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Kazan Cathedral, Saint Petersburg

Kazan Cathedral or Kazanskiy Kafedralniy Sobor known as the Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan, is a cathedral of the Russian Orthodox Church on the Nevsky Prospekt in Saint Petersburg. It is dedicated to Our Lady of one of the most venerated icons in Russia. Construction of the cathedral started in 1801 and continued for ten years under the supervision of Alexander Sergeyevich Stroganov. Upon its completion in 1811, the new temple replaced the Church of Nativity of the Theotokos, disassembled when the Kazan Cathedral was consecrated; the architect Andrey Voronikhin modelled the building on St. Peter's Basilica in Rome; some art historians assert that Emperor Paul intended to build a similar church on the other side of Nevsky Prospect that would mirror the Kazan Cathedral, but such plans failed to materialize. Although the Russian Orthodox Church disapproved of the plans to create a replica of a Catholic basilica in Russia's capital, several courtiers supported Voronikhin's Empire Style design. After Napoleon invaded Russia and the commander-in-chief General Mikhail Kutuzov asked Our Lady of Kazan for help, the church's purpose altered.

The Patriotic War over, Russians saw the cathedral as a memorial to their victory over Napoleon. Kutuzov himself was interred in the cathedral in 1813. In 1815 keys to seventeen cities and eight fortresses were brought by the victorious Russian army from Europe and placed in the cathedral's sacristy. In 1837, Boris Orlovsky designed two bronze statues of Kutuzov and of Barclay de Tolly which stand in front of the cathedral. In 1876 the Kazan demonstration, the first political demonstration in Russia, took place in front of the church. After the Russian Revolution of 1917 the authorities closed the cathedral. In November 1932 it reopened as the pro-Marxist "Museum of the History of Religion and Atheism". Or, as one contemporary writer put it more baldly, "Leningrad's largest antireligious museum", complete with Spanish Inquisition waxworks. Services resumed in 1992, four years the cathedral was returned to the Russian Orthodox Church; as of 2017 it functions as the mother cathedral of the metropolis of St. Petersburg.

The cathedral's interior, with its numerous columns, echoes the exterior colonnade and is reminiscent of a palatial hall, being 69 metres in length and 62 metres in height. The interior features numerous icons created by the best Russian artists of the day. A wrought-iron grille separating the cathedral from a small square behind it is sometimes cited as one of the finest constructed; the cathedral's huge bronze doors are one of four copies of the original doors of the Baptistery in Florence, Italy. The Kazan Cathedral is considered to be the model for the neoclassical style of Helsinki Cathedral, one of the most iconic landmarks of Helsinki, Finland. List of largest Orthodox cathedrals Our Lady of Moscow Koeppe, Wolfram. Art of the royal court: treasures in Pietre Dure from the palaces of Europe. Michigan: Metropolitan Museum of Art. P. 352. ISBN 0300136722. Media related to Kazan Cathedral, Saint Petersburg at Wikimedia Commons

List of Hot Country Singles & Tracks number ones of 1994

Hot Country Songs is a chart that ranks the top-performing country music songs in the United States, published by Billboard magazine. In 1994, 30 different songs topped the chart published under the title Hot Country Singles & Tracks, in 52 issues of the magazine, based on weekly airplay data from country music radio stations compiled by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems. Two artists reached number one with three different songs in 1994. Clay Walker topped the chart with "Live Until I Die", "Dreaming with My Eyes Open" and "If I Could Make a Living", John Michael Montgomery achieved the feat with "I Swear", "Be My Baby Tonight" and "If You've Got Love". Montgomery spent the most cumulative weeks at the top of the chart, with seven, one more than Neal McCoy, who spent six weeks at the top with "No Doubt About It" and "Wink". Despite this level of chart success in 1994, the two songs remain McCoy's only number one hits. Clay Walker's three number ones each spent only a single week in the top spot.

Other artists to achieve more than one number one in 1994 were Brooks & Dunn, Joe Diffie, Faith Hill and Alan Jackson. In addition to McCoy, acts who reached number one for the first time in 1994 included Mary Chapin Carpenter with "Shut Up and Kiss Me", Little Texas with "My Love", John Berry with "Your Love Amazes Me"; the final chart-topper of the year was "Pickup Man" by Joe Diffie. 1994 in music List of artists who reached number one on the U. S. country chart

