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Earl Marshal

Earl Marshal is a hereditary royal officeholder and chivalric title under the sovereign of the United Kingdom used in England. He is the eighth of the Great Officers of State in the United Kingdom, ranking beneath the Lord High Constable and above the Lord High Admiral; the marshal was responsible, along with the constable, for the monarch's horses and stables including connected military operations. As a result of the decline of chivalry and sociocultural change, the position of Earl Marshal has evolved and among his responsibilities today is the organisation of major ceremonial state occasions like the monarch's coronation in Westminster Abbey and state funerals, he is the leading officer of arms and oversees the College of Arms. The current Earl Marshal is Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 18th Duke of Norfolk, who inherited the position in 2002. There was an Earl Marshal of Ireland and Earl Marischal of Scotland; the office of royal marshal existed in much of Europe, involving managing horses and protecting the monarch.

In England, the office became hereditary under John FitzGilbert the Marshal after The Anarchy, rose in prominence under his second son, William Marshal Earl of Pembroke. He served under several kings, acted as regent, organised funerals and the regency during Henry III's childhood. After passing through his daughter's husband to the Earls of Norfolk, the post evolved into "Earl Marshal" and the title remained unchanged after the earldom of Norfolk became a dukedom. In the Middle Ages, the Earl Marshal and the Lord High Constable were the officers of the king's horses and stables; when chivalry declined in importance, the constable's post declined and the Earl Marshal became the head of the College of Arms, the body concerned with all matters of genealogy and heraldry. In conjunction with the Lord High Constable, he had held a court, known as the Court of Chivalry, for the administration of justice in accordance with the law of arms, concerned with many subjects relating to military matters, such as ransom and soldiers' wages, including the misuse of armorial bearings.

In 1672, the office of Marshal of England and the title of Earl Marshal of England were made hereditary in the Howard family. In a declaration made on 16 June 1673 by Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, the Lord Privy Seal, in reference to a dispute over the exercise of authority over the Officers of Arms the powers of the Earl Marshal were stated as being "to have power to order and determine all matters touching arms, ensigns of nobility and chivalry. Additionally it was declared that no patents of arms or any ensigns of nobility should be granted, no augmentation, alteration, or addition should be made to arms, without the consent of the Earl Marshal; the Earl Marshal is considered the eighth of the Great Officers of State, with the Lord High Constable above him and only the Lord High Admiral beneath him. Nowadays, the Earl Marshal's role has to do with the organisation of major state ceremonies such as coronations and state funerals. Annually, the Earl Marshal helps organise the State Opening of Parliament.

The Earl Marshal remains to have charge over the College of Arms and no coat of arms may be granted without his warrant. As a symbol of his office, he carries a baton of gold with black finish at either end. In the general order of precedence, the Earl Marshal is the highest hereditary position in the United Kingdom outside the Royal Family. Although other state and ecclesiastical officers rank above in precedence, they are not hereditary; the exception is the office of Lord Great Chamberlain, notionally higher than Earl Marshal and hereditary, but as it is held by a marquess, is lower in the general order of precedence. The holding of the Earl Marshalship secures the Duke of Norfolk's traditional position as the "first peer" of the land, above all other dukes; the House of Lords Act 1999 removed the automatic right of hereditary peers to sit in the House of Lords, but the Act provided that the persons holding the office of Earl Marshal and, if a peer, the Lord Great Chamberlain continue for the time being to have seats so as to carry out their ceremonial functions in the House of Lords.

Among the men who have held the title of Earl Marshal of Ireland are: - William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke John Marshal William Marshal'who joined the Barons against King Henry III and d. 1264' John Marshal, son of the last-mentioned and father of the next-mentioned. William Marshal, 1st Baron Marshal John Marshal, 2nd Baron Marshal Robert de Morley, 2nd Baron Morley William de Morley, 3rd Baron Morley Thomas de Morley, 4th Baron Morley Thomas de Morley, 5th Baron Morley Sir William Brereton, under Henry VIII. Walter Devereux, 1st Earl of Essex. See A view of the legal institutions, honorary hereditary offices... Walter Lynch, 1830, P 71 Unpublished statute entered on the Chancery Roll, Dublin, in the year 1460, relative to the independence of Ireland Family Tree of the Marshal family, fr

Ultra (British band)

Ultra was an English boy band, most successful in the late 1990s. The original line-up consisted of Michael Harwood, Jon O'Mahony and Nick Keynes. Although sometimes mistakenly described as a manufactured boyband, Ultra was formed by James Hearn, James Rose, Michael Harwood and Jon O'Mahony who were schoolfriends from Buckinghamshire, England in the mid 1990s. After they left school they formed various bands, playing under names such as Stepping Stoned and Suburban Surfers, they called themselves Ultra, the following year Nick Keynes joined as bass player after being introduced by mutual friend Neil Cowley, the keyboard player for the Brand New Heavies. Their demo tape came to the attention of Ian Stanley and they were signed to Warner's EastWest label. In 1998 they released their first single, "Say You Do", written by Hearn, which reached #11 in the UK, their next single, "Say it Once", charted at #16 in the UK. "The Right Time" was released in September 1998 and peaked at #28. Their fourth single for was "Rescue Me", which charted in the UK at No 8, the band's only British Top 10 single.

