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Dyess, Arkansas

Dyess is a town in Mississippi County, United States. The town was founded as Dyess Colony in 1934 as part of the Roosevelt administration's agricultural relief and rehabilitation program and was the largest agrarian community established by the federal government during the Great Depression; the town is best remembered as the boyhood home of country singer-songwriter Johnny Cash. The surviving original buildings of the colony period and Johnny Cash's boyhood home are listed on the National Register of Historic Places as the "Dyess Colony Center" and "Farm No. 266, Johnny Cash Boyhood Home." Dyess Colony was established in Mississippi County, Arkansas in 1934 as part of the New Deal efforts of Franklin D. Roosevelt to provide economic relief to destitute workers in the Great Depression; the experiment was the largest such community-building experiment established by the federal government during these years. The project was established by Mississippi Country cotton planter and local politician William Reynolds Dyess, director of the Arkansas Emergency Relief Administration, who sought the establishment of a self-supporting agricultural community housing 800 families upon unused Mississippi Delta farmland.

Director Dyess established the entity remembered to history as "Dyess Colony" and as "Colonization Project No. 1," plans for which were submitted to chief of the Federal Emergency Relief Administration Harry Hopkins early in 1934. The project was approved by Hopkins in March 1934; some 15,144 acres of unimproved land were purchased by Dyess for the colonization project at the cost of $9.05 per acre, with the parcel redeemed for the payment of unpaid back taxes in this amount. The site consisted of swamp and cutover forest land, although containing deep topsoil deposited by the Mississippi River, part of what was the most productive cotton farming county in the entire United States; the project's scope was scaled back to 500 family parcels, with the participants to be recruited from Arkansas sharecroppers and tenant farmers from across the entire state. Thousands of applicants were screened and eligibility requirements included being an experienced farmer made destitute through no fault of his own and being an Arkansas resident "of good moral background" in good health, under the age of 50, white.

Funds for the purchase of land were provided by FERA in the form of a grant to the Arkansas Emergency Relief Administration, which managed the project. Subsequently, a new entity was established known as Dyess Colony Inc. the stock of, held in trust by the US Secretary of Agriculture, management and control passed over to the managing board of that company. The main purpose of the town's administration was to give poor white families a chance to start over with land that they could work toward owning; the original township included 500 individually owned and operated farms which were 20 or 40 acres each. The colony was planned and administered by Dyess and a board of directors, who managed the day-to-day activities of the colonists. A turnover of this top leadership took place on January 14, 1936, when Dyess and his top lieutenant, chief accountant and finance director Robert H. McNair, Jr. were killed in an airplane crash returning to Arkansas from Washington, DC. After his death, leadership of the Dyess Colony passed to Little Rock attorney and Arkansas Department of Labor statistician Floyd Sharp, a personal friend of Dyess, Lawrence Westbrook, a Texas rancher, recruited by Harry Hopkins to work at FERA.

Westbrook was fired by Hopkins in 1937 for a absentee work ethic and for attempting to imperially micromanage the colony's affairs from his desk in Washington. Two cooperative associations were incorporated by the board of directors of Dyess Colony Inc. — a consumer cooperative which operated a colony store and other businesses and a producer cooperative which coordinated the processing and sale of cotton farmed by residents of the colony. The colony launched its own cooperative credit union not than 1938; the Dyess Colony gained a powerful opponent in the form of Governor Carl E. Bailey, a rival and political opponent of Floyd Sharp, it was the Governor and his allies who persuaded the directors of Dyess Colony Inc. to incorporate under Arkansas rather than Delaware law — an action which made the colony vulnerable to punitive bureaucratic attack. Multiple attempts were made in the Arkansas legislature to undermine and disestablish the Dyess colony, an effort culminating on March 10, 1939 when the Arkansas Corporation Commission, serving at Gov. Bailey's pleasure, revoked the Dyess charter for failing to file reports for three years and failing to pay an $11 annual corporation fee.