Thunder Gulch

Thunder Gulch was a Champion American Thoroughbred racehorse best known for his wins in the Kentucky Derby and the Belmont Stakes in 1995, which earned him the title of U. S. Champion 3-Yr-Old Colt. Bred by Peter Brant and owned by Michael Tabor, Thunder Gulch was a son of Gulch out of Line Of Thunder. Thunder Gulch won the Remsen Stakes as a two-year-old in 1994. In the spring of 1995, he won the Fountain of the Florida Derby. At Churchill Downs, he left the starting gate at 25-1 odds in 1995 and won the Kentucky Derby in 2:01.2 from post 16. He was ridden by jockey Gary Stevens. D. Wayne Lukas, his trainer, entered three horses for the 121st "Run for the Roses". Following his win in Louisville, Thunder Gulch finished third to his stablemate Timber Country in the Preakness Stakes. In the Belmont Stakes, Thunder Gulch was made 3/2 favourite after Timber Country was withdrawn from the race with a fever, he won by two lengths from Star Standard, giving Lukas the first individual Triple Crown, his fifth consecutive win in the series.

Thunder Gulch won in the Travers Stakes, in which he overcame a bad start to record a four and a half length victory over Pyramid Peak. With the Travers Stakes win, he became only the fourth horse to win the Kentucky Derby, Belmont Stakes, Travers. Other victories in 1995 included the Swaps Stakes, the Kentucky Cup Classic Handicap. Thunder Gulch was retired in the fall of his three-year-old campaign after finishing fifth to American Horse of the Year Cigar in a "much-anticipated showdown" for the Jockey Club Gold Cup. After the race, it was discovered; as of 2012, the chestnut stallion is standing at Ashford Stud, the American branch of the giant Irish breeder Coolmore Stud, near Versailles, for a fee of $10,000 live foal. Among the many horses Thunder Gulch has sired are the graded stakes race winners Spain, Point Given, Circular Quay. Point Given was 2001 3 year old Horse of the Year after winning the Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes that year. Circular Quay was among trainer Todd Pletcher's many Kentucky Derby entries of 2007, but ran a disappointing sixth in that race and fifth in the Preakness.

He sired Alittlebitearly, whose December birth date made it impossible for her to be raced, but has had a successful breeding career, as she was dam to Bayern, a Breeders' Cup Classic winner. 4-time winning bay gelding Sir Mowgli XVII, is now a leading Hunter competing throughout the Southwest, having relocated to Durango Farms in Coto de Caza, CA. In 2015, Thunder Gulch was pensioned from stud duties at Ashford Stud and lived out the rest of his days at the farm, he was selected as the "babysitter of sorts" to be a neighboring pasture companion and calming influence to the newly retired Triple Crown champion, American Pharoah. Thunder Gulch was euthanized on March 19, 2018 due to the infirmities of old age at Coolmore America's Ashford Stud. Technically age 25, based upon standardized rules declaring all Thoroughbreds a year older each January 1, he was age 26

Brutus J. Clay II

Brutus Junius Clay II was an American businessman, political figure and diplomat. The son of Cassius M. Clay and Mary Jane Warfield Clay, Brutus Junius Clay II was born in Madison County, Kentucky, on February 20, 1847, he received a civil engineering degree from the University of Michigan in 1868, worked as a wholesale and retail grocer. He lived at a Richmond, Kentucky home he called Linwood, was the owner and operator of lumber mills, stone and potters clay quarries and oil wells, other businesses. In addition, he owned farms in Illinois and Kentucky, a Mississippi cotton plantation. Active in politics as a Republican, In 1897 he was offered appointment as Minister to Argentina by President William McKinley, but declined. In 1900 he was a U. S. Commissioner at the Paris Exposition. In 1904 he was a Delegate to the Republican National Convention. In 1905 he was appointed Minister to Switzerland, serving until 1910. Clay died in Richmond, Kentucky, on June 2, 1932, he is buried in Richmond's Richmond Cemetery.

Brutus J. Clay II was married twice. On February 20, 1872 he married Pattie Amelia Field. On January 15, 1895 he married Lalla R. Fish Marsteller, he had no children with his second wife. With his first wife, Clay's surviving children included: Belle Lyman Clay, b. November 4, 1872 Christopher Field Clay, b. December 19, 1874 Orville Martin Clay, b. May 7, 1879 Mary Warfield Clay, b. September 26, 1882 Charlotte Elizabeth Clay, b. May 31, 1889His other family relationships included: nephew of Brutus Junius Clay. In 1892 Clay donated a home in memory of his wife to be used in founding Richmond's first hospital; the Pattie A. Clay Infirmary the Pattie A. Clay Hospital, relocated several times and is now part of Baptist Health Richmond. Clay's home, now known as the Brutus and Pattie Field Clay House, is on the National Register of Historic Places. Brutus Junius Clay II at Office of the Historian, U. S. Department of State Brutus Junius Clay II at Political Graveyard

