American trade. President Thomas Jefferson inquired about purchasing an area near the mouth of the river to ensure that it would stay open to American goods. Napoleon, needing money, offered to sell the United States the entire territory of Louisiana for $23,213,568; the treaty was finalized in 1803 and the land that would become Craighead County became the possession of the United States. Craighead County remained in the Louisiana Territory until the State of Louisiana was admitted to the Union. At that time the territory that includes modern day Arkansas was attached to the Missouri Territory. In 1813 the area was included in a new political subdivision known as Arkansas County, a political subdivision of the Arkansas District of the Territory of Missouri.
In 1815 the county was further subdivided and Lawrence County was formed with its seat at Davidsonville. This new county included most of; the modern Craighead county lay within Arkansas County and within Lawrence County. Residents of the Missouri Territory soon began petitioning Congress for admission to the Union, their request did not include the District of Arkansas and Arkansas residents petitioned for separate territorial status for their district. In 1819 the Arkansas Territory was formed. In 1838, Poinsett County was included most of present-day Craighead County; this situation persisted until 1850 when residents of the area complained about the distance to the Poinsett County seat. In 1858 State Senator William A. Jones campaign platform included a promise to seek the formation of a new county for the area, his election helped push legislation for the formation of the new county. The new county was to be formed from lands taken from Greene and Poinsett counties, it was to be named "Crowley County" in honor of Crowley's Ridge which runs through the center of the county.
Senator Thomas Craighead represented Mississippi County, opposed the bill because the farmland it took from Mississippi County was a major source of property taxes for the county. One day while Senator Craighead was away from the floor, Senator Jones amended the bill to change the county's name to "Craighead County"; the Senate, approved the bill as amended. Craighead County was formed February 19, 1859. Lake City, just across the St. Francis River from the Buffalo Island area, was added as a second county seat in 1883. In the early 20th century, Clay and Craighead counties had sundown town policies forbidding African Americans from living in the area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 713 square miles, of which 707 square miles is land and 5.5 square miles is water. Crowley's Ridge is the county's most prominent geological feature; the region is served by the Jonesboro Municipal Airport. Scheduled commercial flights between Jonesboro and St. Louis Lambert International Airport, are offered daily by Air Choice One.
Greene County Dunklin County, Missouri Mississippi County Poinsett County Jackson County Lawrence County As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 82,148 people, 32,301 households, 22,093 families residing in the county. The population density was 116 people per square mile. There were 35,133 housing units at an average density of 49 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 89.27% White, 7.78% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.93% from other races, 1.06% from two or more races. 2.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 32,301 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.30% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.60% were non-families. 25.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.10% had someone l
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
Greene County, Arkansas
Greene County is a county located in the U. S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,090; the county seat is Paragould. Greene County comprises the Paragould, AR Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Jonesboro–Paragould, AR Combined Statistical Area; the first settler in the area was Benjamin Crowley, who arrived from Kentucky in 1821 and made his home about 12 miles west of Paragould. Greene County was formed on 5 November 1833 out of portions of Lawrence County and contained parts of present Clay and Craighead counties; the county was named for Revolutionary War hero Nathanael Greene. The first county seat was in Benjamin Crowley's home. By 1836, when Arkansas became a state, the county seat was located in a settlement called "Paris". In 1848 a national highway was made through the area, the county seat was moved to Gainesville, which had a reputation as rather lawless; the seat remained there until 1883. The peoples in Gainesville opposed the move, shots were fired, since tempers were high.
The courthouse survives in downtown Paragould. In the early 20th century, Clay and Craighead counties had sundown town policies forbidding African Americans from living in the area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 580 square miles, of which 578 square miles is land and 1.9 square miles is water. Clay County Dunklin County, Missouri Craighead County Lawrence County Randolph County As of the 2010 census, there were 42,090 people residing in the county; the racial makeup of the county was 95.4% White, 0.6% Black, 0.5% Native American, 0.3% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, <0.1% from some other race and 1.1% from two or more races. 2.1 % were Latino of any race. As of the 2000 census, there were 37,331 people, 14,750 households, 10,708 families residing in the county; the population density was 65 people per square mile. There were 16,161 housing units at an average density of 28 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 97.45% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, 1.34% from two or more races.
1.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 14,750 households out of which 33.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 9.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.40% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.00% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.95. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 9.10% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,828, the median income for a family was $37,316. Males had a median income of $27,535 versus $20,375 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,403.
