The Earldom of Chester was one of the most powerful earldoms in medieval England, extending principally over the counties of Cheshire and Flintshire. Since 1301 the title has been granted to heirs apparent to the English throne, from the late 14th century it has been given only in conjunction with that of Prince of Wales; the County of Cheshire was held by the powerful Earls of Chester from the late eleventh century, they held land all over England, comprising "the honour of Chester". By the late twelfth century the earls had established a position of power as quasi-princely rulers of Cheshire that led to the establishment of the County Palatine of Chester and Flint; such was their power that Magna Carta set down by King John did not apply to Cheshire and the sixth earl was compelled to issue his own version. The earldom passed to the Crown by escheat in 1237 on the death of John the Scot, Earl of Huntingdon and last of the Earls. William III de Forz, 4th Earl of Albemarle, claimed the earldom as husband of Christina, the senior co-heir, but the king persuaded them to quitclaim their rights in 1241 in exchange for modest lands elsewhere.
The other co-heiresses did likewise. It was annexed to the Crown in 1246. King Henry III passed the Lordship of Chester, but not the title of Earl, to his son, the Lord Edward, in 1254. By that time, the Earldom of Chester consisted of two counties: Flintshire; the establishment of royal control of the Earldom of Chester made possible King Edward I's conquest of north Wales, Chester played a vital part as a supply base during the Welsh Wars, so the separate organisation of a county palatine was preserved. This continued until the time of King Henry VIII. Since 1301, the Earldom of Chester has always been conferred on the Princes of Wales. Promoted to a principality in 1398 by King Richard II, who titled himself "Prince of Chester", it was reduced to an earldom again in 1399 by King Henry IV. Whereas the Sovereign's eldest son is born Duke of Cornwall, he must be made or created Earl of Chester. Prince Charles was created Earl of Chester on 26 July 1968, when he was made Prince of Wales; the independent palatinate jurisdiction of Chester survived until the time of King Henry VIII, when the earldom was brought more directly under the control of the Crown.
The palatinate courts of Great Sessions and Exchequer survived until the reforms of 1830. The importance of the County Palatinate of Chester is shown by the survival of Chester Herald in the College of Arms for some six hundred years; the office has anciently been nominally under the jurisdiction of Norroy King of Arms. In the year 1377, the revenues of the Earldom were recorded as follows: Fee-Farm of city of Chester - £22 2 4 1/2, Escheated lands of said city - £0 7 0, Rents of the Manor of Dracklow and Rudeheath - £26 2 6, Farm of Medywick - £21 6 0, Profits of Mara and Modren - £34 0 9, Profits of Shotwick Manor and Park - £23 19 0, Mills upon River Dee - £11 0 0, Annual profits of Fordham Manor - £48 0 0, Profits of Macklefield Hundred - £6 1 8, Farm of Macklefield Borough - £16 1 3, Profits of the forest of Macklefield £85 12 11 3/4, Profits of escheater of Chester - £24 19 0, Profits of the sheriff of said county - £43 12 3, Profits of the Chamberlain of county - £55 14 0. Yearly value of Ellow - £20 8 0, Farm of the town of Flint - £33 19 4, Farm of Cayrouse - £7 2 4, Castle of Ruthlam - £5 12 10, Rents and profits of Mosten - £7 0 0, Rents and profits of Colshil - £54 16 0, Rents of Ruthlam town - £44 17 6, Lands of Englefield - £23 10 0, Profits of Vayvol - £5 9 0, Profits of the office of escheator - £6 11 9, Mines of Cole and Wood within Manor of Mosten - £0 10 0, Office of the sheriff in rents and casualties - £120 0 0, Mines and profits of the Fairs of Northope - £3 9 2, Casualties was lastly - £37 0 8.
Total income was £ 181 6 0 from Flintshire. Gerbod the Fleming, 1st Earl of Chester 1071–1101 Hugh d'Avranches, 1st Earl of Chester 1101–1120 Richard d'Avranches, 2nd Earl of Chester 1120–1129 Ranulf le Meschin, 3rd Earl of Chester 1129–1153 Ranulf de Gernon, 4th Earl of Chester 1153–1181 Hugh de Kevelioc, 5th Earl of Chester 1181–1232 Ranulf de Blondeville, 6th Earl of Chester 1232–1232 Matilda of Chester, Countess of Chester suo jure 1232–1237 John of Scotland, 7th Earl of Chester Edward, Lord of Chester, but without the title of earl Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester, 1st Earl of Chester Edward of Caernarvon, Earl of Chester Edward Plantagenet, Earl of Chester Thereafter, the Earldom of Chester was created in conjunction with the Principality of Wales. See Prince of Wales for further Earls of Chester. Earl of Chester was one of the GWR 3031 Class locomotives that were built for and ran on the Great Western Railway between 1891 and 1915. History of Cheshire Harris, BE. "Administrative History".