In February 1999, their debut album, entered the UK top 40 at #37. The band were popular with young female audiences, although they insisted that their success came from their songs, not their looks. Ultra performed live and supported a number of other pop acts including Irish boyband Boyzone in 1997, former Eternal member Louise Nurding for a performance at Wembley, boyband 911, they were popular in South East Asia and Italy, where they were mobbed by 3000 teenage girls at a record signing in Milan. In 1999 they appeared in the Italian television where they performed a live version of "Say it Once" with Laura Pausini; the video of this performance can be found on YouTube. The band lost their contract before recording their second album, as all of the record company A&R who signed them had left, the new hierarchy passed on the opportunity to record a follow-up; the band split up in 2001 after James Hearn became disillusioned with the music business and decided to leave. In an interview with the Daily Telegraph James said of his time in Ultra: "My music career was great fun and, as a bunch of guys who got together at Leeds University to give the musical bigtime a go, we had a good time".

In 2005 the four original members of the band reunited to write and record their second studio album, The Sun Shines Brighter, which features songs written by former member Alistair Griffin. Producer credits on the album include Ian Stanley, Claudio Guidetti, Ash Howes; this was released on 2 October 2006 on the Goldust label. The other band members formed a new group with a number of different short term vocalists including Ryan Molloy. Singers Alistair Griffin and James Fox were both members of the band at different times. In 2002 several members of Ultra wrote and recorded a song to celebrate the World Cup, called "England Crazy", which they recorded as a one-off project as'Rider' with Terry Venables; this project was re-signed to their old record label East West, but only reached number 46 in the UK chart due to a lacklustre campaign from the label. The song has since been featured on a number of football-themed compilation albums. O'Mahony and Keynes set up a music production company, Goldust and producing for other artists such as Bryan Adams, Kylie Minogue, Natasha Bedingfield and Liberty X.

They have written music for movies, with title tracks on the Andy García movie Modigliani, The Magic Roundabout. OthersUltra Discography at Rate Your Music Ultra Discography at Discogs Interview with Nina Ti, 1998 Interview with Jon O'Mahony, HitQuarters Apr 2009 Ultra on Myspace Nick Keynes on Twitter OthersNick Keynes in Discogs Ultrafanclub, unofficial fansite Ultra-abiglove, unofficial Italian fansite

Gunnar Lauring

Gunnar Lauring was a Danish stage and film actor. De bør forelske Dem - 1935 Week-End - 1935 Panserbasse - 1936 Blaavand melder storm - 1938 De tre, måske fire - 1939 En ganske almindelig pige - 1940 Barnet - 1940 En pige med pep - 1940 Tak fordi du kom, Nick - 1941 Niels Pind og hans dreng - 1941 Tag det som en mand - 1941 En forbryder - 1941 Et skud før midnat - 1942 Tante Cramers testamente - 1942 Baby på eventyr - 1942 Ballade i Nyhavn - 1942 Som du vil ha' mig - 1943 Mine kære koner - 1943 Otte akkorder - 1944 Det kære København - 1944 Mens sagføreren sover - 1945 Far betaler - 1946 Billet mrk. - 1946 Brevet fra afdøde - 1946 My name is Petersen - 1947 Soldaten og Jenny - 1947 Hatten er sat - 1947 Mens porten var lukket - 1948 Det hændte i København - 1949 For frihed og ret - 1949 Din fortid er glemt - 1950 Min kone er uskyldig - 1950 Fireogtyve timer - 1951 Hold fingrene fra mor - 1951 Nålen - 1951 Vores fjerde far - 1951 To minutter for sent - 1952 Vi arme syndere - 1952 Rekrut 67 Petersen - 1952 We Who Go the Kitchen Route - 1953 Min søn Peter - 1953 Sønnen - 1953 Adam og Eva - 1953 Arvingen - 1954 Et eventyr om tre - 1954 På tro og love - 1955 Kispus - 1956 Vi som går stjernevejen - 1956 Qivitoq - 1956 Taxa K-1640 Efterlyses - 1956 Lån mig din kone - 1957 Tre piger fra Jylland - 1957 Krudt og klunker - 1958 Mor skal giftes - 1958 Verdens rigeste pige - 1958 Kærlighedens melodi - 1959 Flemming og Kvik - 1960 Tro, håb og trolddom - 1960 Flemming på kostskole - 1961 Harry og kammertjeneren - 1961 Min kone fra Paris - 1961 Eventyr på Mallorca - 1961 Den rige enke - 1962 Den kære familie - 1962 Støvsugerbanden - 1963 Dronningens vagtmester - 1963 Sikke'n familie - 1963 Døden kommer til middag - 1964 Mord for åbent tæppe - 1964 Halløj i himmelsengen - 1965 Der var engang - 1966 Søskende - 1966 Nu stiger den - 1966 Gys og gæve tanter - 1966 Ih, du forbarmende - 1967 Mig og min lillebror - 1967 Historien om Barbara - 1967 Gunnar Lauring on IMDb