In an effort to avoid additional capricious action, a new legal entity called the Dyess Rural Rehabilitation Corporation was established, to which Dyess Colony Inc. sold its assets. This succeeded in saving the non-profit colony until the DRRC was absorbed by the Farm Security Administration in 1944; the federal aspect of the project was formally terminated in 1951. Dyess is located at 35°35′25″N 90°12′52″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of all land; as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 410 people living in the town. The racial makeup of the town was 1.2 % Black and 2.0 % from two or more races. 13.7 % were Latino of any race. According to the census of 2000, there were 515 people, 177 households, 138 families living in the town; the population density was 205.0/km². There were 204 housing units at an average density of 81.2/km². The ethnic makeup of the town was 90.10% White, 2.14% Black or A

AljoĊĦa Buha

Aljoša Buha was a Bosnian musician best known for having played in two bands: Kongress, Crvena jabuka. Aljoša Buha was born in Ljubljana to Slovenian mother. In 1979 Buha start to play in Kongres as bassist, he stayed with them until about 1983. Aljoša Buha was recruited in Crvena Jabuka in 1986 as bass player, he was among the other members Darko Jelčić, Dražen Žerić, Dražen Ričl, Zlatko Arslanagić. Aljosa played bass on the band's self-titled debut album. On 18 September 1986 Crvena Jabuka went to the concert in Mostar that would put their skills to the test and prove their popularity. Near Jablanica Aljoša Buha died in a car accident, along with Dražen Ričl, he died with severe wounds and Ričl was transported to Belgrade in a helicopter and died 13 days thereafter. Buha was buried in his hometown of Zenica. "Bend s planeta Zemlja Dražen Žerić – Žera, pevec zasedbe Crvena jabuka". 7dni. 11 February 2009. Retrieved 30 November 2009. OGNJEN TVRTKOVIĆ. "Skladbu "Zarjavele trobente" napisali su Subašić i Buha, a "Zemlja pleše" Sepe i Strniša".

Vjesnik. Retrieved 30 November 2009. "Nova plošča – Oprosti što je ljubavna". Si21. 17 July 2005. Retrieved 30 November 2009. "Crvena jabuka bodo prestolnico obarvali rdeče". Dnevnik. 28 March 2007. Retrieved 30 November 2009

Forest Sandstone

The Forest Sandstone is a geological formation in southern Africa, dating to between 200 and 190 million years ago and covering the Hettangian to Sinemurian stages of the Jurassic Period in the Mesozoic Era. As its name suggests, it consists of sandstone. Fossils of the prosauropod dinosaur Massospondylus and the primitive sauropod Vulcanodon have been recovered from the Forest Sandstone; the formation is a sedimentary unit, consisting of aeolian sands and silts with interbedded fluvial sediments, laid down during a period of increasing aridity. The Forest Sandstone is found in Botswana and Zimbabwe, in the Mid-Zambezi, Mana Pools, Cabora Bassa and Limpopo Basins, with its greatest thickness in the Cabora Bassa Basin; the formation is dated at 200 to 190 Ma. The Forest Sandstone is the penultimate formation in the Upper Karoo Group of the Karoo Supergroup, lying above the Pebbly Arkose Formation and below the Batoka Formation. In the Thuli Basin it is sometimes referred to as the Samkoto Formation.

The Forest Sandstone has been correlated to the Clarens Formation of the Great Karoo Basin in South Africa. The Forest Sandstone is the major groundwater-bearing unit of the Upper Karoo Group

List of High Commissioners of the United Kingdom to Mauritius

The High Commissioner of the United Kingdom to Mauritius is the United Kingdom's foremost diplomatic representative to the Republic of Mauritius, head of the UK's diplomatic mission in Mauritius. The High Commissioner to Mauritius is non-resident ambassador to the Union of the Comoros. 1968–1970: Arthur Wooller 1970–1973: Peter Carter 1973–1977: Henry Brind 1977–1981: Alec Ward 1981–1985: James Allan 1986–1989: Richard Crowson 1989–1993: Michael Howell 1993–1997: John Harrison 1997–2000: James Daly 2001–2004: David Snoxell 2004–2007: Anthony Godson 2007–2010: John Murton 2010–2014: Nicholas Leake 2014–2017: Jonathan Drew 2017–present: Keith Allan Mauritius and the UK, gov.uk

(Can't Live Without Your) Love and Affection

" Love and Affection" is a song by American hard rock band Nelson. It was released in 1990 on Geffen Records and backed with "Will You Love Me"; the song was based on a crush on Cindy Crawford. The music video features model and actress Judie Aronson who first appears on the cover of a magazine called "Vague", a parody of Vogue magazine; the song itself is known for its technical drumming involving syncopation and double bass, virtuoso guitar soloing. The production on the single and its B-side, "Will You Love Me", was done by David Thoener and Marc Tanner, it appears as the first track on Nelson's album, After the Rain. The song is used in X-Men: Pryde of the X-Men. American boyband Natural covered the song for their 2002 album Keep It Natural