In Elrington, CR. The Victoria County History of Chester. II. University of London Institute of Historical Research. Pp. 1–97
Suzette Haden Elgin was an American researcher in experimental linguistics and evolution of languages and poetry and science fiction writer. She founded the Science Fiction Poetry Association and is considered an important figure in the field of science fiction constructed languages, her best-known non-fiction includes the Gentle Art of Verbal Self-Defense series. Patricia Anne Suzette Wilkins was born in 1936 in Missouri, she attended the University of California, San Diego in the 1960s, began writing science fiction in order to pay tuition. She gained a PhD in linguistics, was the first UCSD student to write two dissertations, she created the engineered language Láadan for her Native Tongue science fiction series. A grammar and dictionary was published in 1985, she supported feminist science fiction, saying "women need to realize that SF is the only genre of literature in which it's possible for a writer to explore the question of what this world would be like if you could get rid of, where is filled in with any of the multitude of real world facts that constrain and oppress women.
Women need to treasure and support science fiction."In addition, she published works of shorter fiction. Overlying themes in her work include feminism and the impact of proper language, peaceful coexistence with nature. Many of her works draw from her Ozark background and heritage. Elgin became a professor at San Diego State University, she lived in Arkansas with her second husband, George Elgin. She died at age 78 in 2015 from undisclosed causes, she was survived by her husband. Her son Michael pre-deceased her; the Communipaths Furthest At the Seventh Level Star-Angered.
Shahin Saghebi is an Iranian footballer who plays for Machine Sazi in the Persian Gulf Pro League. Saghebi played his entire career in Malavan, he scored his first goal for Malavan against Mes Rafsanjan as 29 October 2013 in Hazfi Cup. His first league goal was against Malavan's arch-rivals Damash in El Gilano, ensuring Malavan's historic 3–0 win in Rasht, he scored the third goal of Malavan's 4–2 win over Esteghlal on 19 February 2014. Saghebi joined Tractor in summer 2014 with a two-year contract; however Tractor announced that he and Mohammad Pour Rahmatollah joined Tractor to spend their conscription period. As of 7 April 2015, he invited to Iran U-23 training camp by Nelo Vingada to preparation for Incheon 2014 and 2016 AFC U-22 Championship. Saghebi was called up by Carlos Queiroz to Iranian national team on 7 November 2014 for upcoming friendly match with South Korea. Shahin Saghebi at PersianLeague.com Shahin Saghebi at IranLeague.com Shahin Saghebi at FFIRI.ir
Prykarpattia is a Ukrainian term for a Ciscarpathia, physical geographical region for the northeastern Cartpathian foothills. Located at the outer foot of the Eastern Carpathian Mountains, consisting of today's Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast and Lviv Oblast, it forms part of the larger historic region of Galicia. Along with the Lviv and Zakarpattia regions Prykarpattia is a component of the Carpathian Euroregion. A part of Kievan Rus' and one of its successor states, Halych-Volhynia, the area was occupied by the Kingdom of Poland. Following the Partitions of Poland of 1772, Prykarpattia fell under the Habsburg Monarchy. In the wake of the World War I and the fall of Austria-Hungary, it became disputed between Poland and a short-lived West Ukrainian People's Republic. After the Polish-Soviet War was concluded, it remained in Poland. After the 1939 invasion and partition of Poland between Nazi Germany and Soviet Union, the area was attached to the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, it remains a part of modern Ukraine, incorporated into the western Ukrainian oblast of Ivano-Frankivsk corresponding to the southern half of the oblast.
The region of Pokuttya today is used interchangeably with Prykarpattia. There are no official borders established between both of them; when referring to Prykarpattia it is understood. As for Pokuttya, it is only for the eastern part of the same region. Sometimes the southern Lviv Oblast is considered part of Prykarpattia such as cities of Stryi and Drohobych; the Dnister river is the major waterway in the region to. The other major cities in the region from the earlier mentioned are Halych, Ivano-Frankivsk and many others; the region is home to such Ukrainian cultures as Hutsuls, Lemky and others
Vadym Kolesnik is a Ukrainian-born ice dancer who competes for the United States. With his skating partner, Avonley Nguyen, he has won four medals on the ISU Junior Grand Prix series, including three golds, qualified to the 2018–19 and 2019–20 JGP Final. Kolesnik was born on October 2001, in Kharkiv, Ukraine, he moved to the United States in spring 2017. He lives with Avonley Nguyen's family. Kolesnik began learning to skate as a four-year-old; the coaches at the rink did not wish to take him due to his weight, but he kept returning until one accepted him. In the 2015–2016 season, he appeared internationally with Zlata Iefymenko for Ukraine. Competing in advanced novice ice dancing, they placed ninth at the 2015 Ice Star and fourth at the 2015 NRW Trophy. In autumn 2016, Kolesnik and Avonley Nguyen of the United States had a three-week tryout in Novi, following which he returned to Ukraine for a few months, they began their partnership in February 2017. Nguyen/Kolesnik received their first ISU Junior Grand Prix assignments in the 2017–2018 season.
