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Eärendil and Elwing

Eärendil the Mariner and his wife Elwing are fictional characters in J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium, they are depicted as the children of Men and Elves. He is a great seafarer who, on his brow, carried the morning star, a jewel called a Silmaril, across the sky; the jewel had been saved by Elwing from the destruction of the Havens of Sirion. Eärendil is the subject, too, of the song in The Lord of the Rings sung and composed by Bilbo in Rivendell, described by Tom Shippey as exemplifying "an elvish streak... signalled... by barely-precedented intricacies" of poetry. Eärendil means'Lover of the Sea' in Tolkien's invented language of Quenya. However, Tolkien borrowed the name from Old English literature. Tolkien states, he was struck by its "great beauty" c. 1913, which he perceived as coherent with the normal style of A-S, but euphonic to a peculiar degree in that pleasing but not'delectable' language. There is a poem by Tolkien dated to 1914 entitled "The Voyage of Eärendel the Evening Star".

Tolkien was aware of the name's Germanic cognates, the question why the Old English rather than the Lombardic or Proto-Germanic form should be taken up in the mythology is alluded to in The Notion Club Papers. The Old Norse together with the Old English evidence point to an astronomical myth, the name referring to a star, or a group of stars, the Old English in particular points to the morning star as the herald of the rising Sun. Tolkien was inspired by the lines in the Crist written by Cynewulf: éala éarendel engla beorhtast / ofer middangeard monnum sended "Hail Earendel, brightest of angels, over Middle-earth to men sent"which can be taken as the inspiration not only for the role of Eärendil in Tolkien's work, but for the term Middle-earth for the inhabitable lands; the first line is paralleled by Frodo Baggins' exclamation in The Two Towers, Aiya Eärendil Elenion Ancalima!, which in Tolkien's invented language of Quenya means, "Hail Eärendil, brightest of stars!" Frodo's exclamation was in reference to the'Star-glass' he carried, which contained the light of Eärendil's star, the Silmaril.

Elwing's name means "Star-spray" in Tolkien's Elvish language Sindarin. The son of Tuor and Idril, daughter of Turgon, Eärendil was raised in Gondolin; when Eärendil was seven years old, he escaped the sacking of Gondolin with his parents. He was killed by his mother's treacherous cousin Maeglin, who had betrayed Gondolin, but was saved when his father slew Maeglin. Eärendil and his parents lived afterwards in Arvernien by the mouth of Sirion. Eärendil became the leader of the people who lived there, married Elwing the half-elven daughter of Dior and the Sindarin elf-maid Nimloth. Beren and Lúthien are Elwing's paternal grandparents, they had two sons and Elros. Elrond would come to play an important role in Tolkien's most known story, The Lord of the Rings. With the aid of Círdan the Shipwright, Eärendil built a ship, Vingilótë, he sailed the seas west of Middle-earth, leaving his wife behind in Arvernien. At this time Elwing had in her possession the Silmaril that Beren had wrested from Morgoth.

When the remaining sons of Fëanor heard about this, they attacked Arvernien and killed most of the people living there. Elwing, rather than be captured, threw herself with the Silmaril into the sea. Next this happened: For Ulmo bore up Elwing out of the waves, he gave her the likeness of a great white bird, upon her breast there shone as a star the Silmaril, as she flew over the water to seek Eärendil her beloved. On a time of night Eärendil at the helm of his ship saw her come towards him, as a white cloud exceeding swift beneath the moon, as a star over the sea moving in strange courses, a pale flame on wings of storm, and it is sung that she fell from the air upon the timbers of Vingilot, in a swoon, nigh unto death for the urgency of her speed, Eärendil took her to his bosom. Hearing of the tragedy that had befallen Arvernien, Eärendil sought after Valinor, aboard the Vingilot, he and Elwing found their way there at last. Eärendil thus became the first of all mortals to set foot on Valinor.