About 9.90% of families and 13.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.40% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over. Marmaduke Paragould Delaplaine Lafe Oak Grove Heights Beech Grove Cotton Belt Fontaine Gainesville Hopewell Light Walcott Walnut Corner Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county; each township includes unincorporated areas. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States Census does list Arkansas population based on townships. Townships are of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research; each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Greene County are listed below. Lake Frierson State Park List of lakes in Greene County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Greene County, Arkansas Greene County Online Paragould Regional Chamber of Commerce
Butler County, Missouri
Butler County is a county located in the southeast Ozark Foothills Region in the U. S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 Census, the county's population was 42,794; the largest city and county seat is Poplar Bluff. The county was organized from Wayne County on February 27, 1849, is named after former U. S. Representative William O. Butler, an unsuccessful candidate for Vice President of the United States; the first meeting in the Butler County Courthouse was held on June 18, 1849. Butler County comprises MO Micropolitan Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 699 square miles, of which 695 square miles is land and 4.3 square miles is water. Wayne County Stoddard County Dunklin County Clay County, Arkansas Ripley County Carter County Future Interstate 57 U. S. Route 60 U. S. Route 67 U. S. Route 160 Route 51 Route 53 Route 142 Mark Twain National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 40,867 people, 16,718 households, 11,318 families residing in the county.
The population density was 59 people per square mile. There were 18,707 housing units at an average density of 27 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 92.16% White, 5.22% Black or African American, 0.56% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, 1.36% from two or more races. 1.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among the major first ancestries reported in Butler County were 31.7% American, 13.8% German, 11.6% Irish and 10.5% English. There were 16,718 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.30% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 92.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,422, the median income for a family was $42,713. Males had a median income of $27,449 versus $19,374 for females; the per capita income for the county was $20,282. About 14.00% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.90% of those under age 18 and 16.90% of those age 65 or over. According to the Association of Religion Data Archives County Membership Report, most residents in Butler County do not adhere to a religion. Among those who do adhere to a religion, the majority of Butler County residents' religious affiliations are: 68.35% Evangelical Protestantism 11.92% Catholicism 11.25% Mainline Protestantism 5.41% Others 3.06% Black ProtestantismThe main religious families among all adherents in Butler County are: 45.27% Baptists 14.64% Nondenominationals 11.92% Catholics 9.30% Pentecostals 6.67% Methodists Of adults 25 years of age and older in Butler County, 70.5% possesses a high school diploma or higher while 11.6% holds a bachelor's degree or higher as their highest educational attainment.
Neelyville R-IV School District - Neelyville Hillview Elementary School - Harviell - Neelyville Elementary School - Neelyville High School - Poplar Bluff R-I School District - Poplar Bluff Eugene Field Elementary School - Kinyon Early Childhood Center - Lake Road Elementary School - Mark Twain Kindergarten Center - O'Neal Elementary School - Oak Grove Elementary School - Poplar Bluff 5th & 6th Grade Center - Poplar Bluff Jr. High School Poplar Bluff High School Twin Rivers R-X School District - Broseley Fisk Elementary School - Fisk - Qulin Elementary School - Qulin - Twin Rivers High School - Broseley - Agape Christian School - Poplar Bluff - - Non-denominational Christian Sacred Heart Elementary School - Poplar Bluff - - Roman Catholic Southern Missouri Christian School - Poplar Bluff - - Assembly of God/Pentecostal Westwood Baptist Academy - Poplar Bluff - - Baptist Zion Lutheran School - Poplar Bluff - Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod Hentz Alternative Learning Center - Poplar Bluff Shady Grove State School - Poplar Bluff Sierra-Osage Treatment Center - Poplar Bluff W.
E. Sears Youth Center - Poplar Bluff Three Rivers College - Poplar Bluff - A public, two-year community college. Fisk Community Library Poplar Bluff Public Library The Republican Party controls all politics at the local level in Butler County. Butler County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives: District 152 is represented by Todd Richardson, it consists of all of the cities of Neelyville and Poplar Bluff. District 153 is represented by Steve Cookson, it consists of all of the city of Fisk and the unincorporated communities of Ash Hill, Empire, Hamtown, Hilliard, Kinzer, Morocco and Wilby. All of Butler County is included in Missouri's 25th Senatorial District and is represented by Rep