Dushanbe is the capital and largest city of Tajikistan. It was named this way because it grew from a village that had a popular market on Mondays; as of 2016, Dushanbe had a population of 802,700. A small village, Dushanbe was made the capital of the Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1924; until 1929, the city was known in Russian as Dyushambe, from 1929 to 1961 as Stalinabad, after Joseph Stalin. Situated at the confluence of two rivers and Kofarnihon, Dushanbe is the capital of Tajikistan. Although archaeological remnants dating to the 5th century BC have been discovered in the area, there is little to suggest that Dushanbe was more than a small village until the early 20th century, it was at the crossroads, where a large bazaar occurred on Mondays, hence the name Dushanbe-Bazar from Dushanbe, which means Monday in the Persian language – the second day after Saturday. In the village, there were a population of about 8,000 people. By 1826, the town was called Dushanbe Qurghan Russified as Dyushambe.
The first map showing Dyushambe was drafted in 1875. At that time, the town was a fortress on a steep bank on the left bank of the Varzob River with 10,000 residents. In 1920, the last Emir of Bukhara took refuge in Dushambe after being overthrown by the Bolshevik revolution, he fled to Afghanistan. At the beginning of 1922, the town was taken by Basmachi troops led Enver Pasha, but on 14 July 1922 again came under the power of the Bolsheviks and was proclaimed the capital of the Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic as a part of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic in 1924. A Tajik Soviet Socialist Republic separate from the Uzbek SSR was created in 1929, its capital Dyushambe was renamed Stalinabad for Joseph Stalin on 16 October 1929. In the years that followed, the city developed at a rapid pace. Several architects played a major role in the city's construction, among them Peter Vaulin, Peter Kuzmenko and Konstantin Terletsky; the Soviets transformed the area into a centre for cotton and silk production, tens of thousands of people relocated to the city.
The population increased with thousands of Tajiks migrating to Tajikistan following the transfer of Bukhara and Samarkand to the Uzbek SSR as part of national delimitation in Central Asia. On 10 November 1961, as part of de-Stalinization, Stalinabad was renamed back to Dushanbe, the name it retains to this day. Severe rioting occurred in February 1990, after it was rumored that the Soviet government planned to relocate tens of thousands of Armenian refugees to Tajikistan; the Dushanbe riots were fueled by concerns about housing shortages for the Tajik population, but they coincided with a wave of nationalist unrest that swept Transcaucasia and other Central Asian states during the twilight of Mikhail Gorbachev's rule. Dushanbe became the capital of an independent Tajikistan in 1991. In January 2017, Rustam Emomali, current President Emomali Rahmon's son, was appointed Mayor of Dushanbe, a move, seen by some analysts as a step to reaching the top of the government. Dushanbe features a Mediterranean climate, with strong continental climate influences.
The summers are hot and dry and the winters are chilly, but not cold. The climate is damper than other Central Asian capitals, with an average annual rainfall over 500 millimetres as moist air is funnelled by the surrounding valley during the winter and spring. Winters are not as cold as further north owing to the shielding of the city by mountains from cold air from Siberia. January 2008 was cold, the temperature dropped to −22 °C. Dushanbe is divided into the following districts: Avicenna Ferdowsi Ismail Samani Shah Mansur Tajikistan National Museum National Museum of Antiquities Ismaili Centre Vahdat Palace Dushanbe Flagpole—It is the second tallest free-standing flagpole in the world, at a height of 165 metres, Dushanbe Zoo Rudaki Avenue Gurminj Museum of Musical Instruments The population of Dushanbe: in 1987 was about 796,000 and was made up of ethnic Tajiks, ethnic Russians, others. Tajik Air had its head office on the grounds of Dushanbe Airport in Dushanbe. Somon Air has its head office in Dushanbe.
The city is served by Dushanbe International Airport which, as of April 2015, had scheduled flights to major cities in Russia, Central Asia, Dubai, Istanbul, Ürümqi amongst others. Tajikistan's principal railways are in the southern region and connect Dushanbe with the industrial areas of the Gissar and Vakhsh valleys and with Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Russia; the Dushanbe trolleybus system operates public buses in the city, construction of a metro system is due to begin in 2025. Automobiles are the main form of transportation in the country; the Uzbekistan border is about 50 km away and there is a r
HMS Aldborough was a 24-gun sixth-rate ship of the Royal Navy, purchased in 1706 and in service in Mediterranean and English waters until 1727. Intended for merchant service, the as yet unnamed vessel was purchased for Naval use while still under construction at London's Blackwall Yard in January 1706. After a brief refit she was commissioned as Aldborough in March and put to sea under Commander Beaumont Waldron; that year she was recorded as being off Ostend, as part of the British presence in the Mediterranean in the winter of 1708. By spring she had returned to English waters for convoy duties. On 11 April she captured the French privateer Le Postillon. Waldron died in 1709 and Aldborough continued her home waters patrol under Captain Thomas Ekines. On 28 April 1710 she captured La Genevieve de Bonne Esperance. A year on 28 August 1711 she ran down and seized a third French ship, Le Desmarais. Despite Aldborough's victories, Ekines was dismissed as her captain in June 1712, replaced by Captain Joseph Thornton.
Eight years of active service had reduced Aldborough's seaworthiness, in 1714 she underwent an expensive refit and repair at Portsmouth Dockyard. She returned to sea in 1715 under Captain Charles Stewart, whose orders were to patrol the waters surrounding Scotland and Ireland. A further refit was required at Plymouth dockyard in the summer of 1717, after which Aldborough returned to her previous coastal patrol. Charles Stewart died in 1718, Aldborough's command passed to Captain Thomas Lawrence; the ship's final decade of service was uneventful, on 29 March 1727 she was returned to Portsmouth dockyard for breaking up. Her timbers and fittings were preserved with the intention that she be rebuilt and returned to active service, but this work was postponed by other demands. Over time, these materials were distributed among other naval ships in need of repair and a new Aldborough was commissioned in her stead. Winfield, Rif. British Warships of the Age of Sail 1714–1792: Design, Construction and Fates.
Seaforth. ISBN 9781844157006
"The Zephyr Song" is a song by Red Hot Chili Peppers and the second single released from the band's eighth studio album, By the Way, released on August 17, 2002. The song, as a single, was released in two parts. Both editions held two unheard-of B-sides, making it, hold four non-LP tracks; the single peaked at number 6 on the Modern Rock chart, breaking the band's streak of three straight number-one hits. The song is about human connection. In April 2017, it was revealed that John Frusciante unintentionally interpolated the song "Pure Imagination" from the 1971 film Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory; the song's opening three guitar notes are the same as the first three sung notes from "Pure Imagination." The music video, released on December 1, 2002, was directed by Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris. The couple collaborated with the band on other videos and would continue to work with the band through the middle of the 2000's, it is reminiscent of a kaleidoscope, by utilizing circular and intertwining figures to achieve the psychedelic feel the band was aiming for.
Kiedis would say of the video: John and Flea wanted something just kind of obscure and psychedelic. Finding true psychedelia in this day and age is hard to do, because everyone wants to rely on computers and all the stuff that doesn't know how to find the core of psychedelia. So I had my reservations. John Frusciante – guitar, backing vocals, keyboards Flea – bass Anthony Kiedis – lead vocals, double-tracked lead vocals Chad Smith – drums, drum machine