Eärendil went before the Valar, asked them for aid for Men and Elves in Middle-earth, to fight against Morgoth. Because Eärendil had undertaken this errand on behalf of Men and Elves, not for his own sake, Manwë refrained from dealing out the punishment of death, due; because both Eärendil and Elwing descended from a union of Elves and Men, Manwë granted to them and their sons the gift to choose to which race they would be joined. Elwing chose to be one of the Elves. Eärendil would have rather been one of the Men; the Silmarillion says: Now when first Vingilot was set to sail in the seas of heaven, it rose unlooked for and bright. The Valar, having listened to Eärendil's plea, went with a mighty host to Middle-earth, overthrew Morgoth. Eärendil took part in the battle, he struck down the gre

LSE approach to econometrics

The LSE approach to econometrics, named for the London School of Economics, involves viewing econometric models as reductions from some unknown data generation process. A complex DGP is modelled as the starting point and this complexity allows information in the data from the real world but absent in the theory to be drawn upon; the complexity is reduced by the econometrician by a series of restrictions which are tested. One particular functional form, the error-correction model, is arrived at when modelling time series. Denis Sargan and David Forbes Hendry were key figures in the development of the approach and the one way the approach has been extended is through the work on integrated and cointegrated systems by Robert F. Engle, Clive Granger, Søren Johansen. Another used functional form is distributed lag or autoregressive distributed lag. David F. Hendry is considered to be the principal architect of the LSE approach; the methodology is referred to as general-to-specific modelling, "Gets modeling" or "Hendry's methodology".

The software package OxMetrics implements this process via the PcGive module Autometrics In the 1970s, when the LSE approach was in its infancy, Edward E. Leamer was an early critic of model discovery methodologies; the approach evolved to include: multiple reduction path searches, indicator saturation, COMFAC testing, cointegrated vector autoregressive structures. Economists associated with "Hendry's methodology" include Clive Granger, Robert F. Engle, Søren Johansen, Grayham Mizon, Jennifer Castle, Hans M. Krolzig, Neil Ericsson, Jurgen Doornik. Favero, Carlo A.. Applied Macroeconometrics. New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. 132–161. ISBN 978-0-19-829685-0. Davis, G. C.. "Clarifying the'puzzle' between the Textbook and LSE approaches to econometrics: A comment on Cook's Kuhnian perspective on econometric modelling". Journal of Economic Methodology. 12: 93–115. Doi:10.1080/1350178042000330913. Gilbert, Christopher L.. "LSE and the British approach to time series econometrics". Oxford Economic Papers.

41: 108–128. Doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.oep.a041887. JSTOR 2663185. Juselius, Katarina. "Models and Relations in Economics and Econometrics". Journal of Economic Methodology. 6: 259–290. Doi:10.1080/13501789900000017

Tony Moly

Tony Moly is a South Korean cosmetics brand. Tony Moly was established in 2006 with the support of Tae Sung Industry; the name Tony Moly means "putting style into packaging". In July 2006, Tony Moly Cosmetics was launched with the support of Tae Sung Industry. In April 2008, Soo Hwan Kang was appointed as the new president and 60 stores in Korea were opened. In 2009, Tony Moly opened stores in Japan, Hong Kong, China and Myanmar. By November, it had over 120 stores in Korea. In 2010, Kim Huonh Cheon was appointed as the new Tony Moly opened its 200th shop. In 2011, Tony Moly opened its 300th shop and in April, Tony Moly opened its first store in the Philippines. On August 2013, Tony Moly launched in Russia, opening two stores in Ulan-Ude. In 2013, Tony Moly opened its 10th single shop in IndonesiaIn 2015, Tony Moly opened a flagship store in New York on July 13 Also this year, Tony Moly opened his official store in the Latin American country Colombia, it first began in the cities of Medellin. In 2016, Tony Moly achieved a total of 825 stores launched in 15 countries Kim Hyun-joong was Tony Moly's endorser for 3 years from 2007 to 2010.

