The East Asia Summit is a regional forum held annually by leaders of 16 countries in the East Asian, Southeast Asian, South Asian regions, based on the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism. Membership expanded to 18 countries including Russia and the United States at the Sixth EAS in 2011. Since its establishment, ASEAN has held the central leadership in the forum. EAS meetings are held after the annual ASEAN leaders' meetings, plays an important role in the regional architecture of Asia-Pacific; the first summit was held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia on 14 December 2005. The concept of an East Asia Grouping has significant history going back to an idea first promoted in 1991 by Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad; the final report in 2002 of the East Asian Study Group, established by the ASEAN Plus Three countries, was based on an EAS involving ASEAN Plus Three, therefore not involving Australia, New Zealand, or India. The EAS as proposed was to be an ASEAN-led development, with the summit to be linked to ASEAN summit meetings.
However, the issue was to. The decision to hold the EAS was reached during the 2004 ASEAN Plus Three summit and the initial 16 members determined at the ASEAN Plus Three Ministerial Meeting held in Laos at the end of July 2005. Credit for advancing the forum during the 2004 ASEAN Plus Three summit has been attributed to Malaysia. Prior to the first meeting there was significant discussion as to which countries should be represented. At the time there were difficulties in the relationship between the "Plus Three" members of ASEAN Plus Three, the perception that India and Australia and to a lesser extent New Zealand were present to balance the growing China power all meant the first meeting's achievements were limited. Russia expressed early interest in EAS membership and attended the first EAS as an observer at the invitation of 2005 EAS host Malaysia; the next EAS was to be held on 13 December 2006 in Metro Cebu, Philippines. After the confidence building of the inaugural EAS the 2006 EAS will help to define the future role of the EAS, its relationship with ASEAN Plus Three and the involvement of Russia in EAS.
However, in the face of Tropical Typhoon Utor the summit was postponed until January 2007. It was rescheduled for 15 January 2007 a month after the original scheduled date. Internal ASEAN issues were significant for the next Summits; the issues of Myanmar, following the 2007 Burmese anti-government protests, climate change were expected to be discussed at the Third EAS. Myanmar blocked formal discussion of its internal affairs; the summit did issue the Singapore Declaration on Climate Change and the Environment. The Summit agreed to the establishment of the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia and to receive the final report on the Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia at the Fourth EAS; the outcomes are summarised in the Chairman's Statement of the 3rd East Asia Summit Singapore, 21 November 2007. The Fourth EAS was delayed and its location changed a number of times due to internal tensions in Thailand, the host nation. In the lead up to the summit there were several border clashes between Cambodia.
The summit however is said to be used as an opportunity for discussions on the sidelines between the respective nation's leaders. The summit was cancelled following protesters taking over the summit's venue on the day of the summit, it was rescheduled and held on 25 October 2009. The summit adopted statements on the Nalanda University. After a period of review, the Summit grew from 16 to 18 nations by adding the United States and Russia to the Summit. Represented by their Foreign Ministers at the Fifth EAS, the two new members were invited to formally join with the Sixth EAS. Tensions between the members of the Summit continued to impede the members developing a more ambitious program. At the Second EAS the EAS members signed the Cebu Declaration on East Asian Energy Security, a declaration on energy security and biofuels, containing a statement for members to prepare non-binding targets. Trade is an important focus for the summit; as to trade and regional integration the following was noted in the Chair's report for the Second EAS: 12.
We welcomed ASEAN's efforts towards further integration and community building, reaffirmed our resolve to work together in narrowing development gaps in our region. We reiterated our support for ASEAN's role as the driving force for economic integration in this region. To deepen integration, we agreed to launch a Track To study on a Comprehensive Economic Partnership for East Asia among EAS participants. We tasked the ASEAN Secretariat to prepare a time frame for the study and to invite all our countries to nominate their respective participants in it. We welcomed Japan's proposal for an Economic Research Institute for East Asia; the reality appears however. Lee Kuan Yew has compared the relationship between Southeast Asia and India with that of the European Community and Turkey, has suggested that a free-trade area involving Southeast Asia and India is 30 to 50 years away; the members of EAS agreed to study the Japanese proposed Comprehensive Economic Partnership in East Asia. The Track Two report on CEPEA is due to be completed in mid-2008 and at the Third EAS it was agreed this would be considered at the Fourth EAS.
As noted above the Second EAS welcomed the Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia. It was subsequently announced that the ERIA would be established in November 2007 and confirmed at the Third EAS; the Declaration of
The men's 4 × 400 metres relay was a track and field athletics event held as part of the Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics programme. It was the debut of the event, which along with the 4 × 100 metre relay marked the first relays of equal legs in the athletics programme; the competition was held on Sunday, July 14, 1912, on Monday, July 15, 1912. Twenty-eight runners from seven nations competed; these were the standing world and Olympic records prior to the 1912 Summer Olympics. The British squad, running in the first semifinal, set the best time of the semifinal round with 3:19.0 minutes. It was bettered by the Americans in the final, as they took the gold medal and set a new world record in 3:16.6 minutes. All semifinals were held on Sunday, July 14, 1912. Semifinal 1 Semifinal 2 Semifinal 3 The final was held on Monday, July 15, 1912. Bergvall, Erik. Adams-Ray, Edward.. The Official Report of the Olympic Games of Stockholm 1912. Stockholm: Wahlström & Widstrand. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Wudarski, Pawel.
"Wyniki Igrzysk Olimpijskich". Retrieved 1 January 2007
Tomás Franco Tavares is a Portuguese professional footballer who plays for Benfica as a defender. Tavares started his football career at S. L. Benfica's youth system, he signed his first professional contract with the club on 2 July 2018. He made his professional debut with Benfica B in a 2–1 LigaPro win over U. D. Oliveirense on 23 August 2019. On 10 September 2019, Tavares debuted for the first team as a starter in a 2–1 home loss to RB Leipzig in the UEFA Champions League, he made his Primeira Liga debut as a 12th-minute substitute in a 1–0 home win over Vitória de Setúbal on 28 September. Tavares is a youth international for Portugal. Born in Peniche, Tavares is of Cape Verdean descent. Benfica official profile Tomás Tavares at ForaDeJogo Tomás Tavares at Soccerway National team data