Edward Lee Spence is a pioneer in underwater archaeology who studies shipwrecks and sunken treasure. He is a published editor and author of non-fiction reference books. Spence was twelve years old. Spence's past work has been funded by such institutions as the Savannah Ships of the Sea Museum, the College of Charleston, the South Carolina Committee for the Humanities and the National Endowment for the Humanities. In 1991 and 1992, Spence served as Chief of Underwater Archeology for San Andres y Providencia, a 40,000 square-mile, Colombian-owned archipelago in the western Caribbean, he has worked on the wrecks of Spanish galleons, pirate ships, Great Lakes freighters, modern luxury liners, Civil War blockade runners and submarines. Spence first reported the discovery of the Civil War submarine Hunley in 1970. Spence reported its location to numerous government agencies; the July 2007 cover story in U. S. News & World Report noted that the Hunley "disappeared without a trace" until 1970 when it was found by "underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence."
That report made no mention of novelist Clive Cussler, whose organization dropped a lawsuit in federal district court against Spence in which it had claimed that they and not Spence had discovered the wreck in 1995. Both sides still claim that not the other discovered the wreck. On September 13, 1976, the National Park Service submitted Sea Research Society's location for H. L. Hunley for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places. Spence's location for Hunley became a matter of public record when H. L. Hunley's placement on that list was approved on December 29, 1978. Spence's book Treasures of the Confederate Coast, which had a chapter on his discovery of Hunley and included a map complete with an "X" showing the wreck's location was published in January 1995. In 1995 the discovery was independently verified by a combined South Carolina Institute of Anthropology and Archaeology and National Underwater and Marine Agency expedition directed by SCIAA underwater archaeologist Mark M. Newell and funded in part by novelist Clive Cussler.
The same year, at the official request of Senator Glenn F. McConnell, of the State of South Carolina Hunley Commission, Spence donated all of his rights to the shipwreck to the State; the Hunley discovery was described by William Dudley, Director of Naval History at the Naval Historical Center as the most important find of the century." The tiny submarine and its contents have been valued at over $40,000,000 making the discovery and donation one of the most significant and valuable contributions made to the State of South Carolina. In 2016 the Naval History and Heritage Command published a detailed report on the history and restoration of the Hunley entitled H. L. Hunley: Recovery Operations suggesting that it is most Spence found a nearby buried navigation buoy rather than the Hunley. In addition to the Hunley, Spence has discovered several significant shipwrecks, including the SS Georgiana. South Carolina's law protecting both the state's and the salvors' interests in shipwrecks was passed following Spence's discovery of the Georgiana and his company Shipwrecks Inc. was granted South Carolina State Salvage License #1.
Spence states he has salvaged over $50,000,000 in valuable artifacts and has been responsible, through his archival research, for the location of the wrecks of the side-paddle-wheel steamers Republic and Central America from which over one billion dollars in treasure has been recovered. On April 4, 1989, Spence announced his discovery that Margaret Mitchell, who had claimed her Pulitzer Prize winning novel Gone with the Wind was pure fiction, had taken much of her compelling story of love and war from real life and that Mitchell had based Rhett Butler on the life of George Alfred Trenholm, a tall, shipping magnate from Charleston, South Carolina, who had made millions of dollars from blockade running and was accused of making off with much of the Confederate treasury and had been thrown in prison after the Civil War. Spence's literary discovery that had its roots in his prior discoveries of some of Trenholm's wrecked blockade runners made international news; the Encyclopedia Of Civil War Shipwrecks by W. Craig Gaines additionally credits Spence with the discoveries of the following Civil War wrecks: the Constance.