Konrad Zuse

Konrad Zuse was a German civil engineer, pioneering computer scientist and businessman. His greatest achievement was the world's first programmable computer. Thanks to this machine and its predecessors, Zuse has been regarded as the inventor of the modern computer. Zuse was noted for the S2 computing machine, considered the first process control computer, he founded one of the earliest computer businesses in 1941, producing the Z4, which became the world's first commercial computer. From 1943 to 1945 he designed Plankalkül. In 1969, Zuse suggested the concept of a computation-based universe in his book Rechnender Raum. Much of his early work was financed by his family and commerce, but after 1939 he was given resources by the Nazi German government. Due to World War II, Zuse's work went unnoticed in the United Kingdom and the United States, his first documented influence on a US company was IBM's option on his patents in 1946. There is a replica of the Z3, as well as the original Z4, in the Deutsches Museum in Munich.

The Deutsches Technikmuseum in Berlin has an exhibition devoted to Zuse, displaying twelve of his machines, including a replica of the Z1 and several of Zuse's paintings. Born in Berlin on 22 June 1910, he moved with his family in 1912 to East Prussian Braunsberg, where his father was a postal clerk. Zuse attended the Collegium Hosianum in Braunsberg. In 1923, the family moved to Hoyerswerda, where he passed his Abitur in 1928, qualifying him to enter university, he enrolled in the Technische Hochschule Berlin and explored both engineering and architecture, but found them boring. Zuse pursued civil engineering, graduating in 1935. For a time, he worked for the Ford Motor Company, using his considerable artistic skills in the design of advertisements, he started work as a design engineer at the Henschel aircraft factory in Schönefeld near Berlin. This required the performance of many routine calculations by hand, which he found mind-numbingly boring, leading him to dream of doing them by machine.

Beginning in 1935 he experimented in the construction of computers in his parents' flat on Wrangelstraße 38, moving with them into their new flat on Methfesselstraße 10, the street leading up the Kreuzberg, Berlin. Working in his parents' apartment in 1936, he produced his first attempt, the Z1, a floating point binary mechanical calculator with limited programmability, reading instructions from a perforated 35 mm film. In 1937, Zuse submitted two patents, he finished the Z1 in 1938. The Z1 contained some 30,000 metal parts and never worked well due to insufficient mechanical precision. On 30 January 1944, the Z1 and its original blueprints were destroyed with his parents' flat and many neighbouring buildings by a British air raid in World War II. Between 1987 and 1989, Zuse recreated the Z1, it cost 800,000 DM, required four individuals to assemble it. Funding for this retrocomputing project was provided by a consortium of five companies. Zuse completed his work independently of other leading computer scientists and mathematicians of his day.

Between 1936 and 1945, he was in near-total intellectual isolation. In 1939, Zuse was called to military service, where he was given the resources to build the Z2. In September 1940 Zuse presented the Z2, covering several rooms in the parental flat, to experts of the Deutsche Versuchsanstalt für Luftfahrt; the Z2 was a revised version of the Z1 using telephone relays. The DVL granted research subsidies so that in 1941 Zuse started a company, Zuse Apparatebau, to manufacture his machines, renting a workshop on the opposite side in Methfesselstraße 7 and stretching through the block to Belle-Alliance Straße 29. Improving on the basic Z2 machine, he built the Z3 in 1941. On 12 May 1941 Zuse presented the Z3, built in his workshop, to the public; the Z3 was a binary 22-bit floating point calculator featuring programmability with loops but without conditional jumps, with memory and a calculation unit based on telephone relays. The telephone relays used in his machines were collected from discarded stock.

Despite the absence of conditional jumps, the Z3 was a Turing complete computer. However, Turing-completeness was never considered by Zuse and only demonstrated in 1998; the Z3, the first operational electromechanical computer, was financed by German government-supported DVL, which wanted their extensive calculations automated. A request by his co-worker Helmut Schreyer—who had helped Zuse build the Z3 prototype in 1938—for government funding for an electronic successor to the Z3 was denied as "strategically unimportant". In 1937, Schreyer had advised Zuse to use vacuum tubes as switching elements. Zuse's workshop on Methfesselstraße 7 was destroyed in an Allied Air raid in late 1943 and the parental flat with Z1 and Z2 on 30 January the following year, whereas the successor Z4, which Zuse had begun constructing in 1942 in new premises in the Industriehof on Oranienstraße 6, remained intact. On 3 February 1945, aerial bombing caused devastating destruction in the Luisenstadt, the area around Oranienstraße, including neighbouring houses.

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