They placed fifth at sixth at JGP Italy. After taking gold in junior ice dancing at Midwestern Sectionals, they qualified to the 2018 U. S. Championships, where they would finish fifth. Nguyen/Kolesnik won the silver medal at 2018 JGP Lithuania, behind Russia's Arina Ushakova / Maxim Nekrasov, the gold at 2018 JGP Slovenia to qualify for their first JGP Final, they placed fifth overall at the 2018–19 Junior Grand Prix Final after placing fifth in the rhythm dance and fifth in the free dance. At the 2019 U. S. Championships they won the silver medal behind Caroline Green / Gordon Green after placing second in the rhythm dance and winning the free dance. At the 2019 World Junior Championships, Nguyen/Kolesnik placed fifth in the rhythm dance, but moved up to fourth overall after placing third in the free dance, they were awarded a small bronze medal for the free, where they had the highest technical base value of any of the competing teams, the second-highest technical score overall. Nguyen/Kolesnik began their season at 2019 JGP United States, where they won both segments and the overall event with personal best scores.
At their second event 2019 JGP Poland, they again set personal best scores in both segments to take the title and qualify for the 2019–20 ISU Junior Grand Prix Final. Nguyen/Kolesnik narrowly won the silver medal behind Maria Kazakova / Georgy Reviya of Georgia at the JGP Final. At the 2020 US Championships, they won both the rhythm dance and the free dance to win their first national junior ice dance title by over 20 points. In early February, they won the junior ice dance title at the 2020 Bavarian Open, placing first in both the rhythm dance and free dance to earn 165.46 points total. JGP: Junior Grand Prix Small medals awarded only at ISU Championships. ISU personal bests highlighted in bold. Avonley Nguyen / Vadym Kolesnik at the International Skating Union
The 2016 United States House of Representatives elections in Washington were held on November 8, 2016, to elect the 10 U. S. Representatives from the state of Washington, one from each of the state's 10 congressional districts; the elections coincided with the 2016 U. S. presidential election, as well as other elections to the House of Representatives, elections to the United States Senate and various state and local elections. The primaries were held on August 2. Democrat Suzan DelBene is the incumbent of the 1st district, which has a PVI of D+4. DelBene was first elected in 2012; the district stretches along the Puget Sound from the Canada–US border to King County. Elizabeth Scott began a campaign to run for the Republican nomination. However, she suspended her campaign due to health reasons. Suzan DelBene for Congress Robert J. Sutherland for Congress Rick Larsen for Congress Marc Hennemann for Congress Republican Jaime Herrera Beutler, first elected in 2010, is the incumbent in the 3rd district.
The district, which has a PVI of R+2, encompasses the southwestern portion of the state. Jaime Herrera Beutler for Congress Jim Moeller for Congress Dan Newhouse for Congress Republican Cathy McMorris Rodgers, first elected in 2004, is the incumbent in the 5th district; the district, which as a PVI of R+6, encompasses the eastern portion of the state. Joe Pakootas is running as a Democrat. Dave Wilson is running as an Independent. Cathy McMorris Rodgers for Congress Joe Pakootas for Congress Democrat Derek Kilmer, first elected in 2012, is the incumbent in the 6th district; the district has a PVI of D+5, encompasses the Olympic Peninsula and surrounding areas, as well as most of Tacoma. Derek Kilmer for Congress Todd Bloom for Congress Democrat Jim McDermott has represented the seventh district since 1989 and announced on January 4, 2016, that he would not seek re-election. An anonymous post to Reddit in October 2015 claimed that McDermott was planning on retiring and endorsing current Seattle Mayor Ed Murray to succeed him.
Murray and McDermott both denied the rumor. Carl Cooper Pramila Jayapal, state senator Arun Jhaveri, former mayor of Burien, Washington Craig Keller Joe McDermott, King County Council Chair Leslie Regier Don Rivers Scott Sutherland Brady Walkinshaw, state representative Pramila Jayapal for Congress Brady Walkinshaw for Congress Republican Dave Reichert, first elected in 2004, is the incumbent in the 8th district; the district has a PVI of R+1, includes the Eastside suburbs of Seattle and portions of the center of the state. Reichert decided instead to run for re-election. Businessman Santiago Ramos is running as a Democrat. Businessman Jason Ritchie, Reichert's 2014 general election opponent, had considered running again but announced he will instead run for the Washington House of Representatives. Dave Reichert for Congress Tony Ventrella for Congress Adam Smith for Congress Doug Basler for Congress Democrat Dennis Heck, first elected in 2012, is the incumbent in the 10th district; the district has a PVI of D+5, encompasses the state capital of Olympia and surrounding areas.