On 17 August 2010, Brown Eyed Girls became their new models along with actor Song Joong-ki. On 7 July 2011, T-ara became endorsers of Tony Moly. On 17 September 2012, JYJ was chosen as endorsers of Tony Moly. On 3 September 2013, f's Victoria were chosen as the new models of Tony Moly. On 2 September 2014, B1A4 become Tony Moly's new models. On 29 March 2018, BTOB become Tony Moly's new male model. On 1 October 2018, amid heavy speculation within the Korean makeup industry, Monsta X became advertising models for its newest lip tint line with a guaranteed contract clause of 24 months. Tony Moly Colombia Tony Moly official website Tony Moly international website Tony Moly Philippines Tony Moly Mexico Tony Moly Russia Tony Moly Belarus

William Wallace

Sir William Wallace was a Scottish knight who became one of the main leaders during the First War of Scottish Independence. Along with Andrew Moray, Wallace defeated an English army at the Battle of Stirling Bridge in September 1297, he was appointed Guardian of Scotland and served until his defeat at the Battle of Falkirk in July 1298. In August 1305, Wallace was captured in Robroyston, near Glasgow, handed over to King Edward I of England, who had him hanged and quartered for high treason and crimes against English civilians. Since his death, Wallace has obtained an iconic status far beyond his homeland, he is the protagonist of Blind Harry's 15th-century epic poem The Wallace and the subject of literary works by Sir Walter Scott and Jane Porter, of the Academy Award-winning film Braveheart. He was first cousin to Roger de Kirkpatrick. Roger himself was a third cousin to Robert the Bruce. William Wallace was a member of the lesser nobility, but little is known of his family history or his parentage.

Blind Harry's late-15th-century poem gives his father as Sir Malcolm of Elderslie. This Alan Wallace may be the same as the one listed in the 1296 Ragman Rolls as a crown tenant in Ayrshire, but there is no additional confirmation. Blind Harry's assertion that William was the son of Sir Malcolm of Elderslie has given rise to a tradition that William's birthplace was at Elderslie in Renfrewshire, this is still the view of some historians, including the historical William Wallace Society itself. However, William's seal has given rise to a counter claim of Ellerslie in Ayrshire. There is no contemporary evidence linking him with either location, although both areas had connections with the wider Wallace family. Records show early members of the family as holding estates at Riccarton and Auchincruive in Kyle, Stenton in East Lothian, they were vassals of James Stewart, 5th High Steward of Scotland as their lands fell within his territory. Wallace's brothers John are known from other sources; the origins of the Wallace surname and its association with southwest Scotland are far from certain, other than the name's being derived from the Old English wylisc, meaning "foreigner" or "Welshman".

It is possible that all the Wallaces in the Clyde area were medieval immigrants from Wales, but as the term was used for local Cumbric-speaking Strathclyde Welsh, it seems likely that the surname refers to people who were seen as being "Welsh" due to their Cumbric language. The identity of Wallace's wife is not known for certain, he fell in love with and married a young woman named Marion Braidfute. Wallace's violent assassination of the High Sheriff of Lanark was carried out as revenge for the killing of his wife according to Blind Harry's 15th century poem; when Wallace was growing up, King Alexander III ruled Scotland. His reign had seen a period of peace and economic stability. On 19 March 1286, Alexander died after falling from his horse; the heir to the throne was Alexander's granddaughter, Maid of Norway. As she was still a child and in Norway, the Scottish lords set up a government of guardians. Margaret fell ill on the voyage to Scotland and died in Orkney on 26 September 1290; the lack of a clear heir led to a period known as the "Great Cause", with several families laying claim to the throne.

With Scotland threatening to descend into civil war, King Edward I of England was invited in by the Scottish nobility to arbitrate. Before the process could begin, he insisted that all of the contenders recognise him as Lord Paramount of Scotland. In early November 1292, at a great feudal court held in the castle at Berwick-upon-Tweed, judgment was given in favour of John Balliol having the strongest claim in law. Edward proceeded to reverse the rulings of the Scottish Lords and summoned King John Balliol to stand before the English court as a common plaintiff. John was a weak king, known as "Toom Tabard" or "Empty Coat". John renounced his homage in March 1296 and by the end of the month Edward stormed Berwick-upon-Tweed, sacking the then-Scottish border town. In April, the Scots were defeated at the Battle of Dunbar in East Lothian and by July, Edward had forced John to abdicate. Edward instructed his officers to receive formal homage from some 1,800 Scottish nobles; some historians, such as Andrew Fisher, believe Wallace must have had some earlier military experience in order to lead a successful military campaign in 1297.