Spence's own books, as well as numerous third party books and magazine accounts, archaeological reports describe his discoveries of the blockade runners Mary Bowers and Norseman and dozens of other ships of all types and nations in waters all over the world spanning a time period of over two thousand years. In June 2013 Spence announced his discovery of the wreck of the SS Ozama, a steamer with a history of smuggling, wrecked off the South Carolina coast in 1894. Spence is a cartographer and has published a number of popular and archaeological maps and charts dealing with historical events, archaeology and treasure. Shipwrecks of Hilton Head & Vicinity chart by Lee Spence, OCLC: 1528128
Peter Alma was a Dutch artist. Alma was born in Medan and attended the Royal Academy of Art, The Hague in 1904. On the recommendation of Franz Seiwert he was employed by the Gesellschafts- und Wirtschaftsmuseum working with Gerd Arntz and Augustin Tschinkel on the development of Isotypes, he travelled to Moscow with Arntz and Otto Neurath to work at IZOSTAT to help them draw up pictorial images for statistics of the Five Year Plans. The Amsterdam Museum keeps a number of his works in their depot: Pottenbakker Another work Another work Another work Another work Another work Another work
Dolores de la Torre Champsaur, better known as Lola de la Torre, was a Canarian musician and pioneer of musicology in the Canary Islands. Lola de la Torre was born on September 1902 in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, she was Dolores Champsaur Millares. She attended school on the island of Tenerife where her parents lived until 1918, at the age of ten began studying the piano under Antonio Bonnin Fuster. Shortly after finishing school, in 1920, de la Torre moved with her family to Havana where she developed a music career. In 1921, she sang at the premiere of El Caminante by Eduardo Sánchez de Fuentes, directed by the author at the Gran Teatro de La Habana, she performed with Joaquín Turina and Beniamino Gigli and took part in Nueva Música directed by Alejo Carpentier. In 1930 she returned to Tenerife and began working as a singing teacher, but moved to Madrid to undertake musical study, gaining the First Prize for Song. In 1932 she worked on ancient Spanish music at the Centre for Historical Studies under the direction of Eduardo Martínez Torner.
During the Civil War, she taught music at national schools of Catalonia for the school of Hospitalet de Llobregat. She returned to the Canary Islands at the end of the war, but left with her husband and daughter for Havana in 1949 and Madrid in 1952. Once back in Las Palmas in 1954, she took an active role in music promotion and founded Las Palmas de las Juventudes Musicalales Internacional in 1956, she taught at the University of La Laguna in Puerto de la Cruz and, in 1975, she was appointed Professor of Singing at Las Palmas Conservatory of Music, a post she held until her retirement. In 1957, she started an analysis of the archives of Las Palmas Cathedral, she created a catalogue of more than two thousand works, collated a record of the history of music in the Cathedral from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. This task lasted for more than thirty years, created a large archive, now deposited in the Canarian Museum. At the same time, she collected a vast archive of information on Canarian composers and numerous documents of musical note from the islands.
These formed the foundation for the Musicology Department of the Canarian Museum, founded by Lothar Siemens Hernandez. Lola de la Torre married the intellectual Juan Manuel Trujillo Torres in Madrid in 1933, she died on February 1998 in Las Palmas. 1963: Study on the baroque composer Sebastián Durón, in the magazine El Museo Canario 1964–65: El Archivo Musical de la Catedral de Las Palmas in the magazine El Museo Canario 1979: La capilla de música de la Catedral de Las Palmas, in Historia general de las Islas Canarias, Las Palmas of Gran Canaria: Edirca. 1980: Noticias sobre el compositor Eugenio Domínguez Guillén, Santa Cruz de Tenerife: Cabildo Insular. 1983: La capilla de música de la Catedral de Las Palmass, 1514-1600: Documentos para su estudio, Madrid: Spanish Society of Sociology. 125th Anniversary Literary Cabinet Prize, for her investigation of illuminated music in Gran Canaria Viera y Clavijo literary prize for her work Noticias sobre Diego Durón Maestro de Capilla de la Catedral de Las Palmas Favorite daughter of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Silver Medal Gold Medal of the Government of the Canary Islands Partner of Merit of the Friends of the Country Economic Society Partner of honor of the Circle of Fine Arts of Santa Cruz de Tenerife Partner of honor of the Philharmonic Society of Las Palmas Partner of honor of The Canarian Museum