The EMD GP38-2 is a four-axle diesel-electric locomotive of the road switcher type built by General Motors, Electro-Motive Division. Part of the EMD Dash 2 line, the GP38-2 was an upgraded version of the earlier GP38. Power is provided by an EMD 645E 16-cylinder engine; the GP38-2W is a forerunner of today's wide-nose units. It is distinguished by its wide-nose Canadian comfort cab. 51 of these locomotives were produced for Canadian National Railway during 1973–1974. Although a W is suffixed to the name, it is an addition by enthusiasts to help specify the presence of a CN-spec comfort cab. No locomotives built using CN's design of comfort cab featured a W in their designation, as the presence of the cab did not mechanically alter the locomotive; this is reflected by the lack of the "W" in the model designation on the builders' plates of these units. There are snow shields above the inertial-filter central air intakes behind the cab, they are otherwise identical. 1,799 examples of this locomotive model were built for American railroads and industrial concerns, 257 for Canadian railroads and industrials, 156 for Mexican railroads and industrials, 1 export unit for the Saudi Government Railways.
A total of 31 GP38-2s were built with high-short-hoods containing steam generators for passenger service on Mexican railways. In addition, all 257 of Southern Railway's GP38-2s had Southern's "standard" high-short-hoods. BNSF GP38-2 number 2081 is featured as a player-drivable locomotive in Microsoft Train Simulator. Parts of the EMD GP38-2 are used to form the children's TV series Dunbar; the train in the 2007 PC game Team Fortress 2 is based on the GP38-2. A number of higher horsepower 40 Series locomotives have been rebuilt into the equivalent of a GP38-2, by removal of the turbocharger and the substitution of twin Roots blowers. CSX and Norfolk Southern have both started replacing cabs on the aging locomotives. NS still calls them GP38-2 while CSX calls them GP38-3. A small amount of GP38-2s are in preservation, with all being ex-Southern, all operating on tourist lines. Colebrookdale Railroad #5128, built as a Southern subsidiary GSF locomotive, is in a patched NS scheme and is operating excursions on the line.
Southern Railway #5000, the first GP38-2 built, is preserved in operating condition, sometimes operates excursion trains at the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum. It was traded from Progress Rail with Norfolk Southern #5033 in 2017. Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum #5044, built as a Southern subsidiary C of G locomotive, is in black with ‘TVRM’ logos and the front and rear end, it is expected to operate excursion trains on the Hiwassee River Railroad in the near future. Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum #5109, painted in the museum’s black and red scheme with yellow striping, is preserved and is operating excursions on the Hiwassee River Railroad. List of GM-EMD locomotives List of GMD Locomotives David Thompson. EMD GP38-2 and GP38-2W Original Owners The Family Lines Rail System: Condensed List of Locomotives. 1 Feb.1982 US Government test of GP38-2 with biodiesel. CN GP38-2 family
Paterne Berrichon - the pseudonym of Pierre-Eugène Dufour, born 10 January 1855 at Issoudun and died 30 July 1922 at La Rochefoucauld - was a French poet, painter and designer. He is best known as husband of Isabelle Rimbaud, the brother-in-law and publisher of Arthur Rimbaud. After attending the lycée in Châteauroux, Dufour moved to Paris where he studied sculpture and painting, was soon moving in artistic and literary circles, he met the art critic from Châteauroux, George-Albert Aurier, made the acquaintance of Paul Verlaine and adopted the pseudonym "Paterne Berrichon". In 1896, he published the poems of his youth in which he showed the original and excessive side to his personality. Fervent admirer of Arthur Rimbaud, he started a correspondence with Isabelle Rimbaud, the younger sister of the poet, which concluded in 1897 by marriage. Once together, they strove to perpetuate the cult of the poet from Charleville. In perfect tune with the social attitudes of the time, the Berrichons not always objective approach to the life and works of Rimbaud was characterised by an inflexible ideology based on traditional values of respectability and morality.
Their overriding desire was to present an angelic Rimbaud erasing the infernal periods of the poet's life. In his edition of Rimbaud's works, for which he had obtained the backing of Paul Claudel, Paterne Berrichon made at least a third of the poems and about two thirds of the correspondence disappear. Berrichon was the friend of Paul Claudel and maintained a prolific correspondence with him from 1912 until 1919, he created paintings, for which his wife modelled, sculpted a bust for the Rimbaud monument in the poet's birthplace, Charleville-Mézières. A publishing house, established in Crest, Drôme and specialising in poetry, called itself the "Enemies of Paterne Berrichon" to denounce the distorted and commercialised practices of Rimbaud's brother-in-law. Works by Paterne Berrichon PoetryLe Vin Maudit, petits poèmes, with a frontispiece by Paul Verlaine Poèmes décadents 1883-1895 On RimbaudLa Vie de Jean-Arthur Rimbaud, Mercure de France, Paris, 1897 Texte en ligne Jean-Arthur Rimbaud le poète, Mercure de France, Paris, 1912.
Republished: Klincksieck, Paris, 2004 Arthur Rimbaud. Œuvres and prose, rediscovered poems. Mercure de France, Paris, 1912 Arthur Rimbaud. Poésies review by Paterne Berrichon. Œuvres and prose, rediscovered poems, reviews and annotated by Paterne Berrichon, preface by Paul Claudel, Mercure de France, Paris, 1924CorrespondenceArthur Rimbaud. Ébauches, suivies de la correspondance entre Isabelle Rimbaud et Paterne Berrichon et de Rimbaud en Orient and associated documents gathered by Marguerite Yerta-Méléra, Mercure de France, Paris, 1937
Pamphylia Tanailidi spelled as Panfilia Tanailidi was an Azerbaijani actress of Pontic Greek origin. Tanailidi was born in the village of Bashkand to a family of émigrés from Kars, she first appeared on stage in 1905 as an Azeri drama trouper in Tiflis, where she acted in plays by Hajibeyov, Shakespeare, etc. in both Azeri and Greek languages. At that time, Tanailidi was credited as Surayya Zangasurskaya. In 1917, she toured Iran along with prominent Azeri actors of the time. Playing the part of Asya in Hajibeyov's Arshin Mal Alan musical comedy in 1919 brought her great success. In 1924, she settled in Baku and started working at the Azerbaijan State Academic National Drama Theatre, she starred in the movies Ismat and Almaz. In 1937, Pamphylia Tanailidi was accused by the Soviet government of being an Iranian spy, her close friendship with Govhar Gaziyeva and Ahmed Trinić was considered enough evidence to condemn her of espionage. Tanailidi refused to plead guilty. After a fifteen-minute trial, she was given the death sentence, on 15 October 1937 she was executed by firing squad.
The location of her burial place remains unknown today. In 1957, Pamphylia Tanailidi was exonerated. Mehriban Badi ul-Jamal Azerbai Shamsa Kabla Fatma Emilia Peasant woman Aouda Wise woman Fatmanisa Tanailidi was fluent in five languages: Pontic Greek, Russian and Georgian, she was known as a heavy smoker. According to poet Suleyman Rustam, among many reasons that led to her arrest, there was her preference of Iranian tobacco over Soviet tobacco, which she disliked and called "garbage"; the History of Music of Azerbaijan in the 20th Century - The Totalitarian Era by Farah Aliyeva. An article in the Musiqi Dunyasi Magazine