Campaigns like Edward I of England's wars in Wales might have provided a good opportunity for a younger son of a landholder to become a mercenary soldier. Wallace's personal seal bears the archer's insignia, so he may have fought as an archer in Edward's army. Walter Bower states that Wallace was "a tall man with the body of a giant... with lengthy flanks... broad in the hips, with strong arms and legs... with all his limbs strong and firm". Blind Harry's Wallace reaches seven feet; the first act known to have been carried out by Wallace was his assassination of William de Heselrig, the English High Sheriff of Lanark, in May 1297. He joined with William the Hardy, Lord of Douglas, they carried out the raid of Scone; this was one of several rebellions taking place across Scotland, including those of several Scottish nobles and Andrew Moray in the north. The uprising suffered a blow. Wallace and Moray were not involved, continued their rebellions

Louisiana Highway 48

Louisiana Highway 48 is a state highway in Louisiana that serves St. Charles and Jefferson Parishes, it runs from west to east, parallel to the east bank of the Mississippi River, from Norco to Jefferson. It spans a total of 20.9 miles. Throughout its run, LA 48 is known as Apple Street, River Road, 3rd Street, Reverend Richard Wilson Drive, Jefferson Highway. From the west, LA 48 begins at an intersection with US 61 in Norco. Known as Apple Street, it runs southward as an undivided two-lane highway; when it reaches the Mississippi River, it turns eastward to follow and run parallel to it as River Road. It intersects LA 627, dividing and expanding to four lanes at the interchange with I-310, followed by intersections at LA 626 and LA 50 as it continues downriver through the St. Charles Parish communities of New Sarpy, Destrehan, St. Rose, Almedia; as it enters Jefferson Parish and the city of Kenner, it becomes known as 3rd Street and Reverend Richard Wilson Drive. The road becomes a divided four-lane street at Williams Boulevard, upon crossing from Kenner into River Ridge at Filmore Street, it becomes known as Jefferson Highway.

After passing through Harahan, LA 48 shortly merges with US 90 at the east bank base of the Huey P. Long Bridge and LA 3152 in Elmwood, becoming a six-lane divided highway through the concurrency. LA 48 ends at Central Avenue in Jefferson, US 90 continues along Jefferson Highway toward New Orleans. All of LA 48 follows the historic Jefferson Highway auto trail designated in 1916 and was once the main traffic route from New Orleans to Baton Rouge and points north in the state. In 1921, this became State Route 1 in the pre-1955 Louisiana highway system and the original alignment of US 61 in 1926. US 61 was removed from the route of today's LA 48 in 1933, 1935, 1940 as various sections of the Airline Highway were completed between the Bonnet Carré Spillway and New Orleans; the route retains the name of Jefferson Highway east of Kenner. LA 48 turned northward from its present eastern terminus and followed Central Avenue to US 61. Central Avenue became a local road in 2012, truncating the route of LA 48 and eliminating altogether LA 611-2 which included the remainder of Central Avenue south of US 90.

La DOTD State and Parish Maps District 02 St. Charles Parish Jefferson Parish

Niko Eeckhout

Niko Eeckhout is a former professional road racing cyclist from Belgium, racing between 1993 and 2013. He was the 2005–2006 UCI Europe Tour series and the 2006 Belgian National Cycling Championship Road Race champion, works for the An Post–Chain Reaction Team as a coach. Born in Izegem, Eeckhout started his career in 1993 riding for the small Collstrop-team, he started winning minor Belgian races like the Championship of Flanders and the Omloop Mandel-Leie-Schelde. In 1997 and 1998 he rode for Lotto–Mobistar–Isoglass, rode two years for Palmans. Eeckhout had a breakthrough season when he transferred to Lotto-Adecco in 2001, winning 11 races, including Dwars door Vlaanderen and the GP van Steenbergen. Eeckhout struggled through the next two seasons and at the end of 2004 his contract with Lotto-Adecco ended and he needed to find a new team, he found his second youth. He started the 2005 season by winning Dwars door Vlaanderen, went on to win major races including the Grand Prix d'Isbergues and a stage of the Three Days of De Panne.

In 2006 he continued his winning form. In June 2006 he won the biggest race in his career, the Belgian National Road Championship in Antwerp by beating Tom Boonen and Philippe Gilbert. Eeckhout had another great season in 2006, winning 12 races, including the 2005-2006 UCI Europe Tour. In the peloton he earned the nickname "Rambo" for being tough during hard races in severe conditions. Official website