Earl of Morley

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Earldom of Morley
Coronet of a British Earl.svg
COA of Parker, Earls of Morley.svg
Arms: Sable, a Stag's Head cabossed between two Flaunches Argent. Crest: A Cubit Arm erect couped below the elbow, the sleeve Azure, cuffed and slashed Argent, the hand grasping a Stag's Attire Gules. Supporters: Dexter: A Stag Argent, colared Or, suspended therefrom an Escutcheon Vert, charged with a Horse's Head couped Argent, bridled Or. Sinister: A Greyhound Sable, collared Or, suspended therefrom an Excutcheon Gules, charged with a Ducal Coronet Or.
Creation date29 November 1815[1]
MonarchThe Prince Regent (acting on behalf of his father King George III)
PeeragePeerage of the United Kingdom
First holderJohn Parker, 2nd Baron Boringdon
Present holderMark Parker, 7th Earl of Morley
Heir presumptiveHon. Nigel Parker
Remainder toThe 1st Earl's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten
Subsidiary titlesViscount Boringdon
Baron Boringdon
StatusExtant
Seat(s)Pound House
Former seat(s)Saltram House
MottoFIDELI CERTA MERCES
("Reward is sure to the faithful")[1]

Earl of Morley, of Morley in the County of Devon, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1815 for John Parker, 2nd Baron Boringdon.[2][3] At the same time he was created Viscount Boringdon, of North Molton in the County of Devon, which is used as a courtesy title by the heir apparent to the earldom. It does not seem to have any connection with Baron Morley of Morley in Norfolk, held by another Parker family in the 16th century.

Appellation of Morley[edit]

There existed between 1299 and 1697 an ancient Barony of Morley first held by the de Morley family, lords of the manor of Morley Saint Botolph in Norfolk, which passed in 1489 by marriage to the Parker family, apparently unrelated to the Parker family of Saltram, Devon which latter had emerged in the 16th century from seemingly humble origins in North Molton in Devon, it can thus be no co-incidence that in 1815 John Parker, 2nd Baron Boringdon (1772–1840), on his elevation to the dignity of an earl in 1815, chose the title Earl of Morley, ostensibly referring to his recent purchase of the relatively minor Devon manor of Morley[4] (modern spelling Moreleigh), midway between Totnes and Kingsbridge. It had become common in the 19th century for members of the post-mediaeval nobility when elevated further in the peerage to adopt defunct mediaeval titles which bore some ostensible link to the family, thus lending it an air of great antiquity; such actions were often adopted in all innocence based on erroneous pedigrees produced by genealogists overly eager to please their patrons.[5] An example is the Russell family, Dukes of Bedford, of which a younger son when himself elevated to the peerage adopted the title "Baron Russell of Kingston Russell", an ancient Dorset manor with which his family had in fact no historic connection.[6]

Baron Boringdon[edit]

Escutcheon on heraldic oak screen dated 1609 formerly in Court House, North Molton, the Parker family residence, now in North Molton Church, showing Parker impaling Mayhew of Boringdon: Gules, a chevron vair between three ducal crowns or.[7]
Escutcheon on granite fireplace, great hall, Boringdon Hall, showing Parker arms, 1640

The title of Baron Boringdon, of Boringdon in the County of Devon, was created in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1784 for the first earl's father, John Parker,[8] who had previously represented Bodmin and Devon in the House of Commons.

Lord Morley was succeeded by his only son, the second Earl, he held minor office in the first Whig administration of Lord John Russell. His son, the third Earl, was a Liberal politician and notably served under William Ewart Gladstone as Under-Secretary of State for War and as First Commissioner of Works, his grandson, the sixth Earl, succeeded his uncle in 1962 (who in his turn had succeeded his elder brother in 1951). He was the eldest son of the Hon. John Holford Parker, third and youngest son of the third Earl. Lord Morley served as Lord Lieutenant of Devon from 1982 to 1998, he was succeeded by his only son in 2015.

The family seat was Saltram House in Plymouth, it was sold to the National Trust in 1957 and remained the family seat until the fifth Earl died in 1962. Their seat is now Pound House, near Yelverton, Devon.

Barons Boringdon (1784)[edit]

Earls of Morley (1815)[edit]

The heir presumptive is the present holder’s first cousin Edward Geoffrey Parker (born 1967); the heir presumptive's heir apparent is his son Oliver James Parker (born 1996)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. pp. 2776–2777. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
  2. ^ "No. 17066". The London Gazette. 30 September 1815. p. 1997.
  3. ^ "No. 17072". The London Gazette. 21 October 1815. p. 2123.
  4. ^ 1810 Additions to Tristram Risdon's "Survey of Devon", p.386: "The manor of Morley did belong to John Shapleigh, Esq., who sold it to John Seale, of Mount Boon, Esq., from whom it was purchased by Lord Boringdon, the present proprietor"
  5. ^ e.g. Wiffen, the librarian at Woburn of the Duke of Bedford, who produced a pedigree of the Russells containing a fabricated link to the mediaeval Russell family of Kingston Russell
  6. ^ Scott-Thomson, Gladys, F.R.H.S. Two Centuries of Family History, London, 1930. (A study of the Bedford Russell early pedigree). Several similar mis-appropriations of lineages of ancient families are given in this work.
  7. ^ Burke's General Armory, 1884
  8. ^ "No. 12541". The London Gazette. 11 May 1784. p. 1.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Cokayne, George E; Gibbs, Vicary; Doubleday, Harry A. (1953). The Complete Peerage of the Peerage and Baronetage in Great Britain and Ireland including abeyant, dormant and extinct titles. XIV volumes. St Catherine's Press.
  • Kidd, Charles; Williamson, David (1990). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. New York: St Martin's Press.