Rainbow Hospice

Rainbow Hospice and Palliative Care, founded in 1981, is one of the oldest and largest non-profit hospice and palliative care providers in Illinois. With main offices at 1550 Bishop Court in Mt. Prospect and additional offices in Elgin and Urbana, Rainbow serves patients in seven counties throughout Illinois: Cook, DuPage, Kendall, Lake, McHenry and Will counties, Rainbow Hospice and Palliative Care is accredited by the Community Health Accreditation Program as of 2013; as an accrediting body, CHAP has regulatory authorization to survey agencies providing home health and hospice services, to determine whether they meet the Medicare Conditions of Participation. Founder Betty Brosius was inspired to create a hospice organization when dealing with the struggles of her husband's terminal illness. After her husband's death in 1979, along with her minister, a social worker and a friend made a plan to provide end-of-life care to the terminally ill. Rainbow Hospice was formed in the winter of 1981-1982.

After serving a dozen families following its formation in 1981, Rainbow outgrew its space in Des Plaines. Beginning in 1990, Rainbow Hospice moved to several new locations before acquiring its former main office location at 444 North Northwest Highway in Park Ridge, Illinois. In May 2011, Rainbow Hospice moved their main office to Mount Prospect. Founder Betty Brosius continued working with Rainbow Hospice until her retirement in early 2004. In 2003, Betty was diagnosed with terminal non-alcoholic cirrhosis and became a patient of Rainbow Hospice who cared for her until her death in March 2004. In 2006, Rainbow Hospice began the creation of an Inpatient Unit, a specialized facility used by hospices to serve critical care patients in an environment where they have 24-hour access to direct care. After a year of planning and renovation, the Rainbow Hospice Ark, a 15-room Inpatient Unit, opened on November 11, 2007; the Rainbow Hospice Ark is located in a self-contained wing at St. Matthews Center for Health in Park Ridge, IL, a long-term facility, built in 1959.

In 2008, the Ark was awarded a design merit citation by Healthcare Design Magazine. Hospice care takes place wherever the patient considers home—whether, at their house or in a skilled nursing facility or long term care facility; the Rainbow Hospice Ark inpatient unit is designed to offer short-term care to patients who are experiencing pain or other symptoms associated with their terminal illness, not manageable in other settings. The goal is to stabilize patients; the 14-bed Ark unit resides at Avantara Park Ridge until July 31, 2016, when the Ark will move to Presence Resurrection Medical Center, 4th floor East. A recent partnership with Presence Health enables Rainbow Hospice and Palliative Care to deliver palliative care services to more patients throughout Illinois. Rainbow Hospice and Palliative Care offers ongoing bereavement support to families of Rainbow patients and to anyone in the community grieving the loss of a loved one. Rainbow Grief and Loss Services offers individual counseling sessions as well as the following support groups: General Grief Groups, Spousal Loss, Adult Loss of Parent, Adult Loss of Sibling, The Wellspring Series and the Holidays, Spanish Language Grief and Loss, Addiction-Related Loss.

The Good Mourning staff provides assistance to schools in need of bereavement services. Rainbow Hospice provides intervention teams for crisis consultation and debriefing for indictments in schools. In conjunction with the LIFE Institute for Learning, bereavement staff provides grief management training to professionals in schools and colleges. Rainbow Hospice and Palliative Care is committed to educating healthcare professionals on the most current and up-to-date issues in end-of-life care. Rainbow's educational programs offer information on advanced planning, clinical care, dementia-specific issues and integrative therapies and living with loss. Continuing Education opportunities are available to social workers and educators. Rainbow Hospice and Palliative Care is committed to educating healthcare professionals on the most current and up-to-date issues in end-of-life care. Rainbow's educational programs offer information on advanced planning, clinical care, dementia-specific issues and integrative therapies and living with loss.

Continuing Education opportunities are available to nurses, social workers and education professionals. Rainbow Hospice and Palliative Care's trained professionals provide education and outreach to nearby communities. Rainbow offers community education about completing advanced directives, hiring a caregiver and more. Rainbow's robust volunteer base consists of hundreds of volunteers who provide critical services and support to Rainbow's mission. At 10.4%, Rainbow far surpasses the Medicare requirement of 5% for volunteer hours. Rainbow Hospice and Palliative Care volunteers provide patient care and family support and office support, bereavement support and help with outreach and development. Grief & trauma counseling Grief counseling Grief therapy Hospice Rainbow Hospice Homepage Hospice Foundation of America Hospice Association of America National Hospice & Palliative Care Organization